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Facades And Building Envelopes Anatomist Essay

Facades and building envelopes, which are the external skin of any building, project the image and creative intention. They are able to also become important environmental moderators and key influencers in task risk and commercial success. A well designed façade allows a fresh building to work more effectively for its owners, occupants and the surroundings. The façade plays a crucial role in heating and light exchange as it's the interface between your external surfaces environment and interior space. Comfort, production, energy use and running costs can all be upgraded.

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Double epidermis facades tend to be used in European countries to withstand the cold environment however double-skin systems in Australia are relatively new. One of these where the dual façade system is shown in Australia is Sydney's 1 Bligh Neighborhood high climb. The façade provides great solar control while preserving clear views of the Sydney Harbour.

1 Bligh Street is a premium grade high-rise building offering 27 levels of office accommodation and features a double-skin, cup facade with a in a natural way ventilated full elevation atrium. Amenities include a cafe, childcare centre, bathtub facilities, bike racks and car parking for 92 cars. The building's 6 Star, Green Star ranking achievement is the best awarded in NSW and includes the utmost allowable five tips for development in categories such as environmental design initiative and exceeding Green Superstar expectations. The building was designed with a give attention to keeping views while providing sufficient daylight levels and solar control. Ray Brown, director of Architectus, mentioned that the geographic and climatic conditions at 1 Bligh Neighborhood were major influences on specs of the double epidermis façade.


Owners - Co-owned by DEXUS Property Group, DEXUS Low cost Property Fund (DWPF) and Cbus Property.

Architects - Australian Architectus and Germany's Ingenhoven who came up collectively in 2006 for a design competition.

Builders - Grocon : Australia's largest privately owned or operated development and construction company.

Facade Company - Arup.

Facade Consultant - Enstrust.

Awards - 1 Bligh has received lots of awards and has been highly commended because of its sustainable design, development and architecture.

- Awarded Best Retail/Commercial Development - Urban Development Institute of Australia

- NSW Highly commended Office Development - Australia category, Asia Pacific Property Awards (May 2011)

- Highly commended Office Structures - Australia category, Asia Pacific Property Awards

- Voted Best Extra tall Building 2012 for Asia and Australis by the CTBUH (Council for large Building and Urban and Urban Habitat, IL, USA)

2012 NSW Structures Awards

- Urban Design Award

- Sir Arthur G. Stephenson Prize for commercial structures 2012

- Milo Dunphy Award for sustainable architecture


Ingenhoven produced a design allowing workers and the general public to see and feel the whole of the community of the building. 1 Bligh Street's elliptical geometry effectively resolves the site's urban condition at the reaching of two city grids. The ellipse is rotated on the webpage to encompass views to the harbour, thus resolving the urban condition and maximising the building's commercial value (). The drawback is that it is more costly to create an elliptical building than a rectangular building. However, this is made worthwhile by a magnificent curved atrium at the building's key providing a sanctuary to its inhabitants.

A by natural means ventilated wine glass atrium climbs the entire level of the building, providing a flow of oxygen and a sense of openness on all flooring. The glass provides vibrant views through the building making the atrium an entrance point for each floor, boosting communication, connection and community.

The building's range is broken in the centre by a sizable outdoor terrace trim in to the floor plate at the lift copy level. This space has been reserved as its reception floor, rendering it one of the very most spectacular and unique reception of any legal company in the city. The terrace also cleverly conceals the air intake for the air handling place above, which is protected in a goblet skin which makes it fully visible within the building.

At the very best of the building, the inner glass coating peels away, creating a large outdoor timber terrace incorporating banksia trees. This creates the building's fifth elevation which is discovered by taller bordering buildings.

Cost effective and lasting complexes have been an integral target in building design for a long time. Double skin façade systems are becoming progressively common in visible structures and are being enthused as an exemplary renewable building strategy. The machine comprises generally of outside skins which react dynamically to differing ambient conditions, which can add a selection of shading, natural ventilation, and thermal insulation strategies.

The overall purpose of the double skin area differs from the traditional system used in European buildings where the objective is to trap heat by incorporating an extra thermal coating of air. The thermal skin of 1 1 Bligh was created to keep carefully the building cool. It does this by preventing sunlight from hitting the internal glass. Between your inner and exterior goblet layers, motorised venetian blinds trail the sun and automatically adjust to match. The outer goblet skin incorporates fixed horizontal ventilation slots at each degree of the building to encourage upward air flow within the cavity which really helps to expel unwelcome hot air. This flow is motivated by natural wind since Sydney almost never experiences a totally still day. This effect is that the internal skin will never come in contact with air temperatures that are significantly higher than the outside ambient air heat. The outer goblet layer also works as a weather shield to protect the blinds from severe winds. The inner coating which is dual glazed for world class thermal efficiency serves as a hurdle against heat gain in warmer summer months and heat reduction in winter, thus complimenting the benefits produced from the venetian blinds. http://www. architectus. com. au/sites/default/files/06_0. jpg

One of the major great things about the double skin area façade is that operable external blinds can be introduced which normally can not be installed on a high-rise, thus creating a shading coefficient of 0. 15 with the blinds down and continuous views when up. Reduced high temperature and optimised light is obtained as a result, underpinning powerful sustainability and unprecedented environmental creativity.

It can be foreseen that double-skin façade systems require more cleaning when compared to a single-skin glass façade, however the outer epidermis which is the one surface subjected to the elements, will only require six-monthly cleaning with minimal cleaning required on other surfaces. The cavity between the skins is less vulnerable to environmental grime, and the gantry create will significantly enhance the speed and safe practices of the cleaning process.


Overall, the main element sustainability innovations which have been encompassed combined with the double a glass façade include, natural air flow to the atrium, 40% recycled concrete, 90% recycled metallic, FSC accredited timber, recycled timber, solar cooling down, tri-generation, black water treatment, rainwater harvesting, sewer mining.

94% of the demolished properties' materials were recycled including metallic and cement (Horiso). An advanced cross types of VAV and chilled beam air-con systems are elope a series of curved solar thermal collectors. The tri-generation system uses gas and solar energy to generate cooling down, heat and electricity. The dark-colored normal water recycling method, which is the first ever to be used in an office tower, reduces the overall water consumption throughout the building with a few of the recycled drinking water being used for irrigation. Recycled rain drinking water is also used for irrigation.

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The sustainability top features of 1 Bligh Block result in the cheapest operating costs of a premium class building in Sydney, equating to estimated savings of approximately $2 million per annum (Horiso).


The inner epidermis was made of high-quality, double-glazed glass windows, while the outside skin was constructed of single-sheet laminated wine glass. A 600mm cavity between the two skins supplies the required space to support the automatic venetian blind system, as well as walkway gantries at each level of the building for access by cleaners and maintenance staff. 1780 blinds were found in total http://www. architectus. com. au/sites/default/files/05_0. jpg

The construction process took a decade to complete. Where normally one subcontractor works the building perimeter, Grocon acquired three to organize the façade contractor, the waterproofers and the blinds company.


Office structures typically incorporate some type of tinted or reflective glazing in order to minimise the amount of direct sunlight and heat joining the building. The trade-off is a darkened or pearlescent carry out that can aesthetically isolate the occupants of the building from the natural environment and create unwanted reflectivity, specifically during the night, when the internal glass can resemble a mirror.

The Bligh Street glass, given by G. James, has a 62% Visual Light Transmitting (VLT), compared to normal office glazing technical specs of approximately 25 - 40%. In other words, onlookers will be struck by the superior views into the building; meantime, the occupants will experience 'true-to-life' panoramic views of the harbour and the city's genuine shades. This is because the sun security is very useful, and for that reason non-tinted goblet could be used on the outer epidermis. This makes the building extremely transparent and offers the user another type of experience.


In conclusion, it can be seen that building strategies such as the dual façade system, can be modified to suit a particular climate while retaining sufficient sustainability and financial properties. Similarly, wine glass as a building material can be utilized in many applications not limited to aesthetic purposes also for a thermal and ecological strategy. 1 Bligh Street may be the beginning of an effective two times goblet façade system which will be applied on high-rise complexes throughout Australia.

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