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Expectancy Theory Of Drive Management Essay

The prominent drive theory that'll be analyzed and applied in our circumstance is the expectancy theory. What is expectancy theory and how we may use this theory inside our scenario will be the main two regions of our dialogue. Expectancy is exactly what employers expect from their employees, but this expectancy will go even much deeper than that. Victor Vroom expectancy theory description is widely used, he suggests, "Expectancy theory argues that the strength of a tendency to act in a certain way will depend on the strength of an expectation that the work will be followed by a given results and on the elegance of that outcome to the average person. "1 This theory is more than what's expected of the employee but also why employees are not motivated to execute and just getting by doing the minimum amount, then supplying us tools to boost this expectancy by using inspiration.

There are three components and human relationships in the expectancy theory of motivation. The first component is effect-performance romantic relationship; that's where a worker perceives that by exerting your time and effort will lead to performance. Second component is performance-reward romantic relationship; were the employee believes by accomplishing at a certain level would lead to a good end result. Finally the third component is reward-personal goal marriage; here is where the company rewards the staff for performing a great job.

Some reasons an employee might be discouraged rather than motivated are because their jobs are getting monotonous. The employee starts to feel just like, "why bother, there is nothing at all in it for me". A couple of ways to boost this by using, effect-performance romantic relationship, and by applying things as job rotation, job enhancement, and job enrichment. Job rotation is fantastic when a job becomes no more challenging; it allows an employee to be moved to some other job usually at the same level of skill requirements. This also allows the worker to observe how their focus on each one of the jobs is linked and the value of them and how they themselves contributed to the business. Job enhancement is where the employer escalates the amount and variety of jobs that an employee might perform. Thus giving the employee more responsibility and less boredom with the work. Job enrichment provides employee more freedom in planning, execution, and evaluation of the task they may be doing. These give the employee more independence, increases responsibility, a sense of achievement, growth, and leading to a much satisfaction with the job, motivating them to perform.

When a worker works hard and is convinced you will see some type of attainable outcome and does not receive one, can easily take away the motivation of wanting to perform their duty. Performance-reward romance is important credited that it gives the staff a feel of participation. You can find three things you can use to benefit this area, participative management, representative contribution and quality group. Participative management is where decision-making electric power can be shared by both employees and their superiors. Representative contribution offers employees an opportunity to take a seat on work councils or table of representatives. Thus giving the employees a feel to be a part of the organization and not just another body working there. The past some may be quality circle, were several employees meet regularly to discuss quality problems, recommend alternatives and take corrective actions. Thus giving the employees the believe that again they are not just a body there working, but part of the organization.

Employees need to feel needed and loved. The reward-personal goal romantic relationship is a reward system that organizations need to put in motion if indeed they do not curently have one. There are several ways to use these rewards to employees, one being a variable-pay program. A variable-pay program can be piece-rate pay, merit-based pay, bonuses, profit-sharing programs, gainsharing and staff stock ownership strategies. These types of programs are measured on performance of a worker. Another program is skilled-based pay; this models levels on the basis of how many skills employees have and just how many jobs they can do. These are great because they encourage employees to learn, grow their skills, and increase. This also helps develop the employees to want to cross-train, and to be more generalists alternatively than specialists. It is also important since it encourages the staff to work cooperatively with others in the business. Among my favorites is the worker recognition program; this is often a simple, "many thanks" to a extensively publicized recognition. They are inexpensive, and they go quite a distance. Most employees just want to be appreciated, and just a little kindness from the employer can make a huge difference.

When reading the given scenario, there are seven areas that should be done to improve the determination of the employees. Supervisor A pointed out that his employees aren't adding forth any work to master the procedure, and those that contain are not putting forth enough work. Then there are those that tend to be top producers that aren't concerned about reaching the goals. Supervisor B got than spoke to the Supervisor A's employees and found that some employees cannot do the process since it requires more hands dexterity than they can do. Other employees thought that it's not worth putting in the extra work, sense the business has to be very sluggish before performance impacts salary. Many show nervous about the bonus that is given, that after withholdings are taken out, it is not worth the excess effort. Employees feel that overtime pay for a few extra hours offsets the benefit of a bonus also.

Things that were reviewed above about expectancy theory may be used to improve the drive of the employees. Using effect-performance marriage, we can use job enlargement, and job enrichment to increase the motivation by giving the staff more to do and also to keep the careers from getting boring. Through the use of performance-reward marriage, we can us participative management, representative participation, quality circle. This gives the employee a feeling of owed and part of the company. Then by using reward-personal goal marriage, you could utilize variable-pay programs, skilled-based pay, and employee recognition programs. These are great because they usually don't cost a lot, and it gives the employee a sense of delight.

When researching the scenario, I'd apply the next to help improve the motivation one of the employees. First, when the Supervisor B had taken enough time to speak to Supervisor A's employees was a great step in getting to underneath of what's causing this lack of motivation. Communication is very important to help solve any problem within an group.

I would use all three of the expectancy theory components in enhancing the inspiration within the organization. First using the effect-performance relationship, I'd like to have the employees not feel uninterested in their careers. So by adding job rotation would be ideal for employees to move to different post throughout the day, or almost every other day so that they are not always working on the same job day in and day trip. This can help the worker to see also how each one of the jobs relates to the other person and the importance of them, and show how importance they may be to make each of these jobs work easily. Also adding job enlargement where each job can be increased and presenting a more variety to the job, again avoiding boredom. Job enrichment would be included so that employees could have more independence in planning, performing, and evaluation the work they do. By doing this, it offers the employees more responsibility, sense of success, plus much more satisfaction with their job.

The second area of the expectancy theory component that would be used is performance-reward relationship. That is very important so the staff has a feel of participation. This would be achieved by allowing employees to take part in management, in the decision-making electricity. This could be accomplish by using representative involvement, which allows a worker to sit on work councils or plank of representatives. This would give the employees a feel of being an integral part of the organization, than simply another body. Also adding an excellent circle, which is great to possess so that employees can meet regularly to discuss quality problems, and recommend solutions, and even take corrective actions. Using this method gives the staff a since to be a part of the organization.

The third part of the expectancy theory aspect that might be used is reward-personal goal marriage. If you ask me this is one of the most crucial thing and it does not cost the business that much. I would put into action merit-base pay, bonus items, and profit-sharing plans. This would help to motive the ones that can do the work, as well as for the other workers what areas they would need to boost to gain these extra bonus deals. The variable-pay works ideal for those employees that can do the job, and other jobs as well, to be paid accordingly, and the ones that don't would know that they would need to boost and to undertake more task to receive this extra pay. I also prefer to add skilled-based pay, because it allows employees to be paid according with their skills. This might motivate others to improve their skills to be paid more, and the ones that are skill, would feel that they are simply being recognized for his or her talents. My favorite is the staff recognition programs, it generally does not have to cost much for an organization, but it is like offering a person a million us dollars. I feel that it's important to provide the employee private and public recognition because of their hard work. Thus giving the employee a feeling of pleasure and wishes to work harder since it puts them in an increased level of admiration. When it comes right down to it, everyone desires to be recognized more than even obtaining bonuses. Kindness does indeed go a long way if it shown according to the staff.

Using expectancy theory components will help improve the inspiration among the list of employees and present them the energy within to want to boost and work. Managers should look at each employee as individuals and each has their own variations. Each should be cured different, but with these programs they can fit for all varieties of differences. The main element is communication, also to allow the employees to have a sense of pleasure. A lot more you are the employee, the greater they'll feel a belonging and would want to work. Using expectancy theory components will stimulate your employees if you they are really implemented.


1 Stephen P. R. & Timothy A. J. (2007). Inspiration Concepts. Organizational Behavior (12th Ed. )(p. 208). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

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