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Existentialism is Humanism

Existentialism is a Humanism, to be individuals is identified by an existence (physical living) that precedes its fact (true characteristics). So, if living is problematic, and it is towards the development of a full existentialist theory of what it is usually to be individuals that Sartre's work logically evolves. With regards to what will become Being and Nothingness, Sartre's early on works can be seen as providing important preparatory material for an existential account of being individuals. However the distinctiveness of Sartre's method of understanding human existence is ultimately guided by his ethical interest. Thus the nature of Sartre's issues of examination, his theory of the ego and his ethical goals all characterise the development of an existential phenomenology.

The general concern of existentialism is to give a merchant account of what it is similar to to exist as a individual on earth. Existentialism is a philosophical activity emphasizing individualism, specific independence, and subjectivity. Epistemologically, it is denied that there may be a truly objective explanation of the world as it is with no intervention of human being interests and activities. The planet is a 'given' and there is no epistemological scepticism about its lifestyle; it should be described in relation to ourselves. There is absolutely no fixed essence to which beings have to conform in order to qualify as humans; we are everything we opt to be. The problem of flexibility and choice are of critical importance in existentialism. Sartre considers that authentic choices are completely undetermined. If we make our decisions merely by mention of an exterior moral code or set of procedures, then our company is, similarly, not arriving at authentic options.

Key Items of Jean Paul Sartre's (1905 - 1980) existentialist Beliefs:

1. "Existence precedes and rules essence"

Satire's ethical habit acknowledges our independence on the planet. We cannot hide behind the safety of traditions, culture and the moral code. Being among the most famous and important existentialist propositions is Sartre's dictum, "existence precedes and guidelines essence", which is generally taken to mean that there is no pre-defined fact to humanity except whatever we lead to ourselves. Since Sartrean existentialism does not acknowledge the life of a god or of another determining principle, human beings are free to do as they choose. To live a life regarding to these ideas means to stay in "bad trust" which is unethical

Since there is absolutely no predefined human character or ultimate analysis beyond that which humans job onto the globe, people may only be judged or defined by their activities and alternatives, and human alternatives will be the ultimate evaluator. The idea of Existence preceding fact is important since it describes the only real conceivable actuality as the judge of good or evil. If things simply "are", without directive, purpose or overall truth, then truth (or substance) is only the projection of that which is a product of lifetime, or collective activities. For fact to can be found, existence has to exist before it, so that it is not only the predecessor but the 'ruler' of its objectivity. "

2. Anguish

In Sartre's Existentialism, anguish is the sensation one gets when one recognizes any particular one is responsible not limited to oneself, but for all of mankind. Along with many of the other emotional claims referred to by existentialists, anguish can be paralytic, and one of the goals of existentialism is to press people toward action even in the face of these emotions.

3. Bad faith

Satre basically not acknowledging that as a individual our life precedes our substance on the planet therefore not acknowledging our own ability create our home through our choices. The "bad faith" reviews, "young woman" and a "waiter", the young woman delaying her minute of choice in a way that for inauthentic and the waiter failing woefully to acknowledge to be a waiter and he has his choice to choose never to be considered a waiter. Both young female and the waiter put substance before existence nonetheless they are just a little different in their selections.

4. Being - in - itself

Being alone is the self-contained and completely realized being of items. It really is to be contrasted with the being, or living, of people. from the young female story Ivich snacks both Delarue and her own body as "being-in-itself". Matching to Sartre, human beings want to attain being in itself while keeping their flexibility, a trend he dubs "the need to be God".

5. Being - for - others

Being for others, in Sartrean existentialism, is the fact part of real human living that is public and socially identified. From the story of waiter he treat him/her home first and mostly as a "being-for-others". One path to bad faith is to see all of one's lifetime as disclosed through others.

6. Being - for - self

To function in good trust we should treat self yet others mainly. Existentialism is not really a complete idea and many quarrels can be made against it. An accountant also a individual, sometimes he do accounting and sometimes do other activities. A Existentialism, is that part - part, though inseparable from the others - of individual life that is self-defined. Viewing individual existence as entirely self-defined is one way toward bad faith.

7. Despair

Sartre defines despair the feeling caused by the realization that there is no sure footing in the world, and we can't ever know the results of your actions ahead of time.


Existentialism is not a perfect and complete philosophy and many arguments can be made against it. The philosopher Marcues criticized that if avery one is already free and they're walking on the highways they why trouble to battle for independence? The opponents of existentialism assert that this fosters the particularization of human beings, stripping them of your general sense of personality, which is completely constant with the cases of existentialists that the sole common allowed for human beings is their fundamental independence. An another view is simply that existentialists are insane, which, many existentialists would reply, is accurate, but, they might retort, only when you considered too little need to live the traditional office life as reducible to insanity.


The existentialism is not a complete philosophy. It is viewpoint which combines with Virtue ethics and deontology. Existentialist knowledge of what it is to be real human can be summarised in his view that the primary motivation to use it is to be found in the type of consciousness which really is a desire to have being. It is up to each agent to exercise his freedom in such a way that he will not lose vision of his living as a facticity, as well as a free human being. In so doing, he'll come to understand more about the original choice which his whole life represents, and thus about the values that are in so doing projected. This understanding is merely obtained through living this particular life and preventing the pitfalls of strategies of self-deceit such as bad faith. This authentic option for individuals life symbolizes the realisation of an common in the singularity of any individual life. Existentialism declares that the average person must choose his way; there

is no predetermination. Since the world is meaningless and absurd, people

must arranged their own moral standards. The universe does not predetermine moral

rules. Each individual strives toward a distinctive moral perfection. Existentialists think that morality depends on the

individual, rather than supreme being.

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