Posted at 11.18.2018
An engineering business with its headquarters in holland could either create a branch in Belgium to service its Belgian customers or offer its services to Belgian clients from its office in the Netherlands. The first case would constitute establishment, the next would merely refer to the provision of services.
Horspool and Humphreys, EU Law, 4th ed.
In the light of the statement explain the development that has occurred in EU law relating to the guidelines of establishment and provision of services. Measure the extent to that your European Court docket of Justice has been able to attract clear lines of variation between them.
Library search for general EU laws texts:
Craig and De Burca:
"EU law: Text Cases and Materials".
Chapter 18: Liberty of establishment also to provide servies.
Chalmers, Hadjiemmanuil, Monti and Tomkins.
"EU Law: Text and Materials".
Chapter 17; The free activity of services
Cases and Materials on EU law.
Chapter 14 "Independence of Establishment and freemovemennt of services: Articles 43 and 49"
Search of www. google. scholar. com
Cases (key sources):
Search by conditions: flexibility of establishment services lawyers
C-243/01. Criminal Proceedings against Gambelli  1 C. M. L. R. 35
C-221/89. R. v Secretary of Talk about for Transport Ex lover p. Factortame Ltd  3 All E. R. 769. Para 20.
C-2/74. Jean Reyners v Belgian Point out ECR 00631.
C-283/99. Commission rate v Italy  ECR I-4363
C-33/74. J. H. M. Van Binsbergen v Bestuur Van de Bedrijfsvereniging voor de Metaalnijverheid  1 C. M. L. R. 304.
C-55/94. Reinhard Gebhard v Consiglio Dell'Ordine degli Avvocati E Procuratori di Milano
C-70/95. Sodemare et al v Regione Lombardia  E. J. H. L 67
C-26/62. Van Gend En Loos v Nederlandse Administratie Der Belastingen  ECR 1.
C-427/85. Percentage v Germany  ECR 1123.
C-294/89. Commission payment v France Republic.
C-340/89. Irene Vlassopoulou v Ministerium fјr Justiz Bundes-und Europaan-gelegenheiten Baden Wurttemberg  ECR 2357.
C-168/98. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg v Euro Parliament and Council of europe  ECR I-09131
C-506/04. Graham J. Wilson v Ordre des avocats du barreau de Luxembourg.
Treaty Articles and Directives
Art 44(2) TEC.
Art 47(1) TEC
Art 47(2) TEC.
Directive 85/384/EEC on the common identification of diplomas
Directive 2005/36/EC for the Acceptance of Professional Qualifications
Directive 77/249 (preamble)
Directive 77/249. Skill 5.
Directive 89/48 Article 2.
Directive 89/48 Article 4.
Directive 89/48 Article 1(g)
Directive 98/5. Article 3(1).
Directive 98/5. Article 5(1).
Directive 98/5. Article 10.
Directive 98/5. Article 10 (1).
Word Count number 498.