Posted at 10.17.2018
My choice to use these two ideas to the truth scenario of Ms Joanna is dependant on the structure of these methods. Payne (2005, p 97) cites that Both turmoil intervention and task-centred practice mirror a contemporary development towards brief, focused and structured ideas that package with immediate, functional problems". Due to the recent analysis of breast tumor, Joanna is faced with some difficult decisions regarding her sons future. She would like to be certain that she would make the best decision available. Therefore task-centred strategy would be the best way for her to achieving this and any problems that might arise during the exploration process.
Task-centred approach tends to be very set up and person-centred and it could be oriented to help ease the most pressing problems. Task-centred practice has been developed within SW itself and tested in a multitude of circumstances. The procedural aspect of task-centred practice has obviously been formed by community care and attention policy and good care management. Time-limits, plan and deal based are fundamental features of care and attention management practice (Ford and Postle, 2000).
The method is prepared by a theoretical framework, which include components of systems theory, ego mindset, behaviourism, and empowerment theory. Hence the complete form it might take will be inspired by a number of of the theoretical customs. Task-centred practice pulls seriously from other problem resolving technique such as positive reframing from family therapy (Payne, 1997) and is in direct comparison to the more paternalistic professional practice customarily employed. The ideals of self-determination and empowerment are central, as the service customer, in cases like this Joanna, is seen as the best expert on her problems. Task-centred work suits closely with concepts of relationship and participation, for the reason that Joanna should be totally informed and since fully involved as you possibly can through out this technique. 'Its principle stance on wide open, collaborative and accountable practice is evidently appropriate for the prices of AOP (Doel and Marsh, 1992).
Ford and Postle (2000, p 53) 'the approach is targeted on problem-solving, and it is short-term and time-limited'. The rule aim of task-centred work is to resolve problems provided by the service end user. Hence the starting point of the practice is the trouble. Task-centred practice is characterised by mutual clarity and therefore should only be carried out under the next three conditions. The service end user must acknowledge the problem and be inclined to work on it, they should be able to take action to reduce the situation and the problem must be specific and limited in character. In this scenario Joanna has shown herself to the interpersonal worker, she's asked for assist in decision making.
Firstly the SW must identify the main components and problems. For the SW this might be a task which would want careful consideration, planning and analysis.
The recent identification of a sophisticated breast tumor requires Joanna to explore different options for planning her sons future. Which means initial period of task-centred practice is problem exploration. In this expression key problems are revealed, and then prioritised. There must be no more than three problems where the SW would be working on with Joanna. Too 'many picked problems will most likely lead to misunderstandings and dissipated effort' Doel and Marsh (1992, p 31).
Having identified the situation(s) the SW would then uncover what Joanna desires are. Once the basis for work is set up, the SW and Joanna precede in a series of incremental steps towards the goal(s). Corresponding to Doel and Marsh (1992) 'the quest from agreeing the target to obtaining it is measured in small steps called tasks. These are put into place by Joanna and the SW. As a result this might help Joanna in achieving her goal and the alleviation of the condition.
Methods or approaches for achieving the task(s) should be negotiated with Joanna. Task-centred practice is designed to enhance the challenge fixing skills of participants. Therefore it is important that responsibilities undertaken by clients require elements of decision making and self-direction.
The task-centred procedure would permit fast and effective support to Joanna. 'The time-limit is a short assertion about the likely length of time had a need to reach the goal' Doel & Marsh (1992, p 51). A time limit is very important to a number of reasons. 'It guards against drift, allows time for an assessment and stimulates accountability. It also operates as an sign of progress (Adams, Dominelli and Payne, 2002). The duty stage comprises of some advancements and reviews. The execution of reviews is important as it allows for an diagnosis of the success of the steps considered. The finishing of the procedure of task-centred work will have been anticipated at the original phrase. The concluding period should include a review of the task that has been accomplished by Joanna in order to alleviate the mark problem.
The main benefit of the task-centred practice are that it does not suggest simply assigning duties but it is a very well researched, feasible, and cost-effective approach to working. The foundation of the challenge is not presumed to reside in in only the service-user. Attention is paid to external factors such as welfare protection under the law and casing, and where there is opportunity to provide 'ability' it is taken in the form of information and knowledge offering. It also addresses the advantages of individuals and their systems. Task-centred attempts to place worker and client on a single level Coulshed &Orme (1998, p 123).
Althought advantages to task-centred practice can be easily identified, the negatives and drawbacks are not as easy, as they are predicated on research. Therefore, it isn't only considering the approach extensively and hypothesising cons, but putting the methodology into practice and gathering relevant information to analyse any negative conclusions. A few of these drawbacks would be that fundamental problems requiring long run techniques may go unnoticed, it requires sustained initiatives from service consumer who may sometimes struggle to do this scheduled to physical or emotional advantages. Clients may be confused by problems and unable to deal with them in a organised way. However the SW would still have an optimistic gain by improving their capacity for clearer thinking and forward planning, which in turn brings on successful intervention Coulshed & Orme (1998, p 119).
Moving to Crisis intervention, which can be quite diverse with the models that uses. Payne (199, p 101) declares that 'turmoil intervention uses components of ego-psychology from psychodynamic point of view. It targets the service-users emotional reactions or reactions to external happenings and how to regulate them. Strategies of turmoil intervention are based on emotional theory However, these are adapted and altered to fit the demands of the turmoil situation.
Crisis is a general concept which influences folks from all cultures. James and Gilliland explain a crisis as 'a perception or experiencing of a meeting or situation as an intolerable difficulty that surpasses the folks current resources and coping mechanisms (2001, p 3). People in turmoil situations may overlook or dismiss important details and distinctions that appear in their environment and may have trouble relating ideas, occasions, and actions in a logical way.
Crisis intervention, therefore, can be an action plan to help people cope with immediate acute tense demands. Hence, as problems intervention targets resolving immediate problems and psychological conflicts through a minimum number of associates. The first stage is always to allow the service-user to seem sensible of what has happened to them and also to begin to feel in control. Drawing on Joannas situation, one may easily see that type of procedure would gain her in many ways. Joannas cancer is advanced and the life-time remaining may not be very long. She is aware of her health situation and would need aid in her psychological situation as well as Jacobs.
Joanna considers herself in circumstances of psychological disequilibrium which is struggling to modify and find a new sense of balance of all her problems, her psychological situation might appear insuperable at the time. Joana does not feel in charge of her life ever again but still is wanting to control.
Crisis treatment, intervenes when folks have reached a predicament in their lives they can't manage. Thompson (2005, p 69) represents it as a 'turning point in peoples lives which creates a great deal of energy that can be used positively to take on problems, resolve issues and move beyond prior barriers to progress. This would enable and help Joanna to identify her major problems and discover better coping mechanisms. By giving support such as home visits this would aid in the breakdown of look after her child and family as well as offer Joanna time for herself to come to conditions with her condition.
The methods I would use will be the Roberts (1995, p 18) seven stage model. The first stage would be by examining lethality. Although Joanna shown herself to the SW she may not be the one person most at risk: it might be that Jacob is facing psychological reaction that can even lead to self damage. Which means SW should plan and execute a crisis assessment as well as lethality steps. 'James and Gilliland emphasise that evaluation should be considered a continuous part of crisis intervention, because of speedily changing feelings Payne (2005, p 105).
The second level of the model would be creating a rapport and effective communication skills. This is easily achieved by genuinely respecting and agreeing to Joanna and her family and sometimes reassuring that behavior is not unreasonable or sudden, this may help to achieve the rapport building.
In the 3rd stage the SW has to Identify what Joanna recognizes as her major problems. 'Myers (2001) difference between affective, cognitive and behavioural areas of the a reaction to the turmoil are also relevant here (Payne, 2005: 107). In the fourth level the social worker would be positively working on Joannas thoughts and feelings, as when interacting with an immediate problem, it can be easy to miss out or avoid to give attention to thoughts. The fifth stage involves taking a look at the past coping mechanisms. In Joanas situation, the death of her spouse is seen as a success. 'Success should be outlined and strengthened Payne (2005, p 108).
In level six Joana would be working with her SW to understand why the crisis situation was so distressing. Finding a way to manage the problem and formulating an action plan that works for her, so that she can reach her goals and would feel empowered. In the ultimate stage the SW has to ensure that Joanna would feel in a position to returning if further problems arise and create an action arrange for Joanna and family, to help them indentify likely tense points in the future.
During this process, the SW should stay self alert to own biases and vulnerabilities and understand how these could have an impact on her own judgment and activities. Payne, (1996, p 43) rates that 'the term intervention is oppressive. It indicates the moral and political power of the public worker to invade the communal territories of service users. Despite the fact that Joanna provided herself for help, she could still see this intervention as being intrusive; this might oppress her and make her feel powerless. She has had the main role of the parent or guardian and house keeper in the family and could believe that these have been recinded from her.
Joanna may feel detached from her family and internalize the challenge, and may well not focus on the problem; instead she may focus on the intrusion. So the SW may well not get a true picture of her emotions and could interpret things wrongly and make assumptions. Problems intervention is seen as oppressive sometimes as it requires quick answers very quickly framework. Therefore not taking into consideration different culture track record which may see this as questioning and make sure they are feel discriminated against.
In bottom line both try to improve individuals capacity to deal with life problems. Turmoil intervention uses useful jobs to help people readjust; they place great importance in the emotional response to the crises and the chances of peoples capacity to manage their everyday problems in the future. Task-centred work targets performances in functional tasks which will solve particular problems. Success in obtaining tasks helps psychological problems. Crisis involvement has a theory of source of life troubles. Task-centred work will take problems as given, to be resolved pragmatically. Payne (2005)
In summary, I have discussed task-centred and crisis intervention methods and identified that despite their different roots and various emphasis, both these methods have a role to play to advertise the anti-oppressive methodology in SW practice by restoring the maximum amount of control as possible and validating and celebrating advantages. They both reject the permanent treatment of psychodynamic work which makes the service-user more reliant on the worker. Both ideas promote enough time limited and much more centered way of working with service-users. But the approaches have constraints, they offer frameworks for SW to engage with the service-users in the simplest way.