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Examining case studies as a research method

Article Task : CASE STUDIES

Abstract :

Case Analysis one of the strategy of technique to get end result and also get data collection. Research study are famous in the cultural knowledge field. This field give big justification in many things include the public behavior. Case study can also have or perform in information management / knowledge management or catalogue science field. This short article also explore about the category of the research study, advantages and drawbacks, weakness and also the applicability of this research study method in term of information management.

Keywords

Case Study, Academic Library, Research, Quantitative, Qualitative, Information Management

Introduction

Research can be defined as a process of systematic method to enquiry and research of the field. By doing the research, it can benefit to resolve problems, increase knowledge to the researcher. Beside that the study can participate the researcher to get now or most interesting features, then it can helps the researcher with an chance to clarify, follow and validate the new things using their interested in the topic or subject.

Collis, Hussey, (2003) acquired stated the use of research which is to :

  • Analyze and explore the overall issues
  • To appraisal and produce the new and accessible knowledge
  • To identify and research the problems and situations that existing
  • To gain and make the new ideas or knowledge
  • To explain and express the new phenomena
  • To develop and create the system, types of procedures and policies

Definitions of Case Study

Case review is the one of the research method and methodology. Case study is an making use of an exhaustive way which is the researcher targets only 1 specific occasion of the sensation to be examined. It's also only a circumstances in order to examine the initial or phenomenon comprehensive. From this article research study as a study method by Zaidah Zainal, (2007), stated that case study allows the exploration and understanding of complex issues. It could be considered a robust research method particularly if a holistic, in-depth investigation is necessary. Gulsecen & Kubat, (2006) mentioned that research study recognized as a tool in many communal research studies, the role of research study method in research becomes more visible when problems with respect to education. A research study offers an chance to study a particular subject matter, example one organisation, in depth, or several people, and usually involves gathering and analyzing information; information which may be both qualitative and quantitative .

The American Heritage Dictonary of the Engish Terminology, (2000) defines case study as a detailed comprehensive study of the unit such as a business or a small business division that strains factor contributing to its success or inability. Another explanation is an in depth analysis of a person or group, especially as a model of the medical, social phenomena, psychiatric and subconscious.

Yin ( 2009) thinks that relative examples used in either large or small, cannot change to 1 or even more research in to the macroscopic study. Single case can be accepted by interacting with challenge objectives case studies.

Beside that, Yin (2002) identifies the case study research method "as an empirical review that investigates a modern day happening within its real-life context which is when the limitations between trend and context aren't clearly evident; and where multiple sources of evidence are employed. Besides that he's also mention that a a design of the research study is highly recommended when first is the concentrate of the study is to answer "how and "why questions; second, the reseacrher cannot manipulate the behavior of those mixed up in analysis; third, the reseacrher want for contextual conditions because you think they are relevant to the phenomenon under research; or fourth, the limitations are not clear between the phenomenon and context. Other than that, Zaidah (2007) also mentioned that the past literature show the use of the research study research and method in many areas and disciplines in every types of multimedia.

Category of the circumstance study

The category of the research study are being categories by three, first is exploratory, descriptive and explanatory circumstance studies. The exploratory case study can be explain as circumstance studies set to explore any sensation in the data which provides as a spot appealing to the researcher. For a good example, a researcher doing the exploratory a case study and the research study include the all data collection, research question and etc.

The second category is descriptive case studies. This category of this case study points out about natural phenomena which happen within the data involved. For an example, the question like what different strategies use. The descriptive case studies may use in the narrative form like using the pattern matching procedure etc.

The third category is explanatory circumstance studies. This examine the data deeply in level to explain the phenomena of the data in order. The explanatory case studies check out the complicated and multivariate cases. This organic theory explain the three ideas of the trend and research.

Case study is one of the provides an opportunity to study of this subject. For n example, the case study can do the study at organization, the prospective group of people which usually entails gather, gathering and examining the info and information. And the information can be gets from qualitative or quantitative.

Quantitative

Qualitative

The outcome of the quantitative research by collecting and review the numerical data in the event study. In focus on the measuring the frequency, the number as well as the range. The example that are use within this type of research study is phenomena. Besides that, this type of the study are develop and design and set up so the results and the info can be easily collected and presented flawlessly.

Quantitative research can include the reflective and reflecting on the physical aspects and tangible aspect in the research. The example of the physical aspects in qualitative research like perceptions, behaviour and also the worth that are being assessed. Even thought this kind of this research is difficult to investigate and have challenged in on the findings.

Basic types of the case study design.

Figure 1 : Types of Circumstance Study

Strength and Weakness of the Case Study

Weaknesses

Case studies include and require the small pieces of data for an example as you or two companies. which may perform the researcher to get and gain some insights about the developments or viral in the relevant establishments. For instance, the case study about the Honda Company might be used to generalize about similar companies in the automobile industries. The data or information is a reasonable to the business that chosen as a way to obtain data. But the case studies involve small data therefore that conversational empirical techniques can't be used or where they are really used.

Strengths.

The case study method involves complete, holistic, futuristic exploration in all aspects and can utilize a selection of different way of measuring techniques such as a methodological tool. The data can be collected over enough time and related to the establishments. The histories or the tales that can be told about the company are also something's that can be assessed and documented not only empirical data.

There are 8 steps to performing a research study:

1) set up the broad circumstance to investigate

2) setup the study questions

3) Choose the particular situations to be used

4) Determine data gathering and research techniques

5) Prepare to collect of the data

6) Accumulate the data

7) Analyse the data

8) Prepare the report

Methodology Review :

Title

Personalization in catalogue database:not persuasive enough?

Social advertising marketing and marketing communications strategies for scholl superintendents.

Use of web technology in providing information services by southern Indian technological universities as viewed on catalogue websites.

Facebook as an edutainment medium to activate students in sustainability and tourism

The impact of change management on behaviour of Turkish security professionals towards change

Author

Jean E, McLaughlin

Danial D, Cox

Scott McLeod

Preedip Balaji B,

Vinit Kumar

Annica Isacsson,

Ulrike Gretzel

Safer Yilmaz

Huseyin Ozgen

Recai Akyel

Objective

To describe the communication in conditions of academic collection data source personalization features, persuasive technology and student research

The objective of this article to understand, evaluate and describe the using of interpersonal marketing in term of marketing and communication on the knowledge of institution supervisor.

The objective of this article is to make clear and discuss the web tehnology, web 2 2. 0 and cultural media in term of new technology. Besides that, this information also take notice of the quantity of collection website that are providing information services in effective.

To make clear the international joint venture learning project that involves facebook as the best perform in edutainment

To present and illustrate that homeland security administrator or supervisor on their substantial implantation and the understanding the techniques managerial that can be used during the change of the procedure and improvement of changing management.

Methodology

This article use research study as methodology

The writers using case study methodology to perform this study

This article use research study as methodology

This article use case study way as methodology

This article use case study strategy as methodology

Data Collection

This article using use statictics from database in academic library.

The data are being acquire by using the qualitative interview.

Using stratified test of 40 institute library websites

Sample from 38 student

Questionnaire survey method

Findings

In this short article, the authors have victorious mixture research skill and also the new technology that are using in the academics library. Commonly that preference and personalization of the current database like the features include the personal research and so forth. So that Mostly of the study student are using the website as well as the repository to get the information.

The authors in this article are create 12 quantitative interview with the school supervisor about the using of cultural press by internet data. Beside that in the studies also the having the contact/communication with the supervisor about the searching. So that, reader can have two side of view. Furthermore, the audience can know the impact and application in the budgeting.

In this content, the authors set up the using of the existing web development technology and discover the web information service. The net information are not broad to helping in academic library. The creators also mention that almost all of the library in the school working are in conservative library configurations.

In this research, the authors found that the showing and placing on the facebook by pupil and faculty can mirror the success on the task so that it will give the success for the participation of pupil.

In this content, the author suggests just how or methods that worker can be use to informing about the change, contribution of the employees. Means that, corporation can give or change the advice to the employee. Other than that, this research also refer to the vital in area of homeland company in Turkey.

Limitation

There will be the restriction in this research, the creators founded the limitation on the material that are publicized in the library

The limitation on the awareness of the school supervisor which often using two type of social marketing such as facebook to interact with the stakeholder in college. Besides that, this review didn't include that thoughts and perceptions on the supervisor.

This article does not stated any limitation while doing the research

This article will not stated any limitation while doing the research

This article will not stated any restriction while doing the research

Applicability of circumstance studies method in context information management

In term of the applicability in context information management, as we realize, information management nowadays is producing to manage the knowledge. To comprehend what information management is, the researcher nowadays interest to more research study in this field or area. Nowadays you will find plenty social scientist do the study. The information management are are the how to control the info. By doing the study or case study in this area, the researcher got to know the craze of the existing research or issues. It's important to learn the trend since it making simpler to the future analysis.

For example, if the researcher do the study or case study on the impact useful the media public, the researcher got to know about the previous research and need to suggest he future reading to the reader. Besides that, by doing the case study, it allows the researcher to explore deeply the problems. Information management more to understanding how to manage the info, the type of the information etc.

Case study have been used in information management research to suggest various types of conclusions. The methodology of research study method also can develop many theory and model such as utaut model 1 and 2, TAM models etc. The case study can give extensive understanding on the phenomena or the specific field in information management. It is helps the researcher by doing the decision making.

Conclusion

In the nut, research study methodology are most important method to check out deeply certain field. Nowadays, Case studies being speedily increasingly famous among the qualitative and quantitative experts. This types of strategy provide the flexibility on the development, design and the methods' technique in the event study. Moreover, circumstance studies are consider to use I many research that can be the other alternative in qualitative or quantitative research because of case study is the greatest of technique in research.

Moreover, circumstance studies observe many parameters or elements to complete the event or research. Research study using documents, observation and also the interviews as the main sources of the information. Most the research study assigns and allocate the idea from the research study. Supporter or the researcher will keep meaning it is will depend on the situations habit. The good circumstance study will need to have creativity, the design, development in the context of the study.

Yin (2009), also refer to that research study can relies with many sources

Yin (2009), also speak about that all cope with with the technically in the event Study, characteristic situation where you will see a lot of variables appealing field than data details, and as you result. Research study also relies on multiple resources of facts, with data needing to converge in a triangulation as a result. The research study also give advantages to previous development of theoretical propositions to guide data collection and evaluation

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