The main reason for these paper is to analyze the performance of the business of Islamic seminar and find just how forward for the problems existing within the organization. In these paper I would take the chance of being in charge of the organization of Islamic conference. These means that i will presuppose the position of the secretary basic of the business of Islamic conference ( OIC). While taking that imaginary post, i'll be briefly talking about on the origins of the international relationships, what were the key reasons for its establishment. Furthermore, i'll be engaging in an in-depth research of its accomplishments, drawbacks. Eventually, i'll develop an sensible and implementable solution on three major important arenas - The International politics and diplomacy, the educational world and economical and financials spheres.
Introduction: Islamic Thought on International Relationship.
Its undeniably true that the ideas of politics, diplomacy and international relationship realms can be followed back again to the old Islamic background. It's clearly apparent such phenomenon existed through the prophet's (p. b. u. h) reign when he previously treaties with the Jews, Christians from Najran and Aqabah, these sustained to the days of the four rightly led caliphates to Umayyad dynasty to Fatimid Dynasty and so forth. Also these was under the Islamic concept and umbrella of ummah, which means the community of believers that contains all Muslim nations and races.
The street to redemption of the Ottoman Islamic empire and other a number of dynasties across the globe, paved a way to the adoption of the Western and traditional western ideology of their state system. Nationalism became the frontier which identified a nation somewhat than their spiritual affiliations. The opinion and concept of the Islamic ummah was little by little vanishing from the Islamic Nations. Its irrefutable that this was orchestrated by the west for the principal purpose of stopping the dominance of Islam as faith. So by introducing these new concept of state system, it'll separate the Islamic ummah into different countries and their people would pledge their allegiance to their state rather than the Islamic Ummah. These brought on tensions, divides, tournaments amongst Muslim nations hence producing into current unlucky situation.
On the occasion of rising of the modern status system, many Muslim scholars argued back and forth on if the idea of a country come to blows with the universality and the unity of Islamic ummah. Many have provided information to get the assertion they can co-exist while many have refuted and give a counter quarrels on that case. Muslim thinkers, such as Allama Muhammad Iqbal argued on the foundation that Islam provides with the model for human unity and so long as the Muslims believe in the oneness of Allah (Tawheed) ; then, nationalism can co-exist with the rule of Islamic Ummah.
Origin of the business of Islamic Meeting ( OIC).
With the modern world order bringing on a rapid surge and continual impact of the european political and financial dominance throughout the muslim countries, some of the muslim thinkers and scholars developed the theory of Pan-Islamism. These started out from early nineteenth century with scholars such as Mohamed Abdou, Jamaldin Al-Afghani and similar like them. Many tries of instituting a global islamic body failed miserably. However, it came to fruition in the 1960's which was through the tenacious adherence and company believe by the various muslim leaders for the reason that era in possessing a united leading of Muslims. Regardless of the difference and the lifestyle of the fundamentalists, socialists, nationalists and secularists in the muslim areas this was finally achieved.
The establishment of the organization of Islamic meeting came shortly after the historical event of the Arab-Israel turmoil of 1967. Israel as a very small nation was able to crush bigger Islamic and Arab land such as Jordan, Syria and Egypt. These directed shockwaves through the entire muslim world. The Israelis could actually occupy and take over the 3rd holiest site of Islam, masjid al-aqsa. Afterward this was followed by the criminal and despicable event of blazing down some area of the holy mosque on 21st August 1969. Immediately the muslim market leaders called for an instant historical summit which took place in Rabat, Morocco on the 25th Sept 1969.
Ever because the formation of the OIC, it became the next largest inter-governmental group following the United Land with fifty seven member says about the world. These was true success and the organization became the tone of the muslim through the planet and it made certain to uphold and protect the interest of Islam and the muslims in the stable believe and heart of promoting peace, tranquility and unity among the many diverse people on earth.
In March of 1970, the first Islamic conference of overseas ministers was held in Jeddah and through this meeting Jeddah was selected as the headquarters of OIC, pending the liberation of Jerusalem which would be the permanent head office of OIC. As well, the role of everlasting standard secretariat was create which the primary is to ensure a powerful co-operation among member point out and to co-ordinate their activities. 2 yrs later, the Islamic seminar of foreign ministers meeting for the 3rd session used the charter of the institute whose main aim was to fortify the cooperation, soft cohesion and solidarity amongst the member state governments in the political, economical, scientific, sociable and ethnic grounds.
Objectives of Corporation of Islamic Discussion ( OIC)
Under the Charter, the business of Islamic discussion aims to achieve the following ;
Strengthen the Islamic solidarity among member expresses.
Coordinate action to safeguard the holy site of Islam.
Strengthen cooperation amidst member claims in the political, economic, scientific, communal and cultural areas.
Strengthen the struggle of most muslim visitors to guard their dignity, self-reliance and national privileges.
Coordinate action to aid the have difficulties of the Palestinian people and helping them in recovering their rights and liberating their occupied territories.
Work to get rid of racial discrimination and everything varieties of colonialism.
Work to create a favourable atmosphere for the assistance and understanding between member says and other countries, celebrations, and organizations.
The charters also spells out some important rules which governs the actions of OIC. To mention a few are the full equality between member state governments, the non interference with the inner affairs of member claims, the observation of self-reliance, sovereignty and territorial integrity of every state. And also a major Islamic principle that exists and it is clearly stipulated in the OIC charter is the settlement of any dispute that might arise between the member areas by peaceful means such as negotiations, mediation, conciliation and arbitration. This brought up in the holy Quran in surratul hujjarat [49:7-10]
"But Allah has endeared the trust for you and has made it seemly in your hearts, and He has made hateful to you unbelief and transgression and disobedience; these it is the fact that are the supporters of a right way. By grace from Allah as a favour; and Allah is Knowing, Wise. And if two gatherings of the believers quarrel, make tranquility between them; but if one of these acts wrongfully into the other, fight that which works wrongfully until it returns to Allah's control; then if it returns, make tranquility between them with justice and act equitably; surely Allah enjoys those who react equitably. The believers are but brethren, therefore make peacefulness in the middle of your brethren and become careful of (your responsibility to) Allah that mercy may be experienced on you. (49:7-10)"
Structure and Organs of the Organization of Islamic Conference
The organization includes the followings.
The Islamic Summit
This the best decision and plan making organ, its went to by the heads of claims of government authorities and usually they satisfied every three years.
The Islamic Discussion of Foreign Ministers
During the three year interval between the summits, these organ associates meet to view over the execution of decisions taken by the head of states.
The Everlasting Secretariat
These is the executive organ of the OIC which is delegated to take care of your day to day activities of the business.
In furtherance of coordinating and boosting the organization's action and bring into range to its view things and stands, the organization has generated different position committees that are chaired by the minds of expresses. i. e Al-quds Committee, Islamic committee for financial, cultural and sociable affairs etc.
These include the statistical, financial and public research and training center for Islamic countries etc.
These includes the Islamic development bank (IDB), Islamic states broadcasting organization (ISBO) etc
These includes the Islamic chamber of commerce and industry (ICCI), Islamic committee of the international crescent (ICIC).
C ) The Successes and Disadvantages of Company of Islamic Conference
One of the major strengths of the OIC is the institutional architecture and the charter itself. Your being a durability OIC was able to achieve a lot of success despite their dormancy in the last fifteen years. Together with the new general secretary Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu of Turkey who emerged in with a voting system. Some of the recent successes done by organizational Islamic seminar is initiating the goldstone article which in turn lead to the international condemnation of the Israel federal government assault on Gaza. Politics is about perception and the organization of Islamic meeting must be credited for putting forth the reality of the matter in Palestine and so wiping off of the understanding of Israel - the occupier - as being innocent.
A second major successes was initiation of the Islamic meeting humanitarian affairs office in 2008. During the tsunami catastrophe they extended help to more than 10, 000 orphans. As well as before the inception of this department a few of the philanthropic work they have can be traced by during the end of Balkan warfare. Many muslim Bosnians were uprooted using their country of delivery and were homeless. The OIC set up a fund named the fund for come back of the Bosnians refugees that was situated in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also in june of 2007 it jointly prepared with the condition of Qatar a global donor's seminar for the republic of Niger to help and beef up the meals shortages endured by the muslim for the reason that talk about. Also they employed thoroughly in other poverty alleviation programs in countries such as Somalia.
Despite these accomplishments, the organization of Islamic seminar has already established a lot of drawbacks and short comings since its inception. A major weakness is the functioning of the organization with a short-string budget that comes from mandatory payments from a few of the member says. The budget isn't enough for the opportunity of activities which is to be done and its own numerous committees. These is majorly triggered by the poor state of the majority of the OIC members states whereby almost one half of these are placed the in lower position in the GDP per capita and GNP per capita indexes. The lack of enough finance has crippled the OIC in terms of helping to develop the educational standards among its member areas, the financing of research and trends programs.
Early, I brought up that the institutional architecture to be impressive and since a major strength but I must explain that still there may be insufficiency in it. A primary point is the lack of any sort of representative form of management which one echoes the deficit of democracy in the muslim expresses. A disappointing record mainly seen as a infighting, power problems and failing to articulate a definite and consistent policies. Further another central problem originated from the highest decision making organ named the conference of kings and heads of state. In every summit their work was opaque to the public scrutiny. Furthermore, not until lately the organization had a little contact or cooperation with other nongovernmental or inter-governmental firm on earth such as the united nation.
Organization of Islamic Meeting has failed miserably on their initial target of coordinating actions to guard the holy site of muslims and Islam. Also one of the founding directives they failed is in the building up the struggle of all muslim visitors to guard their dignity, independence and national privileges despite it being This was not the situation with Afghanistan, Iraq and mostly Palestine. Verbal condemnation is not enough but a rather action is required on these cases. The concerns has been reiterated and the key goals have been reaffirmed many times at different appointment forums but the organization has achieved little in the form of material change.
Practical and Implementable solutions to the progress of OIC.
If you want to accomplish and reach at a desired goal and you simply haven't done it after some time frame has elapsed. Then first you will need urgently to revise yourself, your activities, study your surroundings, admit any imperfections and faults, highlight the disadvantages. Only you'll be able to find solutions in regards to what has made you deviate from your path of getting your desired goals. With these done you can formulate an improved technique to attain the new desired focuses on. Same is the case with the organization of Islamic convention, if I was in charge I'd do similar steps in finding the answers to the current existing problems and i quickly can perform the envisioned better future. In these part of the paper, I'd be talking about on the possible solution on three sizing, the educational, economical and the politics arenas.
Firstly, the cost-effective arena is a significant issue for the OIC member claims. Almost fifty percent of the member claims in OIC are performing badly in all indicators of current economic climate. There are several propositions that can be done for the member state to be able to shoot up their economy. Financial sectors, tourism sector, increasing multilateral investments, and allowing overseas direct investments. To start with the tourism sector, the variety around them and their abundant geographical and social traditions makes them bear up a remarkable tourism probable. Planning and managing these sector will play an extremely sizeable role in evolving the socio-economic development in these says.
The troubles such as insufficient complex know-how, poor promotional activities, insufficient investment in the tourism sector in terms security and diversification would be tackled by two way which are at a nationwide level and business level. At the national level lasting travel and leisure development should be included in their construction, while at the organization level joint programs and data systems should be set up to expose the opportunities and become made available for the member states.
Another aspect of the economical world is the financial and investment sector, as the general secretary I'd encourage and initiate the establishment of Islamic an Islamic security exchange to be situated in Istanbul, Turkey. This might help in intensifying the cooperation of their stock exchanges and also partly encourage foreign immediate opportunities. Furthermore, this will create a typical market for presenting and trading Islamic financial devices and also increasing the contribution of muslim countries in the international marketplaces. Hence this will in turn improve the multinational trade amidst the member expresses. The immediate impact of this will be the boost up in the gross home product of the countries committed to and the gross national product of the trader country.
Secondly, its noticeable in the educational market of the OIC customers express that's their exists an extremely wide gap on the literacy level in the OIC member states compared to the other developed land. These are lagging behind in terms of curriculum installation, the study and development, development and technology progress. These can be related to the economical aspects but at exactly the same time these countries are abundant with resources and energy. So when earlier discussed, growing the travel and leisure sector, increasing the multinational trade, and improving of the current economic climate would make a great earnings for the member states. This can be channeled to the training sector especially to raise the number of establishments of higher learning whilst improving and reforming centers in avoiding brain drains and also revising the curricula in all levels.
In addition, encouraging the states to invest in the research and development opportunities at the organizations of higher learning, muslim researchers and technicians should be employed. This will improve the chances of medical breakthroughs from the muslim world through publications articles and high technological exports and imports. On top of that, there will be a review for any affiliated universities with the OIC.
Lastly, the international politics and diplomacy strategies will be evaluated in order to complement with the current politics. Creating a regional security that helps to protect the interest of muslim nations is crucial in today's times. Situations of impressive Gaza, Iraq, and Afghanistan has happened in front of the Muslim eyes and yet little or nothing concerete has been done. Electric power matches power and since much as we wish liberty, security should come with. Finally binding all the muslim market leaders and kings into one platform of agreeing to unity through variety should be established. This would aid in eliminating sectarian divides and divides in ideologies.