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Evaluation FROM THE Employment Practices


Wal-Mart as a big private retailing player in both America and the planet, has recently gained public concerns over its employment lawsuits. The employee lawsuits against Wal-Mart include against the law immigrants & child labor, low income & poor benefits, gender discrimination, compulsory overtime work. This has greatly degraded Wal-Mart reputation. It is clear that Wal-Mart has offended the the honest principles explained in Global Business Expectations Codex and deformed its Work Practices by these lawsuits. Therefore, in this article, based on the current issues, it'll evaluate Wal-Mart Occupation Practices by concerning three ethical principles of GBS Codex (Dignity, Fairness and Citizenship Rules). At the end of the article, based on the previous evidence and analysis, proper finish will be produced to furtherly treat the business enterprise ethics in firm employment tactics.

The Dignity Principle

There are eight guidelines covered in the Global Business Criteria Codex including fiduciary, property, reliability, transparency, dignity, fairness, citizenship, responsiveness (Carroll & Buchholtz, 2008). These rules aren't only applicable for business also for the emloyment practices within organization. All of these rules should be reputed by organizations when designing and putting into action to govern their occupation procedures. The Dignity Principle identifies the value for the average person, health and saftey, personal privacy and confidentiality, use of push, association and appearance, learning and development and work security etc (Carroll & Buchholtz, 2008). It requires organizations to value the protection under the law of employees in the working environment, and offer sound system to keep the individual's development job within the organization.

Wal-Mart has been found guilty of forcing employees to work "off-the-clock" in the food time, rest breaks and keeping employees locked in Wal-Mart stores after shutting. Wal-Mart is accused of not paying employees for enough time proved helpful off-the-clock. Employees are pressured to work off-the-clock but without additional payment, from this perspective, Wal-Mart is not doing the right business ethics. By overlooking the emotions of employees towards overtime working, Wal-Mart has offended the dignity principle and abused its protection under the law as an workplace. In this manner, Wal-Mart was sued by its employees with the data that the business did not respect individual's labour. Low wage and poor benefits are also complained by most employees especially those working at the low level. As Wal-Mart has been long-term making the regular commitment to customers with low prices and quality goods, on the one hand, Wal-Mart continuously thrust pressure on its suppliers, and on the other hand, it has to reduce its expenses on the labor costs by offering lower wages and fewer benefits than many comparable vendors (Hemphill, 2008). In 2006, "American Triumph Union" representing 6 million American labors organized assemblage in 35 metropolitan areas in United States to protest Wal-Mart not providing medical care insurance and low salary etc (Mathoda, 2006). In the GBS Codex's view, this betrays the ethic standard in conditions of providing the corresponding incomes and benefits corresponding from what they did to the organization. Therefore, Wal-Mart has violated the dignity process. In this manner, employees are keeping giving the company and contribute to the loss of human resources.

The Fairness Basic principle

The fairness principle in GBS Codex identifies fair dealing, reasonable treatment, reasonable competition, good process (Carroll & Buchholtz, 2008). Any group on the market should comply with these fairness requirements both in its business transfer with its suppliers, customers, and its own treatment concept to its employees. As employees are the best fortune for an organization, it is very crucial for an organization to realize it as one the key elements because of its business success. Unfair treatment to employees is a violation of ethical principle.

Wal-Mart was recharged of intimacy descrimination by two ladies in 2001. Three years later, the making love descrimination case improved into collective case. The plaintiffs of over 1. 6 million were all the ladies utilized by Wal-Mart since 1988 (Crosby, Stockdale & Ropp, 2007). This case has aroused great concerns from American and international areas. Wal-Mart has been found the practice of gender bias with great discrimination against feminine employees and it has also been accused of demeaning employees with disabilities and inequality predicated on erotic orientation. The unfairness of treating women is shown in lots of ways including salaries, promotions, training etc (Besen & Kimmel, 2006). Regarding a woman who was simply qualified for promotion and has worked for the position for quite some time, however, when she considered her manager in regards to to demanding for campaign, her manager immediately refused the proposal just because she is a female. While man employees would get advertising under the same situation. In this way, Wal-Mart is greatly disobeying its career practices as it will give every worker the reasonable opportunity of training, producing and promoting. In the GBS Codex perspective, Wal-Mart also violates the fairness basic principle to a great amount.

The Citizenship Rule

The citizenship rule refers to behaviours of abiding by law & regulation, general population goods, co-operation with authorities, politics noninvolvement, and civic contribution (Carroll & Buchholtz, 2008). Any company firstly is a citizen in the population and should do just what a citizen must do to the culture in order to increase its image as a qualified organization. Wal-Mart is not cooperated with Union Organizations. It shows great resistance to Unions. Since its establishment, Wal-Mart remains the positioning as not allowing Unions involvement. Prior to American nationwide Union movement, Wal-Mart printed and allocated "Manager's Sensible Guide for Resisting Union" to train and emphasize managers will be the first line of protection (Tilly, 2007).

Many Unions have given up the hopes of persuading Wal-Mart to join in. Wal-Mart has its opinion upon this issue. It declares it isn't anti-union organization, and it is making efforts to close spouse. Because it implements an "open insurance plan" because of its employee staff and invite any employee in order to problems and concerns. Therefore, Wal-Mart doesn't need Unions. Like the majority of organizations, it is hard for Wal-Mart to change its attitudes towards Unions. It considers Unions will object the organization culture, and are just interested in acquiring "expensive" Union member charges or managing strikes but cannot make any practical determination to the expansion of company.

However, this is harmful to employees since they don't have a third party group to supervise and protect their rights. Though it is not compulsory for an organization to become listed on in Union, in United States Union plays a substantial role in safeguarding employees protection under the law in many aspects. By resisting Union's involvement, Wal-Mart actually deprived employees' legal rights (Ness, 2005). Therefore, Wal-Mart as a mass retailing player will not comply with the citizenship theory to some extent.


In summary, as the results of analyses of the above three ethcial concepts of Global Business Standard Codex and Wal-Mart ethical issues in terms of its work practices, Wal-Mart was regularly confronted lawsuits or claims from its employees with regard to overtime work, less wage, poor benefits, intimacy discrimination etc. It is also impressive to be resisting Union involvement. For quite some time, Wal-Mart has been facing the most serious accuses with a calculation of 13 lawsuits every day. For the long time, Wal-Mart has been focusing exclusively and continously to strive to decrease the prices and has overlooked the deal with other issues such as wasting time with medias. However, as it grows up fast and internationally, Wal-Mart may begin to concetrate on making efforts to really improve its reputation as a good employer and store.

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