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Ethnics Of Orang Asli Theology Religion Essay

Lanoh is one of the ethnics of Orang Asli original folks from Malaysia. Previously, Lanoh used to be nomads but now most of them stay permanently in Hulu Perak, an area of Perak. Lanoh people are officially categorised under the Negrito subgroup however in term of the dialect they use the Temiar vocabulary. Most Lanoh are dark-skinned and have frizzy hair. Their features resemble the Papua New Guinean or east African people.

Location

Lanoh as well as other Semang people continued to be in low-land areas, Near Malay's pay out. They prefer to live near river valleys, which is the most foot-hills, The low populace density of Lanoh people in pre-resettlement time has brought on them to propagate between a few theory villages and campsites (quite simply in Perak area. Amongst their villages are Air Bah, Tawai, and Cenawi village. Last time, the Lanoh villages and camp[s were small, with a people hardly ever exceeding thirty or thirty-five people. Previous time, these were also got a mobile lifestyle but it finished after Malaysia's freedom (1957). On 1993, Air Bah's status as resettlement village was finalized when a two-storey mosque was elevated to house Muslim proselytizers throughout their intermittent to the community.

Within the plan of Malay nation point out, the Lanoh life-style, like that of Orang Asli, got undergone impressive changes, many due to land damage, logging, deforestation, new varieties of subsistence and commercial activities. Since 1980's, the Lanoh individuals were regrouped and completely resettled, primarily in the community of Air Bah. They are struggling to reconcile these changes with the cultural prices and customary of life. Their house has Temiar-style composition which is more steady than their Lanoh-style lean-to-shelters. They like to stay in those houses compared to the large government-supplied plank residences. The size of the houses will not necessarily represent people's status or cultural affiliation. In term of life style, people in Air Bah favor to spend time with whom they feel close, definitely not their conjugal family members.

Beliefs.

Most Lanoh people practice cultural religious beliefs (66%), 33% of them are Muslims and 1% of them are Christians http://www. joshuaproject. net/people-profile. php?peo3=12987&rog3=MY. They have a perception of naturalism:

Plants and animals energize the own spiritually bestowing upon humans

a humbling connection with bondage and love for aspect.

They also practice an unwritten rules that all of the animals captured in the forest should put up with no pain in captivity. Relating to the people in Air Bah, a 'shaman' is a person who can train the young people stories and good stuff about Lanoh. Previously, Lanoh shamans also believed to posses invaluable power such as they could talk to elephants, the guardian dad of the Lanoh, and as guide people in religious roads.

Marriage and family

For Lanoh people, they don't restrict matrimony between ethnics or subgroups and they're more linear. They get to choose their own partner and their parents will not interfere in their relationship. If a few are living along, they are really consider married. There is no wedding celebration, but the bride will just have to give some presents to the bride groom and his in laws. Only young couples get divorce and usually, the Lanoh people don't get divorce if they already have a kid. They belief that after labor, a female cannot touch the ground for two weeks and salt cannot be added to their food for two to three months after labor. In addition they cannot consume greasy food.

Death

When someone died, the principle of the village and nearest family members will be told about the news headlines. After the dead body is cleaned, for women, they'll placed on their jewelries such as engagement ring, necklace and bracelets. Then the inactive body will be twisted in a clean new material and then wrapped in a mat. A similar procedure applies to a man's body except they are simply covered without jewelries. With the cemetery, a 2 meters opening will be digged and the deceased body will be buried with their things. Then two sticks will be placed on their grave to signify where is the top and where is the hip and legs. At the top part, relatives will light a fire so that wild animals wont come near the grave. If the husband died, the wife cannot wears replace 7 days.

KENSUI TRIBE

At the edge of the Baling region area, there can be an indigenous settlement deal known as the Perkampungan Orang Asli Lubok Legong. It really is located at the Mukim Siong, 13 km from Pekan Baling and 188 kilometres from Bandaraya Alor Setar. This settlement deal is own by the indigenous people of the Kensiu tribe. Based on the Jabatan Hal Ehwal Orang Asli (2003) information, this arrangement is the only person available for the indigenous people of the Kensui tribe, this is actually the sole Negrito are present in Kedah and usually the peninsular of Malaysia. Because of their resemblance to the Negro in Africa, they are the Negrito.

History

Based on the research done by Dr. Iskandar Carey (1970), from his visit to the Perkampungan Orang Asli in Kampung Lalang around 1968 and 1969, the Kensui tribe has their own settlement. Even though the early history had stated that they lived in norm. This tribe was said to have the tiniest number of individuals compared to the other orang asli tribes in Malaysia. There have been also said to be the oldest tribe. Simply the Kensui tribe was thought to have relatives at Kampung Rai, Yala, Thailand. While based on the facts, the Kensui people orinigated from Kuala Kedau and Ulu Legong. Through the Japanese invasion to Tanah Melayu between 1941 and 1942, the Kensui tribe possessed escaped all around the Baling district mostly to the Parit Panjang, Kampung Bendang Man di Sik, Kampung Sg. Celak and Kampung Tiak di Kupang, Baling. Nowadays, settlements have been build by the government which is the Perkampungan Orang Asli Kampung Lubuk Legong. The Kensui tribe has been residencing there since 1957 at the No 3623 lot which was offered in the entire year 1958 as the Rezab Orang Asli with an area of 428 acres.

According to M. W. Tweedie, a historian had stated in his book "Pre-History", those who stay in the peninsular which are known as the Negrito possessed existed since 8000 BC surviving in caves and hunting animals. Through the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic period around 5000 BC, Kedah was used to be inhabited by the Austronesia which became the ancestors of the Negrito, Sakai and the other tribes. It's hard to spell it out the physical characteristics of the Negrito because of their department into 4 subgroups of the Kensui tribe known as Mos, Nakil (atau Dalem), Hetot and Tanjen. Overall they have fine-small curly hairs, dark in coloring skin and average height of 5 toes below, they have got wide iris similar to the Western world African and most of them act like the brand new Guinea indigenous, Papuans.

The individuality of the Kensui tribe can only be described by their culture, materials and their life-style. They show little to none of them agricultural practise. This may be because of their origin among the completely nomadic indigenous people. Their culture includes the practice of nostril piercing and property build for non permanent shelter from the elements and wind flow. The Kensui tribe moves from one location to another for hunting and scavenging food as well as forest materials. They might proceed to another place if they found that the region is no longer productive.

Work arrangements

For the parents of the Kensui tribe, plastic tapping is one of the day to day routine. The Projek Getah Mini Estet Fasa 1 dan 2 conducted through RISDA was a success on their behalf. The modern culture gained interest of RM200. 00 per month for every family. But there are still included in this that are unable to perform the task. Besides that, The Kensui tribe are still practice scavenging forest material to be sold to the outside society and for his or her own usage. They also have skills producing various handcrafts form the forest materials. Some of the people also work as labour in farms.

The culture of the indigenous people from the Kampung Lubuk Legong are under the guidance of the pentadbiran Jabatan Hal Ehwal Orang Asli (JHEOA) Perak dan Kedah operating in Ipoh, Perak. While at region level, it is under the pentadbiran Pejabat Hal Ehwal Orang Asli Daerah Hulu Perak dan Baling operating in Grik, Perak. In every village, a head was appointed as the 'penghulu' among themselves to hold the duty of regulating the town and a Jawatankuasa Kemajuan Kampung (JKKK) was set up to help the government. For the present time, the subject 'penghulu' is carry by Encik Rosman Bin Isa. He is the fourth appointed 'penghulu'.

Education level

The education levels among the list of Kensui tribe are extremely low compared to the other indigenous tribes. The amounts of educated people are too little. According to the 'penghulu' of the tribe, the year 2005 is a background to them for just one of them had effectively graduated from a form 1 level education which was the highest degree of education until now.

Marriage customs and family institutions

The life concept which prioritised equality and similarity reflects from the complete life style of the modern culture. Most of the Kensui societies in the negotiation have a close relation with each other. There are just two different people that had married a Malay woman from the 'Kampung Baru' and one acquired married an Indonesian. Those who are Islam in the Kensui tribe gets committed based on the 'syariat' and regulations of the Islamic family.

Their marriages were conducted by the religion officer from the Jabatan Agama Islam Negeri Kedah. While for individuals who are practising animism, their marriages are based on their believes. You will find no ceremonies kept for the relationship. Whenever a man reaches a period of age where he'd prefer to be wedded, he just need to get the authorization of the ladies he needs to marry without requiring the blessing of both of her parents. If the woman agrees, the person would send her materials by means of cloth, knife and tobacco to the girl father as a sign that the relationship was on. Later on they might live collectively as a sign they have committed. Inside the family system of the Kensui modern culture, the family relations are bilateral and therefore it is based on the decent of both parents based on the men's generation

There are still abstinence ban procedures as yet in the family organization of the Kensui society, such as bride-to-be is prohibited to interact with the groom and vice versa. The bridegroom is also forbid to interact with the mother-in-law, as the male and the female relatives that are not wedded are forbidden to interact with their sister and brother-in-laws, nor to speak of their names. They might use an intermediate for any connections required with the father and the in-laws. Relationships between folks of the same tribe are normal but there are a few that had wedded with the Temiar tribe from Perak. A lot of the Kensui people are Muslim, 163 of these had convert to Islam while 80 of them remains with animism. They have their own tradisional ethnical performance know as the 'Sewang' boogie. During the performance, they would wear clothing crafted from plants a head ornament made out of coconut leaves.

Social organisation

The traditional life of the Kensui combines five to six households forming a group. Generally, all of the family in funds or a camp have close relatives or cognate tribe. Each one of the group is led by the oldest member, but he doesn't have any specific subject, one of the leaders will be chosen based on the age, experience and knowledge in beliefs healing treatment and mysticism factor. The chief will have the power to make decision such as where so place camp and enough time to move but it is still subject based on the view and advice from the member that he's leading.

Generally the concept of having a innovator is less stressed in the culture at group level, they are really more focus on egalitarian and solidarity. The top component in a public organisation is the family nucleus consisting of husband, wife and child. The settlements for the Negrito are called the "kumpulan tabir angin" where in fact the world would live under a rooftop as a momentary shelter. They newborns would be would cradle in changes through the moving, with every group consisting a man, wife and child but only the little ones can stick with them. For young boys who are more than 7 years old will have another shelter not definately not their parents, as for girls will stay in the same shelter with the parents but segregated by a bond fireplace between their beds. Every one of the decision which are made falls under the father's decision for he is the top of the family

The social company of the Kensui tribe in Baling has transformed a lot. They have got are in kampung Lubuk Lenggong for a long period that the nomad life style has been less practised nowadays. That is because of the existence of your permanent settlement build by JHEOA and supervised by the entire agency. The company has also transformed, replaced by funds product under the command of an 'penghulu'. The 'penghulu' still has his expert to keep up their traditions, but the setting of his visit has changed predicated on 2 categories which can be descendent and election

The basic requirement for a 'penghulu' is the fact that he should be able to read and write the allowance given to the 'penghulu' is based on categories which are A, B and C. these categories derive from the introduction of the participants in the educational and so on.

Beliefs

The Kensui people consider are the same as the other Negritos, a huge number of them still holds to their traditional believes. This feels promotes the importance of 'Tok Batin', 'Karei' and 'Menoi' as beings with a ultimate ability. The symbol of this power comes with an eternal nature and it is also regarded as the life of a supernatural electricity or a full time income heart and soul known as the "orang hidup" or the human that lives forever. The mark of electricity and the depletion of electricity between human and the ones that live forever are called Cenoi. Cenoi tapn has been regarded as the same level with god or sultan. Cenoi Tapn has the characteristics of any mawas (tawo). The top part of his person is young as the bottom level is old. Cenoi Tapn was said to control the life span of the Kensui society which his anger would be conveyed through thunder and lightning (Kaei). This system was maintained and managed by the expert known as the Halak, which performs a component as the intermediate between your Kensui people who have the one that holds the ultimate vitality in their believes.

Halak also is important in the traditional remedies practice. Both system of remedies and religion contain ceremony known as the panoh, that involves dancing and performing. Another ritual conducted for the same purpose is called sawan, which also combines performing and dancing in the process. The behavior to both of the machine is also shown through the respect, taboos, beliefs and norms of contemporary society. The Halak also known as the 'Tok pawang' are believed to be able to enter in the nature world by causing themselves high. 'Tok pawang' was believed to be able to hook up with the 'Chinoi' and sometimes becomes the intermediate for assist in their agriculture. But nowadays, almost one half of the Kensui culture has convert to Islam.

Language

The Kensui have their own terminology to converse. But nowadays Malaysian vocabulary has been the dialect used included in this. The vast majority of the Kensui people have the ability to speak in Bahasa Malaysia. Even though the old folks are still rusty in speaking in Malaysian vocabulary they actually understand the dialect. There's also small kids that are unable to speak in their original dialect due to the mix relationship and the relationship with the outsiders. A few of them can also speak in Thai dialect. For those that ave marriage with the Temiar tribe they can also speak their language. Burenhult (2001) states that the commonly inherited words of Kensiu would include basic semantic categories including body parts, certain dog and plant terms, natural phenomena like 'flame', 'stone', 'normal water', basic activities and state governments like 'pass away', 'eat', 'stand', 'walk', basic features such as 'big', 'small', personal pronouns such as 'I' and 'you' etc. Some of the native Kensiu words for jungle, hill, water tree, leaf and fruits are 'kaheb', 'laheb', 'betiu', 'tom ihuk', 'helik' and 'kebek' respectively. The Kensiu likewise have abundant and diverse lexical items associated with the natural environment particularly, the flora and the fauna. Some of them include 'awei' (rattan), 'ihuk peng' (gaharu), 'sieh' (betel leaves), 'peyang' (tapioca), 'emet' (tiger), 'pelik' (bats), 'ikop' (snake), 'kensen' (fox), 'jelong' (flies), 'nguak' (butterflies) and 'awai' (tortoise), just to name a few. One of the exotic animals captured by the Kensius include the protected kinds, the Malayan Pengolin, Kensiu term, 'mantei'. They are usually exchanged for cash to the local Chinese in the close by town. Known for their aphrodisiac property, they usually fetch a good price.

Malay loan words

Beside those commonly inherited words of flora and fauna, there is also facts to suggest large borrowing of words from Malay vocabulary. The findings of the review show that Kensiu dialect has a high volume of lexical items which may have been lent from Malay. Out of 255 lexical items directed at the respondents in the study, 149 (58. 4%) of the elicited lexical items were Malay loan words. In addition to this, there are also extensive Kensiu words that are code blended with Malay words e. g. 'kutip kebek' (kutip buah), 'kumpul awei' (kumpul rotan), 'tom bungak' (pokok bunga), 'bilik betew' (bilik air).

The results of the study also show you that lexical items which are associated with modern living and technologies are Malay borrowings. They include 'pensil' (pencil), 'radio' (radio), 'telefon bimbit' (hands phone), 'bas' (bas), 'doktor' (doctor). This comprehensive Malay borrowing advises their ongoing discussion with Malay audio system. It should be described here that the Kensiu community in this analysis are in frequent conversation with the Malays as their settlement area in Lubuk Legong is within close proximity with the Malay villages.

SEMAI TRIBE

Background

The Malay Island have been inhabited by real human that were known as Austronesian or Malay-Polynesia around 5000 years back according to the historical researchers. They were said to have originated from South of China and Taiwan. Their migration to south was done beginning with the Philippines going on the Indonesian Islanad until the border of the mainland Asia, Pacificislands and Madagascar.

The Semai are a semi sedentary people residing in the guts of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia, known especially for their nonviolence. The Semai is one of the tribes that participate in the Senoi cultural group. It really is thought that the Semai are the remnants of the initial, ancient and widespread society of Southeast Asia. Regarding to Keene Status College's Orang Asli Archive, in 1991 there were 26, 627 Semai living on the Malay Peninsula. Northwest Pahang and south Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, central mountain area. This quantity has increased in recent years with the introduction of better nutrition as well as increased sanitation and healthcare practices. These figures, however, does not include other peoples of Semai or combined descent, most of whom have assimilated into other civilizations and have deserted their ancestral tribal lands in order to get better career and education opportunities, especially in the larger cities.

Language

The Semai people speak Semai words, an Austro-Asiatic dialect belonging to the Mon-Khmer terminology family. But the majority of Semai people in Malaysia know about Malay language plus they can speak well in Malay. Semai people are very tolerant person and they did not pressure other people to do things that they don't like it. For example, the expression 'Bood' has a very interesting meaning. This means "not sensing like doing something, for any reason, for example, sickness, shyness or laziness". If it's translated into today's dialect, it is merely one of your fundamental rights, 'the right to say no!'. The kids of Semai are trained the concept of 'bood' from an early age. In case a parent asks a child to do something and the kid replies "I bood", quite simply, "I don't feel like doing", the problem is closed down. The parents would not power their children to do something that they do not want to do.

The Semai's children

Spirituality and beliefs

Most of Semai people are animist but but a big minority profess Christianity. They remain gripped by their old beliefs. The Semai's main happening is the Genggulang. It really is a festive ritual to appease land spirits for a good harvest where in fact the people worship the rice heart. With this ritual, the spirit emerges with sacrificial chickens, bouquets, and unhusked rice. Nowadays, the festivity has lost much of its religious interpretation, as it has become more of a cultural event like the way Chinese language celebrate Lunar New Time or Westerners rejoice Christmas.

Besides that, Chuntah is another festive ritual that is conducted to make the evil spirits leave.

Chuntah is performed in the middle of a storm where a man collects rain in a bamboo container until it is full, then gashes his epidermis and lets the blood come across the box. The Semai will often have constraints on eating family pets that straddle two groups. Snakes are usually not ingested because moving menhar (pets or animals that lives on the or in the trees) have hip and legs, but snakes go on land, therefore the Semai consider this "unnatural".

CULTURE

Marriage

The day of their marriage, there are a number of things that the bride-to-be and the grooms need to do, that are :

-both of these need to 'berinai' at their own houses.

-the grooms needs to minimize their hair

-both of them needs to have a shower with a drinking water that contains a few pieces of lemon that contain been spell for reasonable.

After that the bride-to-be and the bridegroom will wear their beautiful wedding dress in their respected houses. The bride-to-be will be wearing the marriage dress which may have been given by the groom which are called 'salin tiga' dress.

Because they are bath with religious lemon water, there are a few orders that mst be followed by both of them,

-in a length of time of 3 times they aren't permitted to leave their community because they might be disturbed by the evil spirits.

-in a period of 7 days also they are prohibited to leave their community for the same reason.

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The bride

Birth

When the better half is pregnant, there are a few things that both of the parents must not do to protect the baby and get a healthy babies.

-They can't get near to animals that they believe can harm the infant such as tortoise, monkeys, and snakes.

-The father's members of the family are not allowed to putting in or nailing any part in the house.

-They aren't allowed to be close to death people.

-Not allowed to eat venison, pork and partridge meats.

To determine the time of the baby will be delivered and the fitness of the baby, the mom will meet the village midwife. The midwife would be the responsible person to remain with the mom before baby are created. After the baby had created, the mom will abstain for per month. In confinement, the mom are not permitted to eat vegetables, fish without scales, fish that are venomous, chillies, baking oil, coconut cool water except caffeine and warm water. The mothers are just being dished up or only eat rice with grilled seafood or seafood that are cooked without oil. Also, they are prohibited to have a bath with cold water. They are able to only shower in river following the confinement but have to have a talisman. The substances needed for the talisman are a few of small stones, flour and turmeric. The fifty percent of the turmeric need to be chew by the mother and spit in the river while the small rocks will be seeding in upstream and downstream of the river. Then the mother can take a bathroom in the river.

Death

When there is a death in the village, all the participants of the community will gather throughout the house of the person who had passed on and stop their other work because they're frightened that the nature of the person will get furious. Your body will be buried the very next day, so at night all the villagers will stand guard at the home of the person who died until morning to make sure that the bad spirit will not take the time the lifeless person. Flame will be lit around the house to chase away bad soul that cause the dead of the person. The children will be given talisman by smudging charcoal on both of their eyebrows or on both of their sole.

Before your body was buried, it'll be wash and wrapped with a fresh material or white towel then with a mats and it'll be buried into a grave of one meter deep. Before overlain, 3 clod of earth that have combination with charcoal will be positioned on both of the ears with the torso of the lifeless man. It is to take off the ties between your useless man and his family. If it is not done, they believe the category of the lifeless man will fall sick and eventually die. After being buried, a crafted real wood block is placed on the grave as marker then food, drinking water and cigarettes which have been light up are paced on the grave for 6 days. On the 6th day, the crafted solid wood that were put on the grave is burnt to show that the nature of the fatality person has truly gone to some other world. It really is then replace by tombstone and one of the members of the family will hold the tombstone and speak out the fatality person name to wake up his nature to fete the meals and drinks which may have been placed on the grave.

Home and taboos

There are 4 different varieties of residences that the Semai folks have in one village, that are :

Yeau Home (Deg Yeau)

Ran Home (Deg Went)

Bunch of Banana Home (Deg Pisang Sesikat)

Ordinary Home

Furthermore, for Semai people there are many taboos that they must follow to make certain they are not being injury by the bad spirits or the Nyanik (demons) and also to have a peaceful life.

MAH MERI TRIBE

The Mah Meri is one of the 18 groups known as by the Malaysian government "Orang Asli"

living in West Malaysia. They are simply of the Senoi subgroup. A lot of the participants of the Mah Meri tribe live along the coast of South Selangor from Sungei Pelek up to Pulau Carey, although there reaches least one Mah Meri Community on the other side of the Klang River. Based on the Orang Asli Office of the Malaysian government, they numbered around 2200 in 2005. Most of the Mah Meri reside in small villages (kampungs) on the fringes of other metropolitan areas and on Pulau Carey, which has five independent villages of Mah Meri. There is no information on their origin, however the Mah Meri tribe statements to have strolled the earth for so long as one can bear in mind. They are in the claims of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Malacca, and Johor. The Mah Meri terminology, sometimes also called Besisi is one of the Mon-Khmer terms groups but in addition has lent from Malay.

Mah Meri Villages

Name of Villages

The Nearest Town

Kampung Orang Asli Bukit Bangkong

Sungei Pelek

Kampung Orang Asli Tg Sepat

Kampung Orang Asli Sungei Kurau

Pulau Carey

Kampung Orang Asli Sungei Judah

Pulau Carey

Kampung Orang Asli Sungei Bumbun

Pulau Carey

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Lifestyle

Living in small real wood houses set in harmony with the encompassing forces of character, the Mah Meri prefer to stay "forest people. " Hence in their villages, life seems relatively untouched by modern improvement. They are known for their woodcarving skills, yet their financial activity remains rooted in agriculture and angling. They resist career outside of their community.

The Mah Meri are soft-spoken and trusting with a propensity to have a good laugh when confronted with adversity. While the adults perform their daily economical activities, the children often drive their father's bicycles and play their favorite video games with sticks, seed products, and other things. Remarkably, the Mah Meri community has were able to preserve a custom of religious woodcarving that is truly top notch in terms of quality of its art and artistry. The skill, which has wealthy mythological meanings behind the images and symbols, is handed down from dad to boy. As not many people seem interested in such animistic carvings, the young Mah Meri do not view it as a profitable trade.

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Religion

Primary religion : Cultural religion

Major Religions: C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\images (3). jpg

Buddhism

0. 00 %

 

Christianity

0. 00 %

(Evangelical: 0. 00 %)

Ethnic Religions

67. 00 %

 

Hinduism

0. 00 %

 

Islam

33. 00 %

 

Non-Religious

0. 00 %

 

Other / Small

0. 00 %

Marriage

Mah Meri also make inquiries charity ceremony, engagement and wedding as the Malay community. The difference is only retained their customary ceremonial demon exorcisms in its own way, as well as ritual organised to see the ancestors that their grandchildren will keep their wedding ceremony. The event was considered important to ensure that the marriage ceremony is safe, secure, blessed and happy until the children and grandchildren.

In the suit, 'Tok Batin' will see the groom arrangements to carry to the proposal such as silver rings, beauty products, kidney stone dish and requirements such as mortar and other ceremonial. The bride-to-be undergoes sharpening pearly whites. Sharpen the teeth is known as an important tailor made. Use of black fabric as a marker placed on the tooth to be sharpened tooth spacing. Engagement ring will be utilized to sharpen tooth chiseled and then smoked. This aspires to make the prospective bride is often radiant and prevent tetanus during the wedding ceremony.

Mah Meri play traditional Aboriginal drum to observe the bride-to-be on matrimony. However, the desire of the men wish to have a woman of his choice will be disqualified even if the proposal and the marriage day is defined, if the expenses for the intended purpose of the function is not sufficient. If only in the past three months, the men didn't provide a limited, self agreement is known as void and the bridegroom are doing scams against 'Tok Batin'.

As with any other kind of cultural wedding, they are also making preparations to provide the dais. They will decorate the dais cooperate by adding various habits woven palm leaves and colorful flowers atlanta divorce attorneys corner stage. Touch use palm leaves utilized by indigenous individuals Mah Meri one fourth of uniqueness and difference is exhibited with other indigenous tribes in the united states. At the service, the wedding service begins with the bridegroom shaman leads a group of girls together change circles throughout the bride and smoked nets covered with incense. Wedding ceremony was to cast out demons and avoid bad things. Rotation seven times and on the last lap, the bridegroom should get the bride-to-be and flower changes.

When the marriage ceremony, a ritual performed as a symbolic coin toss to look for the direction of flexibility bride surviving in family members. During 'makan beradab', monitoring will ensure the bride eat and concluded simultaneously so that they live a happy and resilient home coped. If one of the bride-to-be in advance of their meals, it is thought that the commission rate will invite incidents in family members in the future. After completion of the wedding service, the newlyweds should stay home for three days and nights to you shouldn't be disturbed ghosts or demons. C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\download (3). jpgC:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\download (2). jpg

Marriage

1 Wedding Ceremony

a. Will not be put on the bride's home with a broom through the ceremony held

b. Not to be a fight

c. Borrowed equipment during the event will be refunded after three times.

2 Pregnant

a. Partner / wife cannot wear or binding anticipated to concern with the mother's placenta sticky come across during childbirth

b. Man / wife cannot remove or slaughter animals due to dread admissible in child birth

c. Clog or close the hole as it was feared the infant exists it does not have any anus

d. Man / better half prohibited twine fabric to the neck due to fear that the infant will be born with the umbilical cable entangled later.

e. Tongue cannot eat the seafood, and chop trees and shrubs for allegedly hacked baby mouth will break up (cleft)

f. Forbidden to consume bananas scheduled to fear of getting twins

g. Contempt and insults are prohibited due to virus exposed to an unborn baby

Festival

1. Workship beach

Mah Meri community will take 1 day of the year to hold a particular worship day for 'sea ancestors' or called 'puja beach'. The ritual is done on a big scale by the villagers led by the shaman. They will march from the community to the sea with the accompaniment of traditional musical beats. With this ritual food offerings to ancestors would have done. They consider this ritual is performed to get the blessings of the ancestors to get a lot of sea catch. In addition they wanted that their security is not threatened.

2. Super fruit season

The ritual is conducted in moderation following the berry season. Villagers ancestors present to foods and banquets to the audience memberC:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\source. jpg

Belief

Mah Meri assumes that an occurrence, whether good or bad can be an indication to allow them to start work or travel. Accordingly, the areas still practice Mah Meri and stick to the traditions and values of the next:C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\download. jpg

i. Eating sweets cane night - seems to suck the bloodstream of the dead

ii. Walking in the heat - interrupted ghost

iii. Rainbow pointing with finger - unbreakable

iv. No admiration for older people - will trim body and always get the condition (plague)

v. Eating rice crust - debt cannot be paid

vi. Stingy sodium - water-filled tomb will C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\download (1). jpg

vii. Rinse nets in the river - will perish eaten alligator

viii. Slaughter chickens during the night - will be cursed by chicken

ix. Torture or intentionally getting rid of superstar - will overtake virus

x. Whistling inside your home or during the night - call ghost or demonstrating disrespectful behavior

xi. Eat bananas dead at home - as though eating lifeless fingersC:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\p. carey 3. jpg

C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\ZA (41). jpg

Death

In the event of death, the oldest child in the family will meet with 'Tok Batin'. Following the 'Tok Batin' will instruct his players to pass on the sad news to all the family members and friends of the deceased.

While waiting for the distant family members, the systems will be placed in the foyer temapat leisure. Like a mark of esteem for the dead, everyone who went to would burn off incense and pray that the deceased is at good condition. For people who have the ability, its contribution will be.

C:\Users\Faiz\Desktop\mah meri\keranda. png

Figure : Mah Meri coffin that resembles a seafood traps.

As long as the systems are in home, they are not allowed to eat or drink except for the heart of the deceased when a dish is located in a special place. Relating to belief, your body will be studied treatment of so that nobody will be skipped because the cat possessed by ghosts and waking interfere with his family. Burial will be monitored by the shaman. Your body will be buried in a hole as deep as two meters. Commemorating the lifeless, the worship will be placed on the seventh day, the 44th and the 100th day. The house of the deceased will be posted to the oldest child of the family to be divided between family. Widow of the deceased are not often going to get hitched in the first a hundred days following the death.

TEMUAN TRIBE

Background

The phrase "temuan" derives from temu in malay, signifying "to meet". This means a crossroads or convergence or a plateau where all faces of a mountain meet. It is said that this tribe is the convergence of Sumatran and Javanese. The Temuan words can be viewed as the initial Negeri Malay dialect. It really is believed that this have been imported from Jambi, south eastern Sumatra. Its Sanskrit derivations probably pre-date the Majapahit Empire of the 13th to 15th generations. It is the third largest tribe of the 19 Orang Asli people groupings residing in Peninsular Malaysia. The government categorizes them under the Aboriginal Malay (officially called Proto-Malay) subgroup. The elderly terms usually called as Temuan dialects. Physically indistinguishable from Malays. Maybe they are really affected by the culture of the Malays. Some says that their men are the most charming among the proto-Malays because they are the tallest among them.

Law

Bad good luck is thought to attack those who neglect to respect elders. They are simply forbidden to compliment your baby because they assume that it would make the kid sick and expire. If they are travelling and a little rain falls, they need to slip a leaf into their ears to protect themselves on their journey. In case the Temuan wishes something that he cannot get, he must say "pinah hunan" and put their saliva on his throat because they believe that failure to do so would cause a major accident. He who must leave meals in a rush without eating food must tempot that is to touch the food to his epidermis before leaving. The fact that failure to do so would cause a major accident or death. He must stay peaceful during thunderstorm because if he makes noise, the Thunder god will fault him for a devil and attack him instead. They believe that a thunder attack happens when the Thunder god is hunting the devils. That's the reason they need to stay quiet to prevent the Thunder god from striking them. A murderer will be haunted by his victim's soul.

C:\Users\Aiman\Downloads\The findings of house in Kampung Air Tawas, Ledang now that is much different from their original home. . png

Religion

An old traditional of Temuan opinion is that their God and ancestors are always with them, guarding them always. At the end of every yr, they commemorate Aik Gayak Muyang (Ancestor Day). This celebration is to say thanks to their God and ancestors for the vegetation they increase also the peaceful life they had. They believe these were placed on the planet earth (Tanah Tujuh) by Muyang (God) to be the guardians of the forest and if indeed they fail to do it, the whole world will turn ugly and humanity will vanish. Each river, hill, stream, rock and roll, tree and shrub is guarded with a spirit. Rivers are guarded by dragons (naga) and snakes which often cause havoc if their homes are disturbed. Their culture displays their belief in these nature spirits. They have dukun (healers) and a town bomoh (shaman) who, when in a certain point out, communicates with the natural spirits. The shaman leads the tribe in the total annual sawai - a historical earth healing ritual to honour their ancestors also the guardian spirits.

Famous tale

A famous Temuan storyline tells of two brothers who attended a gathering of the Earth tribes. It is in "age grace when humans comprehended the conversation of family pets. " On their way home a surprise broke. Abang (the elder) grabbed his blowpipe before plunging into the raging waves and going swimming to shore. Adik (younger) were able to save only a sacred scroll. But that was enough to give him to help the Abang. Then the Abang remained a hunter-gatherer while Adik received e book learning, institutionalized religion, and the ability to write laws and regulations. Adik also writes lots of the original Temuan "bedside stories" featuring wild animal people like Sang Kancil (Mousedeer), Sang Buaya (Crocodile), and Sang Harimau (Tiger).

Culture

Baju melayu already adopted by other communities as variety and a sense of togetherness in the community in Malaysia. However, they also have their own traditional clothes. Fundamentally, clothing made of forest resources. Day-to-day attire clearly shows the utilization of leather and wood. They also make attractive items such as beaded necklaces, bracelets and anklets. Clothing worn during celebrations and art Tarian Kong Kong, better known as Tarian Sewang also used as their daily clothes. Kayu Terap becoming the most important ingredient production clothing for men and Nipah leaves are for females clothing. There is also earrings. Woven earrings have unique names of Naga Bujang, Selempang and Jari Lipan. These brands are reserved relating to its position on your body of dancers. They preserve the Tarian Seaman Tunggal, Kapal Terbang, Mengutip Buah, Tarian Limau Manis. This dance is conducted by locating the girls complete with traditional costumes, rings, woven coconut leaves to be sash twisted around the stomach, head and upper body. Earrings jewelry is named weaving. Tarian Sewang or Tarian Kong Kong was also presented with a seven-run music player that can be played a musical instrument made of hardwood and bamboo Mahang Betong.

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Marriage

Joget Lambak was provided everytime you can find relationship. Everyone no subject virgin, teenagers, widows and widowers are given the freedom to choose a partner to party. The music helped by gongs and drums. The celebration lasts until late during the night until they fatigued and satisfied. Almost the same wedding process with the Malays. If the boy informed his family that he consented to a girl, the boy's uncle would go to spy through the uncle of the girl to get an agreement. If both celebrations agree, the proposal will be arranged. Upon introduction of the engagement, the men will send an indicator to the lady form a wedding ring, a set of dressing and makeup. The young man will sheathe the ring to the lady. In case of measures proposed to the threshold of the first brother, the "hantaran" also needs to be given to his brother. Then, the marriage time frame will be established. Delivery and charred bills will be determined by the amount of a girl by descent. For children who were holders of the Plank of Customs, the "hantaran" is the highest. Next, while resting, Juru Kerah will perform the marriage. From then on, the bride will eat. The groom will feed grain fist to the mouth of the bride and vice versa. Only then, performed they eat grain jointly. What impressed us is unique ritual 'Makan Sirih' and 'merokok' which is performed in which the groom feeds the bride's oral cavity while his hands clinched make bride. Next they will be given advice on marriage before. Then, the bride will be shaking hands with all the current relatives and the audience present as a token of appreciation.

C:\Users\Aiman\Downloads\marriage. png

Pregnancy

They are forbidden to do things that can affect the infant. Among other things, they can be forbidden to dig pillars, dam the river, cementing and nailing to avoid difficult to birth. Also, they are forbidden to destroy animals, family pet the pets or animals and cannot hold or give food to the turtles because it can cause the infant going to Seman or seizures. Baby will also scabby if they can burn the field.

Mortality

Local residents will go to the deceased and present donations according with their capacity. The villagers are mourning to honor the deceased and defer day to day activities until the completion of the funeral to avoid disasters like the wound and so forth. Before the corpse was buried, the body will be washed and twisted in their way. Relating to their beliefs again, people around cannot boast. They can not say the term 'wake up' as feared dead will climb and disturb the general public. The body will be guarded to avoid skipped by family pets such as cats and chickens. If the body hasn't yet been buried, the food the corpse eat, cannot be eaten because it is presumed the soul and heart of the want to consume that too. Residents also cannot be made happy as a sign of respect for the deceased. For the forehead or ear of the children will be designated with whiting of burnt ash or black fabric to avoid interference soul of the deceased. During the funeral, the body will associated with relatives and villagers to the grave. Before the body was buried, in the pit, they will burned up incense seven times. Spells will be said so the dead will visit a place called "Pulau Buah". Soil used to bury the grave must be clean from the roots. Then, hoe used will knock seven times on the grave and burned up incense on the grave. Before going back, the lamp will be lit and placed on the grave and installed for three consecutive days in the evening. They consider, once back from the inactive, they'll sprinkled with fragrant lemongrass and plant leaves picked forests. The person who do this would hide to eliminate bad luck and chased by ghosts that follow them home. They will wash their hands using the soaked rice. The soul of the deceased will be given on the 3rd day on the well prepared beyond your home. The meals dish is from the leaves. Families of the deceased will make a call that the meals was ready. Then on the seventh day, the family of the deceased will go directly to the tomb bringing dishes to the deceased. Food is located on the grave and lit a smoke cigarettes seven times. Around the hundredth day, there will be a feast called the "Hari Nauk Tanah" known as the feast for the deceased.

C:\Users\Aiman\Downloads\kubur. png

Activities

In the past, they were fundamentally rural peasants. They grew some subsistence crops, hunted and obtained in near by forests, and fished in rivers. In the past, their main monetary activity was cultivating irrigated rice. The Temuan villagers were skilled rice planters, experienced in anatomist skills needed to regulate the movement of water to the areas. Too much or inadequate drinking water will adversely influence the growth of rice plant life. Quickly before harvest time, people will drain water from the domains. Throughout the rice growing process, people were required to continuously guard the grain from ricebirds, field rats, and bugs. Every family member was involved in guarding the ripening rice for some reason. It had been common to see young children equipped with slingshots firing at the ricebirds. During the rice harvest, categories wielding sticks hunted rats in the field. Today, only a few Temuan are involved in planting seedlings in compact nursery plots, hoeing the main fields, and constructing dikes and canals. Increasing connection with the "outside world" has caused many Temuan villages, like some other Orang Asli categories, to carefully turn from being sedentary rice farmers to become nomads residing in uncertainty. To increase their rice areas, Malays from neighboring villages steadily took over the best Temuan grain land by obtaining legal titles to it. To avoid confrontation and further harassment as the Malay society increased, they have migrated to other locations.

C:\Users\Aiman\Downloads\hantaran temua. png

Organisation

Led by an appointed Inward usually hereditary. Inward session based on charisma or capacity as well as proficient in customs. If the person dies Inward or resign, run a meeting and appointment Jurukerah use custom terminology formally implemented. Assuming Inward custom violates the right, he will be fired by Perut and a fresh election will be conducted. The Menteri will continue to work as an consultant to Batin, Jurukerah and Jenang. Indeed, the Minister of control and well versed in customs and taboos in modern culture Findings. However, he does not have any right to complete any phrase. Tok Jenang is the Chief Customs Authority inherited and has limited jurisdiction in sentencing. Jurukerah been appointed with the consent of the Table of Customs. He is his privilege to award the penalty and be guardian of light Jurunikah in wedding ceremonies. Panglima positions are appointed by the internal self after the agreement of the Mother board of Customs. His role is to guard and deal with the welfare of his enthusiasts. Then, Pemangku can be an inherited position where they carry out the task entrusted by the Inward and sentencing specialist to his nephew.

C:\Users\Aiman\Downloads\Struktur Organisasi Kaum Temuan. png

JAKUN TRIBE

Origin

Jakun ethnics assumed was originated from Yunan, Southern China. In Malaysia, they can be within Pantai Pahang, Rompin, Pekan and North Johor Bahru. Many of them still presumed in 'animisme' where they worship nature's things such as trees and shrubs, sunlight, moon and mountain rather than worshipping God.

They migrated to peninsular Malaya for approximately 5000 years ago. They still stick to ancestor's taboo. As they practice 'animisme' throughout their life, these were totally influenced naturally phenomenon. They assumed that their town will be knocked or struck by natural devastation such as drought, heavy rainwater, tsunami or earthquake if they were from the taboo.

Belief

Jakun ethnics in Johor believe on Two Gods theory: "God above" and "God below", sacred and spirit that they think is important in their life. "God below" was considered a hubby of "God above" and vice versa. "God above" has responsibility to care for the world's secure in the mean time "God below" has responsibility to repay the earth.

Jakun ethnics have their own "holy booklet" not by written in book. However the uniqueness of the ethnics was that, their "holy booklet" is in form of oral inheritance.

Social

Jakun ethnics very pleasure to welcome their friends. But, in addition they a bit sensitive to allow them to maintain their uniqueness. There like to clarify their culture first before the guest want to state or complaint about something. It is because they like others to study about their culture and traditions. There are a few do and do not while browsing them:

Do

Choose moderate destination to sit on

Start the conversation

Invite the leader of the home a cigarette

Don't

Walk through the ladder until being asked by the chief

Enter the bedroom

Disturb any items in the house

Marriage

Marriage must be started with proposal lead by "Tok Batin". The marriage must be done silently in support of know by the bride-to-be and groom's family. If only both family agrees to marry them, further service will be presented. The ceremony requires the exchange of wedding rings, shoes, clothes and so forth. "Tok Batin" will play his role to be a witness and consultant for the relationship.

If the groom and bride originates from different village, each "Tok Batin" using their company respective community have to ttend the matrimony. One day before relationship, the relatives will come to groom's house to give support and help during the wedding ceremony. Right before the wedding service, bride's family and their family gives a "welcoming poem" and the groom's family will reply the poem. From then on, they have a performance by the dancers, silat and so on. They assumed that matrimony as holy wedding ceremony and divorce as an awful things.

Celebration

(a) Jerom

Jakun's celebrate 'Jerom' as an indicator of thinking ghost and spirit can repair someone by training spells to them. This habit remain until nowadays. "Jerom" celebration usually organised at isolated place such as cave and inexplicable trees. Outsiders aren't allowed to disturb any items or strange things inside the place. During the day, "Tok Bomoh" will declare who will be chosen someone to gain the "Tok Bomoh's" knowledge.

(b) Lancang

This celebration was held once a year. The main purpose of this special event was to worship river with variety of foods. The foodstuffs will be ate while going swimming following the toy or fishing boat sunk into the river.

Funeral

If someone dies, visiting to the death's funeral is compulsory. The news headlines about the loss of life was released by the category of the death. Daily activities such as hunting, farming or planting will be ceased for a while to avoid from any devastation. Donation in form of money, foods, refreshments or cooking items to the death's family was one of the traditions inherited from their ancestors and also depends on their will.

After the rumour of the death has distributed, each children's ears will be coated with "kapur sireh" or charcoal that have already spelled to avoid "spiritual interruption". Before burying the corpse, it must first be shrouded by seven tiers of white clothes and later will be put into a coffin. The death's coffin will be buried in the area of these ancestor's graveyard.

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