Posted at 12.12.2018
In todays world we have one common phenomenon that can be found in almost everywhere because of some politics and sociological situations our world has. The phenomenon is called as an ethnicity or racism, and normally the challenge that people have can be called as cultural conflict. As we realize that conflict refers to some type of friction, discord arising, or disagreement within one specific group or between two different sides. Normally in order to have a conflict, there should be some interactions, and all types of associations can create a number of conflict in a given society as a group. Matching to Ross ; "Conflict occurs in practically all neighborhoods, but there are important cross-cultural dissimilarities in its levels and forms" (Marc Howard Ross 304). As how Ross described the value of cross-cultural differences related with discord, we have to know more details information about one specific turmoil to comprehend how it began and what types of effects would it has. As we realize that ethnic issue also shows a great deal of dissimilarities from culture to culture. Therefore, firstly we must define what ethnic or race turmoil is. Relating to Ross ; "The term race refers to groups of people who have dissimilarities and similarities in natural traits regarded by population to be socially significant, signifying that people treat other folks differently because of these" (Ross 308). Defining one phenomenon is one of the very most challenging things, because all experts clarify ethnicity or race in different ways due to their different perspectives and knowledge record. The ethnic issue mostly can be found in America and Africa continent. Regarding to Payne ; "While it is common to affiliate racial and cultural discrimination with blacks in USA, it must be pointed out that there are other communities that have experienced some things as blacks. Such as for example Native, Mexican, Puerto Rican Us citizens" (Charles Payne 1). Most specifically I focus on the conflict that America has between blacks and whites as an cultural conflict, because the historical history of ethnic issue is very old in America. Owing to the turmoil that American population had before, we can easily see some irrefutable and irrepressible results on people who stay in America, most importantly on dark-colored people. As we know that the challenge didn't solve because the time frame of American Civil War. It is because as I brought up that the socio-cultural distinctions and the romantic relationships between blacks and whites have different variables. Because the time of problematic period which can be called as inequality between dark-colored and white people or experiencing dark-colored people as secondary American citizens, no person will get reliable solutions for this case. As a result of this unsolved problem, dark Americans who are also known as as African Us citizens have been enduring both morally, politically, educationally and economically. Within this research, my main concern is education related to how BLACK students are influenced by ethnicity and racism in institutions. Briefly, black students can be humiliated because of some cultural problems that they face in their academic institutions and I think that the successes of DARK-COLORED students are affected by ethnic conflict because of three reasons that are historical backdrop of ethnicity in America, social identity issues that BLACK students have and the condition of educational utility which is related with how BLACK students are educated and does the training effective. With these three reasons, generally I focus on the consequences of ethnic issue in America between dark-colored and whites and related to all these information I am going to try to find most reliable and successful solution way in education to protect African People in the usa.
First of all, as we know that the historical qualifications of ethnicity in America includes a whole lot of factors, and related to these factors I really believe in the DARK-COLORED can be humiliated. This is because tribes about dark-colored people in the usa which play important role in decision making techniques that are done by mainly white American people. IN THE US we have general trend to see African American people as a weak due to the historical knowledge, ±f we look the side of racist white American people. First of all, we must point out that some things have evolved and some things never have related with cultural conflict case in the us. Regarding to Jim Wallis ; "What has not transformed is the systematic and pervasive persona of racism in the United States and the condition of life for the majority of African Americans. In fact, those conditions have become worse" (Wallis 198). Quite simply we can understand that the situations of African American people remain bad and can be worse than how it is now. As I talked about that the tribes which cause worse conditions of African American people result from days gone by which is the period of time of 1400 and 1500, and the ethnicity / racism began with slavery in American continent. Wallis explains the historical record of slavery very evidently with these phrases; "In america, the original reason for black racism was to justify slavery and its own enormous economic advantage. This form of racism, inherited from the English to justify their own slave trade, was especially venal, for this defined the slave not only as an unfortunate sufferer of bad circumstances, war, or interpersonal dislocation but instead as less than human, as something, an animal, a piece of property to be bought and sold, used and abused" (Wallis 198). The truth is clear with no doubt, even as we can easily see from Wallis's thoughts that the slaves before were viewed as an animal, and they didn't have any civil right as human beings. As I described that some things have improved by the time, corresponding to Wallis what has change is detailed in this way ; "The non-public racial attitudes of many white Us citizens and the opportunities for a few African People in the usa to enter the middle levels of modern culture. The word "middle" is key here, in so far as African People in america have yet to be allowed into most of the upper echelons and decision-making positions of business, the professions, the media, or even the domains of activities and entertainment where dark "progress" has so often been celebrated" (Willis 199 ). As how Willis asserts that people involve some recoveries, however despite the improvement of dark-colored American's conditions in modern culture, we have one problematic area which is not solved yet. That is also again related to the historical track record of ethnic conflict in America. This area is called as education. In brief, historical backdrop of slavery and the tribes that American contemporary society has related with racism are two important key feature of racist turmoil which may be found in education.
Secondly, as I mentioned that cultural conflict can be found in education, most specifically ethnic conflict force learner to select their sides as an personal information and it creates identity problems related with BLACK students, and this also problem affects BLACK youths' academics performance. Regarding to writers; "Although BLACK youths' academics performance has received significant amounts of attention from both popular marketing and research scholars much of this attention has focused about how African Us citizens compare academically to other racial organizations" (Ciara Smalls, Rhonda White, Tabbye Chavous and Robert Retailers 299). We always compare the successes of different cultural groups, owing to this tendency we've little concern about the causes of academics success or failing related with African American students. Rather than compering how Afro-Americans are more lucrative than other categories or not, we have to focus on the principal causes of academics success which can be called as academics engagement. Matching to researches about this case; "Academic proposal includes linking one's personal personality to the jobs of university student and learner, demonstrating sustained interest and desire for class, and displaying intense work in learning tasks" ( Sellers et al. 300). Nevertheless the ethnicity problem sets indestructible borders in front of African American students, because of their values about race and ethnicity. It really is explained by copy writer in this way; "chances are that BLACK adolescents' levels of academic engagement are influenced, partly, by their values about this is of race and their encounters with racial discrimination" ( Vendors et al. 300).
Thirdly, educational utility is also main difficult issue which is related to how DARK-COLORED students are educated and does the education effective on Afro-American students regardless of the ethnic issues that most classes have. Matching to Rowley; "Educational utility is thought as the worthiness that college student places on doing well in school and on getting a good education" (Rowley 4). However in most part of USA, BLACK students show tendency to lower academic success, and all experts and sociologists like Rowley have been looking for main causes of this unsuccessfulness. Basically Rowley advanced Cluster Research to easily understand the partnership educational electricity, African American's performance and the cultural conflict's effects on these students' educational performances. Corresponding to Rowley; "Utility as having two measurements that are relevant to DARK-COLORED students. The first dimensions, idealistic educational tool, is based on the Protestant work ethic-hard work in university is straight related to success and the second aspect of educational utility prices, is context-specific educational power, and reflects the theory that education will not always lead to occupational success-that because of discrimination, education is less great for African People in america than it is designed for members of other racial or ethnic categories" (Rowley 5). Normally we can understand that we have two different proportions for BLACK students. First of all, hard employed in schools like classes which have protestant work ethic may bring success to Afro-American students. Therefore corresponding to Rowley's examination, DARK-COLORED students can only be successful in this kind of institutions. However this analysis also gives counter argument by declaring that the context-specific educational power cannot always be the way of successful education for DARK-COLORED students, it is because of contextual factors such as race, gender, and socioeconomic position constrain the value of education. Essentially, we can say that the context-specific educational electricity is not appropriate as much as others, because the context-specific educational utility component also relates specifically to race and education.
If I take all these point under consideration, I can say that without the doubt ethnic issue is one of the greatest problem in American modern culture. They have been trying to solve it by using different ways. For example, BLACK students' families try to protect their children by giving some new ways resistant to the racial things that happen in American education system by using homeschooling. However educational problems related with ethnic conflict however is not fixed yet. African American students suffer very much. For instance, they can not take adequate education just as much as how White North american students are educated. Huge conflicts are available in America, most specifically in education because of the historical track record of ethnic discord, identity problems that BLACK students have and the education utility related with how DARK-COLORED students take education and how does education have an impact on their interpersonal condition. To solve these conflicts between cultural groups in America most specifically between blacks and whites in education, we must know historical background of ethnicity and ramifications of its on American contemporary society very well to find most dependable solution ways.