Enhancement Of Computer Literacy In Main Students Education Essay

INTRODUCTION

1. Commencement useful of Information and Communication Technology have been re-engineering virtually all the domains of human being life from basic needs like conversing with friend living overseas to fundamental needs like education, health insurance and governance. That is not only a technical development but also a social trend that enforces the primary students, to discover new habits, progressive morals and production of new lease of life systems, so that to adjust with global change in human culture and life style. Our education system also to be formulate to meet this idea and to be aligned with this new technology. Hence, the impressive circulation of Information Communication Technology (ICT) for education of most important students is now compulsive need because the professionalism is the backbone that could change the culture and the world in time to time towards create remarkable living condition expected by people.

2. Today, it is extremely important a primary college student should be qualified with coherence in the area of computer systems and technology. It really is impossible to reach your goals in the current job market and high tech lifestyle, if our major students are failed for well-timed educate as soon as possible to suit the existing need to this subject matter.

3. The computer literacy is now an important tool that all students must know about in order to complete their usual studies and centering for future job demand. Whatever our job; Professor, Planner, Lawyer or attorney, Accountant or Salesperson; computer literacy are necessary them to achieve success. Major students are also have to gain certain level of computer literacy in order to complete basic every day skills to handle our future contemporary society. In Central Colleges in Sri Lanka almost all of the principal students are aware with computer studies nonetheless they have to make use of it in a way to achieve mandatory results dependence on join the near future world and become a member of the near future community.

4. The use of the internet facility is highly required skill for students and they're to thoroughly master it definitely. Computer literacy and Internet are almost one; in a similar thing usually one isn't described without the other tagging along. Without the Internet, there would be no way to instantly find the name of any famous book your chosen writer was at five years ago. Primary students should be familiar with the Internet in all types of educational methods whether it is research on any topic or browsing on for information. For this function main students need to really know what a search engine is and how it operates, what a keyword is and how it operates, how to start a browser and exactly how to use a link, etc. The Internet is an enormous riches of information that every students should take advantage for gather information skills. You can find web sites that will help main students to find educational tours by posting their curriculum vitae online. Online skills allow major students to learn and share social, cultural, environmental facts of other countries, people and religions. Many supplementary level students today are actually getting their degree online in the comfort of their own homes on their own program. It's amazing how today with a couple of clicks, every student can go anywhere in the world in two, three secs without giving their computer.

5. Promotion of computer literacy is one of the very most essential areas in education. The top role which it plays is intellectual, cultural, emotional and religious development of children. The students normally use sensory perceptions to know his immediate area. It really is automatically widens his eyesight. The computer literacy skills of students aren't a onetime experience. It really is a continuous life span experience. It is accepted a proper skills of Computer Literacy has to be inculcated and nurtured in the first years of age.

6. It must be distinguished as the ability to work with understanding and understanding. In Sri Lanka computer is really a "Information Communication Technological" skill which is brought about by brute repetition of a given stimulus alongside the appropriate response. It really is a matter of some hesitation whether all children have bought the capability to learn in the original sense, by enough time they have reached school leaving time. It requires at least four years to attain the computer skill and could it be reasonable to anticipate these children who drop out after primary level to sustain that skill after? Computer literacy is a not really a severe complicated process. It is the average simple skill which once discovered, can be increased with recommendation to the Information Technological contented publications.

CHAPTER II

METHODOLOGY

AIM

1. This paper will emphasis and assess why the kids aren't skilled in Computer Literacy and then for examine the factors which determine computer literacy in children and what steps need to be considered for the enlargement of computer literacy and information technological skills in most important institution children in Central Schools in Sri Lanka.

STATEMENT FROM THE PROBLEM

2. It is required to research of Major level students of Central Universities computer literacy and today's environment to improve their functions in computer literacy.

In this research need to focus on their Computer educational system and clarify the difficulties and the to the system that they necessary to strengthen the computer literacy, it aspects, as considering the future job opportunities that can be gained by principal students in Central Schools Sri Lanka.

3. The question is at present scenario is, the primary school students in Central Schools in Sri Lanka have not been able to obtain the required standard of Computer literacy, and information technology to enhance their minimum amount skills required in Computer field.

4. This newspaper will identify and review why the Computer Literacy in most important students is dwindling, the factors which determine literacy and suggest suggestion for the promotion of mechanism that must improve skills, knowledge in major level students.

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

5. Device will be strengthening to face the near future job demand.

In this aspect is usually to be achieved in a way of researching experimental computer study of guidance in formulation with Authorities educational regulations on Information Technology for enlargement of Computer Literacy of principal students in Central Colleges

SCOPE OF STUDY

The scope of this research centered on the principal students in Level 1 to Level 5, their educators and principals are to extract their ideas by questionnaire and interviews. Also the research will review educational specialists' personal views on what ought to be the background surrounding the principal school children to market their Computer literacy.

The anonymity of the researcher was retained by asking questions from certain group heads and teachers under the name of your consented individual. The purpose was to get rid of biased answers which may be given as a result of the fact that the questions are shown by the known IT instructor. This is also to research any distinctions in response for the same questions predicated on computer literacy. This technique is implemented as this issue is of very sensitive nature and based mostly entirely on specific attitudes.

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

7. Data collection methods are the following.

a. Most important source.

(1) Primary way to obtain information were collected by interviewing IT educationists and heads of schools.

(2) Further data collection done by a questionnaire ready for the principal university students and their instructors.

b. Extra sources. Books, newspaper articles and websites used as the secondary sources of information.

CHAPTER ORGANIZATION

The thesis is organized the following :

a. CHAPTER I Introduction

b. CHAPTER II Methodology

CHAPTER III Computer Literacy of Main Students in Central Colleges

(1) Computer literacy release of most important students

(2) Present literacy skills and IT environment of principal students

CHAPTER IV Weather educational support and the required information and assistance provides to enhance the computer literacy

How teachers take up educational method to improve computer literacy of students through regulations of educational section.

How the other aspects on infrastructure facilities given to improve on computer literacy of key students

(3) Enlargement of Computer literacy and IT Skills of Students

i Learning pursuits of students

ii Students interests in internet

iii University IT Environment

iv Teachers thoughts and opinions about Computer literacy

CHAPTER V Impact of Computer Literacy for most important students at Central Schools and future Job demand at society

(1). How the computer literacy help to increase job demand for future society

(2). Increase job needs and the computer literacy as main educational areas of needs in key students.

CHAPTER VI

Reasons behind the inefficiency of present techniques on computer studies of students.

Why the essential computer needs cannot protect the computer education at Central Colleges

Present skills of students and personal interest on computer literacy of major students.

Education degree of primary students in line with present technology changes behind computer educational systems.

Awareness studies and competency of teachers on newly released software systems and ideas on computer studies.

Other aspects you can use to raise the computer studies.

The malfunction exist in tedious and system balance on computer studies of students

Advantages and negatives of utilizing enough study time for increase computer literacy.

CHAPTER VI

CHAPTER VII

j. CHAPTER VIII

CHAPTER III

LANGUAGE APTITUDE OF Principal SCHOOL CHILDREN

1. Vocabulary is an activity that helps visitors to express themselves and also to make effective interpersonal marriage among people all over the world. It really is through language that individuals could acquire information to boost their basic needs such as health patterns, consciousness, clinical changes and different types of skills to make a living. Piaget, the renowned physiologist assumed that the real key to human intellectual development, conceptual development, is language. Language is the most effective method of communication. Having less language capability often hinders one's progress. The language aptitude and literacy performance of the primary level suggests the standards of children's reading patterns and information skills.

LANGUAGE LEARNING Result IN SRI LANKA

2. Sri Lanka has achieved the first era education target of providing common access to major education (grades 1-5). However one major concern that the country has to triumph over is the average level of learning achievements in language proficiency among primary institution children.

3. Matching to recent studies completed by NIE and NEREC, University of Colombo only between 35 to 38 % of primary college students have achieved standard level of their mom tongue (Annex 'B'). This is a serious constraint to help expand learning, as all following studies will pull on the child's mother tongue functionality.

4. There is a extensive difference in the accomplishment of mastery level in their first terminology between metropolitan and rural institutions. Based on the above studies more than 40 % of urban children achieve mastery level in their mom language compare to below 34 per cent in rural areas. Also more than 1/3 of pupils have didn't achieve standard level because of their mother terminology. This shows the dwindling of reading behaviors and information skills among principal college children.

5. The local disparity in reaching mastery level in first vocabulary is evidently shown in Desk III. I. 41. 24 per cent of Western province Class 5 students achieve mastery level in contrast to 42. 40 percent in Uva province students have failed to achieve the required standard level. This shows the way the availability of physical and recruiting influences performance.

Mastery = 80% - 100% Non Mastery = 0 - 59%

Table III. I - Getting mastery levels in literacy in Quality 5 - by provincial levels

Source - Performance of Class 5 students in literacy and numeracy - NIE

LITERACY SKILLS OF CHILDREN

5. Based on the research study on development of vocabulary skills among principal school children completed by NLDC (Annex 'C'), the overall performance of Level 2 pupils is sufficient. There is hardly any disparity between districts or among institution types.

6. The Level 4 assessment unveiled disparity in performance one of the districts and between university types. AAVG level colleges show highest performance while SS level institutions show poor performance. These versions in performance pin-point the inequalities in syndication of learning and teaching facilities for the institution subjects, especially in language skills.

7. Over fifty percent of the number of pupils in the test have not had the opportunity to attain the expected achievements level for the vocabulary & synonyms/ antonyms, spelling and grammatical writing potential and creative wring skills for the Grade, after four years of schooling. This suggests that they are suffering from insufficient reading practices.

CHAPTER IV

READING Hobbies AND INFORMATION SKILLS OF CHILDREN

READING INTERESTS OF CHILDREN

1. There is no particular age at which a kid should actually start the process of understanding how to read. It will appeal to real activity, to spontaneous work based mostly after personal need and interest. Children offer an innate desire to learn about their surroundings. As the child produces learning through sensory notion, he becomes more and more curious to comprehend his environment; what has took place and what is taking place are his interests.

2. Children may come to understand an important part of their world through the experience of reading. They begin to learn about reading in an all natural and incidental way. If the reserve satisfies child's needs, he'll start reading it for pleasure. A kid begins acquaintance with a publication by looking at pictures. In the event the book catches his interest, he profits to the book again. Also he is being exposed to the printed term in the surroundings such as bus planks, various posters on the road, road signs, product labels of goods in the market, advertisements on tv and newspapers. The kid sees plenty of words in his environment and tries to grasp them meaningfully. Therefore, most children have a form of knowing of the printed phrase.

3. According to the study it has plainly shown that children are thinking about books, magazines, children's papers plus they have a thirst for information, knowledge and communication. This inbuilt desire and interest within children must be harnessed to improve their reading patterns and information skills. Therefore it's the duty and responsibility of the parent or guardian, the professor and the authorities to take the entire use of it.

Table IV. I would like to invest my Stand IV. II would like to spend my leisure time. - Class 2 free time. - Grade 4

CHILDREN'S Pursuits IN MEDIA

4. The child gets motivated to read when he hears reports or when an adult reads aloud a tale to him. Today the kid could get this type of satisfaction through the media. When children watch tv set or listen to the radio, those programmes which are meant for children create consciousness and dependence on reading and they could be produced use of to build up reading patterns and information skills.

5. As per the study it is uncovered that Both Quality 2 and 4 children's best tv programme is cartoon stories. The majority of children like to listen to tunes and stories by radio. These hobbies could be made use of in various ways to develop reading behaviors and information skills in the school room and home.

Table IV. V - Interest on Tv set Table IV. VI - Interest on Television

Grade 2 Class 4

Table IV. V - Interest on Radio Stand IV. VI - Interest on Radio

Grade 2 Class 4

Table IV. I - Grade 2 Desk IV. II - Quality 4

Children's passions on children's paper

6. Above two tables indicate a very high ratio of children in every three districts read children's paperwork. It was discovered that this is a habit developed by the good teachers of those academic institutions by exchanging documents within the course, when those parents who could find the money for to buy papers for his or her children bring them to institution. This high percentage suggests that if reading materials are created open to children, and then reading patterns and information skills of key university children could be definitely advanced.

CHAPTER V

READING AND CHILDHOOD ENVIRONMENT

1. To be a foundation for the introduction of reading patterns and information skills, the four dialect skills hearing, speaking, writing and reading has to be developed in the school room and the house. The child can read with ease and facility to be able to build up reading as a habit. The first essential because of this is to gain ability to recognize letters and words. Then your child has to read words and sentences to infer so this means and gain knowledge, information etc. This is a complicated process.

2. Reading skills could develop only if reading materials are available. Non availability of appropriate reading materials create serious restrictions in producing reading practices. Hence the laying of foundation on a audio footing is the responsibility of the parent, the tutor and the school.

SCHOOL BACKGROUND

3. A teaching-learning situation is significantly affected by the option of building with sufficient quantity of classrooms, seating accommodation and furniture. Primary sections of some popular urban schools have more than 50 pupils in one classroom, which could cater to only 40. This situation has resulted adversely. Neither the educator nor the pupil could move about widely to give and receive individual attention.

4. The problem is worse in a few schools where in fact the classes are conducted in unpartitioned open halls. In such academic institutions both coaching and learning is becoming drudgery plus some teachers are pressure to execute classes under the trees in the garden.

5. The educator is the key factor in bettering reading skills and behaviors in pupils when resources are sub standard. In those classes the instructor is the only real way to obtain learning. Out of the 25 teachers who offered information through the questionnaire, 21 are main education trained and 3 are trained graduates. However the response of head of the institutions revealed that we now have quite quantity of teachers who are not trained. The standard of education definitely recedes when professors are not trained for the profession.

6. Out of 15 academic institutions exclusively key education is given in only 5 classes. In those institutions most important education is entirely managed with a Deputy Mind. Of other 8 university primary mind three are trained five are graduates with post diploma. Academic professional status of the head of the institution, his frame of mind toward enhancing the mother tongue, commitment to his profession, his support in providing reading materials and promoting reading behaviors is of value in this framework.

7. Out of 15 academic institutions of the sample five schools do not posses libraries wedding caterers to the reading needs of key school children. From the 10 college libraries three of these have 100 - 500 literature. Three school libraries have significantly less than 1000 literature and two Country wide colleges in Colombo region and one Country wide school in the other person two districts have an abundance of 3000 or more books. The two academic institutions in the test which have a few catalogs received as a donation complained that there are no storage space facilities available for them even to keep them carefully. From the 15 universities 7 academic institutions do not buy even a single newspaper. Within the mean time out of snooze 8 universities only 5 schools buy children's newspaper for the primary institution children.

8. Aside from the national classes librarians trained for the job aren't available in the rest of the schools. In most of these academic institutions a instructor from the staff helps in the library. In three universities a girl is utilized for the task in the library paying a nominal price.

9. This plainly exhibits the disparity between schools with sub standard resources and institutions with above average standard resources. This simple fact substantiates the view presented earlier that the socio economical level at home and institution affect achievement level of children.

TEACHERS Impression ABOUT READING

10. The response presented by the 25 professors of the colleges of the sample unveiled that children are really interested in reading and professors do their best to market reading by managing school room libraries under difficult situations. Each child in the classroom brings a tale book at the start of the entire year. Sometimes teachers supply the titles of the list of story books. Also those who are able to buy children's newspaper bring them to the school. These catalogs and papers are exchanged one of the pupils. There by teachers help children to develop reading patterns. Instead in a few schools professors get a few literature, about thirty from the extra school catalogue and send out them among children monthly or so.

11. Some professors are of the thoughts and opinions that the principal syllabuses contain much too much material for the entire year that they can not complete which is difficult for them to concentrate on growing the reading practices individually. There must be verity in the content of the curriculum to accommodate individual needs. Also they pointed out that Level 2 and Level 4 even Grade 5 text catalogs do not inspire children to read as the tales do not awaken their feeling and curiosity. Tales do not create opportunities for children to believe. Therefore the educators say that children mechanically read by center, even if indeed they cannot identify letters, words or meaning of what they pretend to read. Therefore the regulators concerned have to be more careful in the choice and grading curriculum and content material book content.

12. Professors also disclosed that in addition to the scarcity of reading material, children of sub standard and average type classes have problems with other deficiencies such as socio economic conditions at home, large families, parents not been informed, their inability to understand the importance of reading.

13. Approach to teaching performs an important role in learning situation. What was observed was educators are more concerned with covering the syllabus, merely using general ways of teaching without thinking of special and impressive techniques and specific differences of learners. There exists almost no system of analyzing reading. Instructors do not appear to undertake feedback programmes and maintain record of computer. Lack of coaching aids was seen in the majority of the institutions and teachers be dependent only on 'Have a discussion and Chalk'.

HOME BACKGROUND

14. Research done in western countries has unveiled that success in reading have been attained by children who had been provided with plenty of opportunities for reading and access to books. Avid readers had stories read or told to them regularly by parents or grand parents.

15. Children read anything and everything they obtain because they are thinking about reading. If is which means responsibility of the parents to select appropriate literature for children, as they cannot discriminate between suitable books and catalogs not suitable for them and examine them.

16. It is assumed that when family size is large, children do not get equivalent need satisfaction liked by children of small groups of the same income level. In the questionnaire the family size of pupils was divided in to two categories.

a. Category 1 - Amount of members of the family four or less

b. Category 2 - Quantity of family five or more

Table V. I - Indicating family size

17. According to the stand V. I in Colombo region smaller sized young families percentage is higher than other two districts. This factor appeared to have affected the achievements performance of children, as it is obvious from the best ML percentage in Colombo district.

18. Parental support in supplying reading materials such as literature, papers and magazines doubtlessly helped development of children's reading behaviors and information skills. This in turn is conditioned by the socio economical position of parents. Stand V. II & Stand V. III point out the number of books Class 2 and Class 4 children posses is quite eloquent of this factor.

Table V. II - No. of literature children posses for supplementary reading - Class 2

Table V. III - No. of books children posses for supplementary reading - Class 4

19. The table V. II shows 10 % of Grade 2 pupils in Colombo region have more than 10 books for extra reading while other two districts children have below 10 literature. Also the desk V. III signifies 54 per cent of Grade 4 pupils in Colombo region have significantly more than 10 catalogs for extra reading while other two districts it is below by 36 per cent. This factor also appeared to have afflicted the accomplishment performance of children, as it is obvious from the highest ML ratio in Colombo area.

20. The names of books read by pupils suggest that they read whatever those come in their way, they haven't any choice. They read everything they get hold of as they are interested in reading. Hence, it is, the work of the individuals to select ideal books for children as they can not discriminate between appropriate books and literature not well suited for them and examine them.

Daily

%

Sundays

%

Sometimes

%

Never

%

Kandy

12. 9

40. 5

35. 3

11. 2

Kalutara

19. 5

34. 5

32. 7

13. 3

Colombo

22. 4

41. 3

28. 4

7. 8

Total %

18. 2

38. 8

32. 2

10. 7

Table V. IV - Houses that buy newspaper publishers - Grade 4

21. 10. 7 per cent of the overall test of children's parents do not buy a paper. However 38. 8 % of the test buy Sunday newspaper publishers. This may be because of the fact that other form of media like the television and radio are being sought after for excitement and getting information. In so doing a good opportunity that the parents could offer in motivating the child to develop his behavior of reading is neglected. It is only a very poor percentage of parents buy papers daily. Even in Colombo district 22. 4 % of the sample only buy newspaper publishers daily. It may have been brought on by two factors. It may be due to insufficient money or of your time to read papers. Whatever it is, if the parents could find the money for to buy magazines daily it would be a determination for the kid to learn and improve their information skills.

CHAPTER VI

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

1. More than 1/3 of primary institution pupils have didn't achieve standard level for his or her mother terms.

2. Most of Class 2 pupils have obtained the language skills satisfactorily.

3. a. More than 50 per cent of pupils never have acquired the vocabulary skills expected for the level, at the end of the year.

b. Performance of Level 4 pupils in vocabulary & synonyms/ antonyms, spelling and grammatical writing potential and creative wring skills are very poor.

4. There is a proclaimed disparity in achievements of vocabulary skills among districts and between institution types.

5. There is no equitable provision of physical and human resources available in institutions up to now for the advertising of reading practices and information skills.

6. Most of the primary colleges of the test do not posses libraries. Lack of appropriate reading materials, librarians, varied kinds of books, a large quantity of books of quality to focus on varied needs and interests of major children are located to be hurdles which stand in the form of development of reading habits and information skills.

7. The curriculum, text message books and ways of coaching do not seem to be to match the changed world of the modern day and it will not provide any encouragement to children for the improvement of reading patterns.

8. The parental support and encouragement at home is insufficient for the kids to build up reading patterns and information skills.

9. Family size the and the socio economic position of parents have an impact on to the development of reading practices and information skills of children.

10. Children are enthusiastic about books, publications, children's papers plus they have a thirst for information, knowledge and communication.

CHAPTER VII

CONCLUSION

1. Reading is one of the most crucial components of dialect. It is a basic tool subject especially in most important school. Reading really helps to learn the rest of the areas of the institution curriculum and vital method of learning. Reading is believed as a process of acquiring information, acquiring a massage from a print out in a meaningful way.

2. Reading is of most significant significance to the educationist since it is their responsibility to guide the child to build up his total personality for the welfare of the average person child and for the welfare of the complete society and also because it is the right of the kid to be literate. It's important for children to learn good books and develop their reading behaviors and information skills, to be able to grow actually and mentally. Good reading patterns are necessary for a wholesome intellectual progress.

3. It is a matter of some uncertainty whether all children have acquired the ability to read within the genuine sense, by the time they have reached school leaving era. Teacher affect, home background and reserve provision contain the key to an improvement in reading. The main objective of carrying out this research was to find out the explanation for insufficiency in reading behaviors and information skills among main school children. The grade of reading behaviors and information skills of anyone will depend on many factors. Key factors among those are capacity to read easily and service, comprehended what is read and infers information. Also achievement degree of reading habits and information skills be based upon the ability to interpret either in written or oral form when necessary situation occur.

4. In this research it has been observed that there is no equitable provision of physical and human resources in the universities to develop reading habits and information skills in most important school children. Additionally it is revealed that important responsibility hasn't been

undertaken very seriously and satisfactorily either by the parents or by the professors and authorities worried although children have obviously shown they are like to be engaged in extra reading.

5. This analysis suggests that there should be quality and variety improvement in children's reading practices in Sri Lanka. Also there should be better methods of selecting books for children and better technique to send out them, within principal university children. Further it suggests to provide sufficient physical and human resources to the primary schools to build up children's reading patterns and information skills.

CHAPTER VIII

RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EDUCATION AUTHORITIES

1. About 50 % of the institutions of the test suffer scheduled to lack of physical and human resources. Equitable provision of resources to all primary colleges in the inland is an impossible activity. Yet, action should be taken to lessen these discrepancies by offering basic requirements, such as different classes, libraries and reading rooms, 500 - 1000 children's literature a few mags and children's papers, safe-keeping facilities and trained librarians. Renovating most important school buildings at least one time per year and also maintain the atmosphere of the school pleasant and attractive to children is preferred.

2. Key points as market leaders have to teach the parents and get their assistance for the welfare of the school. Also could seek community assistance for preparation of teaching assists, getting reading materials as donations from the affluent etc. Command and dedication of principals is essential importance for the improvement of children's education. Therefore mind of the academic institutions have to be selected cautiously and they should get an exercise how to develop principal children's education by improving reading practices.

SUGGESTIONS FOR PARENTS AND TEACHERS

3. Developing the love once and for all reading is one of the greatest benefits that people can provide for children. In order to enrich the reading environment of children, reading patterns should reach the individuals in rural areas. We have to promote reading among them. Therefore participation of men and women locally should be encourage in reading promotion activities, because first of all parents have to understand how important it is perfect for children to read good books and develop a reading behavior.

4. Parents' recognition towards reading plays an important role to advertise reading by developing a reading family environment. The parents should realize that reading must begin from a very early age and the professors should guide them. Mothers can help a good deal to advertise reading patterns by narrating reviews, singing rhymes, tracks, poems etc, while feeding, dressing their children.

5. Those who are able can read books to children who cannot read words. This will generate simply an interest in children to read. When children can read mothers should listen to their reading and compliment them. Then children will feel proud of them and be keen on reading and therefore parents would buy reading materials whenever they could.

6. The institution is the center to advertise reading habits and information skills among children. The tutor is the main element factor who combines all activities of children's learning. One possible method of promoting reading habit by the professor is to arrange a class catalogue or a book corner revealing children to a richer reading environment by giving more printed materials to match the quality level. This could be finished with the co-operation of parents.

7. The professor should organize a free of charge reading activity once a week. She could expose such items as puppet shows, video games, contests, works, dramas, story showing and alternative activities related to language development and reading interests.

8. The professors also must attempt to connect reading to every activity of the institution day. This is possible in the principal school as it offers a conductive environment for incorporating review skills and reading development work in to the regular curriculum. Because one teacher is usually responsible for most regions of the curriculum, the professor could easily adjust her normal school room activities for reading advertising.

MASS Press AND READING Practices DEVELOPMENT

9. Utilizing media is another avenue for creating an interest in reading. For instance having interesting publication review columns in papers, discussions on books over the air and tv set and also conversations, children's programs etc. These activities

would assist in disseminating information to the public about value of books and reading over a wider range. However sometimes parental disregard power children to get dependent on watching the tv and it might be an obstacle for reading habit development.

10. Therefore parents should;

a. Curtail television viewing time and provide children other interesting activities as alternatives.

b. They should watch good programs with children and discuss their good aspects.

c. Talk about assault shown on tv set and show disapproval of extreme behavior and point out alternative means of facing problems and see that they watch less violence.

DISTRIBUTION OF QUALITY BOOKS

11. It has been found that still there are deficiencies in the development of quality literature for primary college children. Also there are zero appropriate and equitable distribution of literature, both librarians and instructor substitutes etc. Quick remedial action has to be taken to eliminate these shortcomings, for the improvement of reading habits among primary university children.

12. There's a lack of clear understanding among writers and publishers, of the aim of producing children's literature and how it ought to be aimed. Therefore steps have to be taken to produce quality literature, which become more creative and awaken child's thoughts and curiosity so that children get started to read for pleasure, which really is a stepping-stone forever long curiosity about reading.

13. Syndication of books must be carried out so that lots of children are benefited. It could be done through general public libraries, provincial libraries, community libraries, college libraries and so forth. It is essential that all most important academic institutions in the island be provided with a library outfitted with a range of literature, children' newspaper and suitable journals and trained librarians. Thus advertising of better library facilities from coast to coast is envisaged.

14. Library system has to be recognized so that even a quality 2 pupil could use the library. The kids should be educated how to find a book, which kind of book to choose etc. The teacher should check the children's reading behavior by asking questions about the facts of books read. These way children could be encouraged to read, building a prolonged interest for reading.

15. Another need for your day is changing of the catalogue system in accordance with the changing population. Librarians could play a significant role to advertise reading habits among children with dedication and devotion. These Open public and Provincial libraries can coordinate interesting activities such as; the storyline hour, quiz competition, e book clubs, reserve fairs, reading camps, reading weeks at local, provincial and nationwide levels with the co-operation of eminent scholars.

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