Posted at 12.10.2018
ARE REASON AND Feelings EQUALLY NECESSARY IN JUSTIFYING MORAL DECISIONS?
Since the beginning of individual onto this earth, reasons and feelings are frequently employed by us to justify any decisions made. However, from what level that both of them play an important role to make decisions? This increases some arguable questions involving reason and sentiment; are they really equally necessary? Similarly important means both factors must be present and with no of the factors that are reason and sentiment, the decision can't be justified. With this, I'd say that reason and emotion have the same significant important role in justifying moral decision. Both of them work together to operate a vehicle us inside our daily life therefore the decisions made will be the best for the sake of individual. Thus, this article will consider the similar role of reason and feelings in justifying moral decisions.
First of all, how this two means of knowing works collectively. Reason is the ability to think logically regarded as a basis for knowledge, while emotion is a strong sense towards what you presumed in and influencing actions. Reason and emotion are equally necessary in ethic as in justifying decisions feelings will be the catalyst for another process which is reasoning. Rachel Carlson in his price says, "If fact is the seed products that later produce knowledge and knowledge, then the thoughts and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil where the seed products must grow". As example, the news of natural catastrophe of Cyclone Sidr in the southern part of Bangladesh due to global warming result, the picture of 273, 000 houses were damaged and 650, 000 ruined and even more than 3, 000 people dead will emotionally influence the reader. Then, the thoughts will tell us the sympathy to the victims of the disaster. It would energize the reason why to the morality of the countries that let their factories released the gases that triggered the global warming devastation.
Here, the sentiment is the catalyst for the reason why to take place. However, without the reasoning, the info from the news headlines cannot be planned and to deal with the news headlines in the logical way. The sentiment make the reader of the news thought sympathy to the subjects of the cyclone and the reason why makes sense of the sentiment part and finish up with the moral decisions of the news headlines. As Joseph Cook aptly commented, "Conscience is our magnetic compass; reason our chart". Even reason and emotion evenly necessary in justifying moral decisions, somehow reason play more important role as it could describe certain things that cannot be explained by feeling.
In justifying a decision, it must be affordable and acceptable. Feelings can distract what is wrong and what's right because it depends exclusively on just what a person views and feel. Thus, reason must present in the process to justify and correct what emotion think of. As example, in case a pregnant women wanted to offer an abortion. In the emotion level, she might feel that having a baby is an encumbrance for her. She just desires fun from the sex but she refuses the baby. She wants to reduce the baby so that she does not have to look after the infant and continue with her earlier life. Her immediate response is the choice to abort the infant. At that one time, it can be right for her to abort the baby. But then, the feeling of a mother declines her to do the abortion and the reasoning process started out. She started to consider the question, 'it is getting rid of', and the infant deserve a live. Perhaps she might consider that this was not the baby's problem, so why if the baby take it. Or maybe she probably will consider her religion not allow abortion. So, the reasoning process proceeds before women can justify her decision to do the abortion or not. Here we can see both are similarly significant. Reasoning originates from the sentiment process however the emotion itself cannot justify your choice that going to make. Thus, one cannot take place without the other.
However, in this so-called civilization age where the expense of living is increasing, the choice to abort the baby would be the most suitable choice for the majority of the folks. Their reasoning brought them compared to that kind of decision because they assert having a baby will cost them a lot and they can't manage it. Even though they'll feel this can be a cruel action through their feelings, but it does not prevent the mother to abort that baby.
In view to the fact that emotion is a sense that is given form with a thought, it will always be bounded from days gone by experience that would influence the sentiment that is established. If the past experience of the individual is good, the person will have the good side of emotion or otherwise, the experience will wrap up with the bad sentiment toward something. As a good example, a person witnesses a horrible accident happened in front of his sight. He can see the victims of the incident screaming for help. Very fortunately, the individual has some understanding of the medical knowledge especially in emergency situation. However, because of the previous experience where he didn't save a few lives after he gave the medical treatment, the person thought guilty and possessed the injury. His emotion tells him never to help the victims as they might perish because of him by justifying the action from his past experience. But then, he will try to reason his emotion; does it an appropriate action to let the victims that are really in need for some help as he was able to help them? Can it worth him merely to see them helplessly facing the end with their life? After having a challenge between his emotion and reason, in the end he might opt to help the subjects. Even though in this example it is seen like reason is overpower feeling but actually they are really equal.
Someone may dispute that reason is the cause which makes him to help the individual. But in certainty if his feeling is not secure enough or he didn't have the assurance to help them but his reason push him to help, the probability that the patients would survive is low because he does not has the mental durability or something to encourage him to help them. This is just like what Winston Churchill has said, "Before you can inspire with feeling, you must be swamped with it yourself. Before you can move their tears, your own must move. To persuade them, you must yourself believe". After his reason corrects his sentiment or change the belief made by his feelings to encourage him, then he could help them. By looking at this example, it is clearly seen that reason has been plays the role the change the emotion of the person and the feelings has justified your choice that he going to make. Here, at first emotion stimulate the reason to work and in the later level reason corrected and stimulates the sentiment. Both of the factors play such equivalent role in justifying your choice as one could easily get it wrong without another one or perhaps the decision can't be justified.
There are some restrictions where sometimes reason and feelings do not identical in making an ethical issue. This is frequently happen in the religious belief, field of works, and the level of knowledge of the person. In the religious beliefs such as Islam and Religious, bigamy (polygamy, adultery) is prohibited in those religions. Although a person needs to have more wives or having just a little experience of intimacy before relationship which originates from his sentiment, he cannot do that because of his faith. His reasoning will prevent him to do it as it is up against the idea of him to his religious beliefs. In neuro-scientific work such as judge, feelings must be put besides to justify the verdict that going to make. A judge must only will depend to the reason from the reality either the accused person is guilty or not. This is the situation where reason and feelings do not play evenly necessary in justifying moral decisions.
In conclusions, reason and emotion similarly necessary in justifying moral decision, because feeling can change corresponding to situation but reason will justify the feeling with logic and hence will drive us to the right interpretation of the moral concern. But, reason can only just exist and be significant if and only if emotion exists. Feeling will be the catalyst for reason to work. In most of our life, we cannot refuse the role of emotion and reason. However, different ways of knowing such as notion and language can also make a difference in justifying moral decisions but reason and emotion exist in the equivalent way to justify any moral decision that people make inside our life. Therefore, reason and emotion are similarly necessary in justifying moral decisions.