Posted at 10.15.2018
Introduction - Edgar Allan Poe got an extremely disturbed life, full of joys and grief. His life was brief but his works made a great contribution to the development of the literature of American Renaissance.
Childhood with the foster parents. The early loss of life of his mother and the serious disease of Frances Allan acquired a strong influence on the near future writer's mental development. It led to the image of your sick woman who mysteriously dies and later comes home from the world of lifeless to the living world.
Youth. Regardless of all the generosity of John Allan, Edgar Allan Poe did not consider him to be the true father. The relationships that made between them were rather strained and they inspired the writer's personality. Edgar Allan Poe became selfish, unbalanced and emotionally disturbed. He also depicted characters with such features in his literary works.
The position of any editor in the Messenger mag provided Edgar Allan Poe with a discussion board for his future literary works, such as "Berenice" and "Morella". In spite of the actual fact, that he soon still left the mag, he entered using its help the literary circles and became a well-known literary critic.
Edgar Allan Poe released the genre of detective experiences into American books. That's also connected along with his biography, as the near future writer loved different puzzles and the game of words from the first childhood.
The works of Edgar Allan Poe weren't only highly praised but were also criticized. The reason why to this can be followed in the early many years of Edgar Poe. He was raised by a person whose persona was very difficult. So he became very emotional and eccentric. Thus, not everyone could appreciate the works that were of the same personality.
Conclusion - The brief life of Edgar Allan Poe is filled with mysteries and legends. The facts that are confirmed from his biography are extremely scarce. Still, what's known for sure, is the fact that tragic occasions of his life cannot but affected his literary works.
Almost everyone knows about Edgar Allan Poe's detective and gothic tales. However, not everyone understands that first of all he was a genius poet whose works continue steadily to stir thoughts even nowadays.
His life was not long. He passed away at age 40 (1809 - 1849). He was Yankee in delivery and Southerner in tendencies. Nevertheless these both facts did not prevent him from being who he really was - Edgar Allan Poe. His connection with family and relatives who dreamed to produce a gentlemen and an officer from him, were definately not ideal. His relations with public weren't very good either, as he didn't want to flatter them. He previously a hard time with no money. He also understood a lot of grief. Eventually he perished very early on, having though created wonderful poems and prose that became the typical types of American romanticism. He forestalled the Western european romanticism, the ideas which Edgar Allan Poe implied in his works.
The life of Edgar Allan Poe was rather tragic and the tragic circumstances could not but influenced his writings. Edgar Poe lost his parents when he was very young; he viewed his mom dying of tuberculosis. However he was blessed to be adopted by wealthy people who increased him and offered education. John and Frances Allan became his family. Alas Frances Allan was chronically unwell, and Edgar Allan Poe had to suffer from that hard connection with observing a dear person die once more. That event shown in his life and in his writings. The image of a beautiful woman dying of your inexplicable disease or at some secret circumstances can be traced in the major part of Edgar Allan Poe's stories. Thus, the primary individuals of "Ligeia" are two beautiful women who mysteriously expire. One of these later comes back to the world of living people. The type of another story by Poe "Nov the House of Usher" also profits from the world of deceased people. The female personality was also critically ill and this became the reason of her fatality. Obviously, that motif of a death of women in the stories may well not have been consciously designed by Edgar Allan Poe. On the contrary, having experienced his mother's death and later having viewed the condition and fatality of the woman who used him, the writer could use this motif subconsciously, as it experienced a great effect on his internal development.
His relationships with John Allan can be hardly characterized as perfect. John Allan was a caring father, a good man. Alternatively he was also moody, unbalanced, demanding and psychologically turbulent. Allan provided financial help for the future writer and thus Edgar Poe was able to get a good education in English school and later at the School of Virginia. Nevertheless all Allan's support, Edgar Poe blamed him in stinginess. However we can not judge, as there are also evidences that Allan was so strict because of the Poe gambling money. Generally, the propensity to cast his blame on other folks implemented Poe's all life. He did not declare his own faults and took this paradigm of habit in relations with other folks frequently. Poe suffered from the theory that John Allan was not his true dad regardless of all his generosity. Still, the echo of the ideas is present in many Poe's works, like the characters of ill mothers and guilty fathers. As the character of John Allan was far from ideal and he was the only person to talk about the future copy writer, Edgar Allan Poe's persona became excited, impetuous. People saw many peculiar things in his patterns. He wrote strange poems no person could understand; he had fantastic and wonderful ideas. John Allan considered Edgar to be just eccentric. However, later the copy writer came to the realization all his fantastic plans in his writings. He depicted the dispatch that can get older with its crew ("Message found in a bottle"). The inclination of the writer to the speculative research shown in his detective reports with famous Dupin, in such reviews as "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", "The Mystery of Marie Roget", "The Purloined Letter".
Edgar Allan Poe didn't spend much time at the College or university of Virginia. After two semesters he had to leave. Then for a short period his life was connected with the military and at last he came into the publication industry. Edgar Allan Poe got a dream to determine his own newspaper 1 day - the Stylus. However this wish had not been to come true. Still the journal industry possessed some positive influence on the writer's life. He was used as an editor of the Southern Literary Messenger in 1835. This position supposed a great deal for Edgar Poe, as it provided him with a forum for even more stories, such as "Morella" and "Berenice". The Messenger also gave Poe the likelihood to establish himself as a literary critic. Eventually Edgar Poe fell out of favor with Thomas White. However being truly a very dynamic literary critic, Edgar Allan Poe became a popular speaker.
Since that point his name has already been associated with such macabre reports as "The Tell-Tale Heart". Edgar Poe assumed a huge number of different literary personas during his writing job. The Messenger let Edgar Allan Poe become one of the famous literary critics of his times. He developed his theories in numerous medical essays, such as "The Beliefs of Composition", "The Rationale of Verse", "The Poetic Principle". In one of these works ("The Viewpoint of Composition") Edgar Allan Poe discussed how he created "The Raven", one of is own most famous literary works. This poem came out in 1845 and made him nationally famous. Having came out at night Mirror, this poem became a genuine sensation. Though because of its publication Edgar Allan Poe was paid only $9 (Ostrom 35). Besides, in the webpages of those periodicals Edgar Allan Poe were able to bring in the new form of short stories in tales - the detective reviews. This origination of detective testimonies is closely connected with Poe's pursuits and pastimes. He was extremely interested in puzzles, secret rules, and game of words. Getting pleasure from these things in true to life, he could not go away them over in his literary works. He really savored to present different puzzles on the internet pages of the Messenger also to make his visitors decode those secret messages. In the days when Edgar Allan Poe created his detective testimonies, the word "detective" did not exist. However that reality did not prevent those masterpieces of Poe from becoming the basement of the 20th century literature. In fact Edgar Allan Poe is widely known for his macabre and stories of mystery. He's the first American specialist of the brief story. He's considered the inventor of the genre of detective fiction and a great contributor to the genre of research fiction in general (Stableford18-19).
The genre of Gothic books rose in Britain in the past due 18th century. This genre explores the dark sides of human heart and soul and nature. It tells about loss of life, nightmares, spirits, alienation and haunted landscapes. Edgar Allan Poe brought this kind of books to America. Most of his famous works are Gothic. Edgar Allan Poe used this genre to appease the public tastes (Royot 57).
There are some suggestions that Edgar Allan Poe talk about identities along with his character types. Many depictions of his personages merge with characters of his stories (Gargano 165). Somewhat this is true. Edgar Poe tried out to overcome the lack of will of his characters. Through them he tried out to reduce this feature in his own character. He offered them the power of thought and therefore glorifies the will.
Edgar Allan Poe had not been only highly praised but criticized as well. That will not only concern his literary works, but his behavior as well, as he was egocentric and selfish. These negative features of his persona alongside with many other originate in his years as a child put in with John Allan, whose character was also very unstable. Thus, William Butler Yeats once called Poe "vulgar"; Ralph Waldo Emerson said about Poe's best novel "The Raven": "I see little or nothing in it" and called Edgar Poe "the jingle man" (Emerson's Estimate of Poe). Aldous Huxley compared "too poetical" works of Poe with wearing precious stone tings on every finger (Huxley 32).
Still what do we really find out about Edgar Allan Poe's life? How performed he live? What bothered him and that which was his life the truth is? You will find more questions than answers. Very small quantity of facts is confirmed. A couple of more legends, myths and conjectures in his biography than certainties. Exactly what is discussed him is more our fantasies than real real truth. He got only nine us dollars for his best poem "The Raven", however all the reading population of America valued it simultaneously, still not knowing the name of the author. Edgar Allan Poe was not happy to become famous in his life. But arriving after loss of life, his popularity not only lives today, but is growing and will take new forms. Corresponding to what poets usually say, they dream of fame after death. That's their utmost desire of men of art. If it is true, for Edgar Allan Poe this fantasy has become a reality. The symbolists of the beginning of the 20th century considered him to be their forerunner; his impact can be tracked in the works of almost all modern American poets. His works are translated on virtually all world dialects; still nothing of the translations can present the melody of Poe's terms. The reviews by Edgar Allan Poe indicate him as an originator of both detective and horror fiction. Many anthologists name him "the architect" of the modern short tale. Besides, he was one of the first literary critics to concentrate on the value of style and framework of the literary work. He was also known as the forerunner to the "art for art's sake" activity (Edgar Allan Poe).
And, after all, nevertheless there have been times in his life when he had nothing to eat, he had a lovely young better half and beautiful little child, and that is a lot more valuable than materials wealth. Only 1 glance to the poems focused on Poe's wife let us know that Edgar Allan Poe could not change his delight with beloved better half for earthly blessings. It really is she who is referred those wonderful strong and happy words of "Annabel Lee" that deny Death for the sake of Love:
For the moon never beams without having me dreams
Of the stunning Annabel Lee;
And the superstars never grow but Personally i think the glowing eyes
Of the stunning Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lay down by the side
Of my darling- my darling- my entire life and my bride-to-be,
In the sepulchre there by the ocean,
In her tomb by the sounding sea. (Edgar Allan Poe)