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Discussing Teens SUBSTANCE ABUSE Problems Community Work Essay

There are various drugs which can be abused by teenagers and adults. Most of these are addictive and have adverse health effects to users. The normal drugs of preference are liquor, cigarettes, speed, prescription drugs, heroin, cocaine and pot. Alcohol is the most abused medication, and it inhibits wisdom among users (Stimson 34-48). Long lasting use leads to liver and kidney inability. Tobacco, or cigarettes are one of the most addictive drugs and their long-term use brings about development of cancer, impotency, lung collapse and others. Cocaine and heroine are drugs that are injected, smoked or used orally. They are incredibly addictive plus they distort actuality among users. Long lasting use can lead to heart disease, mental disorders and high blood pressure. Sharing of needles may transmit STDs while medication overdose may be fatal. Weed is another common drug abused and it distorts simple fact among users. Long run use may lead to mental damage, plus some researchers have connected it to development of schizophrenia. Prescription medications are also commonly abused by the old and young equally. Although done innocently, these drugs may cause sudden death anticipated to overdose or fatal blend of drugs, as has been observed among many superstars who have died early due to utilize of prescription medications (Isralowitz 122-123).

Causes of medicine abuse

There are various causes of drug abuse. Drug abuse can be blamed on parents, friends, individuals and society at large. These basic causes will be briefly discussed showing how everyone is responsible for the problem of substance abuse.

Lack of parental supervision

Parents have an important role in their child's upbringing. They serve an important purpose of instilling ideals in their children through socialization at early years. Parents should ensure that their children are morally upright and that they do not engage in interpersonal vices. However, in the modern world, parents have put professional lives ahead of their families and delegated the role of increasing children to nannies and teachers. Because of this, the children do not acquire much needed help with life's issues, and many finish up taking drugs through peer influence. Lack of supervision from parents, who follow their jobs at the trouble of their own families, can therefore be blamed for the high number of substance abuse cases among teenagers. Parents should supervise their children at all times to avoid negative affect from peers.

Poor communication between parents and teens

Lack of communication between children and parents, especially during teen years is also another causality of drug use. Many teens cannot effectively communicate with their parents since neither group comprehends the other's needs. Parents look too severe to teens while teenagers appear to challenging to parents. When parents and teenagers are unable to effectively talk about issues teenagers face, teens are left to seek advice from peers, who may effect these to take drugs. Parents should comprehend children's needs and vice verse, if drug abuse is usually to be eliminated.

Mental & Physical abuse

Domestic violence and misuse has been one of the most typical triggers of drug abuse. When people are emotionally or physically abused, and they do not seek help, they could take part in drugs to neglect their problems. Since most mistreatment instances are perpetrated by close family, this helps it be harder for victims to beat, and many choose to try out drugs, that they understand will distort reality and make sure they are forget their concerns (United States Division of Justice Website 2000). Drugs of choice in such circumstances include liquor, tobacco and weed. However, patients are unaware that use of drugs raises their problems since it brings about addiction, which needs to be cured. Publicizing abuse, transferring tough laws and offering free help to victims can help reduce abuse conditions and in doing so reduce medicine use cases.

Media influence

Media affect is a significant causality of drug abuse, especially regarding drugs such as liquor and tobacco. The multimedia makes it appear "cool" to work with such drugs through flashy adverts in the media. However, less emphasis is positioned on undesireable effects of such drugs; hence teens are inspired to use them without enough home elevators repercussions faced anticipated to medicine use. This leads to craving, and by enough time victims realize, they can not do without drugs. This effect from marketing can be stemmed through use of warning labels and bans on certain kinds of drug advertising which focuses on the young ones.

Warning signs

There are various symptoms and warning signs that are associated with drug use. These symptoms change corresponding to drugs used, genetic constitute of users, variety used, personality and other aspects. It is important to note that presence of a specific symptom does not automatically means that the average person abuses drugs, rather that it implies that further exploration should be achieved to ascertain medicine use by the individual. A few of these signs are talked about below;

Dropping Grades

Sudden drop of grades without clear reasons may suggest drug use. This can be linked to lacking of classes when taking drugs, or harmful effects of drugs which have an effect on the brain and cause poor educational performance. This action is usually combined with disrespect for college authorities and fellow students.

Missing Curfew

Missing curfews without satisfactory explanation of one's whereabouts could also indicate medication use. When teens cannot explain their motions, this implies that they can be secretive, and medication use may describe this situation. However, teenagers' movements should be established before accusing them of drug use.

Disrespectful to parents

Drug users are usually disrespectful to other people. This is due to the label which world gives them of "drug addicts", which makes them harbor hatred towards culture. Teens who use drugs cannot describe their "odd" patterns to parents and far resort to disrespect as a way of covering up drug use (Giannini 69-73). Others are inspired by drugs to make irrational choices resulting in disrespect of family, friends and the community.

Stealing & lying

Stealing is a common trait amongst medicine users and it hails from the need to buy drugs. Drugs are expensive to buy and medication users may be required to steal from family and friends to keep the vice. When questioned about it, they are likely to lie about any of it. This makes it a symptom of drug abuse, and parents should be cautious to note such behavior from their children.

Who to blame

Various discussions have centered on who is to blame for the situation of substance abuse. However, there may be consensus that everyone is to be blamed for the situation. Parents have neglected their children and kept nannies and professors to improve them, as they pursue professional goals. Instructors also have neglected students since they focus on academic curriculum at the trouble of sociable development. The society has tolerated drug abuse and recognized it as "normal" patterns without taking action against drug users (Roleff 39-44). It has left adolescents to seek advice from peers, who may impact them to misuse drugs. Educators and parents ought to give attention to young adults and advice them on hazardous effects of medicine use. The culture also needs to condemn and punish medication users, since this will deter them from practicing the same.

Risks involved

There are extensive risks which are involved in medication use. These hazards affect the health of the user, their connections with family, contemporary society and friends, and their capability to accomplish full potential in later life. In addition to this, some risks may be probably fatal to users. Risks associated with drug abuse include addiction, health problems, transmitting of STDs, damages, mental disorders and problems with law enforcers. These dangers will be reviewed below in more detail;


Most drugs are addictive to users. The amount of addiction varies according to several factors including specific medication used, genetic make up of user, quantities used and other factors. However, since most drugs are addictive, users become dependent on the drugs for performance of everyday activities. Drug addiction is the most dangerous effect of drugs since it ensures that users cannot leave drugs, and instead use more quantities of drugs to attain the status of intoxication as time passes. Some of the most addictive drugs include cocaine, heroine and tobacco. However, other drugs such as liquor, prescription drugs and cannabis are also addictive and could make users reliant on them. This helps it be expensive to support misuse, and users may use illegal method of getting money to meet the addiction. Drug manufacturers use the facet of dependency to ensure they may have a steady supply of cash from lovers.


Many drugs have an impact on the capability to make realistic judgments by users. Some drugs, especially alcoholic beverages, cannabis, cocaine and other hard drugs hinder decision making abilities of users and could allow them to engage in irresponsible sexual behavior. This tendencies may lead to transmitting of STDs among people who engage in this patterns after drug abuse. In habit, users who promote needles when injecting themselves may acquire STDs because of this. Some STDs such as HIV are incurable and developing them causes fatalities after a period of their time. Others which can be curable are expensive to take care of, which contributes to financial burdens on groups of such medicine users.

Health problems

Several health problems are associated with drug use. Actually, all drugs have a side-effect or health problem associated with it. Drugs such as alcohol lead to kidney and liver organ failure while some such as cigarette may lead to development of tumor or lung destruction (Learn about alcoholism website 2009). Hard drugs such as cocaine and heroin may lead to high blood circulation pressure and heart problems. As earlier explained, sharing of needles may transmit STDs. It really is clear that drugs have unfavorable health repercussions. This causes high medical costs to victims, and these problems may also lead to fatalities. This is an economic cost to families and governments surrounding the world. Medicine overdose may lead to instant death to users.

Mental disorders

There are various drugs which might lead to the introduction of mental disorders between users. These drugs adversely affect the brain resulting in distortion of truth, leading to mental disorders. Drugs such as pot, cocaine, heroin as well as others have been known to cause psychosis and illusions, which might become mental disorders. People with such disorders may perform unreasonable acts as they perceive themselves as normal and the others as excessive. These disorders are expensive to treat, and could sometimes be incurable to subjects.


Many crashes are caused by individuals or pedestrians who've taken drugs. Liquor is the most frequent drug associated with incidents, although others also lead to injuries in our roads. In america, over 37, 000 people perished consequently of accidents caused by drink-driving, while this figure exceeded 41, 000 in the previous year. These information show the severity of the matter. That is a matter of great matter in particular when sober drivers are exposed to accidents triggered by drunk motorists, which end up taking their lives. There are also other crashes at the place of work which are triggered by working while intoxicated, especially in industrial crops where there is dangerous machinery. Incidents cause serious traumas or fatalities to subjects.

Trouble with the law

Many medicine users are arrested sooner or later in their lives scheduled to medication use. Medicine use causes habit, which makes users to seek more. Since most drugs are illegitimate, law enforcers arrest medicine users through complex schemes and projects put in destination to deter drug use. Arrests over medication use have negative repercussions including heavy fines and prison sentences. In addition, it leaves a record which may have an impact on future employment opportunities. Families suffer from when breadwinners are imprisoned, and one manages to lose work when arrest over drugs is publicized. This creates a large population of communal deviants who are a liability to population.


In order to resolve the situation of drug abuse, each modern culture stakeholder should join efforts to deal with the vice. The problem of drug abuse needs to be publicized and help given to drug users. Furthermore, stiffer abuse should get to traffickers. These and even more interventions will be reviewed below;

Family Counseling

Counseling is the first step in resolving the drug abuse problem. Users need to accept that they face a difficulty and guidance will permit them start to see the ramifications of drugs to themselves and their families. Family counselling also teaches individuals to be supportive of medication users in attempts to stop drugs (Evans & Sullivan 75-76). That is important as medicine users have family members as major socialization models. Family counseling should also address problems such as local violence that happen to be causalities of drug abuse.

Community and youth programs

Community and youth programs educate young ones on harmful effects of drugs. These programs also offer youth alternative things to do with free time such as athletics. When youth are aware of harmful effects of drugs, they will probably stay away from them, thereby reducing the challenge of drug abuse.

Harsher punishment

In order to deter trafficking and sales of drugs, lawful restrictions which heavily punish drug use and trafficking should be exceeded. These should entail heavy fines and long prison phrases. When such laws and regulations are passed, they'll deter medicine traffickers, and when drugs are unavailable, the problem of substance abuse will certainly reduce, if not completely eradicated. Harsh regulations are very effective in deterring payment of criminal offense.


In order to solve the medicine problem, better communication between teens, teachers and parents should be developed. This can enable teenagers to share their concerns with parents and guardians, who'll advice them on choices to make as opposed to peers, who may give wrong direction and route. Communication will provide opportunities to teenagers to understand adverse effects of medicine use.


The issue of medication use has been discussed at length. Common drugs abused are also reviewed. Drugs have been seen to be dangerous not only to users but also to their friends and families. Their harmful effects include health problems, fatalities, loss of employment, and economical burdens amongst other effects. Every member of the contemporary society is responsible for the challenge of drug abuse and appropriate interventions should be put in place to discourage the vice. These include communication with teenagers, stricter laws against medicine trafficking, family counselling and community programs which publicize the situation of drug use. This may ensure that teenagers are safe and clear of substance abuse.

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