This article will discuss the communication process and the elements it consists of. I'll then critically applying these ideas to my own case study, which will be discussed in greater detail at a later level, and associate it back again to the various elements of the communication process.
The word 'communication' originated from the Latin verb communicare. The meaning of this word's translation (which is "to talk about" or "to make common") supplies the first 50 % of the meaning of the British word 'communication'. The second half relates to information and meaning. (Coates, G. T. 2009. Records on Communication: Some thoughts about the way we connect to folks we meet. Definitions of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 13) So, eventually, communication simply means to promote or make one's meanings or information in one's possession common? Unfortunately it isn't that easy. Almost every author of a publication about the research of communication assigns a new definition to the idea of communication. In the next explanations it's quite clear that information is more regularly integrated into these meanings than meaning. It is also clear an interaction that appears to be simple is really quite complicated when investigated. One or two definitions include:
"Communication is the posting, giving and receiving of information
Communication is the transfer of information in one or more people to a number of people" (Coates, G. T. 2009. Notes on Communication: One or two thoughts about just how we connect to people we meet. Meanings of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 13)
"Communication is the symbolic process of showing meanings" (Galvin, K. M. Wilkinson, C. A. 2006. The Communication Process: Impersonal and Interpersonal. The Communication Process. Roxbury Posting. 5)
"Communication(is) the transmission of a message from a sender to a device within an understandable manner" (Sanchez, N. Communication Process.
And regarding to Dr Appalayya Meesala for the copy of the information, a certain vehicle (medium) is assigned, which lots itself with the note and moves it on to the intended receiver(s). What sort of mediums transport the information in such a way that the receiver comprehends it as it's intended to, is the communication process (Meesala, Dr A. Understanding the Communication Process - The Key to Organisational Success.
Meaning's greatest restriction is that though it exists in one's mind at all times, it is never fully. This is received by the by the average person on the acquiring end of the communication is seldom the same as the meaning intended by the sender. It is because with their uniqueness regarding their individuality, sensory organs and cognitive functions. Various factors can impact the accurate transfer of the supposed meaning from the sender to the device. Included in these are: Expression or phrase consumption, the register of terms, the structure of sentences, the average person characteristics of each communicator, the non-verbal information directed, the pre-existing knowledge each communicator possesses of the other, the relationship between your communicators, method used to provide the subject matter, the audience and the surrounding events or interference. These important factors are also referred to as the context in which the message is transferred.
It is thus easy to conclude that the accurate transferral of one's so this means to a recipient(s) is a science as well as an art. (Coates, G. T. 2009. Notes on Communication: Several thoughts about the way we interact with folks we meet. Explanations of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 14-16)
Even more, although the utilization of verbal and non-verbal codes allow us to transfer thoughts and emotions, the mediums used in a communicative relationship should be mutually recognized by both connecting parties for meanings to be more accurately distributed. "Common meanings be able to communicate". And communication mishaps appear due to missed meanings (Galvin, K. M. Wilkinson, C. A. 2006. The Communication Process: Impersonal and Interpersonal. The Communication Process. Roxbury Posting. 7).
One would usually use the word 'channels' to spell it out how messages are delivered and received but so many experts given completely different meanings to the concept. Thus I am going to use Dr Gordon Coates's selection of words i. e. "Instead, I will simply say that emails passed between two different people need a way to get out of one individual and ways to get in to some other person. Therefore, I will speak about "output" and "input"" (Coates, G. T. 2009. Records on Communication: A couple of thoughts about just how we connect to the folks we meet. Definitions of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 18). By outcome I will refer to information going out from sender to receiver and, thus, input will refer to that information being received by the receiving party. The type system is sometimes wrongly confused to be a passive process and the productivity process can be an active process. Regarding the human brain, taking in information is indeed an active process as well.
Inputs are attained by means of feelings and outputs through actions. Having said that, when referring to sensations After all alerts received by one's sensory organs, then used in one's brains via nerve fibres and then processed. Organs that are especially involved in this procedure are the sight, ears and tactile sensory systems (their importance follow in that very order too. )
(Coates, G. T. 2009. Records on Communication: A number of thoughts about the way we interact with the people we meet. Definitions of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 18-19) Various people seem to use one of these three organs better than others. Although a desire towards using one doesn't exclude using the other, it can reduce the efficiency to that your others are utilized. And when two interacting communicators don't discuss a mutual inclination towards a certain type, communication mishaps may occur when it comes to understanding so this means.
Outputs are achieved by method of specific activities like discussing, writing or physical gestures. They are also named following the input used to receive them i. e. aesthetic, auditory and tactile. For example, when a gesture is made, a visual productivity is employed. Apart from inputs, the actions used to accomplish outputs are performed by body parts rather than by the sensory organs. Thus inputs and outputs use various areas of the body. (Coates, G. T. 2009. Records on Communication: One or two thoughts about the way we interact with the individuals we meet. Meanings of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 22)
Verbal communication identifies written as well as spoken words used to talk as this means using a vocabulary to share information. (Coates, G. T. 2009. Records on Communication: Several thoughts about just how we interact with the folks we meet. Meanings of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 39)
Non-Verbal communication gets most of the attention in most magazines regarding communication science. Non-verbal communication refers to any communication that is achieved without solely relying on the utilization of words or icons to copy information. This sort of communication may even provide more information than the spoken words used during interactions and provide all of this more information simultaneous to the spoken words. (Coates, G. T. 2009. Notes on Communication: A number of thoughts about the way we interact with people we meet. Definitions of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 48) Aspects of non-verbal communication include: First Impressions, Distance, Orientation, Position, Movements, Gestures, Facial expressions, Vision contact, Sound effects, Direct contact, Consent issues and Personal attributes.
To effectively clarify the components, or elements, of the communication process I will apply them to a research study, thus a realistic experience. The connection I have chosen is a dialogue with a friend via the broadly popular sociable network called MXit. I have chosen this research study because I believe it signifies each part in the communication process quite clearly and accurately.
The elements I am going to discuss based on this research study are: Communicators (sender and receiver), Message, Noise, Feedback and the Setting/Context. These elements are not mutually exclusive nonetheless they are indeed significantly interlaced/interdependent.
During the communication process the sender and receiver (the communicators) switch in the tasks they play, but the rest remains the same. Thus the direction of information changes but the process itself continues unchanged.
The sender is also called the foundation or the initiator of the communication process. (Nordquist, R. Communication Process. http://grammar. about. com/od/c/g/Communication-Process. htm?p=1. 2011. 1) He is confronted with the first step that involves the encoding or translating of any cognitive idea or information onto understandable words and using the correct medium to copy this message so that the receiver will understand it. It is of huge importance that the sender uses mediums that are mutually familiar between him and the receiver. A very important thing to keep in mind is the word "say what you imply - and mean what you say". In my case study I was the sender who initiated the dialogue by greeting my pal and thus mailing the first subject matter utilizing a mutually understood terms.
The receiver is the other person involved in this connection who decodes the note dispatched by the sender, thus my friend on the other end of the waves moving our emails from and one another. The device must be sufficiently accessible to get the note "" (Coates, G. T. 2009. Notes on Communication: Some thoughts about just how we interact with the people we meet. Meanings of Communication. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com. 152). Regarding my MXit dialogue, for a fluent talk to occur my pal must maintain a location with sufficient signal. This communicator must possess and make use of both sensory capacity (good eye-sight to be able to read my messages coming through which are displayed on his cell phone's screen) and cognitive capacity (be dazzling and mentally clear to be able to comprehend my sent emails and intended meanings). All of the receiver's interpretations of the sender's message are influenced by his experience, behaviour, knowledge, skills, perceptions and culture. Precisely the same aspects influence the sender's encoding process " (Sanchez, N. Communication Process. http://web. njit. edu/~lipuma/352comproc/comproc. htm. 2000. 2)
The communication is the encoded thoughts of the sender taking the form of the chosen code. It's the essential content of information to be exceeded in communication (Meesala, Dr A. Understanding the Communication Process - THE MAIN ELEMENT to Organisational Success. http://ezinearticles. com/?Understanding-the-Communication-Process---The-Key-to-Organisational-Success&id=876670. 2007. 2).
It can be written, verbal or non-verbal, pictures, diagrams or numbers and should be in the words mutually recognized my both sender and recipient. Messages usually have covered or clear meanings that the receiver must unravel in order to understand the meaning the sender is wanting to convey. Seeing as textual internet sites mainly count on eye-sight as method of input and productivity only, non-verbal information associated the verbal emails can't be seen therefore misunderstandings in the result of the messages can occur. Thus my friend and I have to carefully choose the wording of the messages to avoid uneasy mishaps.
Noise refers to any distraction or interference in the environment where the communication is occurring and can be physical or psychological (Johns, T. 1995. Business Basic principles: Organisational behaviours. The Communication Process. BPP Posting Limited. 9) Noises can also refer to a difficulty in the chosen medium or encoding or decoding of the communication in some stage of the procedure that can result in misunderstandings (Meesala, Dr A. Understanding the Communication Process - The Key to Organisational Success. http://ezinearticles. com/?Understanding-the-Communication-Process---The-Key-to-Organisational-Success&id=876670. 2007. 2) In my own case study the MXit service was unpredictable and either me or my friend's telephone will occasionally detach from the service temporarily and so messages will get lost and wont be received by the designed receiver. This induced disappointment as the device will keep longing ignorant to the actual fact that the message acquired lost in a negative connection and can start pondering the sender is overlooking him. This just creates a distressing atmosphere that can effect the smooth continuation of the talk.
Feedback is the final step in the communication process. This is when the role of the sender and device swaps and it's really the receiver's choose send a message which will be a reply to the sender's note he decoded. That is of tremendous importance as this is an analysis of the sender's communication capabilities. The efficiency of the sender's potential to talk will be determined by the receiver's response that may determine if the sender's so this means was effectively moved or not. In my case study opinions will be any respond to any message sent between my pal and I. These reactions determined whether we have the same meaning assigned to some of the slang and abbreviations we used and enable us to use changes in our encoding where needed.
Context in the communication process identifies the idea that there surely is the right time and place for every message that needs to be conveyed. There is certainly physical context (the surroundings one selects to converse in), social context (the occasion during which one selects to communicate in) and social context which involves an even bigger group of rules using societies that will restrict how you converse (Dimbleby, R. Burton, G. 1998. A LOT MORE THAN Words: An Intro to Communication, 3rd ed. Routledge) In my MXit dialog the context refers to the context of each individual communicator. For example, it would be rude to chat on MXt while an example may be seated at the dinner table or having an individual conversation with someone else. To converse in a MXit chat one must be relaxed and by itself in the comfort of your respective privacy and not be interacting with other people.
Thus I just proved Dr Gordon Coates's statement correct. Through looking into and speaking about the components and components of the communication process in more depth and then making use of the theory to fact, it is clear that although "it seems that the process by which communication occurs is very simple in concept, (it) may become extremely complex if it's inspected carefully. "
Johns, Dr Ted. 1995. Business Principles: Organisational behaviours. BPP Publishing Limited
Meesala, Dr Appalayya. Understanding the Communication Process - The Key to Organisational Success. http://ezinearticles. com/?Understanding-the-Communication-Process---The-Key-to-Organisational-Success&id=876670. 2007
Sanchez, Nick. Communication Process. http://web. njit. edu/~lipuma/352comproc/comproc. htm. 2000
Galvin, Kathleen M. Wilkinson, Charles A. 2006. The Communication Process: Impersonal and Interpersonal. Roxbury Publishing
Coates, Gordon T. 2009. Notes on Communication: A number of thoughts about just how we interact with individuals we meet. Free e-book from www. wanterfall. com
Dimbleby, Richard. Burton, G. 1998. More Than Words: An Introduction to Communication, 3rd ed. Routledge
Nordquist, Richard. Communication Process. http://grammar. about. com/od/c/g/Communication-Process. htm?p=1. 2011
Steinberg, Sheila. 2007. An Advantages to Communication studies. 1st ed. Juta & Co.