Posted at 10.07.2018
Disability is a very personal experience with many pathways. Factors such as get older, sex, race/ethnicity, and sexuality all play one factor in a person's experience with impairment in america. These factors play a role in deciding the needs of the individual and what care and attention they need. The following will show how different socio-demographic factors are likely involved in different pathways towards impairment. Disability is defined as having limited range of motion in either top of the or lower body (Binstock and George 2011).
Disability pathways may differ by time in what stage of the life span course the person is in. Without always the situation, younger people generally have less of a threat of becoming disabled than the elderly (Binstock and George 2011). Disability itself is a difficult term to recognize because of the use of the term is not widespread as the e book points out. The statistic given is the fact 64% of individuals older than 65 have some problem with ability to move (Binstock and George 2011). This is important to note for age since it shows what get older is generally accepted to be the start of some form of disability. Life span has also risen over the past ages as healthcare is constantly on the make improvements. These are important to notice because as the population ages, than more people would seem to be to need assistance as they grow older. One reason reviewed for a rise in endurance is lifestyle changes in daily jobs have been made easier for the more mature population. The text also notes that more seniors are residing in places where they can get assistance (Binstock and George 2011). These advancements are important when discussing disability pathways because professional medical is definitely changing and finding new and better ways to look after the disabled population.
Disability pathways can also change by the person's sex. Matching to statistics, Women tend to need assistance with a disability earlier in life than men do while women have an extended life expectancy then men (Binstock and George 2011). These differences present a different outcome than time would as a socio-demographic factor because women may need assistance much longer than men in this case. That is important to note because sometimes men are the main caregiver in this situation and if indeed they become handicapped also then more assistance would be needed. This can also be true if women will be the key caregiver to men. These cases show how lovers would handle dissimilarities in gender in aging. Sole women and sole men could have different pathways to disability than lovers would and different ways of coping with their disabilities. One people may likely have no choice than to seek outside help for his or her disability and discover ways to help pay for their required help. Solo people also tend to have less income over their life span and one women tend to make even less creating inequality in usage of assistance for a impairment. These are important differences to notice because couples would appear to have more security than single people when it comes to sex because of the income differences.
Another way impairment pathways may differ is by competition/ethnicity because of inequality experienced by the minority human population. The info show that, on average, racial/ethnic populations have less socioeconomic status (Binstock and George 2011). This can create problems with access to the better assistance, reviewed before with living agreements and daily job management. This may also lead to an issue with being able to access needed medical which can result in more problems with becoming disabled. The text writes that there surely is no-one reason as to why racial and cultural minorities have these inequalities by "The law of small results" (Binstock and George 2011). They further note that more study is needed in the way of "environment" of the individuals during the life course (Binstock and George 2011). Additionally it is recorded that racial and cultural minorities experience racism and discrimination in their lives which does have an impact on their overall health (Binstock and George 2011). Race/ethnic pathways vary than get older or intimacy because socioeconomic position plays a larger role in regards to these statues. They are important to notice because the analysis of minorities and pathways to impairment are regularly harder for the individuals.
Another socio-demographic factor that influences impairment pathways is sexuality. Similar to race/ethnicity, discrimination faced by LGBT minority groups would likely lead to shorter life span. Sexuality as a socio-demographic factor would vary from sex or age pathways as a result of discrimination factor and because this minority areas don't have the same legal protections as the heterosexual community does indeed. The LGBT populace might also have the areas of inequality in relation to pathways to impairment such as access to needed medical services and support. These are important to notice as more folks have come to recognize as LGBT lately more specialized treatment is necessary for the populace.
These demographic and life course ideas show how disability pathways change and why they are essential to study. These concepts show that, while better lately, there is a long way to look in terms of equality for minority populations. Minority groupings appear to be at the heart of this problem and that shows how specific pathways may differ because of position. Discrimination also is important in all levels of the several pathways as it tends to shorten life span.
The theories unveiled by the various creators in the school are activity theory, disengagement, era integration, and the life course. All of these have useful elements in the discourse of the book "Aging Our Way. " In Loe's book, the Age integration theory is shown in lessons one and six on hooking up with peers. Also lesson ten and thirteen all suggest a life course theory as the remaining book appears to support Activity theory. The publication would seem to indicate the evidence for this theories.
Most of the theories discussed have some research shown in Loe's book, while disengagement theory did not have much support. Disengagement theory is identified by the getting society disengaging from other people as they grow older (Achenbaum and Bengtson 1994). I think that, while useful, disengagement among the elderly population is not as widespread as it was when the idea was first introduced. People will have a longer life span and since old age and I feel that the disengagement theory does not take this into consideration. Disengagement theory as a whole is still highly relevant to some extent, just not in the framework of Loe's publication where the concentration of the booklet is on the many activities done and the way the people engage more in their final years.
An example of get older integration theory is shown in lesson one in Loe's reserve. The couple in this chapter had to assimilate with people of all age ranges to continue with what they wished to do. This section was about the few, after retiring, keeping their same regimen up to they could which recommended having to branch out and find other people their age to continue (Loe 2011). This meant that activities would range from athletics to music and service that could mean people from all age range would be engaged with the activity. Lesson six is about linking with peers. This chapter follows this integration theory since it shows people getting together with different age group cohorts. In Johanna's scrabble group the chapter writes about different socio economic statuses of the people which would suggest age interaction is going on in this group (Loe 2011).
The life course theory comes into play in chapters ten and thirteen. These chapters write about the value of family and the approval of death. Chapter ten is about how exactly family is important and how of recognizing non-traditional types of people is important. This section makes a point to discuss friends of people in the analysis. These people are defined as new family because of their closeness with older people and they become better friends (Loe 2011). That is important to notice in the life span course as a transition to old age where tasks are redefined after pension or a medical concern. Chapter thirteen is about death and how they are preparing for it. This shows research for the life course theory and how people deal with it. This is important to note because not all people do this and it seemed to be very very important to the people mentioned in this section.
Finally, the remaining chapters show support for the experience theory of ageing. All of these chapters show the way the people would indulge more leisurely or even more supportive activity than they could have in their working lives. Chapter 7 on resorting to "tomfoolery" shows how the people used laughter in lots of ways during their daily lives. The majority of this was to engage in public activities as people in the chapter lived alone for the most part. Section 8 on look after others also shows the way the activity theory is useful since it shows how caring for others helps all people involved. These cases are important in activity theory because they show people eager to go outside the norm and take different steps than other theories like disengagement would suggest.
I think that the activity theory of increasing age is more strongly reinforced by Loe's publication. More of the lessons in the booklet were about people participating in activity in their normal program and finding new means of socializing. Specifically, lessons thirteen where the chapter is approximately the importance of touch to the people. This chapter shows the value of physical contact such as hugs. This section was important showing how the activity theory can mesh with physical activities like a hug.
Chapter eight and chapter nine are about reaching out to family and caring for others also show research for activity theory. That is done by re interesting people and also require grown apart in the form of family or by caring for others. Both of these acts involve a high level of activity to attain the goals. Chapter eight discusses the way the elderly can look after other elderly and what benefits this step has. The experience is been shown to be very beneficial for folks because they have to check up on their neighbours and their members of the family. This activity is shown to be beneficial because the experience is needed and wanted generally. Chapter nine writes about spending time together with family and the huge benefits this has. Benefits such as participating family members that may be new or have been independent for many years.
These chapters in Loe's book show support for the activity theory of aging because they show that people who are more socially employed with relatives and buddies have a much better time with growing older. These chapters, I believe, are specifically important because they show specific ways people engage in activity with others.