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Development Of Psychological Thought INSIDE THE Philippines

"If people lived in total isolation from other folks, there would be no reason to review the result that other people have on the patterns of people and communities. But human beings are social creatures. We live with others, work and play with others. " We as Filipinos are filled with remarkable but amusing qualities and behaviour. Filipinos love relationship and romance within the world that's the reason we and the population are one.

It is important since it is approximately us, the Filipinos. Just how we affect, think and affect others. Secondly, it can benefit in educating and providing awareness in understanding the type of folks and experience. Thirdly, problems that we have been facing nowadays such as societal problems, can be solved purely but this involves shift in human behavior. Lastly, it's important because it aims to deconstruct the Filipino mind's way of thinking. It will serve as an eyes opener for each and every Filipino. We professionally expect that through this study we can understand the nature and causes of Filipino social patterns.

The objectives of this newspaper are to know what gave rise to the field especially its history? What exactly are the concepts of social psychology associated with this lifestyle and what are its applications in the Filipinos. The opportunity and limitation of this study is at the context of the Philippines but some concepts were modified from the Western world.

It started during the 1980's. Inside the context of Philippine colonial education, Filipinos think that scientific psychology came from the West. Murray Bartlett, an American established undergraduate psychology training in the College of Education, University or college of the Philippines. American books and English words were used as the medium of education. The great thing here is that literary writing was at Filipino words that is at dominance. Francis Burton Harrison's policy of interest was also released during this time.

Early American Psychology in the Philippines and the colonial culture on Philippine Mindset was because of Agustin Alonzo. The Filipino term "psicologia" had been a part of layman's vocabulary. The works of del Pilar, Jacinto and Pardo de Tavera were abundant sources of mental theories even though these were propagandists rather than psychologists. Even Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo pointed out the word "Psicologos del verbo Tagalog" in his conversation. These were not name holders in Psychology but they still have this innate character. The English language and the American system of Education were the equipment used. During the twenties American mindset teachers were replaced by Filipinos.

The Philippine objection to uncritical importation of People in america' Psychological models challenged some of the Filipinos. The first try out was done by Sinsiforo Padilla who got over from Alonzo's position as a chairman at the School of the Philippines. Nevertheless, it was his colleague Manuel Carreon who took the cudgels for appropriate relevant psychological trials. On 1926 the Philippine Studies in Mental Way of measuring was publicized. Some comprehended part of Carreon's concept were modified to match the Philippine framework. "change-apples-to-bananas"

3 Isidoro Panlasigui determined the new culture of Psychology. The third technology of American brainwashed Filipino psychologists like Panlasigui. Because of this, Panlasigui admires America and it was obviously confirmed when he wrote about the mindset of the Filipino as he fought for the colonial vocabulary to be used.

Alfredo V. Lagmay and his acquaintances were sent to the United States not to neutralize the division. Throughout that time, the Section of Psychology in the University or college of the Philippines was area of the College or university of Education. It was him to transferred it to the faculty of Liberal Arts. The U. P Section of Mindset was regarded as behavioral orientation form the 50's up to early on 70's. His students persisted some exceptional and significant studies in the field.

The History and Lines of Filiations in Philippine Psychological Thought


This aspect of psychology became part of college or university curriculum under Francisco Benitez during 1922. It was first trained in the University or college of the Philippines as part of the education curriculum. Through the yr of 1954, Joseph Goertz set up the Division of Psychology and used English as the medium of coaching. Alternatively, amid its growth in Manila this discipline was also created as a course in the University of St. Louis in Cordillera. It had been facilitated by Fr. Evarist Louis a missionary priest.

Psychology-Academic Philosophy

However, Psychology-Academic Viewpoint was set up first at College or university of Sto. Tomas by Spaniards and advanced by the Jesuits. This aspect was more than the aspect mentioned before. It started out and founded in many universities like UST (University or college of Sto. Tomas) and other Spanish establishments like San Ignacio and San Jose. In such corporations the medical and school of thought courses began. The ideas and written documents on that point were seen to be related to Psychology. In the deeper analysis those can contain the life-style before. It offers the language, the way the "indio" perceive the concept of do it yourself, its criticisms and the activities of the historic civilization.

4Cultural Psychology

The third aspect of Mindset known as Cultural Psychology. It originates from the Filipinos and through the effect of other countries. It isn't only old but also much complicated set alongside the previous aspects. They have many strands to be entangled and one of those is the psychology that originated from the Filipinos themselves. An indigenous psychology that is managed or inspired by other countries. The terminology is a cone attributing factor especially those activities that can show the collective experiences of Filipinos.

Social Psychology

The research of Social Mindset is thought as a systematic research of the type and causes of human social tendencies. Primarily, its concern is about human social behavior. It includes a lot of matters about the individual's impact on other people, the techniques of social discussion and the relationship that exist between individuals in the world. It is not simply concerned with the type of social tendencies but also using its causes. It relies on methodologies, findings, tests and surveys. In asking what the study is focused on its 4 main concerns were also regarded as a means of knowing it clearly. Basically it is about the impact that one person has on another, the impact that a group has on its users then vice versa and the impact of a group to some other group.

In the framework of the willpower in an operating definition. Psychologists focus their attention in understanding the action of individuals within the framework of society. It really is primarily worried about the understanding of the how and why individuals behave, think and feel as just how they do. In dealing with behavior we mean emotions and thoughts as well as overt activities. "

Consequently, it is defined as a scientific study of how a person's behavior, thoughts and emotions are inspired by several factors that may be real or imagined in the proper execution or the occurrence of others. The field looks at tendencies and mental processes including the social world in which we exist, even as we are encircled by other whom we live connected and by whom our company is inspired in so many ways. It targets influence.

5An interview from Ms. Leslee Natividad from the Division of Community Sciences, University of the Philippines, Los Baos

"First we must explain first what Sociable Psychology is soFriendly Psychology is the study of how individuals impact the culture and the way the society has effects on the individual. If we're going to connect Filipino into that how the Filipino is damaged by the world that we have within the Philippines and maybe in the world in general. Now the entire world and the Philippine modern culture influence the Filipino specific. Being a person, everything that we are experiencing all around us. Things that people are experiencing, things that we are experiencing, things that are affecting every single moment of our own lives that is part of Filipino Friendly Psychology. Our behavior is shaped by the varieties of experiences that people have. "

3 Main Regions of Social Psychology

Social Influence

It is how other people have an impact on our behavior. It is a process by which the presence of others can immediately or indirectly impact an individual. These are generally ways that other people impact our habits through thoughts and actions. How we are lifted by certain visitors to whom we interact make a difference our behavior. It differs with Conformity, Conformity and Behavior.

Social Cognition

It is thought as the ways how people considers other people and how they action toward other individuals. It can vary because of attitudes which consist of the way a person seems and feels as well a person behaves. Impression creation is also an integral part of cognition which is forming the first knowledge or common sense about a person seen for the very first time. Attribution is the process of explaining self habit or others. They use this to make sense of the communal world through mental operations.

6 "That which was once called the objective world is sort of Rorschach ink blot, into which each culture, lack system of technology and religion, each kind of personality, reads a interpretation only remotely produced from the form and color of the blot itself. "

Social Interaction

It is a means of knowing the negative and positive aspects of habit. It's the area of Social Psychology which involves interaction and romance between people. It offers prejudice which happens when an individual retains an unsupported and negative attitude towards other customers of the population. It also differs with discrimination as dealing with people differently because of prejudice. Liking and caring, aggression were also developed here.

The preference and loving in our society known as social attraction is widely observed. Each one of us is drawn to some personalities in our society. It can be influenced and proven by the similarities, position, appearance and familiarity of both sexes.

According to psychologists they have got determined three types of hostility. Firstly, is the Person-oriented hostility wherein the main goal is intentionally damage someone. Second of all, is Pro energetic aggression when an hostile behavior is done to accomplish some desired results like gaining possession of an subject. Finally, is Reactive hostility is the result of an individual to a aggressive act.

In a good way one of the better examples of pro social habit is Altruism. It is a helping patterns that is costly to an altruistic person. It is a prefer to help even there no

7 possible prize. It will always be expected to rely upon empathy. Empathy is the capability to share thoughts and understand another person.

The Bases of Filipino Psychology

Primarily, Prior knowledge of Psychology was the first basis of Filipinos for this involves important parts of Filipino Social Psychology. The knowledge of mindset "Babaylan" or "Catalonan" for the native Filipino people was an important part of Filipino Psychology. The "Babaylan" was the first Filipino psychologists. Aside from this were the prayers and whispers of various ethnic categories in the Philippines. Those were wealthy sources and blast of Filipinos' prior understanding of Psychology. We were also used in the psychology of the Filipino books, even if it was indicated in dental or written way. It offers proverbs, testimonies and legends. The worth and attitudes that Filipinos inherited were significant bases of Mindset. It includes the majority of Ethnic Mindset.

Man and his Thoughts

The second is the basis of man and his thoughts and it denotes providing importance to man and his or her ideas. This is where Filipino Mindset and Mindset in the Philippines found. Filipino mindset was a component and been a part of the world's mindset. This basis has a influence of rational psychology that has been developed and advanced in the College or university of Sto. Tomas. This is regarded as traditional beliefs rooted in the ideas of Descartes and written works of Aristotle. Mindset is an aspect of Filipino Psychology as an academic discipline in a few universities in the Philippines.

Period of changing mind

It was the 3rd basis because it is associated with Filipino personality. There have been a great deal of bases observed in this period. Specifically, this basis was evident in the written works of some Filipino authors like Pedro Serrano Laktaw and Isabelo delos Reyes. Even prior to the psychology of dialect was observed in written outputs made by Filipinos. It somehow showed the shallow orientation of Filipino in terms of encounters in researching and performing studies. Filipinos shouldn't dampen their spirits instead they must expect some improvements.

8Period of providing value to societal problems

The time of presenting importance to societal problems was the fourth basis because this will serve as a witness of the modern culture. Hartendorp is one of the American psychologists who become considering our Psychology. The theory of Osias in 1940 is about the relationship of dialect to the world and in interconnection of the data of paralanguage in the activities of the individuals. However, his period is also enough time of some Filipino psychologists. So Filipino Psychology have this sure basis and it includes the works of Isidoro Panlasigui, Sinsiforo Padilla and Alfredo Lagmay who all offered importance to the acts and capabilities of an individual.

Societal problems

Problems in the society were the fifth bases since it provided value for improvement and development. Aldaba- Lim is known for giving quality value in societal problems. He often motivates Filipino psychologists to hear the issues of the world. All uncertainties in his determination will vanished when a person will analyze all his efforts and contribution in a few of his studies in Psychology. The period of Activism offered as a see of the basis.

Language, culture and Point of view

Language, culture and Point of view were the sixth bases because it is the most fundamental of most bases. Filipino words and dialect is very significant because it is a witness in the countless studies conducted and translated into spanish. The field must still use medium, system and ways to guarantee the wide opportunity of review. Regarding culture there are none of them or very few Filipinos who still question about the dialect and culture of the Philippines. According to some professors and psychologists there was this "acquiescence impact" in the is seen in a range used and responded to by Filipinos. The American point of view was used in analyzing this. It must be done mostly in a Filipino oriented point of view.


The Concept of Language

The concept of local vocabulary as a source of theory for Filipinos is a helpful tool because it provides clear connection to their culture. Vocabulary is not only one effective way of communication but also a wealthy way to obtain information. It really is an affluent basis for the better understanding and orientation of culture. It is suggested to formulate a certain Filipino theory from the broader and wider opportunity it has. Dialect is the primary source in the analysis of Social Psychology of Filipinos.

The native terms is a abundant source of concepts significant for and significant to the local culture. " Being a source of insight, some concepts were shown to be important in understanding the Filipino personality, worldview and habit. Some of these were the concepts of "hiya"(shame), "utang na loob"(debt of gratitude), "pakikisama"(yielding to the will of the first choice or the majority, "bahala na" (fatalism) and "amor propio" (level of sensitivity to personal affront) which even some American psychologists attempted to research those. It still preferable to use the terms as a main resource.

The Concept of Kapwa

The idea of "kapwa" in Filipinos can be an essential requirement of Filipino social life. "Kapwa" is reflected because interaction among other individuals especially in the Philippines can be an essential aspect of interpersonal life. Language discloses a great deal about Filipino nature. Because of this, social connection should be an evocative core of analysis along the way of classifying the concept of "kapwa". The Filipino terminology in this notch, gives a conceptual division in several levels and modes of social relationship. Santiago and Enriquez recognized eight in Filipino.

100The Degrees of Interaction

Interaction of Filipinos were grouped into levels namely pakikitungo (transfer/civility with), pakikisalamuha (inter-action with), pakikilahok (subscribing to/participating), pakikibagay (in- conformity with/ in- accord with), pakikisama (being along with), pakikipagpalagayan/pakikipagmalagayang-loob (being in rapport), pakikisangkot (getting included) and pakikiisa (being one with).

The concept of Kapwa as a distributed inner self actually is very essential psychologically and philosophically speaking. While "pagtutunguhan" (working with/acting toward) is another term which is often used to make reference to all degrees of conversation. Besides, pagtutunguhan also connotes the most superficial degree of interaction: the level of amenities while "pakikipagkapwa" identifies "humanness at its highest level"

On the other side apart from the concept of "kapwa" Relating to Russell, In 1922 there have been several explanations in essay forms about the high Filipino Self Concept. One of the most ordinary could it be being the character of race as Filipinos received from the Malays. In 1965 Fox said that is a characteristic of Filipino culture that is paid to maintain the social context because of its fortitude to produce close family ties. .

The Concept of Human Interaction

The idea of Human Discussion includes the difference between (Pakikisama or Pakikipagkapwa?) It is an important part since it is very constant in Filipinos. Apart from the good factors of interaction, earlier focus on Philippine values directed our three evil heroes in Philippine interpersonal relations. These are the "walang pakisama" (one inept at the amount of adjustment); the "walang hiya", (one who lacks a feeling of propriety and "the walang utang na loob", (one who lacks adeptness in reciprocating by using gratitude.


11 In a very deeper research some studies were conducted, It was argued that pakikipagkapwa is more important for Filipinos. Within the Philippines we usually provided more importance to "pakikipagkapwa" than "pakikisama". We probably want a person without pakikisama when compared to a person without "kapwa tao". Pakikipagkapwa is actually important. It includes all the other mentioned settings and degrees of interaction. In fact "pakikisalamuha" is even deeper than "pakikisama" in indicating to "pakikipagkapwa. "

Application of Filipino Community Psychology

Filipino Culture

The Public, Cultural and Ideational measurements are diverse into aspects which were exhibited by Filipinos. The analysis of the customs and beliefs of Filipinos serves as a function of communal and economic dimensions of Filipino culture. The Philippine culture is such very rich. It was very obvious in the next ways. In courtship and relationship almost all of the Filipinos regard this as a process of love as a parental affair. The relationship is the family affair which is measured as a success based on the amount of children. Filipinos also have confidence in " Babaylans and Catalonan" that have been thought to posses supernatural forces to supplicate God. These were also keen on charms plus they believe that when they perform their rites especially on the nice Friday they'll gain magical power like anting-anting, blessed cards, rocks and other stuffs. As part of their cultural life they observe feasts to commemorate important incidents like Fiestas, Holy Week, New Year, Christmas and etc. It certainly played an important role in the economical security and public solidarity of Filipinos. Also, they are known because of their superstitious beliefs that are greatly connected to their rituals and ceremonies.

In connection to supernatural beings they follow these beliefs to avoid bad luck. It was observed in birth, condition and loss of life which control the psyche of Filipinos. In faith when Christianity was introduced by Spaniards, it became a driving force to the life span of the Filipinos. These were also thoughtful especially when someone is sick and in need. They are afraid of how many other people might say. Some of their procedures include providing dowry, transporting of guns, selection of padrino and taking bow and arrows, sibat and kris. During the time of our ethnic groupings' regulations were also made out of respect to property possession an settling arguments.


Filipino Family

The review of Filipino Family is valuable because they value family relationship. They may have this patterns of close family ties. In an article compiled by Carlos P. Romulo entitled "What Filipinos did and are Doing to the Family", The family will stay and prevail regardless of world cynicism and stress and anxiety. The tradition must be preserved even in these contemporary times. He pointed out that this is one of the many serious troubles our contemporary society must face today. Folks must also give attention to improving and supplying concern with us life. It deserves the same amount of concern exactly like other sciences.

"The study of Phenomenology of the Filipino Family says that "In Philippine modern culture, the family is the dominating influence with its value of socio-economic security. This value leads to an individualistic attitude towards one's family which is manifested in uncertainty of hope, insufficient commitment or insufficient social awareness. "

The Future of Philippine Culture

The future of Philippine culture is still questionable. The Philippine culture is still standing despite some changes enforced and triggered by colonizers. Is there a Filipino Mindset? Due to reason of great bafflement of racial heritages, Filipino region is full of dissimilarities and intertwined particular observances, creeds and customs dominant in indigenous groupings. The making of your credible treatise on Filipino Psychology will require tons of analytic research. Any scholar who'll try must straighten out specific as well as communal traits. Particularly, the local, dominantly indigenous but coloured by foreign affects and dominantly foreign adapted traits. It is not yet finished because the source and effect must be differentiated.

13Marginalization of Filipino Identity

The hiding and denigrating of Filipino personal information and values was sarcastically launched by thanking Gov. Claveria who was the main one who imposed in presenting Filipinos surnames. So the personality of Filipino was concealed in his very name. Felipe de Leon evaluated just how Filipino names illustrate the people and exactly how names can conceal Filipino personal information. The disparagement of Filipino personality is continuing and trained in schools reinforced by media. Bear in mind the tale of Juan Tamad, the idea of Filipino time, Manna behavior, to "talangka /crab mentality" and even innate criminality and distortion of Filipino squatters, barkadas, stupid yayas, maids and individuals. The Us citizens assumed that Filipinos were ethically mediocre and they should be informed within an American way for their indolence.

Marginalization of Filipino Literature

Marginalization of Filipino Books was realized because of the principle that Filipinos did not have a body of literature which is incorrect. Filipinos might really be fortunate if they can evade the disparaging remark that Filipinos do not have an indigenous body of literature. The mere fact is that Filipinos own it. Similarly, they have got written literature and unwritten oral custom. Filipinos also enjoy not posted outputs, but believe it or not real and valid. A feeling of psychological tradition aside from a published mental literature.

14Marginalization of Filipino Theater and Film

Marginalization of Filipino Theater and Film is done when you are refused as the planet second big designer of film. The success of Filipino cinema and its impact on Philippine life and culture are grossly underestimated. The colonial responsiveness of the elite refuses to realize the Philippines as the world's second big designer of films. They can not detain what sort of Tagalog movie can hold its own even against the most known popular grossed movies from Hollywood. They tremble in disbelief when confronted with the pack office record of the original and traditional "Rambo" in person of Fernando Poe Jr.

The generalization moves such as this. We as Filipinos are thus confronted with the questions about the secret of our id but through the study of Filipino Public Mindset we can unravel those. The analysis as a summary proves one thing and only 1 thing and that is the undeniable fact that even before, Filipinos have a rich culture and traditions. We've own knowledge and system but before the colonizers they blot out all the memories of our valued identity.

Nowadays, the Filipino concepts of "Words", "Kapwa" and "Human being Relationship" can be used as a way to boost better human marriage. The use of Filipino Social Mindset is truly a reflection of what we are right now as Filipinos. It could be observed in the Public, Ideal and Cultural dimensions that we Filipinos are in reality creating and improving from our background up to the modern-day period. The Filipino identity is marginalized but as long as we've this study to steer us it will


always make a point about Filipinos way of life that will lineate our history to your present and even to your future. This analysis can be a means in forging development. Development is not only concerned about progress. The reasoning must whether it is is approximately the Filipino people and for the Filipino people. Through, the assistance of this study we will become aware of the type and causes of our attitude and habit.

The issues that our country is currently facing can be fixed purely by different ways but it needs shift in real human behavior. Therefore, we should inculcate positive Filipino traits and prices perhaps change the negative ones. In the end, it is not only us who will outlive the legacy of Filipino Public Psychology but even our children of tomorrow. Changes might occur but it'll always remind us of who, what, when and where we are today as Filipinos.

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