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Developing proper management and leadership skills

  1. Functions of Strategic Management
  2. Improving Organizational Performance
  3. Communicating and Implementing Change
  4. Developing and Leading POWERFUL Team
  1. Definitions of Leadership
  2. Followership
  3. Direct versus Indirect Leadership
  4. 1. 2 Management and Control Style
  5. Autocratic
  6. Bureaucratic
  7. Charismatic
  8. Laissez-Faire
  9. Persuasive
  10. Participative
  11. Culture of Organization
  12. Characteristics of Manager
  13. Adapting Management and Leadership Styles
  14. Chapter-2
  15. Support Organizational Direction
  16. 2. 1 Theories
  17. Transformation Control Theory
  18. Transactional Authority (Bennis, Bass)
  19. Charismatic Command (Weber, Corger, and kanungo)
  20. Contingency Theory (Feidler)
  21. Situational Theories
  22. 2. 2 Emotional Intelligence
  23. Constrainer and Enablers
  24. Studies on Emotional Quotient
  25. 2. 3 Applicability to aid Organization Direction
  26. Efficiency
  27. Reliability
  28. Innovation
  29. Adaption
  30. Human Resource
  31. Organizations and Subunits
  32. Business start up versus Established
  33. Turnaround Leadership
  34. Chapter-3
  35. Assess Leadership Requirement
  36. 3. 1 Assess Leadership Requirements
  37. Virtual Organization
  38. Diversity
  39. Globalization
  40. Economic Climate
  41. E-Leadership
  42. Mergers and Takeovers
  43. Restructuring
  44. Integrity Leadership
  45. Partnership and Alliances
  46. Regulatory Compliance
  47. Interim Leadership
  48. Chapter-4
  49. Plans of Management Skills
  50. 4. 1 Development of Control Skills
  51. Different Ways of developing leaders
  52. Training Courses
  53. Job Rotation
  54. Seminars
  55. Executive Coaching
  56. Mentoring
  57. Action Learning
  58. Self Directed Learning
  59. Reading Articles
  60. Changing Methodology in Leadership
  61. Learning from Mistakes
  62. Developing Management versus Recruiting as Needed
  63. Council for Excelling in Leadership
  64. Management Diagnostic Tools
  65. Leadership Competencies
  66. Emotional Intelligence
  67. Social Intelligence
  68. Ability to Learn
  69. Systems Thinking

The field of management deals with organizations. Our contemporary society could not can be found or improve its present position without managers to steer it organizations. Thirty years back, Peter Drucker, a noted management expert, proclaimed that effective management was becoming the primary source of developed countries, and this it was the most needed learning resource of developing nations.

Functions of Strategic Management

1. Planning

2. Organizing

3. Leading

4. Controlling

Planning is considered to be the central function of management since it sets the style for the other activities to check out. "Planning means determining goals for future organizational performance and choosing the tasks and use of resources needed to attain them" (Richard Daft). Planning encompasses four elements:

· Evaluating environmental causes and organizational resources

· establishing a couple of organizational goals

· Producing strategies and strategies to attain the stated goals

· formulating a decision-making process

Organizing is the managerial function of earning sure there can be found the resources to handle a plan. "Organizing includes the assignment of jobs, the grouping of tasks into departments, and the allocation of resources to departments" (Richard Daft) Managers must gather individuals and tasks to make effective use of men and women and resources. Three elements are essential to managing:

· producing the structure of the organization

· Acquiring and training individual resources

· Establishing communication habits and networks

Leading is another of the basic function within the management process "Leading is the use of influence to inspire employees to achieve organizational goals" (Richard Daft). Three components constitute the primary function:

· Motivating employees

· Influencing employees

· building effective groups

The final period of the management process is controlling. "Controlling means monitoring employees' activities, deciding whether the business is on focus on toward its goals, and making modification as necessary (Richard Daft ). Three basic components constitute the control function:

· Components of a control system

· Analyzing and rewarding worker performance

· controlling financial, informational, and physical resources

Improving Organizational Performance

The performance is a global theory the represents the results of real human activities. Organizational performance is "how an organization tries to be effective" (Ricky W. Griffin). An organization's performance can be measured in many different ways. The most frequent ways are in conditions of efficiency or performance. If organizations are using their resources to realize their goals, the professionals are effective. Finally, "productivity is the level of productivity of goods and services attained by the resources of an organization" (Ricky W. Griffin) Efficiency, efficiency, performance, and output are all important concepts for managers and organizations.

Communicating and Implementing Change

This work advances a better conceptual and empirical knowledge of two wide, conceptual communicative treatments for putting into action change: programmatic and participatory. These theoretical techniques are elucidated respectively through founded communication models, activities, and strategies advanced by earlier scholarship within the communication and business disciplines. This informative article concludes with potential strategies for advancing for research in this world.

Developing and Leading POWERFUL Team

High performing clubs at all levels are crucial for achieving spectacular organizational performance. This is especially so in situations of fast or major change and during crises. Each team should have:

1. Common vision, objective and way.

2. High criteria.

3. Mutual value, trust and accountability.

4. Individual sense of responsibility.

5. A sense of team identification.

6. High inspiration and team energy.

Definitions of Leadership

Mintzberg's observations and research suggest that diverse manager activities can be planned into ten functions. For an important starting place, all ten guidelines are vested with formal power over an organizational device. From formal expert comes status, which contributes to various interpersonal relations, and from these comes usage of information, which, subsequently, enables the manager to make decisions and strategies.

The figurehead role: Every administrator must perform some tasks of the ceremonial character. These activities are essential to the easy functioning of an organization.

The innovator role: This role involves leadership. The leader role encompasses human relationships with subordinates, including determination, communication, and influence.

The liaison role: where the manager makes connections inside and outside the business with a wide range of people: subordinates, clients, business affiliates, government, trade organization officials, etc.

The monitor role: This role consists of seeking current information from many resources.

The disseminator role: Within their disseminator role, professionals pass information to other, both outside and inside the business.

The spokesperson role: Within their spokesman role, professionals send a few of their information to people outside the company about company guidelines, needs, activities, or ideas.

The entrepreneur role: In his business owner role, managers seek out improvement his product to look at it to changing conditions in the surroundings.

The disturbance handler role: This role entails giving an answer to high-pressure disturbances.

The learning resource allocator role: Within their source of information allocator role, managers make decisions about how to allocate people, budget, equipment, time and other resources to achieve desired outcomes.

The negotiator role: The discussions are tasks of the manager's job. These activities involve formal discussions and bargaining to realize benefits for the manager's unit responsibility.


The Courageous Follower is a contemporary old classic that redefines the energy and responsibility of "followership, " the role of many who must support, confront, engage, foster, and leverage the talents and wisdom of these leaders.

Direct versus Indirect Leadership

The direct authority is about presenting dictations to your people and maybe enforcing yourself as a head as the Indirect kind of leadership is due to like having thousands of followers without even having the role of leadership. The indirect authority has to do with influencing others and making them your followers indirectly by uplifting them through the character, charisma etc. Authority is not about ruling people like subject matter and taking it for granted; it's about delivering you as a person who people think should be followed for information. It's about being successful the brains and hearts of people.

1. 2 Management and Control Style


Autocratic management can be reported to be synonymous to dictatorship where only one person gets the authority over the followers or workers. Their decision must be considered as the golden rule and should never be questioned. They plan out everything and order their subordinates to work relating to their guidelines. For instance, when a company has an autocratic leader as the Managing Director, the employees in the company would have to are per the guidelines arranged down by him.


This design of leadership follows a close set of expectations. Everything is performed in an exact, specific way to ensure safe practices and/or accuracy and reliability. You will often find this management role in times where the work environment is dangerous and specific models of procedures are essential to ensure security.


Charismatic Market leaders, who are creating a group, whether it is a political get together, a cult or a business team, will most likely focus highly on making the group clear and unique, separating it from other categories. They'll then build the image of the group, specifically in the imagination of their supporters, as being much superior to all others. The Charismatic Innovator will typically affix themselves tightly to the identify of the group, in a way that to join the group is to be one with the leader. In doing this, they create an unchallengeable position for themselves.


Laissez faire style simply means a "delegate" approach to leadership. Many experts have found out that those children, who increase under laissez-faire management establishments, are actually the less fruitful in virtually any group. This is also strengthened by these children making more demands upon their leader, as researchers attended to ascertain, amidst displaying little in conditions of cooperation as well as the inability to work more independently.


Persuasion is an essential proficiency for those leaders, demanding you to go people toward a posture they don't presently hold. You must not only make a logical argument, but also style your ideas, approaches and solutions in ways that appeal to diverse teams of men and women with basic human emotions. Any direct attempt to persuade may provoke co-workers to oppose and polarize. Because persuasion is learning and negotiating process, it must include three phases: discovery, preparation and dialogue.


The participative authority style, also known as the 'participative democratic management style', is an extremely essential factor in today's business sector, which does the job of creating and retaining healthy relationships between the employees and their leaders. This is probably the best kind of corporate management style that always allows employees to provide suggestions and take a few of the key decisions, with their manager. However, the ultimate decision rests on the manager himself.

Culture of Organization

Organizational culture is an idea in the field of organizational studies and management which explains the psychology, behaviour, experiences, beliefs and beliefs (personal and cultural beliefs) of a business. It's been defined as "the specific collection of principles and norms that are distributed by people and groups in an business which control just how they connect to the other person and with stakeholders beyond your organization. "

Characteristics of Manager

A good manager is the main one who can manage his organization effectively and profitably.

The characteristics of your best director is he can understand every team member's strengths and weaknesses and utilize every participants skills at his/her best in the interest of the business and encourage the staff, understand and recognize every staff member's efficiency and reward them accordingly. A good manager is like the good leader who doesn't say "take action" but says "let's take action".

Adapting Management and Leadership Styles

Leading is something we can't learn in the abstract. We have to do it. There's not always a choice concerning who we'll lead, and you need to be willing to change the how. The steady slugger who wants to be only; the creative fireball who's frequently absent; the expert with personal problems; all has contributions to make. They want different approaches to bring out their finest, and we must adapt how you lead.


Support Organizational Direction

2. 1 Theories

Transformation Control Theory

Transformational control is thought as a leadership procedure that triggers change in individuals and interpersonal systems. In its ideal form, it creates valuable and positive change in the fans with the finish goal of expanding followers into leaders. Enacted in its real form, transformational leadership enhances the inspiration, morale and performance of his fans through a variety of mechanisms.

Transactional Authority (Bennis, Bass)

Transactional authority is a term used to classify a officially known group leadership theories that make inquiries the relationships between market leaders and fans. A transactional leader concentrates more on some "transactions". This person is enthusiastic about looking out for oneself, having exchange benefits using their subordinates and clarifies a feeling of duty with rewards and punishments to attain goals.

Charismatic Command (Weber, Corger, and kanungo)

Max Weber's conceptualization of charismatic expert as a pressure for change has had a profound impact on the ideas and research of cultural scientists for a number of decades. This article explores the impact of Weber's conceptualization upon one particular band of researchers-the organizational behaviorists. Starting in the 1970s, they started out to formulate theoretical types of charismatic authority in organizational configurations and undertook empirical investigations. Similarly to Weber, they saw charismatic control as a force for change in organizations. This information examines Weber's conceptualization of charisma as a push for transformation; explores the scope of his impact on organizational research of the 1980s and 1990s; and attracts focus on neglected areas of his theory that contain important implications for future research.

Contingency Theory (Feidler)

The contingency model emphasizes the importance of both the leader's personality and the situation in which that leader functions. A leader is the individual who is given the task of directing and coordinating task-relevant activities, or the one who carries the responsibility for doing these functions when there is absolutely no appointed innovator.

Situational Theories

Paul Hersey and Kenneth H. Blanchard5 (a co-author of the One Minute Supervisor) discovered a three-dimensional strategy for assessing management effectiveness:

Leaders display task tendencies (the degree to which leaders will probably organize and determine the jobs of followers and direct the work) and marriage behavior.

The potency of the leader will depend on how his or her control style interrelates with the problem.

The willingness and ability (readiness) of a worker to execute a particular task can be an important situational factor.

2. 2 Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability, capacity, skill or, in the case of the trait EI model, a self-perceived capacity to recognize, assesses, and handles the thoughts of oneself, of others, and of communities. The latest models of have been suggested for this is of EI and there is disagreement about how the word should be utilized. Despite these disagreements, which are often highly specialized, the ability-EI and trait-EI models enjoy support in the books and have successful applications in a variety of domains.

Constrainer and Enablers

Some of the constraints which could affect the process improvement and change work are Cultural and Behavioral Factors, Organizational Framework, and Technology. These factors affect incremental and important improvement attempts. The initiatives weaken due to a company's failing to consider these constraints, which, limits success of the program. The organizations, which are more inept to improve, prosper on change. Smaller organizations may have the same constraints if the surroundings is designed

Studies on Emotional Quotient

Goleman's model outlines four main EI constructs:

Self-awareness - the capability to read one's emotions and acknowledge their impact when using gut feelings to guide decisions.

Self-management - requires controlling one's feelings and impulses and adapting to changing circumstances.

Social understanding - the ability to sense, understand, and react to other's thoughts while comprehending public networks

Relationship management - the capability to inspire, influence, and develop others while taking care of conflict

2. 3 Applicability to aid Organization Direction


Efficiency in general describes the amount to which time or work is well used for the expected task or goal. It is used with the precise gloss of relaying the ability of a specific application of work to produce a specific results effectively with the very least amount or quantity of waste, expense, or unnecessary effort. "Efficiency" has extensively varying meanings in various disciplines.


In general, consistency (systemic def. ) is the power of your person or system to execute and maintain its functions in routine circumstances, as well as hostile or unpredicted circumstances.


Innovation can therefore be seen as the process that renews something that exists rather than, as is commonly assumed, the launch of something new. Furthermore this makes clear advancement is no financial term by origins, but goes back to the center Age range at least and perhaps even previously.


Adaptation is the evolutionary process whereby a human population becomes better suited to its habitat. This process occurs over many decades, and is also one of the essential phenomena of biology. The word adaptation could also refer to a feature which is particularly important for an organism's success.

Human Resource

Human source of information is a term used to describe the individuals who constitute the labor force of an organization, although it is also applied in labor economics to, for example, business areas or even complete nations. Recruiting is also the name of the function within an organization costed with the overall responsibility for putting into action strategies and procedures relating to the management of people. This function subject is often abbreviated to the initials "HR".

Organizations and Subunits

An firm is a sociable layout which pursues collective goals, controls its performance, and has a boundary separating it from its environment. There are a number of legal types of organizations, including: businesses, government authorities, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, military, charities, not-for-profit firms, partnerships, cooperatives, and colleges.

A subunit is a subdivision of an official unit. Unit codes of subunits end in a non-zero amount between "-001" and "-999. " While recognized units represent public academics or administrative school entities, subunits are founded to allow for further granular control over funds or workflow within the state unit. Subunits are usually associated with individuals, programs, or projects.

Business start up versus Established

Despite their similarities, start-up companies and established small businesses can be dramatically different when it comes to funding. Founded small businesses will often have modest income and almost never become huge money producers. Start-ups, on the other hands, often have lofty ambitions and the likelihood of becoming huge businesses in the foreseeable future.

Turnaround Leadership

1. Leadership throughout a turnaround is completely different from "business as typical" leadership, find out how if differs

2. If you're not comfortable with this "best practices" leadership style, then you must find someone who is

3. This control style works but can result in misunderstanding and resentment, find out why


Assess Leadership Requirement

3. 1 Assess Leadership Requirements

The first & most basic prerequisite for control is the desire to lead. In the end, becoming an efficient leader takes effort. If we're not prepared to work hard at expanding your control skills or if, deep down, we're really uncertain whether you want to lead or not, we will battle to become an effective leader.

Virtual Organization

A virtual corporation is not "business as usual". It needs a new management way and an unbelievable awareness of the issues and obstacles that might lead to its demise. In a recently available focus group displayed by twenty customers of an individual virtual business, but located at numerous site locations, the next challenges were noted:

1. Communication

2. Control/management

3. Knowledge transfer

4. Processes

5. Infrastructure


The idea of diversity encompasses popularity and respect. This means understanding that every individual is exclusive, and realizing our individual variances. These can be over the dimensions of competition, ethnicity, gender, erotic orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical ability, religious beliefs, politics values, or other ideologies.


Globalization describes the procedure by which local economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of political ideas through communication, vehicles, and trade. The word is most carefully from the term financial globalization: the integration of nationwide economies in to the international economy through trade, international immediate investment, capital flows, migration, the pass on of technology, and armed service presence.

Economic Climate

General economical environment comprising of the frame of mind of the federal government and lending institutions toward businesses and business activity, attitude of labor unions toward employers, current taxation routine, inflation rate, and such.


E-leadership is not a different from other form of effective control except that in e-leadership you have no option but to be very proficient at it. It needs a high degree of transformational leadership due to highly participative mother nature of the e-world between E-organizations and e-customers and the interconnectedness between head and follower with the ever-increasing truth of the blurry lines between your two.

Mergers and Takeovers

In a general sense, mergers and takeovers are incredibly similar corporate activities - they incorporate two previously different firms into an individual legal entity. Significant functional advantages can be obtained when two firms are combined and, in reality, the goal of most mergers and acquisitions is to improve company performance and shareholder value above the long-term.


Restructuring is the organization management term for the action of reorganizing the legal, possession, functional, or other structures of a company for the intended purpose of making it more profitable, or better prepared because of its present needs. Alternate reasons for restructuring include a change of possession or ownership framework, demerger, or a response to a crisis or major change in the business such as individual bankruptcy, repositioning, or buyout. Restructuring can also be described as corporate and business restructuring, credit debt restructuring and financial restructuring.

Integrity Leadership

There is a link between trust and integrity, but trust is a broader principle. People need to be experienced to earn our trust, not just honest. To be a credible candidate for just about any job, a person needs the abilities and personal characteristics to work in the role. Integrity is also broader than credibility. In addition to being honest, market leaders with integrity must behave ethically. A lawbreaker could be honest while breaking the law.

Partnership and Alliances

The Taking care of Partnerships and Strategic Alliances programmed targets deepening your understanding of the strategic groundwork, the governance framework and the dynamics of the collaborative process. The designed discusses the problems and stumbling blocks in selecting, negotiating and managing alliances. Throughout this rigorous programmed, both useful and theory are carefully balanced so that you learn not only the frameworks, but also the key behaviours and cross-cultural competencies that lead to collaborative success.

Regulatory Compliance

In general, compliance means conforming to a rule, like a specification, insurance policy, standard or laws. Regulatory compliance details the target that corporations or public businesses aspire to in their efforts to ensure that staff know about and do something to comply with relevant regulations.

Interim Leadership

Recognizing that management groups may lack experience in turning around a business, we present experienced turnaround specialists who can step into executive or advisory functions in the business, such as chairmen, CEOs, CFOs, main restructuring officers, businesses, marketing, human resources, non-executive directors and advisers/mentors to boards.


Plans of Management Skills

4. 1 Development of Control Skills

The leadership skill set in the book comprehensively covers the subject of managing people, from A to Z. It offers how to effectively deal with stress and 22 problematic work area conditions and conducts such as bosses, bureaucracy, negative attitudes and personality clashes. Whether we control one person or thousands, these clearly defined authority skills are your script for attaining excellence.

Different Ways of developing leaders

Great content provided well is not enough to help individuals change their habits. Supposing good content and suitable personnel, the framework of the learning initiative and the methods used to mention knowledge will either ensure success or promise failure.

Self help and developmental activities

Training Courses

People desire a reason to change. Establish new programs that compensate the individuals that will be ready to intensify. When employees see the advantage of command they are going to change their behavior. These don't need to simply be financial bonuses. There are a number of ways to pay back employees. People like to be recognized. It is a good idea to show gratitude through having a worker of the month or publishing success reviews in the company news letter.

Job Rotation

Job rotation is an approach to management development where a person is moved by way of a schedule of tasks designed to give her or him breadth of exposure to the entire operation. Job rotation is also used to allow trained employees to get more insights into the processes of any company, and to reduce boredom and increase job satisfaction through job deviation.


Sometimes the traditional way has its place delivering learning to large or small organizations. Some company uses this technique within a wider combined learning initiative. Alone a group seminar is, in our view, an inadequate approach to conveying learning.

Executive Coaching

High impact and participant focused; get someone to one coaching right and you may transform specific performance - great goals, great techniques, and great results.


Mentoring is to aid and encourage people to control their own learning so that they may maximize their probable, develop their skills, enhance their performance and become the person they want to be.

Action Learning

Physical activity can be considered a powerful medium for promoting learning. A team exercise, indoors or outdoors, may bring insights that time of conversation would neglect to reveal. The trick is at debrief and in building activities to match with the announcements and goals of an overall initiative.

Self Directed Learning

Self aimed learning is a way of creating a situation where learning is owned or operated by the average person and aligned with organizational needs. Individuals take responsibility for decisions about their learning and work with others to attain it.

Figure: The PRO Style of self-directed learning

Reading Articles

Reading is a way of vocabulary acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all language, it is a complex interaction between the words and the reader which is formed by the reader's previous knowledge, experiences, frame of mind, and vocabulary community which is culturally and socially situated. The reading process requires continuous routines, development, and refinement.

Changing Methodology in Leadership

This model around change authority had become when a man known as Aaron Antonowsky was doing a health review. He research women and menopause in Israel and part of his review group were women who was simply confined to focus camps during the Second World War.

Learning from Mistakes

Simple: Errors that are avoidable but your sequence of decisions made inevitable. Having the ability go out in the middle of your party because you forgot to pay the lease, or working out of ale at said party because you didn't assume the number of guests.

Involved: Mistakes are that are comprehended but require effort to avoid. Regularly is arriving later part of the to work/friends, eating junk food for meal every day, or going bankrupt in your start-up company because of your complete ignorance of basic accounting.

Complex: Mistakes that contain complicated causes and no obvious means of avoiding next time. Examples include making troublesome decisions that have bad results, connections that fail, or other upsetting or unsatisfying results to considerations.

Developing Management versus Recruiting as Needed

The concept of leadership competency development is talked about with an focus on the historical strategies versus modern day requirements. Issues adjoining the idea of inherent leadership expertise as compared with developing control functions are contrasted with the necessity for some systematic framework from which to address the command question.

Council for Excelling in Leadership

The Command Council is a group of people who reserve a portion of their own time to provide training and exchange ideas with both market leaders and emerging leaders. The faculty is unique, as they are business market leaders themselves. They remain energetic in their individual companies and pursuits. Consequently, they deliver real-world, essential control skills to excelling individuals and organizations.

Management Diagnostic Tools

A commercially available tool trusted internationally which addresses an extensive selection of management competences.

Strengths: An authentic self-diagnostic and management and authority tool, providing clear recommendations for future development. Significant experience from elsewhere can be attracted on.

Weaknesses: Although various variants are available, the key MAP product can take up to 2 days and nights to complete completely, involving in-depth conversations and reviews with trained facilitators. Costs are variable, depending on the numbers purchased and additional financial inducements some support agencies have provided.

Leadership Competencies

There are five authority competencies:

1. Creates a compelling future

2. Inspires others to achieve

3. Learns and shares knowledge

4. Demonstrates a passion for customers

5. Delivers great performance

Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intellect (EI) refers to the capability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions. Some analysts suggest that emotional intellect can be discovered and strengthened, while other lay claim it is an inborn characteristic.

Social Intelligence

Social intelligence explains the exclusively human being capacity to use very large brains to effectively find their way and negotiate intricate social associations and surroundings. Psychologist and teacher at the London University of Economics Nicholas Humphrey feels it is interpersonal brains or the richness of our own qualitative life, alternatively than our quantitative cleverness, that truly makes humans what they are - for example what it's like to be a human being living at the centre of the conscious present, encircled by smells and preferences and feels and the sense to be an extraordinary metaphysical entity with properties which hardly seem to belong to the physical world

Ability to Learn

An important skill or potential that is often neglected when we list the qualities of a head is the capability to learn. Leaders will need to have the ability to learn.

Leadership is complex, demanding multiple skills and specific knowledge.

The current situation will not require control, it's stable. In order to move away from the present and lead into the future, you have to know where and how.

A leader goes by on the knowledge and understanding to others.

The more you learn, the far better you become as a individual and member of society

Systems Thinking

Systems thinking are the process of focusing on how things influence one another within a complete. In dynamics, systems thinking examples include ecosystems in which various elements such as air, drinking water, movement, vegetation, and animals work together to survive or perish. In organizations, systems consist of people, set ups, and techniques that work together to make a business healthy or bad.

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