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Design Of Children Playground Children And Young People Essay

Content
  1. CHAPTER 2 Books REVIEW
  2. CHAPTER 2
  3. LITERATURE REVIEW
  4. 2. 1 Structure and design of children playground using modular approach
  1. 2. 2 The children playground as an efficient method of incorporating mathematics and skill in to the creative practise of play.
  2. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODS
  3. CHAPTER 3
  4. RESEARCH METHODS
  5. 3. 1 Case study
  6. 3. 1. 1 Quantitative
  7. 3. 1. 2 Qualitative
  8. 3. 1. 2. 1 Phenomenology
  9. 3. 1. 2. 2 Ethnography
  10. 3. 1. 2. 3 Grounded theory
  11. 3. 1. 2. 4 Case study
  12. 3. 1. 3 Final result (Case study)
  13. 3. 2 Ethic
  14. 3. 2. 1 Introduction
  15. 3. 2. 1. 1 Consent
  16. 3. 2. 1. 2 Harm
  17. 3. 2. 1. 3 Privacy
  18. 3. 2. 1. 4 Deception
  19. 3. 2. 2 Conclusion
  20. 3. 3 Surveys
  21. 3. 3. 1 Interview
  22. 3. 3. 1 Questionnaire
  23. 3. 3. 3 Conclusion
  24. 3. 4 Sampling
  25. 3. 4. 1 Introduction
  26. 3. 4. 2 Probability
  27. 3. 4. 2. 1 Simple random sample
  28. 3. 4. 2. 2 Systematic sample
  29. 3. 4. 2. 3 Stratified sample
  30. 3. 4. 2. 4 Cluster sample
  31. 3. 4. 3 Non- probability
  32. 3. 4. 2. 1 Reliance on available subject
  33. 3. 4. 2. 2 Purposive or judgmental samples
  34. 3. 4. 2. 3 Snowball samples
  35. 3. 4. 2. 4 Quota samples
  36. 3. 4. Conclusion
  37. CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS
  38. CHAPTER 4
  39. DATA ANALYSIS
  40. 4. 1 Introduction
  41. 4. 2 Data Analysis
  42. 4. 2. 1: Question 1
  43. How often will you go to playground?
  44. Primary student
  45. Secondary student
  46. 4. 2. 2: Question 2
  47. Gadgets such as IPAD/IPHONE or others hobby which does you'd like to play equate to playground? Why?
  48. Primary student (7-12)
  49. Secondary college student (13-17)
  50. Conclusion
  51. 4. 2. 3: Question 3
  52. Do you prefer posting the playground with older kids? Why?
  53. Primary college student (7-12)
  54. Secondary university student (13-17)
  55. Conclusion
  56. 4. 2. 4: Question 4
  57. What games do you like the most in playground?
  58. Primary scholar (7-12)
  59. Secondary student (13-17)
  60. Conclusion
  61. 4. 2. 5: Question 5
  62. What is the game do you want to play the first and the previous?
  63. Primary university student (7-12)
  64. Secondary university student (13-17)
  65. Conclusion
  66. 4. 2. 6: Question 6
  67. What colors do you prefer the most in the playground?
  68. Primary university student (7-12)
  69. Secondary scholar (13-17)
  70. Conclusion
  71. 4. 2. 7: Question 7
  72. What kind of game still can add in the playground?
  73. Primary scholar (7-12)
  74. Secondary college student (13-17)
  75. Conclusion
  76. 4. 2. 8: Question 8
  77. Will you bring your kids go directly to the playground?
  78. Primary student father or mother (7-12)
  79. Secondary learner parent(13-17)
  80. Conclusion
  81. 4. 2. 9: Question 9
  82. Do you think playground's game design can influence children progress?
  83. Primary student father or mother (7-12)
  84. Secondary scholar parent(13-17)
  85. Conclusion
  86. 4. 2. 10: Question 10
  87. Would you worry about the protection of your kids with the facilities provided?
  88. Primary student father or mother (7-12)
  89. Secondary student parent(13-17)
  90. Conclusion
  91. CONCLUSION
  92. BIBLIOGRAPHY
  93. Bibliography
More...

Playground can be explained as play area or play area, to let children with a specific design and recreational equipment such as slip, seesaw, merry-go-round, golf swing set, chin-up bars, jungle fitness center, sandbox, spring rider, monkey bars, over head ladder, trapeze wedding rings, mazes and playhouses. Predicated on the literature review that I've found, a playground can be an institutionalized environment that supply proper facilities layout. It may support the accession of the kids activity and children's motor unit development.

The playground is an essential part of any school, early childhood service and community playground. Children spend many time of their day occupying themselves using what the playground provides. Schools, early child years services and playgrounds with well designated game activities and safe and inviting equipment provide increased inspiration for children to participate in physical activity and become involved in purposeful play. As a result, these may help children to cultivate their durability, physical coordination and adaptability also providing pleasure and entertainment.

Play is primitive to children's joy and well-being, If children hold the opportunities for play are constrained there will tend to be profound effects on the life experience generally plus more specifically on the physical and mental health. Health experts have explored that if children insufficient particular types of play, it will cause some growing problems such as rickets; over weight and attention deficit disorder.

Research (Stratton, 2000, Ridges et al. , 2007) supports the utilization of playground markings for increasing students' physical exercise levels. One review of research books cited in NSW Department of Education and Training (2005) figured the utilization of playground markings can increase children's exercise levels and increase children's energy expenses.

A playground not only should be designed to suit age the kid. During using, children can experience real thoughts, create their own doubt, experience the unexpected, react to new situations and adjust to a wide variety of situations. Play can let them to create friendships and accessories to adults also to places, enabling the development of knowledge of both.

Thus, this review is to explore how can the structure and design of a playground effect children? Is it provides opportunities for children's self-employed learning? Will the layout of an playground may bring people and children closer while playing alongside one another in the playground?

CHAPTER 2 Books REVIEW

CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

2. 1 Structure and design of children playground using modular approach

The first literature review studies the guidelines arranged for the layout of playground. They have similar instruments but different set up throughout the complete playground. A lot of the equipments are designed based on protection guidelines. Based on the literature review, the structure and design of a playground has different influence on children's development. The modular system can be set up in an assortment ways to use in multiple functionalities.

Landscape designers, Architects, contractors, instructors and gardeners can be called upon to design children play area. There is absolutely no customary design of playground layout currently. Layouts are normally designed by the experience of the contractors and designers. Some design designs mostly give attention to the concept of "flow" of play, and the safety guidelines controlling the overall layout, such as the necessity to split up two different areas such as apathetic play areas disperse from energetic ones. Most of the customers are encourage by the playground equipment produces to choose equipment they like and instruct them to customise their structure and design of playground.

To design a free unstructured and non-universal designs, there are many designs and design of public playgrounds within Singapore. Facilities planning decide how an activity's specific resolved credit best support attaining the activity's objectives. It is involve with the structure, design, location and accession of people, machines, and activities of a system or enterprise inside a physical special environment.

There are three important factors are flow, space, and activity associations in the specification of your facilities. Move may determine the experience relationship which causes the look and location of an service; space requirements determine the structure and sizes of the facilities.

Flow gets the material flow, material management, logistics and physical distribution. The flowing style is the most crucial in the concern of planning a playground. The awareness of flow rules and flow patterns which is to minimize flow, maximize aimed flow paths, and reduce the costs of move is designed for effective move requires

Space requirements have to be determined carefully since it is hard to be done as true space requirement is uncertain in future. Activity romantic relationship provides the basis for many decisions in facilities planning process. The principal human relationships considered are organizational, flow, control, environmental and process associations.

Besides minimizing the expenses of movement, other things to consider in structure planning are Regularity of move between facilities, form and sizes/area of facilities, living area available, the number of facilities needed to minimize queuing, enough time spent with a material in particular facilities last but not least the particular requirements between facilities.

A procedure known as Systematic Structure Planning was developed to create facilities layout. It is a technique approved by Richard Muther. a step-by step planning treatment that allows users to visualize, identify and classify some of the activities, human relationships, and alternatives in a structure generation project. The primary concern in Systematic Structure Planning Method is product, number, services and routing. it isn't used in the procedure although the timing is considered as one of the suggestions.

According to the layout planning by Robin C. Moore in Play for everyone guidelines, the equipment should be grouped nearer along which develop similar skills for children. Equipment with similar figure should be located further from one another. Same persona of equipment may cause queuing and cluttering that should be avoided for simple traffic or circulation of children. Cluttering also increases chance of issue and bullying which are not favourable for safe practices.

2. 2 The children playground as an efficient method of incorporating mathematics and skill in to the creative practise of play.

The second literature review demonstrates the look of play spots will affect the quality of play experienced within these spaces and explored to the potency of structures and playgrounds to link mathematics and art work to promote the playground for the kids.

There are 3 ways to think about how exactly to include mathematics and art into playgrounds; you can compare three situations below and assess:

Educational appendages: A playground that is utilized with an educational plan to instruct curriculum-based mathematics and understanding of art.

Implicitly mathematical and artistic: A playground that is not designed with seriously mathematical and creative qualities in mind, however the mathematics and aesthetics are implicitly in its build. Every playground by default contains mathematics and fine art to some extent.

Explicitly mathematical and artistic: The artist works intentionally to generate psychological and phenomenological response through overtly mathematical and creative architecture. Hardly any playgrounds today are designed in that manner.

They are certainly great ways to include mathematics and fine art into playgrounds, but aren't substantially modifying the playground architecture or fostering 'free' casual play in children. The next way to take into account playgrounds is to consider that built conditions are architectural, and thus contain mathematics and skill automatically. If mathematics and art work are consciously designed in to the play spaces and equipment then opportunity opens up to raise the engagement and creativity of children at play.

In a nutshell, to understand what sort of playground may succeed to play, we need to understand the emotional effects of shape, geometry, colour, texture, light, and other architectural elements. Shade, pattern, symbols, feel, form and lines are all related back again to human environments and exactly how they affect feelings, productivity and creativity. Making the almost all of these valuable or limited play spots should be observed as an advisable to work forward for the future.

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODS

CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODS

3. 1 Case study

3. 1. 1 Quantitative

There are two types of research methods whish are quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research is an investigation into a specific problem, based on evaluating a theory, measured with numbers, and analysed the information with using statistical techniques. The purpose of quantitative methods is to determine if the predictive observations of a theory keep true. It is based on the process that something is significant only if it can be discovered and counted. Its key characteristics are numerical data that allows a range of statistical research. There are several methods to quantitative research which include experimental, descriptive, correlational and causal evaluation. Inferential statistics are frequently used to generalise what's found about the study sample to the population as a whole.

3. 1. 2 Qualitative

A qualitative process of investigations has the purpose of using multiple perspectives to understand a communal or real human. Qualitative researchers examine things in their natural adjustments, attempting to make sense of, or to interpret, phenomena in conditions of the meanings people bring to them. Qualitative research is known as to access to the deeper relevance that the main topic of the research attach to the topic being investigated. It requires naturalistic method of its subject material, an interpretive and gives attention to what the data contribute to important research questions or existing information. With all this range of data types, there are also diverse methodological and theoretical methods to research design and data research such as phenomenology; ethnography; grounded theory and circumstance studies. The experts' also play a important role in qualitative data evaluation and in the bases which generalisations to other contexts may be made.

3. 1. 2. 1 Phenomenology

Phenomenology is sometimes considered a philosophical view as well as an usage of qualitative methodology. It includes a history in some social research disciplines including sociology, psychology, and interpersonal work. Phenomenology is thought that giving more attention on people's subjective experiences and knowledge of the globe.

3. 1. 2. 2 Ethnography

Besides that, ethnography is learning the whole culture. Ethnography can be an advanced area with a great variety of experts and methods. Besides that, participant observation as a part of field research is the most typical ethnographic way. The ethnographer becomes deeply involved in the culture as an active participant and information additional information.

3. 1. 2. 3 Grounded theory

Furthermore, grounded theory is a composite repetitive process. The research start with the bringing up of generative questions that really helps to conduct the study but not expected to be static or confining. Primary theoretical principle is discovered when the researcher learn to combine all the info. These might take months and the research aim to be very open at the early phase. From then on, the researcher is more designed in conclusion and confirmation.

3. 1. 2. 4 Case study

A case study is detailed investigations of groups, corporations, individuals or other interpersonal units. Circumstance studies are target of attention is the average person case and not the whole society of cases compare with other clinical tests. Nevertheless, research study is the emphasis might not be on generalization yet somehow on understanding the specific of that case in its complexity. A research study pay attention on the bounded system, typically under natural conditions, so the system can be grasped in its own habitat.

3. 1. 3 Final result (Case study)

I made a decision to use research study as the technique of this research. It comprehends the particular circumstance such as how exactly does the layout and design of the playground effects on children's expansion. This studies of the research is concentrate on an individual case, the experiences of participants from different campuses could be completed. These might involve indepth interviews with the service participants, observations of the classes as time passes, surveys of students, interviews with peers and division chair, and analyses of university student work examples at several factors in the program. Selection of members might be produced based on factors such as their experience and training, kind of students trained, or variations in institutional aids.

3. 2 Ethic

3. 2. 1 Introduction

According to Santa Clara School, ethic is two things. First, ethics is right and incorrect that assign what humans have to do, usually in conditions of rights, agreement, benefits to population, justice, or specific honour. Moral standards also require those that require virtues of honesty, kindness, and faithfulness. Besides that, moral standards include standards relating to authority, such as the right to life, the right to freedom from damage, and the to privacy. Second, ethics is the analysis and development of someone's ethical standards. As observed above, feelings, laws and regulations, and communal norms can angle off from what is ethical. it is vital to analyse someone's requirements to guarantee that they are fair and well-founded. Ethics does mean the constant work of studying our moral values and our moral conduct, surpass requirements that are realistic and entirely-based. You can find four characteristics in research ethics, which can be consent, harm, personal privacy and deception.

3. 2. 1. 1 Consent

There are four characteristics in research ethics, that happen to be consent, harm, personal privacy and deception. First, consent is the procedure by which research subject matter choose if they want to take part in a research study. Consent includes three elements that are capacity, information, and voluntariness. Consent have to be contented all three elements that given. Capacity is the ability to get knowledge, and the right to perform. Information is made up of of insuring the topics are advised, and understand, the aim of the analysis and the part as themes. Voluntariness is the things which may have been chosen are absolve to regain from the analysis. There must be no force to get a subject to entail the research research. Special attention must get to gain the consent of children, psychiatric patients, and psychologically retarded folks. These groups ask that a parent or guardian give consent.

3. 2. 1. 2 Harm

Besides that, harm is the fact content not be harmed from your research. Psychological stress, personal humiliation, and humiliation should be averted. A problem of the researcher must be the id of the topic. The purpose of course is to lessen the chance of harm as much as possible, but since some risk may always be present. Do not do the risk of injury to the topic outweigh the potential good to contemporary society of the analysis.

3. 2. 1. 3 Privacy

Moreover, personal privacy thought as every subject gets the right to keep private off their information and data who participated in the research study.

3. 2. 1. 4 Deception

Lastly, deception in research includes the incorrect information of facts related to the purpose, nature, or implications of a research study. The researcher is morally incorrect if misreprented and induced the study never have successfully consented. It can be sued if injury to the topics or the personal privacy is disregarded.

3. 2. 2 Conclusion

The research study ethics will relate on children's thoughts and opinions to comprehend more how playground design and structure influence on children's expansion. Children's parents should be informed consent to get agreement from them to precede the interview. Researcher should protect all the info and keep the data closed and private.

3. 3 Surveys

3. 3. 1 Interview

There are two types of survey which is interview and questionnaire. An interview is a something like formal conversation between a hirer and candidate, typically in person, in which information is exchanged, with the purpose of creating the applicant's suitability for a position. Interview is also used as a method of data collection but the information is gathered by an interviewer much better than via a self-administered questionnaire. Interviewers read the questions precisely because they are on the review questionnaire. An interview is usually done face to face with someone. The choice of answers to the questions is often set in advance; though open-ended questions can even be included within an interview. An interview is way in which we can notice participant's action while we cannot verify in questionnaire. The advantage of interview is they may be suitable to accumulate everything from the respondents about their feeling, idea and perceptions. Besides that, they can ask more descriptive and professional question, usually can reach higher response rate and all the respondents' words will be documented.

3. 3. 1 Questionnaire

According to business dictionary, questionnaire is done on paper. A questionnaire is a research methods contain some questions and other information for get and conclude all the data from the respondents. A set of a review and research will be asked to a person and printed out some information. Questionnaires are used by sociologists and positivists. Questionnaires also have possessed some advantages such as they are cheap, do not believe so much work from the questioner, and often have specific answers which make it simple to gather all the info. Questionnaires are also being tied to the actual fact that respondents must be able to read the questions and react to them. Thus, for a few demographic groups performing a study by questionnaire might not exactly fit the bill. It holds out four basic purposes, first, to collect the proper information. Second, make the info can compare with the analysis, finally, all the prejudice when asking any question. Lastly, to make the questions changeable and engaging.

3. 3. 3 Conclusion

Lastly, I'll choose interview methods as my research question because I can record all the solution and information from the respondents. Furthermore, face to face given question to them can more understand their feeling and expressions. Children's emotions are important when questioners asking additional information in playground design and design. Playground was created to children to let them to enjoy, thus, children's sense have to be review from us to let the designer design a much better design and design for children.

3. 4 Sampling

3. 4. 1 Introduction

Sampling is a statistical method of getting representative data or investigation from a group. According to analyze Methods Knowledge Base, sampling is a process selecting teams from a populace appealing so that people can normalize our final result back from the population that are chosen by analysing the test. You will find two types of sampling methods that are non-probability and possibility.

3. 4. 2 Probability

According to the laerd dissertation, likelihood is defining a group of sampling techniques that help analysts to choose models from a people. Probability samples derive from random selection where every element in the population has an equivalent possibility of being chosen for the test. There also four types of possibility sampling which can be simple random sample, systematic test, stratified sample and cluster sample.

3. 4. 2. 1 Simple random sample

Firstly, simple arbitrary test has a list of every aspect in the population is produced and some of the elements are determined to make certain that equivalent chance must get to each component on the list. Simple arbitrary sample is the populations and sampling frames. It uses random number tables and computer to select elements.

3. 4. 2. 2 Systematic sample

Secondly, systematic sample is obtained a set of every component in the population and elements are decided on by randomly, then missing a pre-determined number of cases to select the next case. It determining a starting place using a arbitrary number desk or computer produced random amount and determining the sampling interval.

3. 4. 2. 3 Stratified sample

Thirdly, stratified sample is divided by particular race, get older, and gender and elements are determined from the stratified lists using either simple arbitrary or systematic arbitrary sampling. It also stratifies the sampling body and selects instances using simple random or systematic random sampling.

3. 4. 2. 4 Cluster sample

Lastly, cluster sample do not need that a sampling frame listing every element in the population of interest be produced. It also need to determined and sampling in a natural way developing groupings. Cluster test is using multiple degrees of naturally occurring organizations and obtaining or producing sampling structures.

3. 4. 3 Non- probability

Non-probability sampling will not involve any random selection compare to possibility sampling. We can estimate self confidence intervals for the statistic specifically with possibility sampling but non-probability is hard for all of us to make it correct that each item has a chance of being included, which makes it impossible either to estimate sampling variability. There is no method to gauge the precision consequence of the sample. Non-probability sampling cannot measure the reliability because the data quality of some review only can compare with the available information. A lot of the non-sampling methods need some work and firm to complete successfully. A couple of four types of non-probability which is reliance on available subject, purposive or judgmental samples, snowball sample and quota test.

3. 4. 2. 1 Reliance on available subject

Firstly, reliance on available subject matter is the systems are preferred on the support of supply, the researcher will not allow to control over the representatives of the sample. For instance, the researcher must understand and know the characteristics of passing by and the researcher cannot use the result from accessibility test to generalize to a wider people.

3. 4. 2. 2 Purposive or judgmental samples

Secondly, purposive or judgmental examples is the researcher select items that are most representative of the characteristics, so that, every product in the populace not satisfactory for accession in the test, but the composition may be influenced by the self-influence of the researcher as he/she presumed should be interviewed.

3. 4. 2. 3 Snowball samples

Thirdly, snowball sample is a device with a required attribute is acknowledged. This unit is asking to identify other product with the desired characteristics. These additional devices are also asked to identify other models. Through this process the size of the sample expands larger and knows as "snowball' test. Snowball sampling pays to when less people know about a people being analyzed or the goal is to study social categories such as "public network". Not absolutely all units in the analysis population would have a chance of being included in the sample. Therefore, inferences can't be validly drawn to the study human population.

3. 4. 2. 4 Quota samples

Lastly, quota test is devices are selected based on availableness with "quotas" being selected to stand for the distribution in the populace. A quota sample is same to a protected test, except that systems are chosen on the support of convenience.

3. 4. Conclusion

In a nutshell, I will choose non-probability purposive or judgment examples for my research because it is one of the knowledge of inhabitants and well suited for my reason for study. Children between your ages of 6 to 12 must have their parents by their area during the interview so that their parents have less uneasy to them.

CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 4

DATA ANALYSIS

4. 1 Introduction

According to the InvertorWords. com, data research is the procedure of classifying, compiling, and tabulating information for the utilization of achieve constructive data that can be used to analyse the conclusions, estimate the outcomes and decisions.

The interviewee is dividing into two groupings that is primary student and supplementary student. This is because different age ranges have different kind of thinking about the playground. Extra students surely have matured thinking compare to most important student but principal students have innocence thinking view.

4. 2 Data Analysis

4. 2. 1: Question 1

How often will you go to playground?

Primary student

"two times weekly, on weekend"

"Should go every day before having an Ipad"

From these statement, we can easily see that children are more vigorous in the first age prior to the life of technology. Following the living of technology, their playground is merely inside their brain and the play partner is their gizmos.

Secondary student

"Once weekly"

"Twice per month"

From this we've noticed that teen is now insufficient energy or work to go out and also have their time devote to exercise. This is not a good sign for a teenager who is still having their head developed.

Conclusion

From the data that were accumulated above, we can easily see that our lifestyle is being changed by technology. This shows also how have we individual have developed into. For my estimation, the overall look as well as the function of the trip of every playground should at least follow the latest or latest trend as it'll attract teen or kids to try out in the playground. So there will still be some update needed towards playground however, not neglecting the purpose and major reason why playground were designed.

4. 2. 2: Question 2

Gadgets such as IPAD/IPHONE or others hobby which does you'd like to play equate to playground? Why?

Primary student (7-12)

"Obviously Ipad!! Because many game titles to experiment with compare to playground. "

"Hmm. . Ipad because no need to find a partner to play beside me and my parents didn't have time for you to bring me to the playground. "

In the aforementioned answer, we can conclude that nowadays era are being raised using technology which is a win-win situation for both kids and parents. If they realise or not, as of this age, kids tend to learn faster and change that into a habit.

Secondary college student (13-17)

"Psp, because playground has to use lot energy, but I could either stay or laying for gamming"

"My Iphone! I can pay attention to the melody, play games, facebook, I can do whatever I wish to do in my house. Nowadays, playground is dangerous to us because there are a great number of gangsters and some of them taking drugs at there!!"

On overall, we can see the other point of view to this problem. They educated that being outside is dangerous plus they alternatively stay at home. By the end, they prefer positioning a tool in their hand and be sluggish on the sofa.

Conclusion

Clearly the answer given because of this question has their own viewpoint and thoughts and opinions. For kids below years of twelve, they are really just being lazy and raised in an poor way. This is a win-win situation, as stated, kids are being happy when they don't have to go under the heat and perspiration while their parents haven't any problem keeping the kid safe and secure. For children under the age of 17, they are worried that they can be bullied by others as children are exposed to gangster and bully issue when they enter in secondary college. They noticed insecure outside their comfort zone, their house. The summary to the problem is that children are being over covered when they are young so when they face problem in the foreseeable future; they choose to remain at home and steer clear of the problem that may face again in the future.

4. 2. 3: Question 3

Do you prefer posting the playground with older kids? Why?

Primary college student (7-12)

"Yes because feel more pleased when using more folks. "

"Yes because I am going to happy whenever i see they can be playing happily. "

In their brain, they don't really care about how the playground appears like. They exactly like to have fun with all the acquaintances that are around them. Bumping into one another and play along until play time is over.

Secondary university student (13-17)

"Yes because I can meet more friends doing this instead of just using my friends in college. "

"Can't stand because no freedom when playing in the playground like an individual stalking behind me. "

Youngsters are friendlier when they come to a certain years. It is because they started too socialized with other folks slowly. Some of them can't stand to share things with other, maybe is because they felt the space between one another is too close to.

Conclusion

From the info gained above. We can see that individuals do value the space that they get between each other. The space does indeed affect one another when they are participating in in the playground. So by including to similar trips in a playground will also help create space for a far more luxurious ride for the users.

4. 2. 4: Question 4

What games do you like the most in playground?

Primary scholar (7-12)

"Swing action because can have the wind. "

"Monkey club because can climb very high. "

if you observed, there is a similarity between both answer gained from the above. Both of the answer includes height. Because they said, sky is the limit and kids do products without taking into consideration the consequences.

Secondary student (13-17)

"Swing action because I can play with family, they can motivate I from behind I can feel so lovely and warm"

"Swing action!! Because I love the sensation of soaring high whenever I am up above the ground. "

The answer given, there are still children who prefer to take a flight high with the ride that they are on. This shows that children prefer to go high before they reach the age of teenagers. A few of them prefer to spent time with their family as well when they are in the playground.

Conclusion

There is more than space in perimeter that should be taken into consideration. The space in terms of height also needs to be taken under consideration. The reason why is because playground can be viewed as as a space from all way and height. Therefor the area in the drive and the area about the playground should also be taken under consideration. For kids and children, space for them means the volume of independence that they might well have in the playground.

4. 2. 5: Question 5

What is the game do you want to play the first and the previous?

Primary university student (7-12)

"Monkey pub and glide. "

"Golf swing and spring rider. "

Kids have a tendency to play trips with higher chance of getting hurt in comparison to other trips. With this, they come with high heart of wanting to share their energy in the playground. Kids with higher energy in them tend to play the drive more vigorously initially.

Secondary university student (13-17)

"Monkey bar and swing action"

"I would go for the swings first and then your swings previous. "

Children using their brain getting developed, think about the safeness of the drive first before they go for the higher risk ride. That is the reason why each goes for the swing first and then move on to the other trip.

Conclusion

Safety is exactly what this question is all about. To ask what trip that they can choose first and last will impact the rides maintenances range between one and another. The security and maintenances includes the ride itself and also the ground material. It is because if any incident did happen, the floor will act as a absorber, to minimised the ruined that they could get. Therefore the overall materials that is in the playground should be taken into consideration as well.

4. 2. 6: Question 6

What colors do you prefer the most in the playground?

Primary university student (7-12)

"colorful. "

"colorful. "

Colours. That is why is a playground so wonderful and nice to see. In the kids mind, colourful world do can be found. It comes along with the magical animal. Kids prefer to have their creativity to run crazy with colorings and structure.

Secondary scholar (13-17)

"red and crimson"

"purple and blue. "

Developed mind tend to become very choosy over some particular options. Kids like colourful s because they don't really have a set mind, whereas children will have their selections made. That is the reason why, if you ask folks who are aged 12 and above, they will have their reason for their alternatives.

Conclusion

Colours play an important role inside our daily life. It'll impact a person feeling and attitude. Colorings have the same believes like zodiac or horoscope. So mainly the colour chosen for the ride inside the playground are glowing colour or main colour. The key reason why is because this will warn the folks who are playing in the playground and also this could keep the playground looking fresh always.

4. 2. 7: Question 7

What kind of game still can add in the playground?

Primary scholar (7-12)

"Sand pack. "

"Sand box!!I could build a fine sand castle in the playground. "

Sand container. Kids like to play with the factor in the type. They like water and fine sand or anything that will go well with it. They have a tendency to go progressive with the whole element they have.

Secondary college student (13-17)

"Wrestling court docket. "

"Obstacle course!! I feel playground's game is too childish for me. I can play challenging game in playground and I don't need to go for somewhere else just for the obstacle course. "

Fighting and tough action. This is what running in the youngsters head. What they have answered is developing from what they are experiencing throughout their lifestyle. They also started to think about level or dissimilarities between each other by age and gender.

Conclusion

Safety inside a playground should be taken into consideration. You will find more security to be studied care of other than maintenances and also floor coverings materials. We have to also consider about who is using the rides in the playground. As you can see from above, there is a huge different in frame of mind of what trip they like and dislike. So if we were to create a ride for the kids and appears to be an obstacles for the children, that could be an accident occurring if both key and secondary university student came along and play jointly.

4. 2. 8: Question 8

Will you bring your kids go directly to the playground?

Primary student father or mother (7-12)

"no, because I can't stand my children sweating. Feel very soiled and he's not ideal play with others because he's a hyper dynamic child. "

"yes because I love her to exercise, it is healthy to her body. "

From what I am aware in the aforementioned answer, both of the parents like their child to have fun in the playground but they are worried that their child will have other kids around or they might get themselves dirty. Parents understand the value to getting out with aspect and sweating it out

Secondary learner parent(13-17)

"yes because I can let them adapt to outdoor environment. "

"no, because nowadays teen loves to go there with an objective, which is going out with. "

There are 2 different answers to this question. Is a perspective where their child is still sole and a different one is couple. Parents are more comfortable to let their kid to visit playground when they are sole because they'll not misuse the goal of playground

Conclusion

From these declaration given, we can easily see that father or mother of both age is well educated about the benefit for exercising and making sweat out. There's also parent who are worried about the youngster misuse the goal of a playground. Therefore the design of the playground should be very sporty where children can perspire after using the trips. Not neglecting the safety of the playground and also other consumers.

4. 2. 9: Question 9

Do you think playground's game design can influence children progress?

Primary student father or mother (7-12)

"Yes because he can become more independent take care himself. "

"Yes, in mental point of view they can solve problem independently and learn how to corporate with others. Physical aspect she can have a healthy body and grow taller. . "

Healthy has become the first main concern from the parents with their child. As you can see from the above, father or mother fully support their child to do any activities which makes them healthy in every way. Realise or not, if the kid is healthy in physical form, mentally will be energized as well. So there's a win-win situation in all the situation.

Secondary scholar parent(13-17)

"Yes they can coach their communication since they are small, in addition they can learn while playing game and training their body action. . . "

"Yes because participating in out door can enhance their immune system because they're more exposed instead of staying indoors all the time. . . "

In this circumstance, parents are more concern about the youngster health insurance and also their communication skills. Their parents know the important of not only health but also communication skills. This can help the youngster to converse well in the foreseeable future among each other.

Conclusion

From the final outcome above, parent aren't that worried about the progress of the children but they tend to be concern about their children health and also communication skills. So theoretically, a playground game structure will not have an impact on the child progress. Playground can be counted as a place for the kid to exercise but and not to teach their expansion.

4. 2. 10: Question 10

Would you worry about the protection of your kids with the facilities provided?

Primary student father or mother (7-12)

"No if the ground is safety for these people. "

"Yes but also let them play themselves"

Well for the aforementioned assertion, what they truly supposed is that they sensed safe about the playground basic safety. If any mishap were to be happen, the parent or guardian is only going to consider that mishap to be an experience for his or her child to have. This is also part of their life journey

Secondary student parent(13-17)

"No because as a parents we have to keep an eye on them while these are playing. . . "

"With the existing design in my own hometown I'd be because the facilities are typically destroyed however, not the main one provided in my condo.

Parents tend to be protective about the youngster even if how old they are is in the supplementary. This isn't a recommended attention that a parent should gave with their child as they should learn to manage themselves at this age.

Conclusion

From the final outcome, what I could conclude parent are being increasingly more defensive about their children even how old they are is getting to the stage where they are able to care for themselves. This means that the parents aren't that convinced that the facilities aren't that safeness to be used. There should still be changes made to the layout of the playground.

CONCLUSION

Playground is directly tied to space and it is uncertain structure design. Structure and design of a playground is vital to appeal to children even aged enjoy with it. Nowadays hardly any of people like to play at the playground and it can show on the research above.

Based on the interviewee we can know that younger generation are being raised using technology. They feel bored with the equipment at the playground because there is merely some specific game in it. Most of them suggest adding more game in the playground. For example, the Van Eyck's playground is intriguing and abstract blend of function, art work and mathematics. These may help them for more information while participating in. Children can build many of the play structures themselves and people do not hinder overbearing safety laws and commercial play equipment.

On the other hand, one of the interviewee providing a good suggestion that they should increase an obstacle course in the playground. It can let them to think how to feed the whole obstacle so that's, it can teach them to solve any problem by themselves, and their body movement.

The space, structure, design and psychology of play should be improved, the structure and design of a playground has an effect on children's play experienced.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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