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Demand and Supply of Platinum in India

"Demand is the partnership between price and quantity demanded for a specific goods and services in a particular circumstances. For every price the demand relationship tells the number the buyers desires to buy at that related price. The number the buyer would like to buy at a specific price is called the Quantity Demanded. "

"supply is the directly percentage of price when the price tag on the product is increased then the way to obtain that product also increase or visa- versa. "

ON THE BASIS OF GOLD Product:-

In the relation of yellow metal the demand cannot afflicted or doesn't subject of price, demand and offer since it is luxurious product plus they always usable for functions and many of areas. The price of gold is heightens demand then the demand and supply also take place in positive range.

The term can be movable as follows:-

When the purchase price is increases then the demand and supply can movable in upward direction.

When the price is decrease then then the demand and supply can change because the demand is high and offer will be lowers in range.

The main concept is started from here to analyze the demand and offer of silver in India. The purchase price is the key factors that can be changing whole style of product sale in the market but silver is a lavish product and the price does not subject there they r directly based on the willingness to buy the products.

This is analyze on the basis of previous data when the purchase price is 17000 rs. In india and what about the demand and offer of the platinum in market this will shown as follows:-

It timetable is rougly displaying to the way the connection between price, demand and supply which will be arises on same way this is merely for gold product not for other. It is the notion demand curve is obviously downward slope and the supply curve proceed upward. it means when the price of commodity is increase then demand is cut down and the supply is also boosts but in that condition the demand and offer relocated in same percentage.

THE MAIN OBJECTIVE OF Platinum DEMAND AND SUPPLY ARE AS FOLLOWS:-

When the price is automatically increased in 12 months 2005 then your consumers are concurrently struggling.

In present time the market price of yellow metal is 19, 171 Rs. Per 10 gram, after striking a record most of 19, 257 rs. Earlier in in a few days.

In the time of festiwal the purchase price is increase then your consumer is attempting to buy however in small range capacity.

Basically in the seassion of dhanteras, diwali the demand of platinum is high and the consumer can buy without any price problem.

BRIEF DISCRIPTION ABOUT HIGH PRICE CUT DEMAND:-

This condition doesen't observed in the gold market since when gold was a "barbarious relic" the platinum price stood at only 12000 rs. For the reason that condition the various changes are to arrive the silver and gold market relating to the following:-

A CHANGE IN THE NATURE OF THE Yellow metal INVESTORS

JEWELRY

At the move of the century, the jwelery and commercial gold purchasers, alongside rural, agicultural Indian demand, dominated the silver price. In a developed country the silver had not been bought for itself and its own importance. That condition the major role quite simply in jwelery, usually the cheaper part of little bit of jwelery. for the reason that time the costs cannot rises for the reason that much, for the reason that condition the yellow metal price is high. it means when the price tag on gold is high then your buyers are low. The clients are still there, however they want in small amount or range anticipated to high price of that commodity. In that condition the market are focuses in middle class person to raise the capability electric power and creat high growth

INDIAN DEMAND

When they targeted to middle class family to improve the demand in that degree of customer brain to focuses for the reason that degree of customer. The marketplace wants to increase the efficiency and they also aware that yellow metal is traditionally valuable in india plus they aeare that customer may easily brought due to the need and understands the health of market.

After that marketers can get that the price tag on gold is higher then doesn't have an impact on for the reason that market strategy because it is the investment terms which is actually work by Indian customers. They always analyse that when the purchase price is high then it affect in supply terms.

WESTERN JEWELRY, COIN AND Club DEMAND

According to the analyser to analyse that in custom the yellow metal market cheap earrings basically committed to to coins and small bars is and they analyse to investing in that regions of Indian market. the Demand ofr gold is actually protect the prosperity andprotect the mony market loss to keep and identical balance produced. The marketers also seen the number and quality of demand decreased in the beginning, as jewellery demand always decline or down confronted in the market but is currently gathering pace and also increasing on both fronts, especially if the marketer add the small coin and pub demand to after that it the gold goes the ladder of specifically and expensive decorative items again higher quality yellow metal jwelery demand (taking high prices) keeps growing again. At the previous the marketer seen that the demand of jwelery is always increases. And produced high efficiency in the market.

2. A WIDENING IN THE NUMBER AND SIZE OF Yellow metal INVESTORS

GOLD EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS

The size of the market is high and large numbers of investors in the market and always want to improve the come back in future tendency. In the present day changes the market price of platinum is actually high but no impact in the consumption vitality they always choosen silver and purchase for future pattern because it always slope in downward. There are so many factors which changes the use and buying power of customers the key factors are the following like income and price. the price tag on gold is concurrently raises but demand is also movable in same guidelines.

CENTRAL BANK

The storyline of central bankers and yellow metal is a unfortunate one. As both politicians strove to determine a doctrine that newspaper currencies, without gold backing, better provide as money then silver does indeed. By persuading individuals who central bankers were capable of being a adequate and the platinum was a barbarous relic that had no place as money, they sanctioned dual plan of advertising and sidelining silver as mony and accelerating the way to obtain gold to the idea that the simple yellow metal picking were exhausted. now central banking companies have had to revert with their underlying idea that yellow metal is a essential reserve assts, particlurly when drems fade and realities take over.

Higher price in their circumstance have led to a cessation of sales and subsidential buying.

SWITCHING FROM OTHER Marketplaces TO THE Yellow metal MARKET

As a silver and gold prices rise just like a thermometer calculating global financial uncertainity and instability, more and more investors are ntering these markets for the very first time, not for profit. , but for protection against such doubts and in an attempt to preserve the riches they have. These investors come from the entire spectral range of investors over the length and breath of our world. This is the quintessential reason why demand for silver will surge as yellow metal price go up.

WHY ECONOMISTS USE ELASTICITY

"Elasticity means degree of level changes in the particular commodities is called elasticity"

But here, we are reviewed about changes in the demand and supply of gold in demand and what exactly are the various tools to learn the degree of demand of silver in india.

THE BASIC USAGE OF ELASTICITY IN ECONOMISTS AS FOLLOWS:-

Economist would like to compare precious metal demand all the times.

Is gold demand more price sensitivity then silver demand.

Is the way to obtain gold is identical.

An elasticity is a unit- free measure.

By comparing market using elasticity no matter how we gauge the price or volume in the Indian market.

Elasticities allows to recognize the variations among marketplaces without standedizing the systems of measurement.

THE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND Solution BY AS FOLLOWS:-

PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

CROSS ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

Degree of level changes by the price of commodity. the rare metal commodity is immediately not afflicted in the demand because it is a luxurious goods.

According to the silver the information are as follows

Gold price have been increasing this year which is the news headlines that dominates in newspaper publishers. The final time gold prices go up at such speed was in 1980. Actually yellow metal price never handled the hights that they had reached in 1980 and in reality were at their minimum in he year 1999. The first point is usually to be noted is the fact that both yellow metal and essential oil prices move around in jointly. both were at their highest in 1980 even though oil is becoming far more expensive that it ever was, gold prices still not a very high compare to where these were in 1980. The costs are taking in high price adjusted for inflation rather than the nominal prices that people see increasing year after year.

SECOND POINT to note is the fact gold prices elasticity is negative. Higher the price tag on platinum, higher is the demand for gold. This is a unique feature of precious metal, as many other commodity whose prices rise sees decreasing of demand. When prices rise the most that the demand is the best, pushing up prices further. In the entire year 2007, platinum prices travelled up by almost 20 % in comparison to price in 2006. Demand for gold travelled up by practically 5 %. when people say prices goes up, they normally have a tendency to consume less of the nice, including essential items like oil and petrol.

The nominal price always stay above the previous price, therefore gold is never seen as a high-risk investment compare to real estate, the show market and the amount of money market.

Gold is a distinctive metal. it's been the most attractive material for a large number of calendar year. The roman empire and the Egyptian civilization were recognized to have used yellow metal more then 2000 years back.

India is an evergrowing primarly country because of income progress in the country leading to higher purchases of jwelery.

When the downturn subsides and the industry looks up and real estates prices surge again precious metal price should drop from the levels they take up today.

SO Yellow metal IS SAFE INVESTMENT ?

THE ANSWER IS ACTUALLY YES. AS gold prices do not drop in nominal conditions. however as the economy increases and other types of investment become attractive, the return on gold drop drastically and may sometimes in real terms become negative. however jewellery has a sentimental value attached to it too, therefore even when price come down, people remain pleased with their gold purchases. Buying gold is practical during the time all of those other market is receding, however when economic growth and industrial progress is handsome. like in india now, investing in gold might deliver the cheapest returns you can have obtained. however, this come back is in all probability is without risk, therefore it is practical for individuals who like to avoid risk. it is important to remember that always higher the chance, higher is the pace of return for any investment.

At previous it is simply explain that the price tag on the product is increase then the platinum is not afflicted because it is type of investments in the market and always given positive go back. so it is future earnings generated opportunities which is definitely given better and high return to the clients.

THE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF THE GOLD RATHER THAN AFFECTED PRICE THE FOLLOWING:-

THEY ALWAYS GIVEN POSITVE RETURN TO THE BUYERS

IT MAY BE THE INVESTMENT FOR FUTURE BENEFITS

THEY ALWAYS GIVEN POSITIVE Development PRICE INSIDE THE MARKETS.

THE PRICE CAN NOT AFFECT TO BUY THAT PRODUCT.

INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

"As a person's income rises, they might buy more goods at confirmed price at any particular time. but the capacity to buy more goods will not always imply the willingness to do so".

It means when then your consumer's income is increases or dicreases then directly affected to usage capacity. If the demand of the products rises as income rises, then that good called a "normal goods". Also the demand for the standard goods comes as income comes. the demand for a standard goods and incomes are directly related.

The demand for a second-rate goods income rises and good comes. the demand for a substandard goods and income are inversely damaged.

SOME IMPORTANT ASSPECTS WHICH Have an effect on INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND THE FOLLOWING:-

PREFRENCES:- People's choices affect the quantity of good they are prepared to buy at a particular price. A big change towards goods alter the demand curve rightward. However in the gold item the income is doesen't damaged because the always show when the consumer's income is rises thend the demand is also rises and visa versa since it is a investments which wa BENEFITTED FOR FUTURE.

NUMBERS OF Clients:- The demand for a goods in a particular market relates to the amount of buyers in the region. The more purchasers, the higher demand, as the fewer buyers, the lower the demand.

EXPECTATION OF FUTURE PRICE:- Buyers who expect the price of the goods to be higher next month may buy the good now thus increasing the current demand for that one goods. Buyers who expect the price tag on the good to be lower the following month may hang on until next month.

POPULATION :- Large no. Of potential buyers are in Indian market the customer's and human population are so saturated in Indian market.

Examples:- india have created a lot demanded for goods and services due to its massive inhabitants.

ADVERTISING:- An increase in a firm's effective advertising will be cause in demand for the product being advertise. For cases :- Indian have been buying platinum going back few years. however, there is absolutely no another addition cost are contained in that luxurious good.

CROSS ELASTICITY OF DEMAND

It means when the price tag on the substitute item is increase then the other product is dicreases and visa versa. you can find two goods in iindia is silwer and platinum.

When the price tag on the sterling silver is dicreases then the silver item is raises and silver price is dicreases then your demand of this commodity is boosts. Now the bullion banker is world wide web short platinum when he perform this operations. remember he borrowed gold and now he has a financial possessions. he's making 5 % go back on the spread, but he now has a gold price risk. as a banker he is not normally business of gaining speculative positions. so basically, in doing this procedure but bullion bankers has a hedged the gold price and he needs a small margin- just like a 1 / 2 of %- from this intermediation. in doing this, he allows private market members to go short gold. that is why we elide both phrases- heading short in the silver market and gold borrowing. the best borrowers in the gold leading operation are these shorts in the precious metal future and front markets.

Now we have a conservative set of gold leading amount and we have a more hostile set of such figures. our range of estimates emplies that somewhere between 10000 and 16000 tonnes of the official sector gold position has left thse results way of leading the procedure.

TABLE 1 : WHY OFFICIAL SUPPLY/DEMAND EXCEEDS MAJORITY OPINION ESTIMATES A DISAGREEMENT FROM THE Resource SIDE

Total Gold Loans Outstanding

 

BOE

GFMS

December 1993

4, 750

1, 600

June 1995

9, 250

2, 200

Note: All Amounts in Tonnes

This discrepancy was so large that tried to be conservative as well as for no good reason, chopped the 9000 tonnes down to 6000 tonnes because that 6000 tonnes results was already thus far removed from the official numbers. in any case, this bank survey implied big, big mistakes in the consensus supply/demand amounts and half of much more gold lending than anyone thought.

Now look, rare metal lending began in earnest in the first 1980. By 1995 it was a process that were going on for more than ten years. now, imagine if there were 6000 tonnes of platinum loans - not 2000 tonnes of gold loans as implied by the consensus supply/demand statistics. which means that that there have been 4000 tonnes more financing, most of it during the last ten time period. gold loaning was a tiny activity through the 1980. it was a much bigger activity through the 1990, so clearly it was a business that was taking place on a growing size. if the discrepancy was 4000 tonnes over 10 to 15 years, 300 to 400 tonnes yearly - well, then it was probably 200 tonnes yearly in the 1980 and it was probably nearer 600 tonnes a year by 1995. Which means that supply and demand were underestimated by something like 600 tonnes a year.

If we total these three demand items we arrive at the next:-

Table 2

Metric Tonnes

 

1999

WGC precious metal demand for rings, pub and coin in 27 countries

3, 282

 

 

GFMS gold earrings demand in an additional 7 countries 1)

268

 

 

GFMS global demand in all other uses (excluding jewelry, pub and coin)

458

 

 

Incomplete Global Demand Subtotal

4, 008

GFMS Global silver demand

3, 9852)

GFMS occasionally record and use demand. there study for 1998 like the estimate used here. there is no comparable estimation in their 1999 article. the WGC reported a large upsurge in global gold demand in 1999. Base on wgc glbal demand for craze this number is most likely conservation.

GFMS total precious metal demand surpasses this total by 170 tonnes. they attributes demand to investigate in india.

From these it is clear that the WGC review plus select additional item from the GFMS points to a complete that surpasses GFMS estimation of global gold demand. this subtotal still excludes jwelery demand in more than 100 countries. In addition, it excludes official coin and bar demand in these 100 or even more countries as well as seven additional countries mentioned above.

It is actually helps to understand the full total demand and supply of platinum in india and they're quite simply helpfull for searc what r the condition can not reduce the demand and offer of gold on the market. It always search and analyse the terms and conditions that assist to easily find out study of silver in india or many countries.

ANALYSIS OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF Yellow metal IN INDIA

The ever before increase of demand and offer of silver in india, various hypothesis have been submit from time to time:-

Demand for silver comes with an autonomous character. Source follows demand.

Demand exhidits income elasticity, particlurly in the rural and semi- urban areas.

Price differential cretes transfer demand, particlurly against the law import prior to the commencement of liberalisation in 1990.

A part of the demand is triggered by the need to stash away uncounted wealth and income.

Gold trades information since the onset of liberalisation in 1990 implies that as the price differential narrowed from a higher of around 53. 1 % in 1991 to about 5-10 % currently the import volumes go up unabated.

Gold demand in india increased by an total annual chemical substance rate of around 15 % from 1990 to 1998 during the period of liberalisation with expansion slowing thereafter. This is high, not only visa- versa the world demand development rate of 3. 05 % but also in relation to the style Indian.

GDP development rate is 5. 5 % and

Growth rate demand for oil is 3. 8 %

Energy and sugars is 6 and 5 %

Gold imported officially for home use is now channelled almost exclusive via the state real estate agents or the authorisd commercial bankers.

Some aspects which helps to anlyze the gold demand and supply in india. :-

FUTURE Fashion :- What is likely demand trnd for future years? Given the actual fact that rare metal demand is income-elastic, it might be safe to expect that demand increase over another ages. Since gifting jwelery during matrimony constitute the major components of demand, ball-park predicted could be on the basis of the no. Of matrimony that takes place actually. Based on assumption around 8 million marriage r held in india per time. Gold is necessary for relationship by groups of different income groups.

GOLD MARKET IN INDIA:- The platinum market in india is mostly market for investing physical silver. In the whole sale section, nominated agencies will be the bulk importers. This market is resonabily efficient from the point of view of distribution of pubs and scraps over the distance of the country which takes place in an exceedingly successful manner. Price manner is also generally monitor in areas with identifical of tasks and taxes. Yellow metal leasing level are small in comparision of physical investing. The majority of leasing activities considered by nominated bankers on a back again to back basis via source from overseas. The marketplace must develop for at leat two reasons:-

To provide working capital at low cost together with gold price leading, not only to the exporter but also to jwelery produce for the home market.

The existence of gold leading market is pre-condition for arbitrage free costs of gold frontward in the neighborhood market.

ISSUE FOR FUTURE YEARS :- It could only be logical to suppose that the neeed for a review of the entire policy stance with regards to gold is now being increasingly felt in recognized circles. As with other areas of liberalisation, the path of change will surely be positive, though it would be difficult to imagine any specific time frame. However the next issue are like to be the concentration of coverage. :-

Strengthening of the infrastructures and market in physical silver. More assaying, refining and recycling capacities of international standard and accreditation are anticipated.

Better protection for consumers, by way of the pass on of hallmarking of jawelery. The emphesis will continue to be on more self applied regulation by jewellery manufacturing and vendors.

Further liberalisation the silver transfer is live concern. Removal of all remaining limitation on precious metal imports has been advocated by a lot of following communities:-

Trade liberalisation for platinum is a pre requisite for financial liberalisation.

There is not a specific advantage in restricting rare metal imports to the select no. Of nominated organizations.

If gold is imported farely under full fiscal benefits will accure to more deregulation of precious metal in india.

Going by Turkish example, free imports under OGL and free export are pre condition for establishing a foothold on the globe jawelery market.

REGULATION IN PHYSICAL AND FINANCIAL MARKETS IN Silver IS ANOTHER MAJOR ISSUE:- Regulation on the whole means formulation of norms by the regulatory for :

a. Risk diagnosis and control the controlled institution.

B. Shareholders protections.

5. BRINGING THE GOLD HELD FROM THE PRIVATE SECTOR INTO THE ECONOMIC MAINSTREAM HAS RIGHTLY BEEN AN OBJECTIVE THROUGHOUT:- Mobilization of yellow metal by the gout. In the past did not yield any major long term benefit. Any authorities led mobolization has inherent drawbacks. A better alternate would be allow holders of yellow metal to raise capital from the bank operating system by using pledge. It might be inconsistent with the heart of liberalization to discriminate against those who saved in platinum in history. A machenism can be progressed where by finance institutions leading in deregulation of precious metal in india.

6. IT DEVELOPED OF E- MAONEY :- It is possible a private sector devices of accounts that is linked to gold will come directly into existence in india, given the fact of huge private sector yellow metal stocks. It might be advantages to look in to this possible.

7. Silver HAVE ANY OFFICIAL MONETERY ROLE Still left IN INDIA:- Gold's role in money concern was braught to an even of insignificance in india. There may be good evidence to aid the view that gold is performed as an inflation hadged in india.

BRIEF DISCRIPTION ABOUT ANALYSIS OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF Platinum IN INDIA

Demand for yellow metal is likely to contain information regarding inflation objectives. Since monitory plan is reflected in the progress of money stock and finally the speed of inflation, there is a case for including yellow metal in the monetory calculus. It need to analyse the advantages in including gold kept by the private sector in the extensive solution for liquidity, even though gold is not anybody's liabilities. Also yellow metal could be included in the index for the real effective exchange rate for rupees. They also indicate that :-

Other thing be equal.

Gold import demand has real effective exchange rate of the rupees.

This is the analyse function where we analyse how to demand and supply of gold item can run on the market and whoch factors impact to ush the demand and offer of platinum in identical range. This is actually the chart that happen to be showing use n different season and we aware that the consumption of yellow metal in india and where they have an impact on.

supply and demand table

CONCLUSION

In that demand and offer of yellow metal in india we analyse and find out that recognized sellin will "fill the boots" ot craze following speculation in the yellow metal market and the silver price will show up back towards its prior trading range. The global recession and strong dollars which curb platinum, jewellery and club demand have been facilitating the power of the official sector to keep carefully the silver price low.

The makes for higher silver price will build. Though it may well not happen in the short run over time the money will show up- and substantially in our view. A dollar decline will less than the price tag on silver in countries outdoor, which will subsequently stimulate price elastic demand. The fear of weakness could also shift established sector behaviour towards holding platinum as a reserve advantage in accordance with the currency. Many central loan company feels uneasy with the now higher share of currency in their established reserves. The huge and ever increasing internal personal debt of india growing potential customers of inflations. The central bank has started target of lowering its high reserve keeping of money, and it could be noteworthy they have reported the first surge in central lender gold possessing in a long time. So long as currency has retaining remained strong, central loan company have felt no pressing need to handle their high mony positioning, but an eventual reserval in the money exchange rate may change the notion.

The source will also lift up the silver price. Over the last 4 time, the resource despite low prices because there was a pipeline project from the 1994-96 period of higher gold price the pipline has been almost depleted. In addition high grade to improve cash flow at low silver price. High grading increase output over the near term but finally reduces overall life of mine output and brings forwards with time depletion dynamics.

At last it implies that the price of the platinum is increase or dicreases then it doesen't influence on the demand and offer of commodity since it is the investment which provide always advantage to the customers, due to earlier record that was explain in past topic and cover that price can't have an effect on on demand and supply of gold in india or any country.

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