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Definition: Eco Travel and leisure And Mass Tourism

Eco-Tourism is a mixture of two words Ecosystem and Travel and leisure, together it is made Eco-tourism. Ecosystem is the machine where everybody live, this technique is compuse by this, earth, sky and the living rather than living items such as micro-organism neighborhoods, plant, dog and their non living environment performing as a functional unit. A few examples to send of ecosystem will be the river, the sea, the jungle, a forest or a biome. And travel and leisure means, " the practice of visiting for pleasure". Therefore, a tourism which implicates a stop by at an Ecosystem is well known as Eco-tourism. Thus, Eco-tourism can be defined as "Tourism involving travel to regions of natural or ecological interest, typically of that time period under the instruction of any naturalist, having by objective studying the surroundings making focus on wildlife consciousness and conservation of the environment. However, Ecotourism still a fresh subject matter nowadays, the most acceptance meaning is by Ceballos-Lascurain, who's generally accepted as the first person to specify ecotourism "Tourism which involves travelling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated areas with the precise objective of studying, admiring, and enjoying the landscapes and its outdoors plants and animals, as well as any existing ethnic manifestations within these areas (Ceballos-Lascurain, 1991, P. 25). Furthermore, "Ecotourism is a lasting form of natural resources-based tourism that focuses mainly on experiencing and studying dynamics, and which is ethically managed to be low-impact, non-consumptive, and locally oriented (control, benefits and range). It typically occurs in natural areas, and should contribute to the conservation of such areas (Fennell, 1999, p 43).

Fennell determined 13 main ideas of ecotourism:

  • interest in nature
  • contributes to conservation
  • reliance on parks and protected areas
  • benefits local people
  • long tern benefits
  • Education and studies
  • Low impact / non -consumptive
  • ethics / responsibility
  • management
  • sustainable
  • enjoyment and appreciation
  • culture
  • adventure and small scale

In today world it is very easy to confuse Eco-tourism with mass tourism, but mass tourism relates to the number of men and women that go to a destination and most of the time those big groups are not eco-tourism because their only reason to go to those natural vacation spots is just for pleasure. They do not plan holidays to find out about the surroundings, know the culture of the destination and the the majority of the time they just expend the entire stayed in five start resort enjoying its facilities plus they do not even has connection with any solitary natural interest that the visit destination offer.

1. 2 Need for sustainable tourism

Sustainable tourism has become needed for the tourism industy due to it is carefully related to eco-tourism. Eco travel and leisure is considered as the tourism development which make an effort to capture a portion of travel and leisure market that is attracted to natural beauties by giving low impact tourism products. Sustainable travel and leisure would provide immediate benefits to the neighborhood people. The private sector would assure least impact on the environment. Travel and leisure tasks will be initiated considering the size and opportunity of the land identity with limited resorts located near existing infrastructure offering economical benefits to local communities. In addition, it includes development of preferential tourism zones focused on lasting development and carrying out specific routines (Rauschelbach et al, 2002, pp: 229).

1. 3 Great things about Eco-Tourism practice

The importance of the Eco-tourism and the huge benefits that this activity provides is indispensable for the sustainability of the natural destination. Eco-tourism is the one kind of tourism that provides consciousness to the site visitors as well the neighborhood population concerning then in activities to preserve the destination, understanding the environmental issues and explain the consequences before they happen. Eco-tourism trainee the local populations in order to visualize the guests as a substitute of income that will donate to the vacation spot survive. With significant monetary benefits the neighborhood population needs to see their natural area as a source of income, conserving their local vacation spot avoiding pursuits like cutting down almost all their rainforests that just contribute to the global warning.

Tourism is the worldґs most significant industry; in 1950 the amount of tourist gone from 25 million up to 702 million in 2000. Acoording to the entire world Tourism Organization because of this 2010 the tourism development rate will reach 1 billion and 1. 6 billion in 2020. With the growth of technology and technology, abundance in market and ground-breaking changes that contain happened in the field of transportation have contributed largely to the development of the

tourist trade all around the globe. In today's world an individual can have breakfast in London, lunch break in New York and supper in Tokyo (Cooper and Hall, 2008, pp: 377).

2. 0 Main body

2. 1 Demonstration of Cabo San Lucas as Eco-Tourism destination

Cabo San Lucas has become an important holiday and spa vacation spot located at the end of the Baja peninsula in Baja California Sur, Mexico. This destination established fact for its natural attractions including the sea of Cortez where the vacationer can enjoy of several pursuits like whale watching, snorkel, kayak, scuba, parasailing, travels to the arch, and banana sail boat. The vibrant desert with original vegetation is an all natural curiosity in los Cabos, where walking, ATV and horseback trip explore the area. The sea of Cortez is nationally and internationally recognized as ecosystem of significant natural, social and monetary value. The Mexican administration, who recognized the importance of the island, establishes then as natural protects area in 1978, under the group of nature protection area. Internationally the island is known as biosphere reserve by the UNESCO. Due to the wonder and natural of the destination and surrounding marine areas, visitors hold the possibility to learn from this ecosystem.

2. 2 Cabo San Lucas appearing issues

For Cabo San Lucas still been a challenge the duty of educated local people and travel and leisure to protect the destination. One of the biggest obstacles to develop eco-tourism in Cabo San Lucas is the number of interest from the public and private serctor, especially in

this destination which contain a massive American influence. For instance, for some Tour Operators is super easy to pretend that they are providing to the destination Eco-tourism but behind this, is merely mass tourism. At this stage the destination is facing several appearing issues such as:

The overfishing hurting of hundreds types including the Marlin and Tuna.

The local society kill its nature to made local souvenir which are comercialize with the tourism.

The local people is comparative poor which is lack in knowledge and education, therefore they do not contribute to the conservation of the vacation spot, as a method of income they operate travels in the Cortez's sea (using "pangas", local timber boats), without respect the navigation guidelines including the distance that they need to take in a while watching travel as well as the proximity to the sea lion colony.

International investment in structure like Riu Hotels (Spanish company) which in 2007 built the Riu Sta. Fe with 1100 rooms but still operate as normal avoiding the FONATUR's regulation guidelines ( National Finance for Tourism Development). To clarify this example, in Cabo San Lucas is allowed hotel's building up to 900 rooms speak about by FONATUR.

Due to flight incresing price the majority of the vacationer are opting to visit the destination by cruiseship which contribute to the significant desturbe of the fauna and pollution of this.

The mass travel and leisure is overcrowding the vacation spot through overbooking the accomodation and service facilities creating chaos in public areas areas such as bus vehicles, beaches, parks and nursing homes.

The destination waste materials removal is increasing because of the mass travel and leisure.

2. 3 Eco-Tourism strategies use by Cabo San Lucas

At this level, the SEMARNAT (Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources) together with the CONANP (National Commission of Natural Shielded) are applying in the destination two eco-tourism strategies:

A code of ethics for tourists and tourism providers, that contain been implemented to check the legal requirements in the vacation spot having by objective the reduced amount of the emergencies issues speak about before. This code of ethics is actually focus on tourism operators behaviors forcing those to:

maintain the natural integrity of the places visit; respect the livehoods and culture of the local people.

make a solid effort to be less wasteful with the natural reference.

ensure waste disposal has not environmental impact.

develop a recycling programs; support different companies in the hospitality and tourism industry that work under environmental regulations.

increase the network with other travels company in special those in the local area to keep alert to new conservation programs, environmental guidelines and eco-friendly techniques.

get the appropriate education and training on Eco-tourism and low impact techniques such as respectful for the environment and local culture.

support local economy but do not buy goods made from threatened or endangered types such as turtles; never disturb the animals and wildlife habitats.

follow by the e book the guidelines and polices in protect areas; advertise truthfully and inform to the traveler about the natural and local history

providing them useful materials.

make sure the clients that are coming know about the restrictions, norms and code of ethic appropriate in the visit vacation spot and develop an environmental education program with the neighborhood communities.

A guide for environmental travel and leisure practice that identifies how the destination regularized activities related to parrot viewing, sea lions, diving and snorkeling, recreational booting etiquette, whales and dolphins, turtles and sport sportfishing. Some of these environmental tourism routines are summarizing here:

  • obtaining permission from SEMART through the route of flora and fauna protection area "Islands of the Gulf of California" before visit the island.
  • forgibbean give food to native animals.
  • camp only on specified area.
  • use only biodegradable products.
  • is highly recommend visit the amazing fauna colonies with guide.
  • watch the fauna from distance avoiding disturb or stress them.
  • never try to touch the fauna, the motorboat have to be 90 feet away from the stones and islets.
  • avoid making noisy noises and using strong equipment and lighting close to the colonies.
  • it is forbidden by law to ruin or remove coral or other sea organisms as well accumulate natural souvenirs like coral, shells, etc.
  • do not hinder the natural moves of the fauna.
  • before seafood make sure to contain the permit through the neighborhood SAGARA office that provides information on established bag/size/ tackle limits, protected types and seasonal closures.

As example of this successful Eco-tourism strategies, Olympus Travels one of the biggest tour providers from USA which is bringing to the destination more than 33. 000 vacationer year over calendar year yearly, is completely agree with the procedures discussed earlier and since prove of the in carryon the next iniciatives:

  • Increasing occupations for local residentes.
  • Support and promote the neighborhood culture and customs.
  • Contribiute to avoid the exploitation of children in tourism.
  • Foment activities where the tourist interact with the neighborhood people.
  • Operate safe trips for the natural envaironment and the travel and leisure.
  • Support local areas and organization.
  • Work with suppliers that talk about the same interpersonal responsibility.
  • Avoid activities which exploit nature such as diving with dolphins.
  • Reduce energy intake.
  • Recycle whenever you can.
  • Agrements with institutions and hotels that implement eco-friendly techniques and renewable practices.

Another success exemplory case of the eco-tourism strategies in the destination are related to the hotels and resorts that are putting into action several eco-friendly and green techniques such as:

Intercontinental string that asks to its customers to conserve water by reusing towels and limiting the number of times the linens are changed.

Barcelo chain is adopting many local plants that prosper in arid Baja in its landscaping design an stead of lawn that require daily irrigation.

Nh-hotels has released for its customers the leastest technology in room functions, managed by LCD where the air condition becomes off when the veranda door is wide open.

Riu Hotels has done its remodeling job changing the baths with walking showers.

Hilton Los Cabos is changing its wedding strategy, offering to its customers a fresh trend called "green wedding". This package offers to brides and grooms a lot of alternatives adding inexperienced elements into their destination wedding. Based on the nature of the vacation spot and the natural beauty of the surrounding environment, couples can choose a patio wedding area proposed by the Hilton Los Cabos like lagoons, seaside gazebos, white sand beach, therefore minimizing their energy employed by having the wedding throughout the day. Dining service includes organic and natural items such as organic tequila, local wines and organic and natural cakes. End the celebration with eco-friendly fireworks that produce less smoke than the regulars and reduce the number of dangerous metals that commonly remaining in the.

3. 0 Conclusion

3. 1 Conclusion the value of Eco-Tourism in destinations

The Eco-tourism presence in natural destinations is becaming more and more importante for the sustainability of the vacation spot. Eco-tourism main function is develop awarenesses between residents and tourist regarding the importance of the preservation and conservation of the environment as well local culture.

As was discused above, Cabo San Lucas with the impact of the Eco-tourism is becaming as a renewable vacation spot with several Eco-friendly iniciatives form the hospitality

supplieres such as hotels and tour operators. Customer are willing to pay more for accommodation that promote inexperienced activities, and Hilton hotel can't be a better exemplory case of this change, which is offering to its clients "green wedding ceremonies " bringing out to the marketplace an enormous of inexperienced items such as out door facilities, organic dinner, organic and natural cake and low smoke fireworks. Those elements have by objective the reduction of the negative impact in the destination.

Another positive impac that eco-tourism bring to the natural destination is related to the economic aspect. Cabo San Luas has been growing quickly before a decade with mega constructions tasks such as resorts, shoping department stores, hospitals, speedway, airport terminal amplification that drive to the destination the international brand business such as Wallmart, Mc. Donalds, Hooters, burguer King and starbucks which increase and enhance the laboral condition with several available positions.

As was mentioned before, the destination has a substantial international influx form People in the usa and Canadeans and it is semeed through the biggest tour operatior that bring travel and leisure to the vacation spot like is Apple Vacations, Olympus tours, The Make Travel Organization, Thomas Cook amongst others which are incentive and promote in Cabo San Lucas the Eco-tourism alternatively way of travel.

Today, there are "Green Regulations" of preservation, which are making people aware of how humans and the environment can cohexist beneficially for more time to come and Eco-tourism is one way to maximize the environmental and social benefits of tourism, without exclude the financial developments having by purpose the sustainability of the culture and environment.

3. 2Recommendation to get over rising issues in Cabo San Lucas

The Eco-tourism strategies that Cabo San Lucas is applying to contribuite with the sustainability of the destination are "a code of ethics for guests and tourism operators" and " a guide for environmental tourism practice" which ones had been proved evidence that are working perfectly. However there is certainly chance to improve, there are many things that have eliminated unobserved by the autorities.

There is a need for modifying the landowners act as it has caused many conflicts. The local landowners should be guaranteed with the plans in order to support the tourism activities that assist in sustaining the resources. Office coping with allotting areas and granting authorization should frame standard insurance policies so that recreational providers don't get confused while requesting permission. It really is believed that most of the holidaymakers don't respect the local culture and also the local people. Vacationers should be told to respect the neighborhood crowd and local culture. There is certainly need for proper management in Cabo San Lucas as well as the travellers should be allowed only during the certain periods for pursuits like while watching and other watersports. Specialists need to work and implement aggressive marketing policies for the the destination as well foment activities where the new local technology get entail with the culture and protect the sustainability of this one.

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