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Decision Making Skills And Stress Management Psychology Essay

Decision making skills will be the most essential one in carrier success and effective authority. Well timed and well considered decisions often lead to spectacular and well deserved success. There are many techniques to put into action best decisions with the information the information available to us. The depth of decision usually will depend upon the knowledge and way we deal with in making a choice. The techniques help to identify the results and ramifications of the decision with its importance and individual effects and take the ultimate way to take an action.

Factors influencing decision making[1]

Decision making is damaged by many factors. This will depend upon the complexity of your choice. Some decisions are self-explanatory and others are very complex. So we need to consider the problem and way to method of a decision. A number of the factors that impact the decision making are

Uncertainty:- this is when your choice is done under very less certain about the results.

Complexity: - the rigidity and the factors impact the decision is vital. There will be lots of things which may have to be looked at in going for a decision

High risk impacts:- positive or negative risk after that decision.

Alternative paths: - going for a group of alternatives from where we can choose a best one, each has its own set of uncertainties and results.

Interpersonal issues: - it is difficult to predict how other folks accept your choice.

Considering all the about issues we ought to do your choice in a very efficient way. A well transparent decision gives high quality and steady results.

Approach to decision making

If we consider a decision making in a reasonable and systematic way and is performed in a well organized approach, we will be very less proximity to miss any critical factors and by constant knowledge of the factors more clearly we can build the grade of your choice making much better.

There are different steps to make effective decisions

initialize a constructive environment, for decision initiative

For making a constructive environment we have to first understand what all things to do to activate it. We should look after the next things at heart while initiating this.

We should define what you want to achieve.

Create an idea the way the decision is to be done. It's rather a group decision or a person one.

Right people at the right group give effective decision. So be familiar with talking to the stakeholders properly even we live taking a person decision. This reduce the impact from them. If an organization decision is usually to be made, we ought to create the group which symbolizes the stakeholders.

We should pay attention to the viewpoints through the conversations of the decision

We should be quite definitely sure about the questions our company is asking.

Always be creative from the original stage till the ultimate of the decision making.

Identify good alternatives (creativity):-implementing the decision in a better and different methods

This is one of the very most critical part of decision making. A lot more we go deep into the core of the decision, the more alternate we can raise by viewing the problem in different perspectives. If there will be more alternatives, then we can find far better decision. Some of the ways of producing alternatives are

Brain storming, for creating ideas in a group

Reverse brain storming, acknowledging negative way dialogue for the decision and do things in the contrary way

Asking every stakeholder ideas.

Gathering information using the 4Ps (Product, Price, Place and Promotion).

If folks included are too near the challenge and we couldnt in a position to find a much better alternative, have a step back again to view things in another perspective

Organizing ideas, if we've a number of ideas and margining a number of ideas collectively.

Learn the alternatives:- we must study the way the choice affect when utilizing the decision

Once we are able to choose a few of the possible solution, we should in a position to understand the feasibility, risks and implications of each choice. [1]

Feasibility: - this is to check whether the solution has adequate resources and matches our goal and works long lasting.

Risk: - you will see always some degree of uncertainty in every decision. That is a cause of risk which should be checked and must identify if it is controllable or not.

Implication :- here we can find the actual risk on each solution we adopted

Adopt the best alternative to take the most efficient and effective choice

In this we pick the best of the chosen alternate with all the factors that is compactable for our aim of your choice.

Examine our decision to make certain whether our choice is best to the situation

In this we have to check that our decision is the best choice or not. One of the very common techniques found in decision making is decision tree

e. g. :- Decision tree

Product unveiling postponed

Do I unveiling a fresh product?

Customer demand

Positive feedback

Negative feedback

Production initiated

Communicate about our decision and take action consequently in order to drop discussions about the chosen decision and take appropriate initiatives to put into action it.

Once the decision is made, we need to talk to the stakeholders who are affected and those who are an integral part of implementing it. If the decision is transparent and the need for the decision is clear with the benefits and risk on it, people will easier accept it.

Stress management

Stress can be explained as nonspecific response of your body whether it's triggered by or brings about a enjoyable or distressing condition.

Types of stress

There are two variations of stress

Negative stress path:-it is a contributory element in slight conditions, such as problems, digestive problems

Positive stress path:- stress can likewise have a positive result, spurring inspiration and understanding, providing the activation to cope with challenging situations.

Reactions of Stress

Tiredness :- can caused by over exertion

Worry :- disruptions regarding something

Frightened:- fear about something

Depressed :- unhappy with

Anxious :- regarding some outcome

Angry :- aggressive on some matters

Types of stressors

Stress can be internal or external.

Internal Stress

Life styles :-use of addictives, lack of sleep, excessive schedules

Negative self-assessment::- pessimistic thinking, self-criticism, over analyzing

Mind traps :- having objectives that are not realistic, taking things in person, always considering, no thoughts, rigidity in thoughts, exaggeration on things,

Personality traits: - looking to become more perfectionists and workaholic.

External stress

Physical environment: - noises pollution, frustrating lightings in workplace, temps, little space or much more space.

Social interaction:- rudeness in workplace or personal life, bossiness of acquaintances or juniors, aggressiveness by others, bullying

Organizational:- uncomfortable guidelines, rules and regulations, way of deadlines, difficult focuses on etc

Acute life events:- labor and birth, death, job damage, campaign, change of marital position etc

Daily hassles :- this include misplaced tips, mechanised breakdowns, forgetting personality cards etc

Factors influencing stress

Drive of success:- creates panic about the position

Changing work design:- change in the task environment

Uncertainty :- can be about job or some promotion

Conflict :- mismatching do or disagreement

Responsibility :- caring for more roles

Working conditions :- current working environment

Over work :- thus giving over strain

Under work: - idle condition is as tense as overwork

4. 5 Managing stress

Changing the way we think

Changing just how we behave

Changing just how of our lifestyle

Conflict management

Conflict can be explained as the disagreement of the folks in a specific matter. This is beneficial in some context for a business.

Sources of conflict

Limited resources:- shortage of resources give extra work for the business which can lead to a discord.

Different goals:- if the people have different goals in an organization are working together it'll lead to conflict

Role ambiguity:- what should be achieved by whom must be specific to avoid this

Work associations:- if the relationship with in the business is not good then

Individual differences

Organizational problems :- problems in organizational function

Communication problems:- communication misconception

Cost of conflict

Derails organizational performance

Destroys team work

Create obstacles to professional relationship

Initiates concealed agendas

Stressful work place

Wastage of money, time and resources

Affects competitiveness

Benefits of conflicts

Can increase power and cohesion

Provide a safety valve function

Clarifies goals and issues

Improve relationship

Can be a major cause of organizational change

Can be creative and competitive

Key to resolution

Be flexible

Dont jump in to the matter. Observe and react after having a thought

Be polite and esteem on yourself and others

Focus on fixing the situation, not in blaming

Conclusion

Decision making is an inevitable one for everybody. It can be on work or on personal life. Going for a decision gives the result upon the effectiveness of the decision made. So risk and stress is a part of computer according to the complexity of your choice.

Task 2

Introduction

Personal development has a very important role in business organization. The most common approach used to analyse personality is SWAT evaluation. In this technique evaluate the power, weakness, opportunities and threats.

Strength: - this is actually the positive attribute of any person to contribute himself.

Weakness:- this is actually the negative attribute of a person that can be harmful

Evaluation of Durability and Weakness

My strength

Good communication skill

First person who ask question whether it's right or wrong

Friendly nature

Good leadership

My weakness

Unorganized :- will not do things in a organized way

Unpunctual :- not good in retaining time constraints

Easily lose self-assurance :-give up very easily

Areas of development

In these I wish to develop myself to increase my efficiency by changing my weakness into power. This is finished with a time target.

Initially I have to first take a control of time constraints and practice to become more time oriented to change my other weaknesses. This can be done by initializing small simple duties which is not time constraint. But keep it as a time constrained one and complete it off. THEREFORE I get accustomed to do things with time.

Secondly when the time is well used to it I can start focusing to work on more organized way with in the time constraint. If I start performing a work I'll breakdown it into small parts or modules and establish time constraints in order to make it easier and can be surer about enough time I get completed. I prefer to get this done by setting the prospective time to a youthful time than the real deadline. This can help me to obtain additional time and energy to do if there is any time over lap arrived in between each component. i. e. if one of the part is not get done with in the targeted time I can shift the whole project to postpone to some other time with in the genuine deadline.

A well-organized timely work always boosts confidence in dealing with the duty. Lose of self-confidence comes under time constrain and negative self assessments. If I am more ready in this I could work very effectively and can do things at its most with high quality of result.

Skills of reflective practice

Reflective practice can be explained as the effect to an individual from his education, circumstances, work place, personal life etc.

e. g. :- The interest of specific to put into practice something in their work or some other activities which might be their part in their personal life.

Conclusion

Personal development can be an essential move to make in working with others. The final results and attitudes of oneself and people all around us change according to your method of them. So taking care of the weakness of ourselves while others can enhance the efficiency on a person.

Task 3

Introduction

Perception and communication are connections of an individual with their ways of approaches to himself yet others around. It really is an inevitable factor of life. We always do belief on some way. However the way of understanding is dependent individuals and the factors influencing on them.

Perception

Perception cane be thought as a process of selecting, organizing and interpreting stimuli of an individual into a meaningful one in real life. These process is done according to lots of factors like filter systems of perception, components of notion and the impact of the conception on the individual.

Filters of perception

The information or stimuli we have with our experience and the surroundings we belong are factors of filtering a perception.

Knowledge:- this is one way individuals determine others with the data they have

Assumptions: - individuals always create assumptions with or without the supporting data.

Beliefs: - this can be involved about the culture and traditions and other regular factors that influences the individual.

Elements of perception

Sensory receptors:- The human being organs that acquire sensory inputs like eye, ears, nose, mouth area, skin

Absolute threshold:- this is the lowest level of which a person might sense perception

Differential threshold:- the minimal difference that may be recognized between two stimuli which is also called just notable difference.

Subliminal perception:- this is a weakened stimuli or a rapid the one that is received below the amount of conscious consciousness.

Influences on perception

There are a great deal of factors influences perceptions

Physiological:- difference in the skills of the senses.

Age :- age changes the behaviour, more experienced on something offers far better in using the understanding in different ways

Culture: - Different values and customs.

Social roles: - our role in the life span. Like sibling, sister, friends

Cognitive skills :- this is if an individual thinks multidimensional

Shortcut in judging others(Unwanted effects)

This is how individuals think about others without proper information

Stereotyping:- tell about others without knowing the real facts

Projection: - improving something or someone more than it should have.

Halo impact: - this is when people keep carefully the specific in its earlier status even the existing status is different.

Applications in company(positive or negative effect)

Employment interview:- if the interviewer is more thinking about a particular area, they can select the candidate according to that interest.

Performance expectation:- this is when an interview is taken according to the performance of a candidate.

Employee effort:- the average person who is observing another ones effort damaged by the filter systems of perceptions

Effective and ineffective situations

An effective situation can be described as process or role can be carried out very efficiently compared to that situation.

An in effective situation is that situation whenever a task has not done influence on the situation

Interpersonal skills

Interpersonal skills can be defined as the ability of a person to execute certain results or results through communication and knowledge. [1]. The social skills are often found in business to be able to assess the ability of your person with in a business. This is mainly focusing on communication skills, the firmness of talk and the way ideas are portrayed. There will vary types of interpersonal skills

Social skills: - this is approximately sociable skills for the individuals to perform the tasks without the public punishments.

e. g. : - social action: How public our company is.

Soft skills: - this can be involved with emotional intelligence to connect to people.

e. g. :- taking part in a team, educating others etc.

Basic interpersonal communication skills: - these are the non-public skills to speak in a words.

Conclusion

From the aforementioned we can know very well what all thing we have to take care of while within an organization and exactly how well we can make decisions. How exactly we can do thing right and what all ways we ought to not want to conclude on something. The importance of interpersonal skills, decision making, stress management and issue management. The flavour of success comes along with the way we are able to co ordinate each one of these factors in a well balanced manner. Any mismanagement of the can lead to failing of business or negative effect to the business.

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