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Death Warnings And Burial Superstitions Religion Essay

Chapter 4

Throughout the history of humanity there were always occasions where superstitions ruled the land; Walking under a ladder, a damaged mirror meant bad luck for seven years and black cats enable you to get bad bundle of money. In traditional sense, superstitions were everything. There exists hardly anything upon this planet which has not, at one time, dished up as an omen that happen to be surrounded by superstitions. People assumed that at any moment one may result in bad luck hence, it was necessary to know the indicators to be forewarned of the impending disaster.

Owls have always been associated with ghosts, Halloween, and horror films. Ever sold, owls were believed to be bad luck and folks tried to prevent them no matter what on the road. To be able to battle off the misfortune that came from the sight associated with an owl, a person would turn their clothes inside out to ward off any bad or misfortune.

The ancient Roman's assumed that touching a silver material while watching the moon would bring a lot more silver to the individual in the foreseeable future hence, they always transported silver coins on the person. Superstitions on the planet go back in history many years and a few of the very most profound offer with death.

Globally and since the beginning of their time superstitions surrounding death have prevailed. Fatality has always been both celebrated and feared. Dating back to 60, 000 BC, man buried their useless with ritual and wedding ceremony. Analysts have even found research that Neanderthals buried their useless with blossoms, much once we do today. In Ireland, Neolithic monuments and chambers for the deceased are a legacy left behind by a section of the ancients, are virtually sprinkled all around the country.

In Loughcrew, Ireland, the "Hill on the Witch", a Cairn of stones lies at the crest and after the darkest night of each year, just as the sun commences to stand out, light illuminates the length of the passage carved in to the hill. The Hill on the Witch is 7, 000 years old, inscribed with stone age engravings within the mystical linear chambers to pay tribute to the dead, to gods of the Sky, Sun, Moon and the Stars.

Other famous sites include Newgrange, The Burren passing tomb, Queen Medbh's Tomb and, many other wonderful monuments erected to the inactive. Ancient superstitions encompassing the inactive include using lucky charms, Magical words, charms and incantations which is amazing just how many ancient myths are actually part of our daily lives and traditions.

The Old Order of Druids, neither a religious or political company, have been with us for millennia and are possibly the oldest organization on earth which goes back to 6000 prior to the beginning of Christ. The Druids were legislators, governors, poets, politicians, mathematicians and highly learned and respected within their community. The Celtic people performed the Druids with such esteem that Kings dispatched their sons to be educated by them through sword and penmanship. nt

Celtic Druids, an globe- based religious beliefs, believed within an afterlife where the immortal soul and in loss of life passes to some other body, hence, they did not fear death. The Druids thought that when you passed on you shifted onto the Otherworld, a gathering place for the souls of the departed, and there was a continual exchange and circulation between worlds. Their reverence for the natural world, mother nature, sacred trees and shrubs, hilltops, drinking water and plant life was paramount as was their perception that Gods and Goddesses inhabited each and every natural being and happening.

One Druidic tradition is the wearing of halloween costumes. The first halloween costumes were actually disguises of pet furs and masks worn by ancient Druids to trick the spirits of the dead who have been looking for another body to inhabit. On this nighttime, food was left by the doorways to lure the good spirits, and the masks were worn to scare off and fool those spirits that were up to bad or mischief.

Superstitions worldwide change from the ancients values that have permeated time and finished up in our practices today. Early burial ceremonial rites were applied to safeguard the living and to appease the nature world. Superstitions and ghost coverage rituals remain in use today. The custom of shutting the sight of the deceased is believed to have started this way, done in an attempt to close a 'home window' from the living world to the spirit world. In 19th century Europe and America the deceased were completed of the house feet first, in order to prevent the nature from looking back to the house and beckoning another member.

Another well known superstition respect the light of the Jack-O'-Lantern. An Irish legend tells of Jack, a drunkard farmer, who, on his way home, met up with the Devil. A offer with the Devil stored Jack out of Hell, however, Jack port could never enter into Heaven. So Jack supposedly wanders the Earth aimlessly, positioning a lantern. On Halloween party, this can be a custom to place Jack-O'-lanterns on porches hoping that Jack, will need the light if needed instead of bothering anyone.

In Iceland, there is an great quantity of superstition and lore regarding fatalities, ghosts, ghostly phenomena, and anything from the dead. One common practice was to tie seven, fourteen, or twenty-one knots into a rope, while naming the heart and soul you intend to limit. Bury this outside the home to keep that spirit out, or shed the rope to release the nature into another lifestyle. In the sixteenth century, a common recipe for banishing unwanted spirits was to fast, pray and drink wine blended with holy essential oil, and take appropriate religious charms or relics. In Ireland, we have several supernatural beings that alert families of approaching fatality or great misfortune:


She is a woman of the Fairy who forewarns associates of certain early Irish groups of a upcoming fatality. The Banshee has long streaming head of hair which she combs as she wails and wears the grey, hooded cloak or the winding sheet or loss of life grave robe and can come in three forms: a female, a stately matron or an old hag (maiden, mom and crone). The Banshee, (the Celtic Goddess of warfare and death), Badhbh, Macha and Mor-Rioghain. Her deeply soulful mourning call is read, usually at night when someone is about to die and, according to Irish traditions, she cries for five major and traditional Irish clans or households; the O'Brien's, the O'Connor's, the O'Gradys, the O'Neill's and the Kavanagh's. The Banshee can come in other forms which include a hooded crow, stoat, hare and weasel. Although, traditions state governments that the Banshee only appears to these five people, she has been seen and noticed by many people within the centuries and it is greatly feared.

The DULLAHAN - Ireland's Headless Horseman:

The Dullahan (also Durahan), the "Angel of Death", possibly originated from the Celtic fertility god, Crom Dubh, who was worshiped by a historical King of Ireland, Tighermas. This headless horseman rides on Halloween night and disappears before sunset. The star of the Dullahan emanates from Tighermas who sacrificed humans every year to Crom Dubh, by cutting off their mind. Hence, the Dullahan is a headless entity, who rides a black horses and provides his head under one arm. His facial features are horrific; gigantic sight, a grossly extensive grinning mouth that spreads across this entire face and the colour and features of his epidermis is comparable to a wrinkled yellowish-green tinge.

The Dullahan trips on horseback carrying a whip which is a human back, he message or calls out your name and when he stops traveling you are going to die. It really is believed that nobody can outrun or hide from the Dullahan and the audio of his horses hooves are terrifying. In some parts of Ireland he is seen to operate a vehicle a black coach with a team of six dark horses and not always on the floor. The hooves of the horses spark and set in place alight any to anything they hit. When the Dullahan rides for you all gates open up and nothing at all can stop him from "getting his soul". The Dullahan is respected to put fresh buckets of blood vessels over patients while they walk outdoors at night time simply for the fun of it.

The POOKA (phouka):

The Pooka is possibly one of the very most feared solitary fairies in Ireland. This entity is only half in the world of form and can appear in many guises and varieties such as a horses, a bull, a goat, an eagle, a donkey or an eight feet dark shadow enshrouded in an extended black cape with a black hat. The Pooka comes at nightfall, creating harm, terrifying people and shape shifting into horrific forms.

The form in which it most accepted is a physique on a dark-colored horse who has yellow sight and an extended wild mane. The Pooka can speak to humans and knocks down anyone who walks in his course. He is known to call out to people in their residences, if they refuse to come out his vindictive part involves the fore and he ruins their property, kills their family pets and destroys whatever he is able to.

For generations, folks have left products out for the Pooka e. g. , whenever a harvest is earned a share is kept in the field which is called "The Pooka's Share'. This tradition of departing out gifts is still used in various parts of Ireland to appease this wayward fairy.

MERROWS: (Moruadh)

The Merrow is a lady entity "Sea maid" and are horribly unattractive with pointed teeth, scaled skin, cosmetic features akin to a pig, her foot are flat and she's webbing between her hands. The Merrow is an associate of the Sidhe that lives in the Land below the Waves so when seen, this means great sorrow or fatality.

Many Merrows take on the form of an seal and her craving to are in the sea is overwhelming. There have been stories that a feminine Merrow, if she throws away her head wear and cloak, may come ashore and marry a individuals man (she actually is particularly keen on Fisherman) they have fallen in love with her however, they need to keep the head wear and cloak in order to return back to their natural world or they may be stuck on the planet.

Female Merrows are usually more rich than Kings as they have full usage of all the riches on the sea foundation from shipwrecks and sunken worlds. It is very unique to ever before visit a male Merrow. When the female reaches soil she transforms into magnificently beautiful and charming woman that can lure the heart and soul any man. Men are warned never to have a Merrow bride-to-be as she'll always leave to come back back to their house under the waves.


Universal superstitions bordering Omens of Fatality vary from the weird, religious to bizarre e. g;

- Buzzing someone's doorbell and duplicating the expression "trick or treat" stems from the Celtic attempts to try to appease any bad spirits: spirits, goblins or demons.

- A time clock that chimes randomly in between hours is a sure omen of impending death within the house.

- Transporting a corpse through the trunk door ensured bad luck for per year.

- An pet being allowed near a coffin is undoubtedly highly unlucky.

- Owl screeches and their glassy stare are reported to be an omen bringing death and disaster.

- Covering the face of the deceased with a sheet comes from pagan values that the heart of the deceased can escape through the mouth area.

- Twitching of left eye signifies a loss of life in the family.

- In case a dead person's sight are left open they will assuredly find someone to take with you with them in to the world of the dead.

- Coins placed on the eyes of an corpse-prevent the devil joining and robbing the heart and soul of the departed.

- Someone who dies on Good Fri or midnight on Holiday Eve is going right to heaven.

- A swarm of bees coming down a chimney can be an extremely bad omen.

- A corpse must be taken feet first out of the home or their heart may return back in to the building.

- Carry your breath while going past a cemetery usually you will breathe the nature of someone.

- If a robin flies into room by having a window, death will soon follow.

- In the event the mirror falls and breaks alone, which means that some body in the house will soon die.

- If pups howl during the night there will be a fatality within the family before daylight.

- Any canine jumping over the coffin is a very unlucky omen.

- In some cultures, the house of the deceased was used up or ruined to keep the spirit from returning.

- Always wide open windows and doors to ensure that the spirit of the corpse can get away and continue their trip in peace into the next realm.

- Touching a corpse brings all the best and fortune.

- Counting six crows mutually is a caution of a loss of life of a loved one.

- A lone raven soaring in circles around a house is a caution of fatality.

- If 13 people sit down to eat collectively, the first someone to leave the stand will die prior to the year has ended.

- If you do not cover the mouth area while yawning or sneezing, your heart will go out of your body combined with the yawn or sneeze.

- Pointing at the funeral procession may cause you to pass away within a month.

- All house windows should be placed opened at the moment of death normally the soul cannot leave the body.

- Funerals on Friday indicate another fatality in the family during the year.

- In the event that you meet a Witch on Halloween party, you must first take off your clothes then put them on inside out. They service is then concluded by walking backwards away from the Witch whilst not uttering a audio.

- A corpse unburied over the weekend means another loss of life soon.

-Touching the forehead of an corpse-prevents thinking about the deceased.

- Possessing a corpse on board a ship is very unlucky.

- When a clock that has not been working all of a sudden chimes, there will be a fatality in the family.

- Family photographs are also sometimes switched face-down to avoid any of the close relatives and friends of the deceased from being possessed by the spirit of the dead.

- In the event that you walk before a corpse then you will be dead inside a year.

- Hauling a corpse across a field will ensure that field can be barren no longer produce vegetation.

- Cover any mirrors therefore the soul can not get trapped and not be able to complete to the other part.

- To discover three seagulls soaring together overhead is a warning sign of death.

- Chairs and tables keeping a coffin must afterward be changed upside down to avoid another death.

- In case the buried person was good, bouquets will expand on his grave. If the individual was bad or bad, weeds will grow.

- Dropping the umbrella on to the floor is an presumed sign of murder or an unsatisfied death within the home or building.

- If three people are photographed, the center person will expire first.

- If you don't cover the mouth area while yawning or sneezing, your soul will go out of your body combined with the yawn or sneeze. In some cultures if a baby yawns people make the sign of the cross their mouth to avoid evil from going into.

- The spider may be the spirit of your dead cherished one who is enjoying over their family so never get rid of one as it could be your Great Auntie Ethel.

- Coming in contact with the hand of your corpse-cures all types of health conditions, especially, sores, cancer tumor, and warts.

- Black cats, misfortune, as these were associated with witchcraft, and it was believed that if one crossed your path it would obstruct you way to heaven.

- It is very unlucky to keep a corpse inside your home on New Year's Day.

Death has always been both celebrated and feared. As far back as 60, 000 BC, man instinctively buried their dead without great knowledge to draw from, with weapons to help the body to the next world, water and food for his or her long voyage and with items and plants.

These burial ceremonies were completed with great ritual. To Neanderthal mans primitive brain, life and death were functions of the spirits and a source of fear. Early on funeral rites history, customs are as old as civilisation itself as will be the burial superstitions that encompass the wedding ceremony. .

The first burial customs were crude in their makes an attempt to protect the living from the spirits which brought on the fatality of the person. Burning of physiques was wide-spread to eliminate any bad spirits and, in some cases, people kept corpses to rot for dread they may die if they touched a deceased person. Sacrifices of 1 kind or another were also offered in honour of the dead.

In some conditions their goal was again, to appease the spirits and it was common practice to kill the partner, servants or anyone associated with a deceased man especially if he was a Ruler, a Prince, a Chieftain, a Witchdoctor or a Innovator.

The Celts worshipped dynamics and possessed many Gods and Goddesses, with sunlight God as their favorite. It had been these Gods and Goddesses who commanded their rituals and death and rebirth were area of the circuit that Lugh journeyed through in his mating with the Goddess, through the waning yr. The Goddess oversaw the event in her Triple guise as Macha. in her warrior aspect, the crow who rests on the battlefields awaiting the deceased. She was the Crone, Maiden and Mother, Anu, Banba, and Macha, who conveyed the dead into the realm of the deceased.

The ancient Celts lived in an environment of spirit-filled nature a long time before Christianity moved into our shores. Once the Druids became Religious, they looked after their traditional rites, but only modified the meaning to match with accepted theology. They worshiped a Sunshine deity and found in Christ a new name for his or her Sun God. Down the road ever sold, Celtic Monks practically strolled away and severed all ties with the Religious Cathedral and our famous "Book of Kells" relates the history and experiences from our history.

The old Egyptians had an elaborate group of burial rituals and customs which they presumed were vital to ensure their immortality after loss of life. These rituals included mummification, grave goods that might be found in the afterlife and Magic spells and inscriptions on their tombs to guarantee the safekeeping of the average person while they shifted into the next phase with their lives.

In the year 834 Advertising the Roman Catholic Chapel comprised a typical ritual for the deceased and a coffin became the normal resting place for a corpse. Generally in most cemeteries, the vast majority of graves are positioned so the bodies lie with their heads to the Western and their foot to the East. This very old custom seems to originate with the Pagan Sunlight worshippers, however, Christians believe that the ultimate summons to Wisdom will come from the East. During the first hundred years the Romans invaded Britain and with them came up their traditions which affected burial ceremonies which quickly multiply with the new Religious religion throughout European countries.

In newer times the body would be ready for the wake and burial ceremony usually by the women within the family. The corpse was cleaned and camphor was put on preserve it. Your body would be dressed in their finest clothes and a piece of cloth was attached from under the chin to the very best of the top to carry the mouth area shut. Cash were applied to keep carefully the eyelids shut and their hands were placed resting across the chest.

When the coffin showed up for the Wake, it was located in the best room of the home and furniture. Chair or tables were arranged for taking the weight of the coffin. The corpse was then positioned in to the coffin and the cash and cloth having the mouth area shut were then removed.

As was the ancient custom which is still used today at today's wake, the corpse was never still left alone for fear that an wicked spirit might take away its heart before it was interred. Family, children, neighbours and friends arrived to the house to view the corpse to pay their respects and often a celebration would ensue to "send them off well". This tradition is still widely used in Ireland today.

The final wedding ceremony is the blessing of the corpse, the funeral mass and then the interring of the corpse in the graveyard. The corpse always vacations at the front with family, friends and neighbours behind the funeral car and following the burial wedding ceremony it is customary to put a small couple of earth onto the coffin; soon after, a little gathering for refreshments as everyone offers their personal condolences for losing.

Even today, whether you bury or cremate a departed loved one we still use a kind of ceremony and ritual for his or her immortal soul so that as a healing up process for our very own grief. Our rituals and ceremonies today set alongside the old Celtic tribes are united by similar customs and practises, and faith.

There is an great quantity of superstition worldwide, depending on your cultural background and values, regarding death, spirits, ghosts the following:

- Through the Middle Ages, after the fatality and burial of any corpse, people who knew the individual lit candles near their foundation in order that their soul would move on into the next life with a smooth and gentle passing.

- An ancient Celtic tradition following burial of any corpse is to cross drinking water, a stream, a bridge on the river etc. , as this recommended the soul could not follow them home.

- After the corpse is removed from the house you must immediately wash your entrance step in order to prevent them from going back in to the house.

- One historic Celtic custom included rest puts a stop to were at places where 'cairns' were built for resting the coffin. At each one of these stops, for relaxing, switching pall bearers, or showing whisky, the men would throw a stone at the side of the street as a tokin. Even today one sees these heaps of stones by the roadside. This was ways to saying your final farewell to the nature and ensure that it would not return back to Earth.

- In Malaysia incense and sacred drinking water stops the corpse from being taken by the grasshopper demon.

- If the person does not get a proper burial then whomever sees the corpse must be sure that they are correctly interred as this puts a stop to the nature of the individual haunting it's finder.

- In Greece, dancing surrounding the grave of a corpse is known as ways to keep them from coming back.

- Scatter sodium, dill, fennel and mullein all over the coffin to ensure the spirit's safe change to another life.

- After having a corpse was buried hang a sprig of Rowan over your doorway to avoid the soul from pursuing you home.

- In Africa, the vision of your white bird traveling into a prayer hut was an indicator of any ancestor visiting and this was highly welcomed.

- To be able to bring contentment to the nature of the lately departed you must place personal things that they adored during their life-time within the coffin e. g. , pictures of family members, a favourite drink, trinkets etc. ,

- You need to always close the eye of the lifeless as this ceases their soul from wandering back to Earth.

- If it thunders on your day of the burial it is an indicator that their spirit has ascended into the next level safely.

- The historic Greeks planted violets following a funeral to defend against wandering spirits.

- The Egyptians mummified their corpses and applied lovely spices so that when their soul came into the next world the Guardians allows them into their next living.

- A white moth in the home signifies sudden loss of life.

- In historic times the loss of life knell bell would ring for yearly the person resided in this earth hence, if the person passed away at 47, the bell would chime 47 times.

- In old times in China a white parrot signified an impending and rapid death.

- In India a sprig of Basil is obviously put with a corpse to guarantee the spirits peaceful voyage into the next world and inhibits their return to earth.

- On fatality, immediately cover any mirrors as this prevents the heart from getting lost and remaining in the house.

- An ancient Scottish custom carrying out a burial was to have a bath in fennel normal water to deter the soul from coming back home.

- Burn off Myrrh and Frankincense at home if there is a corpse present as this gives the soul serenity and rest.

- Dogs howling in the dark of night, howl for loss of life before daylight.

- To confine the heart to the grave throughout a waning moon get Knot Grass and place on the tomb or grave.

- When moving a cemetery you must hold your breath usually you will breath in the heart of the most recently buried corpse.

- Take a piece of rope and tie seven, fourteen or twenty-one knots and when you are knotting the rope name the nature that you wish to rest in serenity and restrict them from returning to this Globe.

- In Scotland death is a community event and the Bell-Ringer stood in the center of the city square and diamond ring the loss of life bell to declare a death. Not merely was this an invitation for the community to attend the funeral, it was also showing the departed soul that they were highly respected within their community and could move on into the next world in tranquility.

- If the robin flies into your home through an wide open windows this is a caution of an upcoming death within the house.

- In historic Romanian Lore when a black crow flew in your entry way and directly out your back door then whomever it flew over would certainly die.

- In the event that you bury a woman in black then she will definitely get back to haunt the complete family.

Most superstitions came into being before our ancestors when the earth was a great enigma and the ancients assigned subtexts to happenings as they tried out to make sense of an lifetime that made an appearance frighteningly unpredictable. Unconventional incidents were thought to foretell the greatest shifts of lot of money and unusual behavior in pets was a cause for great concern. Fatality was heralded whenever a wild parrot flew into a residence, encircled and flew out and many occurrences such as this provided the same note.

Some of these superstitions are ten's of a large number of years old and the vast majority of the major superstitions began with ancient man which were passed to the ancient Egyptians, then to the Ancient Greeks and also to the Romans and so forth up to modern day where superstitions have evolved with the times.

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