Posted at 11.22.2018
The role of the general public sector in economic development is one of the main element issues of communal research. The general public sector is usually used in the literature to denote the corporations of the state/government that deals with the provision, possession, sales, delivery and effective allocation of goods and services for the welfare with their citizens. It is arguably the most critical sector of population and as such the dynamics of this sector have a sociable engineering effect on the rest of the variables of the society. This is because no country has made financial improvement without positive stimulus from clever general public sector (Arthur Lewis, 1956). Community sector is important since it is the one sector that can potentially aggregate individual preferences into national interests (Lin and Chang, 2009). As Hague (2007) observes, 'general population sector can and do help to create conditions that permit a country to become particularly proficient at producing certain things. In addition, no private sector can exist outside of the public sector-regulatory context which allows it to operate. Therefore, the management of the general public sector has become critical to the procedure of social change and business development.
However, increasing capabilities of the general public sector/condition has been characterized by the inevitable mistreatment of such forces. Government authorities have been involved in expropriating the common wealth, organizations and businesses of their state have been oppressive, extortive, and inadequate in their key duties, all of which have been counterproductive to modern culture. The scourge of corruption as a feature of contemporary politics economy is not only very complicated and limited by African countries -it is also universally pervasive. This critical point was witnessed at the 1989 United Nations (UN) sponsored workshop on problem where it was set up by members and facilitators that "the problem of corruption in authorities has become accepted universally as a significant concern in public management". The seminar also underlined the complicated dynamics of corruption by recognizing that there have been new types of corruption which its impact was pervasive to all or any sectors of modern culture and all areas of public service ranging from the performance of administration to the legitimacy of the state of hawaii, the utilization of general public resources as well as the overall morale of open public servants.
Scholarly attention towards corruption points to a link between 'corruption and social diversity, ethno-linguistic fractionalization, and the proportions of country's population adhering to different religious practices' (Lipset and Lenz, 2000). Other scholars dispute that problem is widespread generally in most non-democratic countries, and especially, in countries which may have been top quality 'neo-patrimonial, ' 'kleptocratic' and 'prebendal' (NORAD 2000). Yet, Lipset and Lenz (2000) claim that each country, however democratic or authoritarian harbors some type of corruption. This suggests that empirical research at this point hasn't provided a definitive and reasonable answer about what causes problem to be higher in one country or sector than another.
In order to donate to the corruption public sector debate also to offer relevant coverage advice, this dissertation focuses on the Nigerian general population sector. Particular attention is given to the Nigerian police force. The central research questions guiding this research are: How and why are certain open public areas more corrupt that others? And what are the overall and specific conditions/factors that encourage problem in the Nigerian Police force? These questions are important because while numerous ideas and circumstance studies have examined the facts of corruption specifically countries or parts, sectoral empirical studies are extremely rare. Furthermore, studies on corruption have been dominated by cultural science ideas and methods whose conclusions have been baffling. What has continued to be mainly under-explored is the managerial point of view to the discourse of problem in the public sector and this justifies the reason and design of this study.
The problem of endemic problem is the one that has significantly ravaged the fabric of Nigerian culture. So pervasive are its tentacles an writer has quite aptly referred to it as the essential and objective concept of state coverage. The result of problem in the united states is such that it has rendered express institutions poor, skewed developmental priorities, undermined communal and political stableness, increased inequality, poor business weather, greatly distorts the macro-economic environment and progressively more perverts the hearts and thoughts of Nigerians, making them to harbour and indulge a corrupt consciousness. Presently, Nigeria is ranked among the most corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International with a score of 27 out of any possible 100 and 139th position on the corruption table (Transparency International, 2012).
The challenge that corruption poses to the country becomes more dangerous when the facts of its persistence in the united states is disaggregated and concretely analyzed. The distortion of the market is seen in an imbalanced macro-economic environment that is totally dependent on olive oil rents for condition revenue. Incomes do not echo hard-work or productivity in the country and price does not reflect power or any form of true value. This has in turn led to reduction of efficiency and with this distortion of the general price level to echo unrealistic and exploitative measures. This trend has limited overseas investments in to the country except in to the corruption ridden coal and oil sector.
This economic effect of problem is however less noticeable when compared to the destruction that the malaise has wrought on the institutions of their state. In the organs of authorities to the businesses of government the storyplot is the same. These organizations are suffering from waste materials, graft, bribery, exploitation and expropriation of taxpayers, intimidation and the other several vices that characterize a corrupt system. The inefficiencies which may have been exhibited by these organizations have typically threatened not only the success of common Nigerians however the survival of the state of hawaii. Governments, no subject how freely elected easily loose legitimacy for their inability to provide the individuals through the corrupt corporations. Also, the problems of the annals of the united states as a post-colonial country is further deepened by the rise of more developmental problems such as inter-ethnic turmoil, unemployment, poverty, poor health facilities, less Nourishment, Illiteracy among others communal vices.
Prominent among the list of establishments that are deeply plagued by corrupt practices are the Nigerian Police Force, the Power Positioning Company of Nigeria, the Ministry of Education, the Immigration/Passport office, Government Road Safeness Corps, Customs and Excise Section, the Federal Inland Income Service etc (Omotoye, 2011). However, this study targets the Nigerian Police force because it has been designated as the most corrupt institution in Nigeria. This simple truth is further bolstered by the realization that the police are the primary law enforcement organization and as such when it is corrupt, then it will have a poor multiplier effect on the modern culture. Furthermore, the protracted and pervasive issue of corruption that confronts Nigeria is further complicated by the actual fact that the understanding of the problem is still not significant understood. This study, therefore, makes an attempt to contribute to the understanding and analysis of corruption in the Nigerian open public sector with a concentrate on Police.
Studies on the problem of problem have been dominated by sociable science ideas and methods whose conclusions have been baffling. On the one side, they assert that the root cause of problem is poverty. Yet, there is certainly empirical facts that corruption rises with increase in the market. What has remained typically under-explored is the managerial perspective to the problems raised by corruption. Since social science postulations have been generally contradictory, perhaps there exists the necessity for a new theoretical point of view. Thus, the need for an alternative managerial point of view is the immediate desire for this review.
The questions rose by this study aims at deepening our understanding of problem in Nigeria and just why it has remained intractable over the years. The central questions of the research are: How and why are certain general public industries more corrupt that others? And what exactly are the general and specific conditions/factors that encourage problem in the Nigerian Police? Other questions lifted by the study include:
What policies have been come up with to stem corruption in the police force?
How and just why do some Nigerians sign up for police?
Do lower/higher wages for police force reduce corruption?
Why have there been unsuccessful attempts to fight corruption in the police force?
Does corruption in the police force adversely impact business and economic progress in Nigeria?
What can be carried out to curb problem in the general public sector?
Familiarisation with the research area, reading documents, discussing with my professors and making connections with relevant stakeholders.
By the finish of June, I am carrying out the bulk of my research or fieldwork in Nigeria. Executing interviews/Administering questionnaires, writing implementations and drafting substantive elements of my thesis.
Completing my research work.