Posted at 11.17.2018
Whenever we talk about beggar, this always link us the problem of poverty. It has been an important issue in Vietnam for years. Currently, there continues to be a big number of people lives "social bottom" life. That is particularly noticeable in the background of strong stratification when the income gap between rich and poor start getting bigger and bigger. The procedure has a dynamic character; the indegent are receiving poorer and the rich even richer. Moreover, it can create some against the law acts in humanity.
In this essay I've considered the next issues: cause of beggary, children as beggars, and its own effect to the society. The theme of the essay, that i centered on, was the situation of beggary in Vietnam. The study of which I have highlighted the primary groups of the indegent especially children being abused for "begging act".
I. Reason behind beggary
It's very difficult to give specific reason or establish any reason for the organization of beggary, as is the truth with a crime. There can be a couple of causes, including inability to physical, mental derangement, or society, poverty, the custom of giving, unemployment, the collapse of the family business, whether alone or in blend could create a predicament that can cause beggary.
Although the underlying cause in each case is the family's poverty or underemployment when the family is not able to support and disabled people, but at the same time, there are no security measures from the social forces those to beg.
a) Economic reasons: The three main factors behind economical poverty, job loss or insufficient employment and business income.
Poverty: One of the major factors that force people to make a miserable beggary. It does not imply that enough to support themselves or their own families, many people resort to begging.
Unemployment: But poverty alone can't be held accountable because all those moving into poverty aren't used to beggary.
The lucrative business: Because of easy profits and income from begging, many people can earn enough to make it as a job rather than doing honest labor. Not just that, many people make it as business and exploit others by investing some cash in this business. You will discover group activities in large cities, which force many children to the job. And in the next part I will discuss more about any of it.
b) Social causes: Among the list of social causes of family disorganization, lack of parental control, disorganized communities, breaking joint family system and social custom.
Disorganized family: Family is area of the relationship of your society, which affect our patterns of behavior and activities. Any disruption inside our home state, especially regarding an unhealthy one contributes to a break down of the family, which do arise in beggary.
Lack of Parental Control: The parents don't have the industrial center of control essential for their children, but mothers also often go to factories to work. Because of this children can switch to energy in virtually any direction. If indeed they fall under bad company, they can develop love of travel, can lead to beggary.
c) Biological Cause: On the list of biological causes may be addressed to illness, physical disability or mental disability and later years.
Disability or illness: The physical disabilities such as blindness, deafness or acquired initially had this effect lot of individuals to beg as monetary conditions of their own families so as never to spend the money for maintenance of the disabled.
Lack of spirit: There are people who lack mental or insane and unable to earn any living and they're forced to beg.
Other reason: Among other reasons may be mentioned those forced to beg. When someone is executed beggary. There are orphans and waifs and touch those who deliberately maimed or deformed to truly have a guardian or other person can earn their living. Many parents also trade on the standard weaknesses of the children by using this additional income source.
II. Children as beggars
1. What cause children to go on the street?
In this part I wish to discuss the primary features of social use street children. In Vietnam, there are definitely more than 1700 children under 18 are homeless and living on the street in 2010 2010 (tien phong newspaper, 2010 http://www. tienphong. vn/Thoi-Su/523066/Tre-lang-thang-duong-pho-Rui-ro-nhieu-nguy-co-lam. html). That is mainly orphans; children left without parental care, children - runaways. The situation of homeless children is especially painful. Included in this there are children-fugitives - children run away from home or from an educational institution due to break ties with parents emerged of heavy conflict with teachers, tutors, peers, the deformation value orientation and other reasons that resulted in a crisis of relations. Rarely, the cause of juvenile runaways - occurrence of mental illness can lead the child to become beggar. Delivered in assisted living facilities, other institutions of social rehabilitation of such children often commit recidivist runaways. Among many reasons, the increased loss of family ties or conflicting with family relationships, violent, aggressive, ill-treatment by parents. The reason behind the shock of children by the divorce of their parent or an individual parent remarries, mostly residing with a kid.
Additional risk factor was the position and the institution, which distanced itself from the teens with a hard life. Coagulation outside the classroom work in educational institutions, the disappearance of children's organizations impoverishes outdoor recreation of children, their upbringing and development.
In some cases, children escape from the house - a consequence of the pedagogical helplessness of parents, their distorted view of the limits of autonomy of children, lack of control over their pastime. Concerns adults only meet up with the challenge of natural and material requirements, violation of mutual understanding and trust between children and parents. Strengthening parents' employment, forced to combine several jobs to ensure the existence of family members also contributes to a rise in child neglect, raise the threat of their escape from the home. Dramatically on the rise of social maladjustment of children: The early alcoholism and drug addiction, vagrancy, immorality teenagers, prostitution, illegitimate actions. Child runaways become easy prey for criminal organizations, juvenile crime is well known for his cruelty and cynicism. Virtually all children - runaways have lag in mental, physical and intellectual development, weakened health. Sometimes, they suffer from chronic diseases, feeling its uselessness, these teens often susceptible to suicidal acts. Creating an integrated system of prevention and rehabilitation of socially maladjusted children and adolescents, which include and children - a fugitive, is now a problem of national importance.
2. When children become victims of the "beggars group".
Have you ever wonder why there are many kids beggars on the road? If yes, maybe my story here happens to many others too. When you attend Pham Ngu Lao Street in Dict. 1, you will easily being accompanied by some kid beggar carry a kid on the shoulder. To me that picture is very painful and undoubtedly for the first few times, I just did as the majority of people since will do, I gave them money. But one day after giving money, I try to find what that litttle lady going regarding the amount of money and I saw her run to one woman sit near that and present her money, the money that I simply gave her. As well as for awhile, I read on newspaper, there are like "mafia beggars" in Vietnam. They hire kids, kidnap some of them and turn them to beggars. To be able to go the street and beg for the money, all the kids have to undergo the "training". The first is a prepared speech when people concern, such as "Live in the center of Vietnam", "father just died, they have illness, or little brother or sister needs to be studied care of. " The next is to the movements. Kneeling bow is one way, emaciated stinking body rust on others to enter a "terrorist". Other ways is keep following one individual until he must give them some cash. Among the kids every single day are probably residing in the corner of the street and beg for the money now, not because they have miserable life but because they just fell in the trap of "beggar business" and become a professional beggar. They have been deprived to self love, self-esteem and love when people step into the street beggars. In exchange, these are taught to be tough bottles, cruel and torment the other person hand to contribute.
III. Aftereffect of beggars to the society
Beggars tend to present a poor image of a specific location. The occurrence of beggars were seen as manifestations of larger social ills or issues and may cause others to avoid the beggar-area population
The effects of street beggars can't be overemphasized. Beggars into health risk because many of them can transmit infectious diseases in society. Some dealers and armed robbers abducted therefore constitute security risks in society. Taking a look at the consequences of street beggars, I believe the governments of the countries in the world have to hold big responsibility about any of it, irrespective of where it is, commonly reducing poverty in their country which is one of the factors creating it. The federal government should increase efforts to regulate traffic accidents that happen to be making many people disabled. The medical establishment should be improved so that children will never be attacked by patients before and after birth. Above all, the federal government should build a special village to beg than to let them roam the streets.
As is seen from all the above facts, people who have no fixed income or even see beggary is a business- this is an issue whose solution is the mass of the nuances that want special attention. In Vietnam, beggary still legal, even although government tries to tell everyone that they cannot make children to be on the road and beg for money. The abstract has been investigated not only the essence of social work, however the underlying known reasons for the formation of the trouble. For each one of these reasons, we can conclude: the most crucial in solving this problem - is to overcome the systemic crisis in the united states, to handle social policies that might be aimed at ensuring normal living conditions in most of the population, especially the so-called most unprotected.