Posted at 10.06.2018
Magazines targeted at the young teenage women market can provide the impression to be a 'girl's best good friend'. Certainly, like everything, they may have their talents and weaknesses but do the advantages outweigh the weaknesses? It seems more likely for the unwanted effects of teenage journals to be more prominent than the positive effects but is this really the case?
This response reviews just how teenage magazines addresses issues highly relevant to young women today, especially from the idea of view of promoting healthy body image, safe making love and leading cultural justice issues. All these aspects are emphasised by techniques found in the composition of the newspapers with article structure, visual collages and casual language being the most common. Will be the issues they cover and the extent to that they cover them appropriate for their viewers? Teenage publications, such as Dolly and Girl, tend to be the first place teenagers turn when they have a problem and then segments like Dolly Doctor are most commonly used. This reinforces the need for the magazine's content to be befitting their viewers; however, this is not always possible. Journals, such as Cleo and Cosmopolitan, are in a hard position; whilst they can be aimed at the young adult market, 18 to 35-year-old women, a sizable proportion of the readers are between the era of 14 and 17. As reported in the individual mags' readership profiles, 35. 16 per cent of Cosmopolitan readers are aged between 14 and 17 and 29. 11 % of Cleo viewers. So how exactly does this impact the young adults who read these newspapers? It would appear that these effects are positive, such as stimulating their readers to exercise, as well as negative, for occasion decreasing their self-esteem. Why are teenage newspapers so popular?
One of the largest issues dealt with in teenage journals is making love, and more importantly, safe love-making. The impression you acquire when you select up a teenage journal is that they "assume that if girls are not gender savvy then they desire to be. "
One teenage reader asked the question regarding Chik mag: "where's all the making love reviews?" This simple question supports the idea that teenage magazines are not actually successful for the correct reasons.
Amongst some organizations in society, like the Christian churches, such articles tend to be perceived as immoral. It also makes these acts seem more common in culture, which is definitely not true. Actually, 80 percent of 16 year-olds have not had sexual activity but by the age of 18 there's a 50 per cent probability that they have. Being truly a virgin is normally criticised by other young adults. Even though newspapers promote safe gender, research has shown that safe making love does not exist unless two virgins are experiencing sex for the first time and remain with each other for life.
On the other hand, these periodicals run articles on what their visitors want to know. If Dolly newspaper receive a letter requesting help about not wanting to have sex, they'll run an article about abstinence. Or if they receive a notice about time frame rape, they'll run articles about time frame rape and how to proceed about it. In the same respect, in case a audience asks Dolly, 'what is masturbation?' they will respond with a proper article.
There appears to be a common belief that reading teenage magazines has contributed seriously to viewers' low self-esteem. Because of this notion, today teenage publications seek to market a health body image. Dolly journal has a specific section atlanta divorce attorneys issue called the Body Confidence Membership that is dedicated to motivating young adults to be quite happy with their body. This varies from advice on working out and meditation to healthy eating. Often it'll include real-life reviews to help teenagers to believe 'if it worked well to them, it can work for me personally!' The deputy editor of Dolly journal said:
"We never post diets or ever before say that a girl should lose weight, it's only ever about toning up if that's what you would like to feel better about yourself. "
The Body Assurance Golf club is a audience website where Dolly discusses a body concern and does it in a way that is inspirational. Reviews will reflect the situation and show alternatives, stimulating young adults to feel that they can change too. Publishing articles on healthy body image next to fashion spreads "glorifying everything that is high and skinny" can have a poor effect. What women need to keep in mind is the fact that Marilyn Monroe was a size 14 and she was still considered beautiful.
Even Cosmopolitan has handled the issue of body image, bringing out the 'Body Love Initiative' in Oct 2001. This plan declares that Cosmopolitan will use models from size 6 to size 16 atlanta divorce attorneys issue, as well as all races. Alongside the models, Cosmopolitan will not submit a diet and hasn't done so for about seven years. They also ensure that their advertisers do not place unnecessary emphasis on the necessity to be slim and regularly publish articles to help visitors feel well informed and love the skin they can be in. These recommendations were placed into place after readers became outraged on the photo photograph, 'Lingerie Gets Real', featuring ladies in their underwear. Cosmopolitan's viewpoint is:
"Healthy eating, healthy body image but being within your healthy body weight range. . . all about feeling good in your own epidermis. "
Another issue tackled by these publications concerns popularity among peers. This is an important issue in the thoughts of teens, especially in the school environment. The normal perception that you have to be 'cool' to obtain the attention of any boy increases the pressure to become popular. To quash this assumption Dolly magazine focuses on the actual fact that level of popularity is much less important to be positive. Therefore they run tales about how exactly to talk to people, both children, and the way to become more confident in several situations. However, assurance is just one part from it. If an adolescent will not feel 'popular' she is less likely to be confident. So it is important to address popularity as an issue of concern.
Mental health and wellness are essential issues to handle for teenagers. They have to gain knowledge of the complexities, occurrences and management of these disorders. Without this knowledge there tend to be myths about disorders such as schizophrenia and major depression. Suicide, bipolar disorder, anxiousness disorders and self-harm are common subject areas of discussion in Dolly journal as a result of many characters received asking for information about certain mental ailments. The deputy editor of Dolly says that:
Cosmopolitan, on the other side, always operates 'feel-good' articles in the journal each month to help their viewers beat their own anxiety and stress nevertheless they do not run articles to raise the awareness of mental illnesses. Health problems such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are hardly ever stated in Cosmopolitan.
Physical impairment is another issue that needs to be dealt with. This is to ensure that teenagers acknowledge that people with physical impairments are not different. Dolly often publishes articles on the life tale of someone with a physical impairment showing the readers that despite this impairment and the obstructions in their life they still live normally and they're like any other person. However, Cosmopolitan and Cleo neglect to cover issues about physical impairment.
How do newspapers persuade people to read so many articles and view the visible images made in each monthly issue? This is achieved through the terms and visible techniques that are used and accentuated to fully capture the interest of the audience. These include structure, interviews, language features, pull-quotes, rhetorical questions and visible texts.
Firstly, the structure of all feature articles is changing. They are really starting to be separated by many sub-headings. By using sub-headings it allows the audience to go straight to the area of the article they are really particularly thinking about. For example in the Dolly article, "The Go up of the Straight Edgers, " in case a person knew what a "Straight Edger" is, but was wondering where in fact the name originated from they can go directly to the sub-section, "What's with the name?" Or if indeed they wanted to discover more, they can be aimed to the section, "Wanna know more?" This means that an individual can get what they need out of the article quickly and never have to read the entire article.
The types of articles also change from reports, interviews and notes. Stories work in entertaining as well as informing. The inspection in to the statistic that '1 in 5 women will experience violence during being pregnant' is informing the audience about the risks of violence during motherhood as well as showing the tales of women who lost their lives at the side of the daddy of these unborn child.
The use of interviews creates the impression that the audience is interacting with the interviewee, rather than reading it used. An interview, such as Tammin Sursok's subtitled, 'The first-time I. . . , ' provides reader the sensation of experiencing a discussion with your very best friend about the first time you "kissed a boy. . . had sex. . . dropped in love " This creates the result that the audience is getting to know the celebrity in my opinion, instead of just reading a magazine interview. The usage of first person also emphasizes this in the mind of the reader. This process is taken in most interviews in newspapers so that they can personalize this article for the audience.
Notes allow the reader going straight to brief items of information. In "Rags to Riches" the audience can quickly obtain small pieces of truth from the spreadsheet of information. These text message platforms allow different viewers to access the information that is of specific interest to them.
The language used amidst teenage magazines is casual, conversational and filled with jargon and slang. It is because these magazines try to talk with the audience, not speak at them. You could imagine that if one of these magazines happened to work with formal language it would appear as though the journal is a content material book and very serious. Informal language creates a much more carefree approach to topics of dialogue positioning the audience to relate easier. For instance, if this word:
"Whenever you check out Jade, she attacks you as yet another spunky chick, in small"
was written formally it could say something such as:
"Upon viewing Jade, your first impression of her would be, a short but fashionable female. "
Instead, using casual language helps to keep the teens interested and they're more likely to read and know very well what has been said. It also fits in with each magazine's idea - to be the reader's good friend and adviser.
Jargon and slang gets to the teenagers on their level. In this specific phrase slang is used strongly and still manages to communicate its communication:
"You probably heard Paris [Hilton] threw a tanti when she found her porn vid for sale by her local newsstand owner"
Words such as "tanti" and "vid" are slang for "tantrum" and "video recording". The purpose of this dialect is to relate to the teens by connecting to them using their own jargon.
Emotive language is utilized to make a response in the reader and exists in portions like Dolly Doctor and Sex, Body and Friends Advice. Its objective is to convey the subject matter that the freelance writers at each journal truly value the problems people are asking about and they give genuine advice to help their reader. When Girlfriend Advice was questioned about bullying, their response was:
"All of us here at GF [Partner] feel very highly you have a right to feel totally safe at college. "
The manifestation of matter for the girl being bullied helps the lady to assume that they really worry.
Dolly mag also does the same thing. When Dolly counsellor, Louise Redmond, was asked about whether you can find something amiss with a girl who continues being excluded from her a friendly relationship group's programs she responds:
"There's nothing at all wrong together with you! Hard as it is, don't take it in my opinion. "
As due to this expression of kindness and matter the person requesting the question then feels compelled to check out the advice passed out to them by the journal. The use of second person addresses the reader. Its inclusiveness embraces each reader's concerns.
Pull-quotes are used within articles to compel you to read articles. A pull-quote is a price from the article that is determined and highlighted among the written text in another coloured and larger sized font. This product is utilized to bring the reader's eye to the web page. The estimate is chosen on its power and if it is interesting, funny, fascinating or riveting. For example, in this article entitled, 'I'm a teenage mum of three, ' the pull-quote,
"All of my friends lost their virginity before me, but I
wanted to wait until I thought ready to have a baby"
interests the reader into reading this article to determine why this teen has three
children by the age of seventeen. That is effective in attracting interest and attention to the article. However, other pull-quotes can seem completely irrelevant to the story. For example, an article entitled 'My parents are both blind' with a draw quote:
"If someone's playing kickball I run off coz I'm terrified about it reaching me"
This pull-quote seems completely out of framework, however, by creating confusion about the article teenagers will read the article. Only if to find out how that pull-quote pertains to articles about something perceivably different.
Rhetorical questions invoke thought about the issue being tackled. If the issue is not a well-known topic questions such as:
"Does indeed he love it? Hate it?"
strategically placed at the start of this article encourages readers to engage in reading and contemplating this article. The composers of the mags have, therefore, reached its goal - to persuade visitors to read their magazines.
Emphasised questions create the reader concentrate on what articles is addressing. A lot of the questions asked are responded in the body of the article.
"What is it possible to do to avoid the symptoms?"
"Learn new and improved ways to deal with stress. Eat a varied diet and steer clear of foods that have a high fats content. . . "
This allows the reader to get closure on this issue of debate.
If you were to pick up the latest Dolly journal to find that there have been no pictures at all, what might you think? Without images these mags could have no charm, people would just walk directly past them in a shop. The challenge starts at the appropriateness of the aesthetic images. Often an article would not endure without images or be overlooked if it had not been for the suggestive images encompassing the text.
The most visible visual technique is a collage, especially on the front cover. It is the best approach of adding a whole lot of information into a little space. A collage is utilized in Dolly's Style section and presents to the audience four stars, their fashion style, and the clothing articles and accessories they can obtain to attain the same fashion style.
Some articles, such as 'How Old Is She?', could not can be found without pictures. How do you demonstrate that a person appears young or old because of their actual age without images? These pictures, however, seize the visitors' attention and intrigue them to find out how old these women really are. Other pictures are being used to tease the audience into reading this article. Images such as the one in "Great Places To Kiss" catches the visitors' eye and provokes them to read this article. Even the image for this article "Stop Texting Me!" provokes the audience. They visit a lady with a cellular phone and quickly take a look at this article to see if it is of any interest to them.
In Cosmopolitan's fashion workshop aesthetic images are essential to explain why you need to not wear certain types of underwear for different body figures. However, Cosmopolitan has taken some 'poetic licence'. Inside the images displaying the audience what never to wear they place the model in an unflattering present and showing self-conscious. This creates the result that it's not something the reader would like to wear. Obviously, when the model is putting on what ultimately appears better she appears to be happy and positive, posing with a giggle.
A continuing way of showing photos is in the notice mother board style. Each photo has a heavy white boundary and a newspaper clip or thumb-tack in the place, giving the result that the images are up on a notice mother board, attached to an individual profile or even part of an individual notebook. Personalising these images involves the audience in the magazine and creates a carefree atmosphere.
Consequently, the mixture of the techniques makes a teenage newspaper interesting to the audience. This results from being placed by the composer in a spot easily accessible to learn or view the written text. By making these magazines intriguing and easily accessible allows the periodicals to sell many copies of every monthly concern.
Many people have a tendency to focus on the negative aspects of what young adults are reading in magazines. Christopher Bantick, THIS journalist, composed:
Besides the heavy focus on sex - and problematic love-making at that - teenage young girls' periodicals capitalize on adolescent insecurity.
Although this is correct, Bantick could be optimistic and, instead of reinforcing common beliefs about magazines, he could address the fact these magazines do try to get in touch with teens at their level and help them with their insecurities, whether that might be about sexual activity or not. Publications have implemented areas within the periodicals where their readers can write directly into ask for advice about something they feel uneasy asking their parents or even their friends.
Many parents do not like what their daughters are reading in these teenage periodicals, as noticeable by the Your Say section of The Age, but a lot more are in reality dejected that their daughters are growing up too fast and considering such topics of debate. Articles regarding "Sex Exotica" would appear unacceptable for a 14-year-old woman to be reading. This article may be befitting Cosmopolitan's market audience, 18 to 35 year olds. However, the editors should take into account that a large ratio of the viewers, 35. 16 % to be exact, are aged between 14 and 17. However, if Cleo and Cosmopolitan were to improve their content to match the younger visitors than they may lose readers and they would not be aimed at the 18 to 35 time old market any more. It appears, with both of these magazines specifically, they are largely focused on issues such as sexual activity.
Parents feel these newspapers aren't appropriate because of a recognized breach of moral specifications. Cosmopolitan's morals were questioned whenever a monthly concern was available for sale in a Woolworths store. They received many problems about a headline regarding helpful information to "a mind-blowing blow-job. " Cosmopolitan were required to put stickers over this headline as it was unacceptable for the consumers in a supermarket.
Many critics consider it unacceptable for young teenagers to be reading material such as that in Cosmopolitan and Cleo, and it is just as improper for
pre-teenagers to be reading Dolly or Sweetheart with the content they represent. Newspapers have the potential to effect young minds in what is appropriate and undesirable in modern culture as well as altering their way of thinking about sexual intercourse and gender assignments.
There are other reasons why teenage magazines charm to a young audience. First of all, there are the striking colours, second of all, the famous boy or girl splashed over the cover webpage and thirdly, the need to be "cooler" and mature for his or her age.
These magazines expose little about the value of academic achievements and intellectual troubles. It is fair to say that the brain is not the "hot" organ at the centre of the teenage publication world. This lack of concern about formal education is reflected in Dolly and Girl with significantly less than 20 per cent of articles centered on education and/or brains. Only Cosmopolitan and Cleo frequently publish articles about jobs. However, of the articles released in each magazine, less than 5 % of the articles are based on careers.
These problems, especially nervousness and low self-esteem, may come up from browsing the cover of any teenage journal. This visual imagery may cause teens to feel insecure about their own body image, out of touch with the latest trends and even confused. Positioned on the cover of Dolly magazine, April 2005, is an image of singer, Jessica Simpson, who is thin, toned, tanned, blonde, beautiful and in public view is her limited stomach and sufficient bust. For just about any girl who is not one hundred per cent more comfortable with her outward appearance that image can be disheartening and depressing. Those who do not recognise the name or face of the latest "guys you'd sell your best good friend for" can feel as if they aren't up with the latest gossip or workings of, so to speak, "girl-world". Those that don't realize the headline 'Stuck in Bloat Town?' may become confused even before opening the magazine. Many of these thoughts and thoughts occur prior to the person has even exposed the magazine.
Once the journal is opened, however, the emotions may continue or stop, it all will depend on what area of the magazine the audience targets. The advertisements have a tendency to send a completely different note than the articles they are really positioned next to and ends up with vulnerable teenage women feeling uncertain about what message the magazine is wanting to send. This mainly occurs when an article about healthy body image is placed next to image exhibiting a perceivably flawless, thin model.
Another impact on teenagers is caused by the fashions that models are seen wearing in periodicals. These fashions effect the viewers' preferences. Teens will believe that if indeed they wear that brand of clothing and that style of clothing they will look better and make an impression. This is not always the truth, the clothes in magazines are often suggestive and send the wrong message. It could be interpreted that she's "requesting trouble" and "a rebel" when she is only following trends being given by the journals.
Males can be afflicted by these newspapers, as well as females. It is a widely known fact that these images misrepresent the ideal body image for
"There is growing awareness about the pressure men and boys are under to appear muscular. "
This in turn may lead to a higher rate of obsessive weight training exercise in men and increased use of steroids and dietary supplements.
Teenage journals show teenagers they are not by yourself in their thoughts and feelings. This is shown in the 'Advice' parts of magazines. They offer comfort for an insecure teenager and advice about how to be up to time with the latest trends and styles.
However, these newspapers do have some positive effects. If teenage women are constantly looking at thin bodies it may actually cause them to become exercise to appear healthier and more beautiful. Although they may not be performing exercises for the right reasons they remain doing exercises and becoming healthier and better. The repetitive viewing of thin physiques may not always go right to the extreme of eating disorders and low self-esteem, it may be a desire.
It is an undeniable fact that teenage mags are popular. Matching to Australian Consolidated Press and the Australian Bureau of Reports, Dolly magazine gets to 46. 5 per cent of the female population between your age ranges of 14 and 17. Therefore, it's important for these magazines to handle relevant issues to teens in contemporary modern culture but this is only partly achieved. More emphasis, however, is placed on entertainment instead of the factual and educational areas, to be able to market more copies. In Dolly and Girlfriend approximately 72 % of the articles are based on entertainment, and a staggering 95. 5 % of Cosmopolitan and Cleo articles. Contained in the entertainment side of things are fashion, beauty, celebrities, entertainment and making love.
The techniques of structure that are used in these periodicals are all for the intended purpose of attracting attention to the mag, to make visitors feel part of an interview, and also to make them think about what an article is really about. Young adults do not like being preached at, so these magazines provide all the information to their readers in a vocabulary and form that is most suitable to them to allow them to take what they need from the magazine. However, the primary reason for these publications is to market copies of the magazine every month. The techniques chosen support the achievements of this purpose.
Each magazine is appropriate for their target audience, but not for his or her real readership. Nevertheless, if these newspapers altered their content to match their genuine readership they would not be aimed at the same market audience and thus creates a different newspaper.
The effects of teenage publications are significant over a vulnerable teenager. It may seem that they determine to their readers how to think, how to proceed, what things to wear and how to approach certain situations. Nevertheless, it is this aspect of life that shows teenagers they have freewill, they have a decision in what to do with the life.
No matter what the common perception of teenage newspapers may be, they have a positive area and negative aspect. By creating entertainment in boring times and assisting in distressing times, but also, with the Uk Medical association declaring that,
"Young women may compare themselves to extremely thin models and understand themselves as 'extra fat' compared"
These magazines are not necessarily the best thing for a teenager's self-esteem.
Whatever way you thought we would view teenage magazines one must understand that it comes down to the mere fact that these mags, Dolly, Girlfriend, Cleo and Cosmopolitan, are businesses selling magazines and earn a living.