Critical Book Review Of Charles Payne Publication History Essay

Charles M. Payne's book I've Got the Light of Independence is a wonderfully written booklet. Payne identifies the civil protection under the law struggle African American's faced during the 20th century especially in Greenwood, Mississippi. Payne's underlying focus is that of the strong custom of organizing against oppression African Us citizens had. It is seen throughout the entirety of the e book. One specifically was the Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee activism in Greenwood through the 1960s. He talks about that the movements of the 1960's had not been the only one of its kind. Many people today believe that movements for racial equality in democracy and schools for African People in the usa only became possible because of the actions of Martin Luther Ruler and the NAACP in the 1960s. They were of course extremely effective and participated but were not the only reason African Americans started to see change. I've Got the Light of Independence, layouts in detail that there was no rapid change and it was an extended fought effort. Rather than being a just ten years of activism, it was more of poor engineering of multiple ages permitted by previous African American activist that created the building blocks easy for change. Payne could do all of this beautifully. I've Received the Light of Flexibility, was great because it explained the affect elder activist possessed and explained in detail key aspects of the Mississippi Freedom movement. Both are incredibly interesting and necessary to the improvement of equality African Us citizens were able to see during the 20th century.

The theme of "building after days gone by" was a great aspect of the publication. He have this by explaining the importance of elder activist and exactly how they designed the Mississippi Liberty movement. That is seen in the start of the book which was very necessary to the overall foot of the book. Within the first four chapters Payne discussed how elder activist organized the bottom work. Some of these African American symbols were Medgar Evers, Amzie Moore, Aaron Henry, Ella Baker, Septima Clark, and Myles Horton. Payne could correlate how all of these people played a huge role laying the brickwork. One of these was the formation of the Council of Federated Organizations (Payne, pg 62). COFO was prepared in an order to make a unified unit so a meeting with Governor Ross Barnett could be established. Payne creates, "COFO became the organizational vehicle that allowed younger activist to exploit the systems built at such cost by the elderly ones. Got the veteran Mississippi activist, with the credibility and associates, taken the position toward the other groups that the nationwide organization consistently got, the movement of the sixties could have had more difficulty building itself (Payne, pg. 62)" In addition Payne also used a estimate from Lawrence Guyot, a SNCC field secretary that mentioned without people like Amzie Moore connections and help would not of been possible (Payne, pg. 62). All this talks about to the audience the energy and affect the older era of activist acquired. This is incredibly informative necessary when describe the true moves of African Us citizens during the 20th century.

Another example would be the importance of colleges like the Highlander. The Highlander was cofounded by Myles Horton. In the 1950s the school became a gathering and training middle for all people mixed up in civil rights movements (Payne, pg. 70). One of the major characteristics relating to this university was that it travelled against all status regulations. The Highlander's was an interracial college that forced egalitarian living (Payne, pg. 70). "The Highlander trained many well-known activists such as Rosa Parks, E. D. Nixon, and Diane Nash of SNCC (Payne, pg. 71). You can understand more evidently the way the students of SNCC could actually work with White Americans in Greenwood after their mentors experienced done so previously at the Highlander. Furthermore Highlander would combine soul music which would stick with members that went to and help bring a words to the oppression in the South. The continuous thrust for community early on really will keep the reader jammed in the book. Ella Baker was another one of these activists that arguable got the largest effect on organizations like SNCC. Baker was considered a radical democrat and constantly insisted on organizations to not be developed in the NAACP mold. For instance a business that would notice all voices and also help develop leaders, rather than bossing around customers (Payne, 101). This is seen in early stages my Ms. Baker while burning Citizenship Schools that could try and get more African Americans to join up for voting. Payne however described the importance many of these civil rights market leaders possessed for SNCC and all motions in the 1960s best. "The SNCC organizers who started working in the most feared counties in the Deep South in 1961 and 1962 were required to learn a good deal quickly nonetheless they were not beginning with scratch. These were heirs to a intricate intellectual legacy formed by the elderly whose thinking had been prepared by lifetimes of working experience, a legacy attaining at least much back as Neglect Baker's grandfather's farm (Payne, pg. 102). " All of these activist performed huge jobs and Payne can give a words to these heroes.

Another amazing facet of this reserve was the Payne's enormous detail of almost every facet of the movement. This was seen in the multimedia, nonviolent aspect, and the skillful use of the federal government. He is able to easily clarify how everything proved helpful through the sixties and some techniques used. With pressure from activist around the country, the Civil Rights Bill was passed in 1964. Activist came to the realization that the only way to see change was to check the expenses at local level (Payne, pg 319). This was going by the NAACP which was at the forefront after SNCC's success. Payne writes, "In some cases, they managed to get almost impossible for retailers to execute their normal business. They would go to the Vacation Inn, for example, just before noon and take up all the seats. They didn't get dished up, but no whites could be served either (Payne, pg. 320)" All this began showing progress because by the finish of the entire year all business were at least wanting to look like they were abiding regulations (Payne, pg. 320). Another tactic was a complete hold out of businesses. This is seen around and became very successful. The activist offered the businesses the choice to either be racist and stay segregated or walk out business completely. Mass meetings were another fascinating aspect of the civil rights movement. " Mass meetings, which had the entire tone and composition of a cathedral service, were grounded in the religious traditions and the esthetic sensibilities of the Black colored South (Payne, pg. 256)" The implementation of music at meetings encouraged activist and maintained them strong through the a down economy. Payne puts the lyrics of the some melodies throughout the book which put in a great touch. Payne's acute attention to fine detail never disrupted the soft informative flow of I've Received the Light of Independence.

When taking a look at Charles M. Payne's I've Acquired the Light of Independence, one cannot find any flaws. This book could bring the struggle of African American's in the south into full variety. While focusing on the Mississippi freedom have difficulty during sixties Payne could inform the reader on many aspects. For example why there was an abrupt surge of success in activism in the sixties. One now understands that it was actually a snowball result. A struggle by activist like Medgar Evers, Ella Jo Baker, Septima Clark, Myles Horton, Amzie Moore, etc who was simply fight well before the sixties. They would use their knowledge and help guide organizations such as SNCC so that the momentum of the movement would grow stronger. Through this development of market leaders and transformation into an "everyone has a words" system progress would be made. All this was complemented correctly with Payne's detail of strategies and pretty much every aspect of the activity. I've Received the Light of Independence, an amazing reserve and really should be read by all. It demonstrates to the reader that improvement and change is not at sprint but a marathon that may be won.

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