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Context Oriented Search Engine Using Web Crawler IT Essay

The variety of web pages is increasing into thousands and trillions round the world. To make searching easier for users, web search engines came into existence. Web Se's are being used to find specific home elevators the internet. Without se's, it might be almost impossible for all of us to find anything on the net unless or until we know a specific Web address address.

Every search engine maintains a central repository or directories of HTML documents in indexed form. Every time a user query comes, searching is performed within that database of indexed webpages. The size of repository of each internet search engine can't accommodate every single page available on the WWW. So it is desired that only the most relevant pages are stored in the data source to be able to boost the efficiency of se's. To store most relevant web pages from the

World Wide Web, a suitable and better procedure has to be followed by the search engines. This database of HTML documents is managed by special software. The software that traverses web for taking pages is named "Crawlers" or "Spiders".

Purpose of System:

The suggested system is an try to design an information retrieval system putting into action search engines with a web crawler which perform looking web in a faster way. As there are different types of search engine on the market which follow some different structures and techniques. But from research and analysis creator found web crawler founded search engines better and effective. Viewing the demand of the search engine programmer made a decision to design such a similar system with some extra features for the ease of user's utilization.

Target Audience:

The Type of Target Audience / Individual who using the machine:

Students :

Today modern society's education is not limited within the books. So children always want the option of internet to increase their knowledge. They love to surf internet because of their queries.


Developing jobs, thesis, seminar papers etc people always wish of the various search engines where they can just type and obtain the solutions. In business it is widely used for the work purposes.


Information about video games, catalogs or any other fun, no need to worry search engine fulfill all the demands. It offers you a great deal of option from only one request.

Home users:

House wives always want to know the latest fads and facilities available. Search engine can serve them very well.

Rationale: The next has highlighted some of the most typical benefits for implementing this technique:

Tangible benefits:

Inexpensive to apply.

The users need to spend very less effort while retrieving information.

User doesn't need to be expert for using it.

Intangible benefits:

Easy to work with for less informed as well as specialists.

User friendly.

Leads to customer satisfaction

The nature challenge for building such system:

Building a search engine is not a simple task. The primary challenge in growing such system is to comprehend the basic ideas of searching algorithms and the as the crawling. Integrating web crawler with internet search engine is itself a big concern. Understanding the techniques being used behind the crawler and the search engine.

Learning Objectives

The main purpose of this project is to build up a search engine with an robotic web crawler which can provide the user according to their requirements. The information retrieval system is in a very good demand among customer. So seeing the interest of the user, developer made a decision to develop this task.

As a result, to be able to provide a highly acceptable internet search engine the major components as highlighted the following:

Core functionalities:

Keyword searching: Internet search engine perform the action based on identifying the keywords. It tries to pull out and index words that seem to be significant. The subject of the web page can give useful information about the report. Words that are stated towards the start of the document receive more weightage. Words that are many times are also given more weightage.

News search: This internet search engine will also provide the facility of news search which will be done using some APIs.

Database management: This part protects the crawler management. Just how it store the links at the database. First is the spider, also known as the crawler. The spider trips a website, reads it, and then uses links to other webpages within the site. This is exactly what it means when someone identifies a niche site being "spidered" or "crawled. "

Prioritization bases: Crawler index and store the links predicated on some concern level i. e pr, back link etc. Everything the spider confirms goes into the other area of the internet search engine, the index. The index, sometimes called the catalog, is similar to a giant publication containing a copy of every website that the spider sees. If a web page changes, then this reserve is kept up to date with new information.

User profiling: This feature permits user to search the matter as per their priorities. This specifies the field for their search. Like, imagine a user gets into a keyword and he desires to find from a specific field then he will select the field and results will be shown.

Language tools: Provide different words option. This provides flexibility to users belonging from another language history.

Enhanced functionalities

Optional search: Supply the option to find from either live data or crawled data.

Exclusion of words: Some words or sites are excluded which are not meant to be seen or access by the common people because of several concern related them.

Special features

Advanced search: Shows the pr, prohibited words with the results.

Direct download: Provide links for the direct downloading.

Learning Objective:

The principal learning objective from this job would be analysis of algorithms and architecture behind crawler and internet search engine. This might also help me understanding the essential concepts of project management and HCIU key points. It also gives me a wide opportunity to learn new technologies. Building internet search engine requires a in depth research and quite profound knowledge.

Chapter 2: Problem Description

Chapter 3: Books Review

Domain Research

Working Of Web Search Engine

As the net of pages surrounding the world is increasing daily, the

need of se's has also surfaced. In this chapter, we make clear the basic

components of any basic internet search engine along with its working. After this, the role of web

crawlers, one of the fundamental components of any internet search engine, is discussed.

2. 1 Basic Web Search Engine

World Wide Web is filled with plenty of important information that can be useful for an incredible number of users using internet today. Information seekers then use internet search engine to perform their search activity. they use a list of keywords for the search and in final result get a number of relevant web pages that have the keywords entered by an individual.

By Search Engine with regards to the net, we refer the real search which get looked from the directories made up of many HTML docs.

2. 2 Types of Search Engine

Typically, there are three types of Search Engines exist:

· Web Crawler established: the ones that are driven by web spiders or you can say web robots.

· Man Powered Website directory: those which are controlled by human

· Hybrid search Engines

2. 2. 1 Crawler Founded Search Engine

This is the search engine which uses an robotic software called web crawler that visits website and keep maintaining database according.

Web Crawler basically performs the next action:

visit the website

read the information

identifies all the links

add these to the set of URL to visit

returns the data to the data source to be indexed

And then Search Engine uses this repository for retrieving data for the joined query by the user.

The following body illustrates living of normal query which requires number of steps to be performed in order to show results to the user:

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3. The serp's are returned to the user in a small fraction of another.



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2. The query vacations to the doc machines, which actually get the stored documents. Snippets are produced to spell it out each search result.

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2. 2. 2 Human-powered Search Engine

The INTERNET SEARCH ENGINE which depends on human to send information to be subsequently indexed and catalogued is known as a human powered Search Engine. These are rarely used at large scale.

2. 2. 3Hybrid search engines

Such a Search Engine is a merged type which mixed the results of web crawler type as well as individual powered directory site type. A cross types internet search engine favors one kind of entries over other. For instance MSN.

http://abclive. in/abclive_investigative_reports/search_engines_working. html

2. 3 Framework & Working of Search Engine

2. 3. 1 Gathering also known as "Crawling"

For this purpose crawler is employed by the internet search engine that see the web. They extract URLs from the web pages and give those to the controller component which then chooses what links to go to next and feeds the links.

2. 3. 2 Maintaining Repository/Repository

All the info of the internet search engine is stored in a databases as shown in the physique 2. 1. All the

searching is performed through that repository and it needs to be updated frequently.

During a crawling process, and after concluding crawling process, se's must

store all the new useful pages they have retrieved from the Web. The web page repository

(collection) in Amount 2. 1 signifies this possibly temporary collection. Sometimes search

engines maintain a cache of the web pages they have visited beyond the time necessary to build

the index. This cache allows them to serve out consequence pages rapidly, in addition to

providing basic search facilities.

2. 3. 3 Indexing

Once the pages are stored in the repository, another job of internet search engine is to make a

index of stored data. The indexer module extracts all the words from each webpage, and

records the Web address where each word occurred. The result is a generally large "lookup

table" that can offer all the URLs that time to pages in which a given phrase occurs. The

table is of course limited by the pages which were protected in the crawling process. As

mentioned earlier, word indexing of the net poses special problems, due to its size, and

its rapid rate of change. In addition to these quantitative difficulties, the Web calls for

some special, less common sorts of indexes. For instance, the indexing module may also

create a composition index, which reflects the links between web pages.

Figure 2. 2: Working steps of search engine [4]

2. 3. 4 Querying

This sections deals with the user queries. The query engine motor module is sensible for

receiving and filling up search requests from users. The engine unit relies greatly on the indexes,

and sometimes on the webpage repository. Due to the Web's size, and the fact that users

typically only enter in one or two keywords, result sets are usually large.

2. 3. 5 Ranking

Since the user query results in a large number of results, it's the job of the search engine

to display the most likely results to an individual. To do this useful searching, the

ranking of the results are performed. The positioning module therefore has the process of sorting

the results in a way that results near the top are the probably ones to be what an individual is

looking for.

Once the ranking is done by the Rating component, the final results are shown to the

user. This is how any internet search engine works.

3. 3 Basic Crawling Terminology

Before we discuss the working of crawlers, it is worth to explain some of the basic

terminology that is related to crawlers. These terms will be utilized in the forth coming

chapters as well.

3. 3. 1 Seed Site: By crawling, we mean to traverse the net by recursively following

links from a starting Web address or a couple of starting URLs. This starting URL place is the entry

point though which any crawler starts off searching technique. This set of starting Web address is

known as "Seed Page". The selection of a good seed is the main factor in any

crawling process.

3. 3. 2 Frontier (Processing Queue): The crawling method starts with confirmed URL

(seed), extracting links from it and adding them to an un-visited set of URLs. This list of

un-visited links or URLs is recognized as, "Frontier". Each and every time, a Web address is picked from the

frontier by the Crawler Scheduler. This frontier is implemented by using Queue, Priority

Queue Data set ups. The maintenance of the Frontier is also a major functionality of

any Crawler.

3. 3. 3 Parser: Once a full page has been fetched, we need to parse its content to extract

information that will give food to and possibly guide the future avenue of the crawler. Parsing may

imply simple hyperlink/URL extraction or it may involve the more complex process of

tidying up the HTML content in order to investigate the HTML label tree. The job of any

parser is to parse the fetched web page to extract set of new URLs from it and give back the

new un-visited URLs to the Frontier.

3. 4 Working of Basic Web Crawler

From the start, a key desire for designing Web crawlers has been to retrieve

web pages and add them or their representations to an area repository. Such a repository

may then serve particular request needs such as those of an internet internet search engine. In its

simplest form a crawler begins from a seed webpage and then uses the external links within it

to focus on other web pages. The structure of a basic crawler is shown in physique 3.

The process repeats with the new pages offering more external links to follow, until a

sufficient quantity of pages are discovered or some more impressive range objective is come to.

Behind this simple information lies a bunch of issues related to network contacts, and

parsing of fetched HTML pages to find new Web address links.

Figure 3. 1: Components of a web-crawler

Common web crawler implements method composed from pursuing steps:

· Acquire Link of refined web doc from handling queue

· Download web document

· Parse document's content to remove set of Link links to other resources and

update control queue

· Store web doc for even more processing

http://nazou. fiit. stuba. sk/home/?web page=webcrawler

The basic working of a web-crawler can be mentioned as follows:

· Select a starting seed Link or URLs

· Add it to the frontier

· Now pick the URL from the frontier

· Fetch the web-page corresponding compared to that URL

· Parse that web-page to find new Link links

· Add all the newly found URLs in to the frontier

· Head to step two 2 and do it again as the frontier is not Empty

Thus a crawler will recursively continue adding newer URLs to the databases repository of

the internet search engine. So we can see that the key function of the crawler is to add new links

into the frontier and to select a new URL from the frontier for further processing after

each recursive step.

The working of the crawlers may also be shown by means of a movement -chart (Figure 3. 2).

Note which it also depicts the 7 steps given before [8]. Such crawlers are called sequential

crawlers because they follow a sequential methodology.

In simple form, the stream chart of the web crawler can be stated as below:

Market Research:

Similar web system:

Chapter 4: Research Methods



This Key research has been conducted to be able to learn your interest and requirments. Its very important for us to know your specifications so the developer can proceed in direction of your satisfaction. The purpose of doing this questionnaire is to acquire information to keep on record, to make decisions about important issues, to cross information on to others. Primarily, data is gathered to provide information regarding a specific topic. The process provides both set up a baseline that to measure from and using cases a concentrate on on what things to improve.

4. 1 Most important Research

As the complete project is based on stamping documents by differing people, the judgment and suggestion of the users are extremely very important to the project. It had been a basic necessity to comprehend the user's attitude regarding this of kind of software. Therefore primary research was completed in order to comprehend the user's requirements properly. The study was conducted under a precise set of benchmarks mention in ethical form - Fast Keep track of Form.

To know the user requirements and developing the system according to their satisfaction, it's necessary to involve users. Depending on the kind of the machine being developed and users, the info gathering techniques have to be decided.

For gathering information and customer requirements, the next three fact-finding techniques would be looked at to be use throughout the research stages.

These techniques are the following:


Research is focused on going right through the already existed documents and system.

Usually you can find a huge amount of data that was already gathered by others, though it may not actually have been analysed or shared. Locating these resources and retrieving the information is an excellent starting point in any data collection work.

For example: Analysis of the existed search engines can be quite useful for identifying problems in certain interventions.


An Interview is a data-collection approach that involves someone to one questioning. Answers to the questions posed during an interview can be documented by writing them down (either during the interview itself or soon after the interview) or by tape- documenting the replies, or by the combination of both.

Interview should be completed in order to obtain judgment and the perspective from others who have experienced in implementing and using such system to be able to allow the developer to further improve and refine the system ideas and features of the existing existing system and the propose system.


Questionnaires are a cheap way to gather data from a possibly large numbers of respondents. Often they will be the only possible way to attain a number of reviewers large enough to permit statistically research of the results. A well-designed questionnaire that is employed effectively can gather information on both overall performance of the test system as well as home elevators specific the different parts of the system. In the event the questionnaire includes demographic questions on the members, they can be used to correlate performance and satisfaction with the test system among different groups of users.

Questionnaires for the pre evaluation of the system:

Question: What grade level would you work with?

Justification- This question will bring me to know the kind of user answering the questionnaire and which users use the proposed system.

Question: Do you think internet search engine is right tool for looking your interests?

Justification- This question can help me to learn how much users favor search engine for their queries.

Question: What's the regularity of using internet search engine?

Justification- by this question, I will come to know how regular users utilize this particular system that will definitely help me to build up the proposed system more efficient.

Question: Which search engine you largely use?

Justification- This may i want to know which type of internet search engine user favor more and what top features of they like more.

Question: Which of the following color schemes do you look for the interface of the internet search engine?

Justification-asking user about the color schemes will let me know what kind of interface they need. Attractive interfaces draw in users towards the machine usages.

Question: Have you been satisfied with working of the existing se's?

Justification-this question will help me to learn the current attitude of the users towards the existing system So that I can develop the suggested system much better than the existing one.

Question: On what bases you recognise the search engines?

Justification- by this question, I am going to come to learn which factor effects individual most so that I can focus on it more to make the system as user requires.

Question: Would you like the search engines to acquire feature of different dialects?

Justification- from this question, developer will come to learn whether individual like the feature terms tools to be in the internet search engine.

Question: How frequently you perform reports search?

Justification-knowing how customer frequently uses this specific search is very important to the developer so that the feature should get carried out properly

Questionnaires for expert users of the system:

Question: What vocation you belong?

Justification- such kind of question tell us which type of user will answer all the given questions and what their objectives are.

Question: Which type of internet search engine do you prefer more?

Justification-knowing what specialists think of the system and what best they like so that creator can work in right course as well as this question also contrast the importance of this particular system with others.

Question: Do you think crawling to be the very best way of the internet search engine?

Justification- wants to learn more about the crawling technique from this question and discover its benefit over others.

Question: Is web crawler based internet search engine is more efficient than others?

Justification-from this question looking at of the system will be clearer in comparison to others. The creator will come to be aware of whether the proposed system is worth or not.

Interview questions for the machine:

Question: What problems will you come through with all the existing search engines?

Justification- it is very important to learn that what problems users are facing in the prevailing systems so the developer can work more on those areas.

Question: What extra you suggest to be there in the new internet search engine?

Justification-from this question, I am going to come to know about an individual prospects and requirements as well what else they need in the approaching new system.

Question: According for you what strategy we should follow for building this search engine?

Justification-by this question, I want some more advice on the strategy to be followed. So that I can broad up my mind set towards the system.

Question: Give suggestion to make the software of the system more user-friendly? (Seeing your convenience)

Justification-interface is one of the main part of the system that ought to be as interactive as possible for the user so with this question I'll get assist in designing a more attractive as well as interactive interface.

4. 2 Supplementary Research

4. 2. 1 Collection of methodology:

Methodology is a assortment of operations, methods and tools for achieving an objective. Methodologies give a checklist of key deliverables and activities to avoid lacking key duties. This regularity simplifies the procedure and reduces training. In addition, it ensures all associates are marching to the same drummer.

Most IT tasks use an SDLC that defines phases and specific activities within an average job. These SDLCs mirror different approaches to completing the merchandise deliverables. There are many different SDLCs that can be applied predicated on the sort of task or product.

A suitable technique needs to be picked for the task, which gives a framework through which we can deal with the project better. Different software strategy attracts different task because each job will have its own characteristics and needs in regards to an appropriate process.

After making lot of research in this area, I preferred "Iterative Enlargement model" as the program development process model for the proposed system.

Incremental Model

The Incremental strategy is a derivative of the Waterfall. It preserves some phases that happen to be specific and cascading in dynamics. Each phase would depend on the preceding phase before it can commence and takes a defined group of inputs from the prior stage. However, as the visual below portrays, in the look period development is damaged into some increments that can be produced sequentially or in parallel. The strategy then continues concentrating only on attaining the subset of requirements for your development increment. The procedure continues all the way through Execution. Increments can be discrete components (e. g. , database build), operation (e. g. , order access), or integration activities (e. g. , integrating a RECRUITING package deal with your Organization Resource Planning application). Again, following stages do not change the requirements but rather build after them in travelling to completion.

Iterative Development Model (Evolutionary)

The Evolutionary methodology also maintains some stages that are distinctive and cascading in character. As in the other methodologies, each stage would depend on the preceding stage before it can get started and takes a defined group of inputs from the prior stage. As the visual below portrays, the Evolutionary strategy is comparable to the Incremental in that through the design period development is destroyed into a distinct increment or subset of requirements. However, only this limited group of requirements is made through to implementation. The process then repeats itself with the remaining requirements becoming an insight to a new requirements period. The "left" requirements are give consideration for development along with any new functionality or changes. Another Iteration of the procedure is achieved through implementation with the effect being an "Evolved" form of the same software product. This cycle continues with the entire efficiency "Evolving" overtime as multiple iterations are completed.

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Waterfall Model

This strategy was the first formalization of a process for managing software development. The Waterfall technique was, and still is, the building blocks for those SDLC methodologies. The basic phases in this technique are utilized in all other methodologies as descriptors of functions within a given SDLC. The Waterfall strategy, as its name signifies, is some stages that are distinctive and cascading in dynamics. As the graphic below portrays, each stage would depend on the preceding stage before it can begin, and requires a defined set of inputs from the last phase. Subsequent stages are influenced to complete certain requirements described in the Examination phase to assure the resulting software matches these requirements. Hook derivative of the methodology is out there, typically known as Modified Waterfall, whereby the end of one stage may overlap with the start of another, allowing the phases to operate in parallel for a short while. That is normally done to avoid spaces in period schedules but still necessitates the conclusion of the last phase principal deliverables prior to the subsequent period is fully started out.

Spiral Model

Much as the other methodologies, the Spiral technique maintains some phases that are different and cascading in dynamics. As with the other methodologies, each period is dependent on the preceding stage before it can get started and requires a defined group of inputs from the prior period. However, as the visual below portrays, the Spiral strategy iterates within certain requirements and Design stages. Unlike the other models, multiple iterations are used to raised define requirements and design by examining risk, simulating, and validating progress. The Spiral technique also relies greatly on the use and development of prototypes to help explain requirements and design. Prototypes become operational and are utilized to finalize detailed design. The objective of this being to extensively understand requirements and also have a valid design prior to concluding the other phases. Similar to the Waterfall methodology, subsequent operations of Development through Execution continues. Unlike Incremental and Evolutionary, no breakdown of development jobs nor iteration after implementation respectively are utilized.

http://www. newmediacomm. com/publication/outsourcing/marapr08/techno. html

Comparison of Methodologies:

Justification for choosing Iterative Enhancement model

Main Reason: - There is no need to look back this model. Always one activity is performed at the same time. It is not hard to check development: 90% coded, 20% analyzed. First of all requirements are collected. After those requirements examined, PSF (Project Specification Form) document will be created. Implementation will be began only after conclusion of designing stage that is our next semester FYP subject. Project is released to the supervisor nearby the end of the program life circuit or semester. One important reason to choose waterfall model is that it is document driven that is, documents is produced at every level. Waterfall model is a well organized process model that may lead to a cement, more secured and reliable software. On this project really small risks are involved. This is also one reason to choose waterfall model. A lot of risk examination is not needed.


C#. NET Selecting a right system for the job development is one of its previous requirements. While selecting any program the developer needs to look after several issues regarding the development of the task. The factors which need attention while collection of any program writing language are:

Interface designing


Implementation of algorithms

Required time

As per the project requirements developer made a decision to used an Object Oriented Language because this can help builder to reuse the codes.

As per the project as well as developer's requirement it is found that C#. NET would be the most suitable choice for programming language as it reduce the coming up with time and it supports a a good GUI.

C#. NET allows quicker development of software. Supports the next:

Interactive GUI

Standalone Application

Web based Application

Supports ASP. NET as a rear end encoding language

Many more

The proposed system is web based application so for this developer had many options like, j2ee, PHP, C#. NET.

Here are a few of the descriptions about each one of these languages to raised understand which will be best for the proposed system.

C#. NET:

C# is the terminology of preference in the. Net platform. It is a new terminology free from the backward compatibility curse with a whole new bunch of enjoyable and interesting features. It's an thing oriented words that has its key and many similarities to java, C++ and VB. In other sense you can say it combines the power and efficiency of all these three existing dialects.

Merits of C#. NET

C#. NET is CIL words meaning it can interface with all classes and interface of the. online platform.

C# has been derived from C++ and java

This provides OOPs strategy to be applied with the. NET platform.

Code becomes more legible because of the concept of get and establish method.

Term Delegates provide cleaner event management.

Concept of Enumeration, indexer, properties and so many more which are not available in many other languages still helps increasing robustness.

Demerits of c#

C# codes are harder as well as slower to debug and run.

Locks the designer into Microsoft system.

JSP- Java server web pages:

Merits of JSP:

Demerits of JSP:


Merits of PHP:

Demerits of PHP:

Conclusion of Programming language research

C#. NET has been determined by programmer for the introduction of the required task.

As C#. NET support GUI which is very much indeed important for this system.

Database compatibility will allow developer to make use of any required data source.

Chapter 5: Evaluation And Design

5. 1 Analysis

5. 1. 1. Questionnaire Analysis

Question: What class level do you really use?


Question: Do you consider search engine is the right tool for looking your interests?


Question: What's the frequency of using search engine?


Question: Which internet search engine you largely use?


Question: Which of the next color schemes would you look for the software of the search engine?


Question: Are you content with working of the existing se's?


Question: On what bases you make the various search engines?


Question: Would you like the search engines to own feature of different dialects?


Question: How frequently you perform news search?


Question: What job you belong?


Question: Which type of internet search engine do you prefer more?


Question: Do you think crawling to be the most effective way of the search engine?


Question: Is web crawler founded internet search engine is more efficient than others?


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