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This term newspaper will outline the environment where the travel and tourism industry operates. It will deliver the overview of the importance and the impact of this industry. It'll consider the causes that condition the industry and the problems which impact the management of the industry.


The word travel and tour can be used interchangeably. Tourism can be explained as the movement from spot to place with the aim of recreating one's home and provision of services for this movement. Therefore travel and leisure can be taken as a service industry with lots of tangible and intangible parts. The tangible things may be categorized into the travel systems and the hospitality services. The carry services and systems include road, air, waters and even rail. The hospitality services include accommodation, food and beverages, tours, safeness, insurance and banking. The intangible services include, leftovers and relaxation, get away, excitement and other more new experiences (Term, 2010). Tourism started as travel for leisure and adventure in different fields and now they have become broadly ventured into by so many individuals. This has turn into a day to day event which is often broadly grouped as; pilgrimage tourism, health travel and leisure, winter travel and leisure, and niche tourism. These classification are taken from the type of activity is involved in the travel (National Data source, 2010).

Types of Tourism

Pilgrimage tourism is a travel used most by people of different religions to the shrines or sacred places to undertake the divine help or works of thanks supplying to show how devoted they can be with their supreme. Health travel and leisure is associated to the welfare and thinks by different people. They happen to be areas regarded as of health advantage like bathing in sea normal water to cure skin condition. On the other hand winter tourism has increased quicker due to the rise in snowboarding and winter plank lessons. This impacts areas with warm climates where people travel to for short holidays. People travel to frosty areas for sled and ski contests. This winter tourism has increased greatly with increased rate in the railway transportation and the safety of the flights and broadly on the improved technology (Newkerala, 2008). Area of interest tourism is mostly oriented with dangerous taking activities. That is an adventure travel and leisure which include activities such as mountaineering and walking. This mostly involved with experimentation on the environment and racking your brains on the out come. Niche travel and leisure is mainly character and environmental focused adventures. These activities include what's often called dark travel and leisure which is associated with going to the areas regarded as death threatening and suffering. You can find more common kind of tourism market where tourists choose to take their accommodation, food and transfer avoiding utilising the known or set up systems. There are so many types of tourism in the world today since each type is unique on itself depending on motive of the travelers (Newkerala, 2008).

Tourism and travel and its impacts

Travel and tourism is becoming one of the major increases in the economy of any country. Every country's goal is to increase its income through tourism. Therefore each ministry of travel and leisure in any country is seeking for the best ways of promoting and expanding the industry. The African countries have become major beneficiaries of the industry. It has been brought about by the balance in the careers on the developed countries. These folks have a minimal restriction in their spending power therefore able to manage high budget restaurants, hotels and other recreational parks. The domestic tourism is also increasing as a result of change in the security level on the planet and the much better technology (Economywatch, n. d. ).

The travel and leisure industry has to adopt policies that are aimed at getting a big quantity of tourists. These insurance policies are geared to improving the merchandise offered and increasing the standards to attain the world standards. The many countries are providing promotional tools and deploying well trained employees to undertake research activity on tourist requirements in the betterment of the industry. There exists need of countries to improve the companies related to travel and leisure for the industry to increase steadily. These sectors include; food and drink industry, hotel and lodging services, bank and insurance industry, retail market, carry and communication industry (Diaz 2001).

Effects of Tourism in Developed Countries

Tourism in the developing countries has come as a two way activity. They have increased the experience and the way culture is viewed and has brought up curiosity revealing all ethnic ways. Tourism has become financially exploitive and future side-effect of globalization. The indigenous people in the developed countries are taking this as a fresh income source as service staff in tourism industry. Also, they are becoming tourism displays themselves, advertising their different varieties of art, organizing dances in their villages for the site visitors, organizing traditional foods and exhibiting different types of customs. It has come as a good way of fighting the fantastic opponent of unemployment but this has hampered the communities negatively. While this comes with them in the new current economic climate, they also impact them culturally as this lowers their rate of civilization. It has become more noticeable in the Maasai pastoral categories in Kenya and Tanzania (Azarya, 2007).

Tourism and the economy

Tourism has proved to be a pillar in most world economies. It is the only service sector which has proven as an monetary activity depended upon by many nations irrespective of their degree of development. In the developing countries it is the major forex earner than such other exports like export of agricultural produce. Travel and leisure has afflicted many youths positively in these countries since their focus is now centered on increasing their services and goods to earn a living through the tourism industry (Twarog, 2004).

Tourism in the developing economies has come as welcoming activity and service. It includes improved many people's life and thought process towards environmental conservation. Travel and leisure has now turn into a sector offering employment opportunities to many due to its links to other related economic activities. Other industries are growing to support the running of Tourism. It has raised the need of developing procedures to be able to capitalize on the benefits of internationalization of markets (Diaz, 2001).

Risks intimidating Tourism

As much as tourism is one of the world leading monetary activities, it's the most prone trade. This economic activity is influenced by many risk factors. This brings about its unreliability in the business world. Global occurrences such as politics instability influence the trade adversely. People moving from country to country as travellers have grown to be a danger to worl security. The terrorists are maculating as travelers to complete their wicked missions. The impact experienced is a great deal for the reason that if this is the most valued source of income for a country then it'll be fixed. Tourism in addition has been afflicted by the health-related issues like the swine flu menace hindered free travel hence influencing the income reacted during travel. Climatical change in addition has affected free travel need transformed the movement, style and position of the attractive displays and world pets especially in African countries. This has to impact on the increased spending to promote the industry's continuity and prevent environmental degradation (Twarog, 2004).

Tourism scope

Tourism has been on the limelight on earth due to scope it protects. It's the largest harp of jobs across all locations. The careers created by travel and leisure are far more influencing all the areas of any economy. It has afflicted the contraction, travel, agriculture, ethnical issues, processing, telecommunications and so many more organized teams. This industry has transformed the world to 1 large community. Because of the interaction between your many ethnicities and language, a typical compromise is come to to bring each one of these people from diverse backgrounds along. This has led to positive rating directed at tourism and travel as the best financially, socially and ecologically ecological development. It has been taken because of its low effect on the surroundings and the natural resourced than almost every other business. This industry has been directed to enjoyment and acknowledging of diverse ethnicities and building heritages and has a robust motivation towards guarding and increasing these investments. To a huge extent, tourism and travel has considered main in cultivating and increasing other monetary enhancers. It has lead to improved upon and acted as a catalyst to major monetary boosters like infrastructure and local ethnical diversity.

Promoting tourism can help to make the income gained sustained. Due to approaching of new things every day making every area attractive for visitors, away must be devised to encourage ongoing movement of income. This may only be done through advertising campaign via different media. Many take that the only way travel and leisure can be sustained is through international visitors. It has locked many potential inside tourists who will bridge the space created by any instability in foreign tourist. The existing attractions have to be improved and conserved. New attractions need to be discovered and shown light through advertising. Irrespective of the attractions the visitors need good accommodation and better health services. The industry is mainly luxurious, these demands improved communication, good modern tour vehicles, building modern streets (clark, 2010).

Level of performance and sustainability of tourism

Tourism and travel has been influenced by the surroundings. Attractive environment attracts tourists should it be naturally found or built. The environment in which travel and leisure occurs include, coastal resorts, social interest traditional sites and mountainous amounts and so many more which stimulates travel are afflicted by tourism favorably and negatively. Travel and leisure has increased investment, conservation of features which encourage complexes, animals increased income. On the other hand the appealing environment is spoilt by displacement of folks due to overdevelopment, increased pollution of air and noises and destroying of natural flora and fauna (Rowe et al, 2002).

As any other economic activity, Tourism must be sustainable for it to benefit the city. Tourism is set in a system with must support both travelers and the web host local communities. This is achieved by laying down laws and regulations which protect the protection under the law of the community and preserve their surroundings. These have to be handed through proper education to both tourists and the community to allow them to be enforced. Travel and leisure also raises concerns on issues such as abuse; therefore pertinent laws need to be place as well to curb the vice. A police force in addition has to be set up to guard the city and the vacationers maintaining peacefulness and harmony. There should be continuing training of personnel handling visitors because they will be eager to pay more when they know they will be offered by the experienced staff offering better service. With all the increase upgraded technology, always then advertisements will look more appealing when published on the internet. Therefore having a site showing all the provisions have a tendency to lower the bothered of the tourisms since now they have a glance of what things to expect. With this the industry will be supplying great results (Clark, 2010).

Tourism and Climate

With the increase in industrialization, tourism has changed tremendously. Using its close romance with local climate and the environment, Tourism in a weather sensitive sector exactly like other sectors such as agriculture, travel, insurance, energy and spots. With the continued change in the climatical conditions of the world, the holiday destinations are also transformed to meet up with the expected standards. This has raised security alarm to the tourism stake holders to improve and start exercising adoption to meet the tourist demands. Local climate change is becoming one of the most important factors in decision making. That is so because weather change is not anymore another event but per day today occurrence. Apart from tourism being a contributor to the general country economy, it in a contributor to the climate change through greenhouse gas through travel and accommodation of the travellers. This has become another big challenge to the holiday industry. Tourism therefore has the obligation of struggling with to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions as stipulated by the international community. But also tourism sector cannot deal with this battle in isolation. It has to get a hand from the extensive and within the context of the international lasting development agenda. (Daniel et al (2007).


Tourism is a worldwide harp of the country's overall economy. With travel and leisure, ideas, civilizations and experience are distributed. Therefore there's a need to increase the sector you should. Cooperation promotions should be inspired by all means to inducement to boost the spending electricity of the vacationers through ongoing research. You can find repeated problems in the sector that ought to be fought. The issues can only just be resolved by decision-makers who've the knowledge of the industry and the procedural knowledge. The riches of knowledge can be produced from the already existing experiences and the made knowledge from the field through observing the customer behaviours and market competitions (Wober, n. d. ).

With the upsurge in environmental changes still tourism is increasing momentum. People are moving fast to start to see the interest places before they go away rendering travel and leisure still the most interesting area of the economy. With the interest of people attempting to visit places before they change provide a reason why the modern-day issues in tourism need considered to avert the vices in the industry.

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