Posted at 10.27.2018
The citizens of ancient civilizations lived in a global where in fact the influence of nature and the influence of its rulers minimized the normal mans efforts. Confronted with this, ancient Greeks professed they had the best intelligence of all, saying they had the natural skills to comprehend and control the planet - Classical Humanism.
Classical Humanism resonated in every part of Greek life. From Poets like Sophocles who's play "Antigone" speaks to their influence on humanity at that time. Classical Humanism was also conveyed by the Greeks' incredible self belief within their own civilization, none more so than the wealth and power shown in Fifth Century Athens. Although this confidence eventually diminished, the belief of Humanism remained a cognate legacy. Renaissance philosophers and artists challenged the Church by perusing the ideas and culture of Greek Humanism.
An illustration of Greek Humanism was the spectacular complex of temples in theAthensacropolis, soaring high over the city below. An acropolis was a fortress built together with a hill at the center of the city. They were commonly the city's most revered district and contained temples anointing the city's patron leaders.
A prime exemplory case of this is the Parthenon temple in Athena. It had been one of the greatest temples ever built inGreece, and everything areas of its construction were closely monitored and managed by the city's leading artists and architects of that time period. The Parthenon was built at the top of Acropolis; the original building on the site was built as an offering to honor the goddess Athena because the folks of ancientAthensbelieved that she watched over their city. This time around was the Golden Age of Athens, with the institution of democracy in the town, with a fresh form of government, citizens were afforded the possibility to view and understand themselves as constituents of a larger whole, the latter being Athens.
The Parthenon was unparalleled among Doric temples as it had a second frieze (Frieze: the part of an classical entablature between your architrave and the cornice, usually decorated with sculpture in low relief). The Parthenon's frieze ran along the cella wall and over the inner columns. It was a stroke of genius as acted as a sculpted advertisement for Athenian civic prudence, that was more than 500ft long. This [particular frieze depicted a noble parade of Athenian citizens, reminding the citizens of their festival held every four years for the Goddess Athena.
The frieze had a naked horsemen sitting on the horses in every glory, it had Athenian maidens leading a parade to the thrones of Zeus and Athena, who presided within the celebration. Inspired by their self belief as being the supreme citizens ofGreece, they confidently portrayed themselves among the gods.
The Greeks were a civilization who had a high confidence of themselves and of there God given abilities. This was shown in many ways with their architecture at the time, none more evident than the Parthenon inAthenswhich proudly, plus some may say arrogantly, displayed the Athenians as an increased class of citizen I Greece and throughout the region. This belief would continue on in a long time through the literature and buildings from this era.