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Comparison of Impairment and Ageing Theories

  • ANNE MIRIAM ROCES MERCADO

1. 1 Comparison

There are similarities with regards to the meaning of disability defined by WHO and handicapped world. According to the two organizations, the person has boundaries on reaching their tasks due to physical and functional impairment of the body. There is limitation on someone's involvement in the population. The handicapped world explained in an extensive coverage that includes intellectual, physical, mental, cognitive operation as part of the impairment with a person with impairment. Also, various varieties of chronic health conditions can cause impairment that affects the contribution, function and activity of a person. However, the state of hawaii Services Percentage is similarly from the above organizations since it states there that the individual perceives impairment from the medical condition that cannot be removed by assistive devices, or experienced longer than 6months from the health problems.

1. 2 Comparison

In the aging definitions, Merriam Webster and Senescence info have some resemblances as ageing is describe by diminishing function and senses of the body once the person get old. Matching to Merriam Webster, the body and its cells deteriorates little by little as a person expands old that may result to decrease immunity, memory, cognition, skin consistency, wild hair color, and muscle strength. It really is more onto the physical and memory changes of an individual as he/she improves its age. In the mean time, WHO's definition change from the above interpretation as it is determined by the society's perception to later years, drop on physical function, role changes predicated on decline physical ability, developmental milestone of any person and non-active involvement in the community.

1. 3 Comparing ideas of disability and aging

  • One (1) disability and one (1) aging theory
  • Four (4) types of variety and describe

Theories of Disability

Social Model - is a model that distinguishes the undesired outlooks, barriers and rejection by the world where the modern culture is the major contributor in restricting the individual. There are a few reasons why a person has restrictions because of intellectual, sensory, physical and mental disability. In such a model welcomes equality and approval in order for the individual to do their pursuits and activities in life. Also, it improve the individual's wellbeing and self-esteem that provides safe environment and support.

Age- a person may have difficulty in reaching his needs as he/she gets old. The physical condition deteriorates as a person heightens age which may result to difficulty in completing tasks in which the individual may perceive as an unproductive and worthless person. Within the social model, age is no more a limitation for the impaired person because this model is produced in order to eliminate the obstacles that impede the functionality of the average person in the contemporary society.

Gender - it is interpreted by culture that is correlates with the society's norm because men signify masculinity, power, dominating and breadwinner as a job while women screen a role of nurturer, femininity, less powerful. Due to society's norms in gender, there is certainly intensified impact as a person has impairment especially it has experience more for females being helpless and passive. The gender impairment varies. More women in the developed areas are poorer when compared with men, less educated, less wages in their job, less access to rehabilitation, feel unsafe and daunting in the public areas and experienced deteriorating conditions while men experienced destruction related occurrences. In public model, the chance of an individual with impairment in the contemporary society can be possible because it removes the hurdle that affects the functionality of any person in regards to to gender.

Class - there is an impact on the accessibility and option of resources on someone's socio economic position. A disabled individual in the reduced class level in the world may not access useful resources that could help their daily living and needs. Unemployed individual with disability cannot afford education, living arrangement, and poor personal relationship that may result to abuse where his/her interest is influenced. The social model is beneficial for handicapped person as it increase the wellness, possibilities and chances for a easy access on the facilities that may help their treatment and work.

Race - in the communal model, racism and inequality can be avoided. There can be increased unhappiness if the individual is discriminated because of disability and race. Handicapped specific can be inspired to participate in the society free from criticism and common sense. Thus, the person can accomplish jobs and find needs.

Theories of Aging

Psychosocial Theory - this is a theory that says there exists behavioral changes, sociable relationship changes, and activity engagement changes as a person grow old. According to this model, the person acts based on their age. Environment performs an important part in changing an individual's behavior throughout the life span.

Age - as years increases, the average person removes more in taking part in the society's activities and centers more on his / her family and job. Also, there are individuals that o not modify on the fast changing technology advancement bringing on generation difference and dread on utilizing the technology. Thus, old aged person isolate himself/ herself because of environmental factors and world. Therefore, it's important that new interest and substitute activities should be provided to old older person for regaining their activities lost and increase involvement in the culture.

Gender - it is greatly inspired by the culture as a person expands old with environment among the contributing factor in shaping the character. In general, men tend to end up being the breadwinner and protector of these family while females become the nurturer in the family. However, there may be alteration in regards to to role as male becomes handicapped then the female will take over and be the provider.

Class - the socio-economic status of a vintage aged person influences on how he/she functions and communicates. A minimal class old aged person may have low self-esteem and unhappiness because he / she struggles to get involved and socialize in the culture. Because of this reason, the person's behavior and capacity to communicate change because of the socio-economic status. There may be less opportunity in being able to access education, health discussion, income, and host to residence because of these reasons. Thus, creating hurdle in conference one's interest and needs.

Race - Regarding for some research, there are specific race teams in countries like United states that are prone to ailments in contrast to counterpart overseas. For instance, Japanese - American guys have significant high rate of Alzheimer's disease than guys of same time in Japan and African - American have higher rate of Alzheimer than Africans. In addition, Alzheimer's Connection conducted some research study that there is an elevated ratio of dementia along with African - People in america than whites. These implies that there are specific race categories that can have Alzheimer or other diseases that can affect the social connection of an aged person living with Alzheimer. These problems can be evidently seen as individuals reach age 65 years of age and above. Their action changes as a result of development of diseases that dementia impacts in a certain contest group. They might be accepted in a dementia unit as their family has difficulty in caring for them. Also, conducts such as misunderstandings, increase agitation, and challenging behavior make a difference individuals on how to have interaction and socialize locally.

References:

Disabled world. (n. d. ). Meanings of Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www. disabled-world. com/disability/types/

Lanilla, M. (2009) Alzheimer's Risk Factors. Retrieved from http://alzheimers. about. com/lw/Health-Medicine/Conditions-and-diseases/Alzheimers-Disease-How-Common-Is-It-. htm

Meekosha, H. (2004 April). Gender and impairment. Retrieved from http://www. handicap-international. fr/bibliographie-handicap/4PolitiqueHandicap/groupes_particuliers/Femmes_Genre/meekosha. pdf

Merriam Webster Dictionary. (n. d. ). Aging. Retrieved from http://www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/aging

World Health Organization. (2000). Defining of an older or elderly person. Retrieved from http://www. who. int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/

Senescene. info. (2013). What is Aging. Retrieved from http://www. senescence. info/aging_definition. html

State Services Commission. (n. d. ). Chapter one: Defining Impairment. Retrieved from http://www. ssc. govt. nz/node/1671

Wikipedia. (n. d. ). Public model of impairment. Retrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Friendly_model_of_disability

World Health Company. (2014) Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www. who. int/topics/disabilities/en/

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