Posted at 12.31.2018
From 2007 to 2009, the global financial meltdown was breaking out. During this time period, increasingly more companies started collapsing and increasing numbers of people confronted of unemployment. However, there have still many companies have been living. Relating to analyse, it was found that these companies generally acquired a good innovator who has a great leadership. Hence, increasingly more leaders concern leadership theory. It is to review the factors which a head can improve his effectiveness of management and creation efficiency. It is also one of the most crucial issues of management theory. Therefore, it as the core of the idea is worth to be considering that what kind of authority can enhance the creation. People will separate the control theory into four aspects, which can be characteristic theory, behavioural theory, contingency theory and transformational management. The aim of this essay is to analyse and compare them to exhibit people the similar and difference about these four types' ideas of authority.
Firstly, based on the time sequence, it could be find that the study of characteristic theory started from 1950, the study of behaviour theory started out from 1960, the research of contingency theory began from 1970 and the study of transformational control commenced from 1960. It shows individuals who with the introduction of The Times, the study of control is growing and deepening. Subsequently, characteristic theory is purpose at research characteristics of personal capabilities of a good leader; behaviour theory is concentrate on researching the impact of an leader's style and behavior on efficiency; contingency theory goal is research any work situation in virtually any relative environment which can influence leadership efficiency; and transformational leadership is emphasize that a visionary innovator should encourage subordinates beyond personal interest, to be able to market efficiency. Corresponding to analyse it could be discovered that these four theories have a feature, that is their purpose of research is to improve efficiency despite their subject matter are different. In addition, people can also find that trait theory and behaviour theory are both devote to purely research the situations in regards to a good leader. However, contingency theory and transformational leadership begin research relative environment and other situations as regards the impact of command.
Trait theory and behaviour theory both focus on personal attribute and behaviour to market effectiveness. They need not to consider about other situations, which can be excluded from personal leadership.
Trait theory is research the attributes that a head should have. It can be a complicated analysis that required people will need to have to consider many aspects that happen to be physical attributes, such as energy, height, appearance; social backdrop, such as interpersonal economic position and education; intellect, such as common sense, decisive drive and the depth and breadth of the knowledge; personality, such as overall flexibility, aggressive, self-confidence, ingenious, integrity and mental stability; concentrate on duties, such as responsibility, perseverance, working initiative and pay attention to the achievement; cultural participation, such as communication, friends, take part in various activities and cooperate with the individual. In brief, characteristic theory of authority is target at both inherit and training.
Behaviour theory is research so how exactly does it can helps people acknowledge wether their leader styles are efficiency or not. One of the best studies is leadership grid of Blake and Mouton who distribute a framework to dimensions different styles about matter between people and production. It is displaced people five basic characteristic styles by 1 to 9 notional scales. By learning the five Command Grid styles, it could be realize that country team management (1, 9) is focusing on positive, satisfying relationship and comfortable aspects of work; Authority-compliance management (9, 1) require functional efficiency originates from production and enforce guidelines so that ignore individuals factors; Impoverished management (1, 1) runs on the minimum effort and have a passive situation to get work done; middle-of-the-road management (5, 5) acquire controlling both production and folks, but may take needless risk; team management (9, 9) is comparable with middle-of-the-road management, but more efficiency than it.
According to compare these two theories they have many difference. Nevertheless, they cannot divide to research. For instance, there have a person who known as Barack Hussein Obama II, the chief executive of the United Stated. He's considered a good head by people, because they think him that has some personality features, such as smart, clear manifestation capacity and attractive, and the important thing is he has political talent. However, exclude these traits, his wealthy experience and obtain good education also training him turn into a president. His smart help him find his leadership style quickly and govern the country efficiency.
These two ideas both focus on researching factors of comparative environment, which might impact the efficiency of control. They platform on other two theories to extend the study of control. Therefore, they may be more objective and serious than characteristic and behaviour theory. In short, the core of these theories is research the impact situations between leadership and environment.
Contingency theory is research the factors of different situation involve some sort of command style is most effective. There have three types of contingency theory, that are Fiedler, Vroom and Yetton, and Path-goal theory. Fiedler's contingency theory, the main element element of affect the authority is the situations, which include the relationship, activity framework and position power between innovator and subordinates. Vroom and Yetton contingency theory is considering the leadership behaviour should be based on the environment change, therefore the command style is divided into three aspects of decision (performance quality, group acceptance, and time for make decision) and seven proportions (decision of significance, importance of determination, leader' specialization, likelihood of commitment, sets of supportive, sets of specialization, and the strength of the team). Path-goal theory, developed by House who think the effective market leaders should be through the specified path and the best way to help the subordinates to realize their work target, and offer support assistance what they lack to fulfil the work aim. Therefore, House sets forward four varieties of leadership behavior, that are supportive management, directive management, participative leadership, and achievement-oriented authority. This theory points out that the first choice should be according to the different environmental characteristics to adapt management and the attitude.
Transformational command theory is famous known as Uses up who summarize a innovator should encourage subordinates endeavour to attain higher purpose. Then it platform upon this theory to conclude as four aspects, charisma, motivation, intellectual stimulation, individual thought. With these factors leaders will often have strong ideals and directions; and they can efficiently encourage employees beyond personal interest, in order to raise the creation and improve efficiency.
There have a good example about Ryoji Chubachi, leader and Gadgets CEO of Sony Company. After several years ago, the corporation's accomplishment had decreased and employees had lost their confidence. Hence, Ryoji began consider how to encourage subordinates to promote the morale and improve the development. He said, "We are actually implementing structural reform initiatives that will permit us to provide clear path, and create a working environment that does draw out the unique abilities of the employees and helps them achieve their full potential". In the ultimate, he comprehensive the environment situational factors to made a sensible goal, and effort attain this goal with his staff.
As people see out of this essay, it has shown us the similarities and distinctions about these four types of authority theory via analyse and compare. Characteristic theory and Behaviour theory both research the personal characteristic and behavior, that means a good innovator shouldn't only inherit leader feature but also training authority ability, to allow them to not be divided. While as the research more and more deeply, Contingency theory and Transformational management began extend the number of control theory. They concentrate on the surroundings situations of control and make the idea become more powerful. Nevertheless, an entirety command theory involves the four ideas. Because they can complement each other to make the theory become more complete. As the increase of experience and deeply research, the command theory will establish and some other types of theory may be finding to complete it.