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Comparative politics: john locke and thomas hobbes

Comparative Politics: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were two renowned philosophers from the seventeenth hundred years, who have inspired politics and opened up a broader image of them to the earth. Despite their different views on human being aspect, both theorists examined the role of federal and their impact is still seen today. Both men have contributed just as much to American government, as the federal government has contributed to its people. And in many cases thought they disagreed with each other on the problem of human characteristics, both men have added to comparative politics, using their strong arguments and philosophical procedure towards them.

John Locke can be characterized as an optimist, who thought that humanity was sensible and acknowledgeable. John Locke resided during the Glorious Revolution, which was a nonviolent battle and therefore had not caused him to refer to humans as savage pets or animals. He believed a child was born vacant, nor good nor bad, and that it was the society and occasions that took place that later characterized him into one of the categories. His teachings present humans as moral, peaceful, and good. He believed that humans "kept their promises and honored their obligations". He also assumed humans understood the difference between what's right and what is wrong and, therefore what's allowed to do and what's not. Peaceful, pleased, and realistic; those were John Locke's meanings of humankind.

Thomas Hobbes, on the other palm, can be characterized as a realist, who, in turn, believed that mankind was cruel, evil, and selfish. Thomas Hobbes resided through the British Civil War, that was one of the bloodiest wars ever fought. He assumed humankind was selfish and their only goal was to get electricity. He also thought that people were "unthinking" and their contemporary society was "materialistic and mechanical". He assumed that the only way humans can can be found, is under a strong federal called absolutism. He stated that individuals need an absolute ruler to keep them in order and neutralize their negative part. Locke, on the other side, believed that definite monarchy was irrelevant and said that the federal government would only prosper under limited constitutional monarchy.

Both men disagreed on individual rights as much as they do on human aspect. John Locke thought that a federal should be run by people who care about their country and its people, as well as value their rights. He also assumed that the goal of the government was to safeguard those rights and this those rights cannot be denied without the particular reason. He believed people may possibly also overthrow the federal government if its guideline was unacceptable and people's rights were not guarded or well known. Hobbes had a different view for the reason that matter. Hobbes believed that people experienced no rights and it was the ruler's obligation to decide that which was fair and what was not. He also said that people got no to rebel or disagree with the absolute ruler.

Both, John Locke and Thomas Hobbes offered reasonable arguments on human privileges and human mother nature, however, it was John Locke who analyzed humankind in a less critical, negative way and it is him, therefore, whose arguments are more sensible and just. John Locke assessed people from a time period that performed no particular affect over his examination. Also John Locke introduced arguments on the role of federal government, which are still applied today. Thomas Hobbes, however, who resided during a cruel period of time, seen nothing but slaughter and anger, was affected by the events that took place during his life time. The British Civil War triggered Hobbes to see the humankind as an uncontrollable risk that is therefore to be retained under the chains of a complete ruler. The effect of time played out a role on Hobbes, and it can be compared to the post period that resulted after World Warfare One, age of sorrow and regret, lost and emptiness. Situations of the English Civil War triggered Hobbes to feel the same anger for the world, and the mankind itself.

Both men lived through many disputes among each other and their beliefs, however, both have affected comparative politics. Thomas Hobbes, who believed humans were cruel and wicked, during his time, affected people by disproving the parliament of Great britain and the papal system of France. John Locke, who believed people were realistic and good, and his ideas on individuals self-reliance and equality helped bring their impact into USA. His beliefs on "all men are created equal" and "men have protection under the law by their nature", craved their way in to the Declaration of Self-reliance, Federalist Documents, and the Constitution. The effect of these two seventeenth century philosophers was, is, and you will be inevitable. We, people should realize how important comparative politics are and especially, how important is their impact over us.

Bibliography

http://jim. com/hobbes. htm

http://www. essortment. com/all/hobbeslocke_rbtz. htm

http://www. hyperhistory. net/apwh/essays/comp/cw20hobbes_locke. htm

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