Posted at 10.28.2018
The Communism term in political science is described as a society where all property is placed in keeping or as a politics movement whose last purpose is the establishment of such a society. Within the 1980s greater than a one fourth of the world's population lived under the Communist rule. Communism have existed in many countries of the world such as Italy, East Germany, France, the Union Soviet, China, Cuba, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, North Korea, Poland, Romania, and Vietnam.
Even Albania, this small country, couldn't evade from this sensation that captures all these countries at least once in their history. Albania experienced guideline under the communist dictatorship for over 50 years during the second one half of the 20th century. The impact of the times has not been small and the pain continues to be noticed even nowadays.
The Albanian Communist party was founded in November 1941 and Enver Hoxha, a Western-educated schoolteacher, was elected its Standard Secretary. But prior to 1941 there is no Communist Get together in Albania. Albanians does a difficult and long war to gain their independence, working with strong countries such as Italy and Germany, and when finally they archived this goal, a fresh, harder stage was going to be written through the internet pages of Albania's record: the Communism.
The Communists launched their level of resistance movement up against the invaders with the creation of the National Liberation Activity in September 1942 and the organization of the Country wide Liberation Military in July 1943. In this time around the Allied command word in Italy supplied some materials assistance. In addition they were helped by other powerful countries which were under the communism rule too, such as China and the Soviet Union.
Now the leader of communism Enver Hoxha and his associate Mehmet Shehu dominated Albania and denied the Albanian people the most basic individuals and civil rights. By showing themselves, as the communist get together and as the state of hawaii security equipment, they managed, as the vigilant defenders, the "country's independence".
Interesting is the actual fact that the Communist movements was launched by intellectuals. And now that the energy was centralized in their hands, the communist top notch co-opted or terrorized the complete Albanian society into blind behavior, herding them into obligatory forward organizations, bombarding them with propaganda, and disciplining them with a authorities leviathan untrammeled by anything resembling to the legal, honest, religious, or politics norms.
They refused them almost all their human rights. For decades Albania was the Eastern Europe's most closed and repressive talk about. During his 50-calendar year reign, the ex - communist, leader Enver Hoxha restricted religious beliefs, forbade travel in foreign countries and outlawed private property.
Now there have been no other political functions in Albania's political life. The only real two politics organizations that been around in that time, "Balli Kombtar" (The National Entrance) and "Legaliteti" (The Legality Motion) were dissolved in 1943. In Sept 1943, preparing the bottom for a seizure of power following the anticipated defeat of Germany, the Communists also launched a campaign contrary to the nationalist organizations Balli Kombtar (National Front side) and Legaliteti (Legality Movement). Following a bloody civil battle, the nationalists were defeated, plus some of them were executed while some others who were luckier could break free abroad. On Oct 1944 the Communists were able to form a solid government headed. .
Upon taking ability in past due 1944, all universities were located under point out management. According to the situation, official figures indicated that the routine made a considerable improvement in education because the communist program gave high goal to reopening the universities and organizing the whole education system. Even though the regime's goals for the new school system were to represent communist ideology, to wipe out illiteracy in the country at the earliest opportunity, to have difficulties against "bourgeois survivals" in the country's culture, to transmit to Albanian youth the ideas and rules of communism as interpreted by the get together, and finally to teach the children of all social classes on the basis of these rules.
Another interesting fact is that through the Communist period all marketing communications multimedia in Albania were meticulously controlled by the federal government. It was only one television route the TVSH and only 1 radio stop "Radio Tirana". People weren't allowed to get information about other countries; they cannot watch other television set channels, except the TVSH or pay attention to international music or radio stations. Every one who was caught doing such thing was accused for dissemination against the nation and was caught or interned.
Any resistance from one to his rules was found with brutal retribution, including inside exile, long-term imprisonment or execution. Hundred of individuals were executed because they share their opinions, or because they asked because of their protection under the law. People loose the trust in their friends and in their relatives. People kept confirming each other for things they said and some times for things they didn't say, just because they were frightened and wanted to be included in the explanation of " a good-man". After every report, and following the stage self-critical and critical, there was a general discussion which became heated up and degenerated into personal recriminations; and the person was executed or delivered to jail and his family was interned in lost villages to work in the fields.
But the communism plan was not a source or a level of economic development in Albania. First of all, it was a lack of food. During those years people bought their food in rations, they could get only half or one kg of beef, only five eggs, and only two litters of dairy per week, and to get these goods they had to queue up at 4 am. Folks of those times didn't know what Coca-Cola, bananas, coconuts and such other food stuffs were. Another reason it had not been an economic development was because the Communist program initiated a massive plan of purges to remove real and potential opponents so he confiscated wealth in private property, all industrial plant life and mines were nationalized, and a radical agrarian reform was instituted. There were no more rich people. At that time individuals were divided in two communal classes; the one's who acquired the energy and the others who did the task. The first group possessed a standard life with sufficient goods as the other had its only the air he breathed.
During the inter-war years the only path to escape from Communism was that to achieve the political power via an insurrection, rather than by electoral and parliamentary means. But this was not easy but finally, in 1990 Albanians found the drive and the courage to fight for their own privileges. What has been done is previous and cannot be modified. Some have achieved more, others less. Not surprisingly, we do our better to reach the people; we does our best to escape from this regime to help make the impossible to have a normal life, and have significantly more chances and opportunities. But time runs extremely fast, and what I keep questioning is if we do succeed?