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Communication Is Most Basic Human Activity British Language Essay

It established fact that communication is the most basic man activity which allows visitors to exchange thoughts and feelings. Due to the variety of terminology materials and environment, people use different communicational skills to talk to each other to be able to achieve their conversational purposes. With the purpose of inspecting linguistic strategies of the specific talks, sociolinguistics study happened. According to Wikipedia (Sociolinguistics, 2010), it studies the way of language being used on society and how language varied between different interpersonal groups, status, ages, etc.

From among many such types of communicational styles, workplace conversations unquestionably attract a lot more focus on sociolinguists. The reason lies in the actual fact that adults spend almost all of their life in work area, where they are not only discussing business issues but also talking about daily life activities. Therefore, talk at work serves as an illustration in the analyzing of pragmatic vocabulary. Furthermore, it will help us to obtain essential communicating skills by analyzing the features of conversations at the job and to learn how to use terms effectively.

From the text reserve (Unitec, 2010), there are quite a number of characteristics of work place discussions such as using more formal plus more technological words, having proper plans, involving lots of business negotiating. This article will offer with two genres of workplace conversing. The first one is 'A Load up of Brains' which happened in a stock with a team leader and a machinist in this team. The next the first is a transcript of Tiger Woods' public declaration related to his apology of extramarital affairs. In this posting, the copy writer will analyze both of these transcripts predicated on lexical, syntactical and pragmatic features with personal evaluative reviews. Moreover, there is also a evaluation between these discussions.

Analysis and Discussion

I. Lexical Features

At the beginning of the first article, Ginette, a team head, starts her sentence with 'Oh yeah' to draw Murray's focus on herself. After listening to the issue poured out by Ginette, Murray, a machinist in the team, uses back again stations such as 'right' in-line 4, 'oh right' in-line 13, 'Yeah' in-line 25 to respond to his team innovator as a cooperative listener. It's very interesting that Ginette repeats 'stuff' often in-line 1, 14, 15, 18 and 19. Take 'products' in line 18 for example, Genette speaks this word double in one phrase. This sort of immediate self-repetition, relatively decreasing the amount of information, allows hearer to receive specific details the presenter produced. (Tannen, 1992). Therefore, it emphasizes her anger with a member who offered her the items that wasn't the one she required.

There are hesitation devices and fillers in this dialog. In-line 10 'mmmm' implies that Murray might not exactly be sure in what he should say next so that he just provides quick short response. In the meantime, Ginette uses hesitation devices such as 'I suggest' (line 36) and 'variety of' (lines 43) to carry on the conversation fluently before deciding what things to say next. In addition, Murray uses swear words fluently. For example, he uses 'Bullshit' in line 30 when he knew his colleagues wished to eliminate one team member and says 'Jesus' in-line 40 expressing surprise and annoyance.

The second transcript is approximately a famous golf star-Tiger Woods' open public statement. It really is a formal statement with well-chosen words and well-structured paragraphs. By far the most obvious lexical attribute is reformation of words. Because of the genre of apology declaration, PADRAIG HARRINGTON repeats sorry in various ways. For examples, 'deeply sorry' in paragraph 3, 'real apology' in paragraph 5, 'so sorry' in paragraph 11 and 'truly sorry' in paragraph 24. At the same time, he apologized profusely for unsatisfactory people too much. The illustrations of this are in paragraph 6 'let you down' and 'personal disappointment' and in paragraph 10 'bitterly disappointed'.

According to Tannen (Tannen, 1992), 'each time the utterance is repeated, the theme of the storyplot is developed. ' Therefore, repetition with variation plays a part in deepen the understanding of the primary ideas. At the same time, it avoids repetition monotonously, making listeners feel interested rather than bored. In addition to the repetition, Tiger Woods uses many beginner phrases such as 'I think', 'I know' and 'I want to'. In paragraph 4 the utilization of 'I know people. . . ' explains to us that the presenter is trying to see these extramarital affairs through the eye of other folks in order to show how selfish and foolish he's. What's more, in paragraph 6 the expression 'I am also alert to. . . ' demonstrates he has already known what he have has resulted in a bad impact on people and he was smitten by deep remorse and guilt.

II. Syntactic Features

In the first article, the relationship between your two sound system is of superior and subordinate. Because of this, there isn't similar turns for participants because the team leader talks a lot while the team member just gives a circulation response such as 'mmmm' in line 10 and 'oh right' in-line 13. Additionally, Murray uses ellipsis in phrases to react to Ginette, 'skills or the eye-sight' in line 8 and 'do it yourself' in-line 26. As the article writer mentioned before, Ginette is dissatisfied with one member in her team. It is obvious that she uses building up devices such as modals in a lot of her sentences showing her resentful feeling. The good instances are 'the stuff that should be from the packaging' in line 18 and 'I can only take action when I can, but simple jobs that I've asked her to do. . . ' in line 21. Each one of these modals strengthen the manner of talking with exhibit strong dissatisfaction. After that, Ginette runs on the rhetorical question in line 16 'what'd she go and do?' without the expectation of an answer to highlight this team member didn't do anything at all. Then she uses an exclamatory word to answer it herself 'printing one lot twice acquired them laminated double' in-line 17 to get anger off her torso.

When it comes to the pragmatic features in the second transcript, the most dazzling feature is repetition. In the second paragraph, Tiger Woods uses parataxis sentences (A lot of you. . . a lot of you. . . a lot of you. . . ) to show those who are present here are his intimates. In the 6th paragraph, he employs the phrases 'I have let you down. . . ' 3 x to be able to communicate his regret and guilt in what he previously done. Furthermore, in paragraph 33 and 34, he restates 'I have discovered. . . 'twice which makes a spot of focusing on how to improve himself from repentance and amendment. It is very interesting that parallelism sentences are being used frequently in this affirmation, which increase the forcefulness of dialect and expressive results to convince people that Tiger Woods will repent past problems. Furthermore, all the sentences are brief and pithy, mixing up along with his truehearted emotions and sincere apologies. For instance, he takes the whole blame on himself and says sorry to the general public in first person in paragraph 14 'I am the only person to blame' and 'I was wrong' and 'I was foolish' in paragraph 18. Besides, he uses weakening devices in his conversation. The illustrations of the are 'please know that. . . ' in paragraph 26 and 'please leave my partner and kids together' in paragraph 29.

III. Pragmatic Features

Notice that the first connection was from a stock between the innovator and member. Ginette, a superior, is female while Murray, a subordinate, is male. Regarding to their dialogue, it is not difficult to start to see the relationship between both of these people is familiar enough so that Ginette complains to Murray about some problem with an associate in her team. It is quite funny to see Murray has some fear for his head. For that reason, as the article writer stated before, he uses short sentences to reply Ginette in order not to interrupt her. ('mmmm' in series10 'oh right' in collection13 and 'we will get there' in line 40 etc. )

Due to gender characteristics (Unitec, 2010), women plan to use longer phrases than men and so no marvel Ginette will speak at extreme length whereas Murray wish to say elliptical phrases. Also, women tend to be agreeable and euphemistical than men. Take range 37 'she's quite ingenious but I don't really know what the condition is. It could be something else' for example, although Ginette is dissatisfied with her team member, she doesn't speak ill of her. In comparison, she tries to make excuses for her. From other side of Murray, he uses more swear words in-line 30 'Bullshit' and in range 40 'Jesus' to criticize his acquaintances directly.

The poll, conducted by ABC Information and ESPN, implies that 54 percent of 1 1, 004 American think that Tiger Woods' apology is genuine and pure-hearted and happy to forgive his habit (ESPN. com news service, 2010). The key reason why people believe that he will turn over a fresh leaf is the fact as a general population figure, Tiger Woods has courage to confess his mistakes instead of concealing and ignoring them. On this formal public affirmation, he declares his faults in serious firmness, facing his friends, supporters and press journalists. All are familiar with him to some extent so that he shows great courage to handle them even to commit his donkey take action. The foregoing conducts show that PADRAIG HARRINGTON is trying to boost his open public image after these shameful problems he had made. Relating to linguistic gender features (Unitec, 2010), men plan to use more immediate and straightforward sentences than women. For example, in paragraph 14 'I was unfaithful. I had formed affairs. I cheated' and in paragraph 18 'I was incorrect. I was foolish' all verify this point of view.

Comparison and Contrast

In this section, the writer will compare and contrast the similarities and variations between these two transcripts and give the comparability with the work area conversations in my country. When it comes to the similarities between 'A Pack of Brains' and Tiger Woods' open public statement, they can be related to workplace discussions with specific words and discourse features. Furthermore, the most clear feature in both of these is the using of repetition and reformation, as the copy writer mentioned before, in the section of analysis and debate.

However, there are two main differences among these two passages. First of all, the genres of them will vary. 'A Load up of Brains' is a dialogue between a team leader and a team member that occurred in manufacturer while Tiger Woods' general population statement is his monologue in conditions of your apology to the general public. Secondly, they are involved in various situations. The first article is coping with a issue about one team member as the second article is a general population apology for Tiger Woods' irresponsible conducts.

As much as the copy writer is concerned, speak at walk in China is completely different from traditional western countries. First of all, take the situation taken place in 'A Pack of Brains' for example, Murray says swear words 'Bullshit' 'Jesus' to reply his head. It is almost inconceivable when it happened in China because there are rigorous distinctions of list in my country. The subordinates should use polite and respectful expressions to talk to their superiors, otherwise they are considered as an uneducated and disrespectful person. In the second place, the westerners tend to be immediate and frank than Chinese. For example, in Tiger Woods' general public affirmation, he says 'I was unfaithful', 'I was foolish' and 'I cheated' those self-condemned sentences showing his repentance and guilty.

However, people scarcely put themselves down when they say sorry to others in China because of their self-esteem. Last but not the least, people in my own country tend to make excuse when they make blunders by finding objective reasons or blaming anybody else. By contrast, exactly like Tiger Woods', westerners intend to put mistakes upon themselves. The illustrations of this are 'I am the one person to blame' and 'I have a lot to atone for' in the second transcript.

Personal Evaluative Comments

Everyone wants to win a location for him or her in society to demonstrate that people are a contributing member of contemporary society. As I discussed earlier, human beings spend most of their life in a work place where we can verify our potential and achieve our goals. Hence, knowing how to survive in the workplace plays an extremely essential role in our career and life. The first rung on the ladder of the is learning a how to talk properly on jobsites.

Through analyzing and evaluating two transcripts about converse at work, I have found many useful conversational skills and interesting interactional strategies. In 'A Load up of Brains', when your innovator cannot help but to complain about something, the best thing for you is hear, listen and listen closely and present some back programs at the correct time. Also, when you wish to highlight some considerations, you can use repetition and reformation to do this effect.

In addition, in my country you can say swear words in front of your superior. This might be seen as very rude and uneducated while in New Zealand it seems OK because people have equal rights no matter their class categories and status. Talking about the next transcript, it's very interesting to note a famous golf superstar keeps a low account to apologize to common people while in my own country, celebrities tend to get the public's attention by leading to a whole lot trouble and then say sorry in a perfunctory way. Therefore, I could never image such a honest and genuine apology comes from a public number.


To summarize, this essay has handled analyzing and evaluating with two place of work conversations. One is 'A Load up of Brains' that took place in a manufacturer when a superior complains about something amiss with an associate of the team to her subordinate. The other some may be a transcript of Tiger Woods' general population statement in terms of his sincere apology for his extramarital affairs. The writer analyzes and discusses their features from three aspects. These are lexical features, syntactic features and pragmatic features. In each part of them, the article writer shows their characteristics giving detailed cases.

The lexical top features of 'A Pack of Brain' are back again stations, hesitation devices, repetition and swear words. While in the transcript of Tiger Woods' public affirmation, the lexical features are employing reformation and starter phrases. When it comes to the syntactic features, the modals, rhetorical question and exclamatory sentence are used as conditioning devices. However, parataxis sentences, short sentences show up frequently in the later one with weakening devices such as 'please' and 'would'. According of the pragmatic features, the gender and status are worthy of consideration. Inside the first transcript, women use longer phrases and you will be more empathic than men while men use brief and direct sentences and are ruder than women. It really is as exactly like the next transcript.

Following that, the writer gives a assessment and contrast between both of these conversations related with their genres and participates. Moreover, there are extensive differences of work area conversation between China and other overseas countries around the way in which of speaking and self-esteem. Finally, the copy writer reviewed some personal evaluative comments, that are related to conversational skills and interesting conclusions from both of these pieces.

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