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Combines Michael Porters Common Competitive Strategies Marketing Essay

IKEA achieves competitive advantage under the cost leadership strategy by producing at the lowest possible cost. Whenever we can, under this strategy IKEA will reduce costs at every level of the value string and either demand lower prices or charge competitive prices leading to relatively high profit margins.

IKEA slices costs constantly and is always asking its makers to get minimal costly suppliers. IKEA also, seeks to offer prices much cheaper and target very wider audience. Therefore, to be able to achieve required margins.

Differentiation Strategy:

In the differentiation strategy, IKEA look for competitive benefits by offering products that are identified to vary and better than opponents' products by customers because of its unique characteristics, e. g. quality of the merchandise.

Focus Strategy:

The emphasis strategy has two variations i. e. Cost Concentration and Differentiation Focus. This is where IKEA targets a narrow portion of the market. That's where IKEA focuses on a narrow portion of the marketplace and applies a Differentiation strategy.

IKEA's Crossbreed Strategy:

IKEA runs on the combination of the strategies in obtaining its vision which is

Its business idea

The part of the cost authority strategy that IKEA adopts is the fact that part aimed at producing at the cheapest possible cost, to allow them to demand as low a cost as possible to keep up their competitive advantages.

For the differentiation strategy, IKEA focuses on quality designs. However, the IKEA will not do this, so they could demand a premium price. They do it to market their brand. The differentiation focus strategy is also found in some segments of the marketplace. For instance, they produce custom-made clear plastic mats to commemorate the entire year of the rooster in China.

Functional level strategy identifies different functions within the business device, such as sales, accounting or production, which contribute on the success of the business level strategy. This contribution will change from function to function, but the overall aim is to support the overall strategy. If the strategy is to be a cost head, then production will be essential in achieving cost advantages. Therefore, Functional strategy refers to the strategy of individual departments linked to accomplishment of business goals. For instance, a Marketing division of a firm may have promotional or costing strategy, while a financing team will have a credit control policy.

Similarly, IKEA has practical strategies aimed at achieving its eye-sight and business ideas. For example, under the Marketing function, IKEA increased its syndication channels by starting 19 new shops in 2006. That is to support its business development strategy. In america, by the end of 2010 the number of IKEA shops is expected to be 50, in comparison to 25 in 2006.

To support its hybrid strategy, IKEA is set to ensure that

This policy applies to the research and development and well as the purchasing functions of the company.

The customer notion of IKEA is the fact the business offers quality products at affordable prices. Shopping at IKEA's is treated more like a meeting to be searched frontward to by the clients, rather than a task which must be completed. The next quotes illustrate how IKEA sometimes appears by many people:

"If it wasn't for IKEA, most people could have no usage of affordable modern-day design".

"IKEA makes me absolve to become what I want to be".

"Half my house is from IKEA - and the nearest store is six time away".

"Each and every time, it's trendy for less overall".

IKEA is dealing with the needs of all customers. Customers buying behavior usually illustrate price level of sensitivity, with the average shopper constantly looking for deals or discounts. On the other hand, these same customers would look for a top quality product over what they perceive less quality product where both cost the same almost always.

IKEA is regarded as providing to the needs of the present day and cool as well as people that have dreams for the finer things in life. There appears to be a strong bond as parents are usually comfortable giving their children in the shop's playroom while each goes about shopping, which generate a trust.

As it mentioned above, the IKEA strategy is a hybrid strategy, which has components of cost control, differentiation and differentiation target strategies.

IKEA brand is quite strong, most competitors do not have the talents that IKEA does indeed and, which are important in obtaining a cross strategy.

Consequently, IKEA is able to attract good quality of customers and even better is able to duplicate its quality and prices globally. In addition, it has economies of level and a strong research and development team constantly taking a look at innovative ways to meet its business objectives. Therefore, for the strategy to be imitated, the distinctive competencies of opponents must be strong, they need to have the tool to deal with any potential price wars, plus they must also have the capabilities to respond to changing external environment.

The main risks of IKEA result from its external environment. IKEA's risks can be assessed with PESTEL, Porter's Five Forces and SWOT evaluation.

Political, relates to the affect of federal government legislation and legislation over a business.

Economic, how economical factors like interest levels, inflation and exchange rates affect businesses

Social, identifies social fads and includes things like change in consumer flavor and fashion and demographical changes

Technological, degree of automation and the speed of technological progression and the effect on businesses

Environmental, relates to how companies are impacted by environmental factors such as global weather change

Legal, health insurance and safety laws

Porter's five makes, is an instrument used to analyse how competitive pressure effect on businesses, i. e. the scope of competitive rivalry, obstacles to entry, buyer vitality, supplier electric power and the availability of substitutes.

SWOT, summarises the key issues from the business environment and the strategy capacity for an organisation that most likely to impact on the strategy development.

In IKEA's circumstance, the key potential threats result from three of these factors, i. e. Economic, Social and Competition.

In conditions of monetary factors, the global recession has significantly reduced business progress as customers have less disposable income and are as a result spending less. With limited income, consumers prefer to invest only on needs mainly, and keeping. Many governments damaged by the recession have been putting stimulus packages set up partly to encourage consumer spending.

As significantly as the social threat is concerned, credited to a collapse of the enclosure and mortgage loan market which started the downward spiral into global downturn, the quantity of first time clients, who are mainly IKEA customers, has considerably reduced.

From a competitive viewpoint, you have the threat the scope of competitive rivalry will jeopardized IKEA's strategy. For example, it has to compete with major competitors Aim for Firm and Kmart in US, Take flight in France and Nitori Co. in Japan. Furthermore, progressively buyer power will increase as competition rises demanding overview of price or even design. This could potentially damage the IKEA brand.

IKEA must constantly analyse its internal and exterior environment to know what the business is at for any given time also to identify what needs to be done in the years ahead. For the inner evaluation, IKEA must analyse its resources and capabilities with a view of making improvements as appropriate. They must always seek to ensure that their resources and features are superior to those of their competition to lessen the risk of imitation, which would eliminate their competitive benefits. In conditions of the resources, they could go through the pursuing with a view of figuring out talents and weaknesses:

Finance - what is the condition of the business in conditions of earnings and loss, cash flow and the total amount sheet position?

Marketing - they must continue steadily to revaluate their marketing strategy. for example:

Are the merchandise priced effectively?

Is the spin out of new stores getting together with growth targets?

Promotion - how successful contain the present initiatives activities been?

Product - how green and are they to talk with any difficulties?

Operations - IKEA could review the talents and weaknesses with their machines, approach to procedures and materials used to produce furniture.

Management - as the creator is an old man now, this is a significant area that requires looking at. Is the management in place presently skilled enough to attain objectives?

Staff - examine their motivation, their training needs and contribution to the success of the business, for example.

An exterior audit should then be performed by analysing PESTEL & SWOT is to determine the opportunities and dangers facing IKEA from the external environment. Eventually, IKEA should then maintain a position to regulate how it may use its key advantages, reduce weaknesses, take advantage of opportunities and triumph over threats to attain a competitive gain through its cross types strategy.

The greatest difficulties facing IKEA can be discussed below:

Entry into new markets and segments in US and Japan

Environmental challenges

Culture and Values

As we realize, IKEA during the last few years extending in Japan and US markets. These are two countries where it includes recorded failure in the past. For instance, in america, matching to them they didn't listen to the needs of the clients and applied a cross strategy. With time, they understood that the People in america needed larger measured products which they eventually corrected. In Japan, they miscalculated thinking japan were thinking about good deal products when their interest was in quality. It might be interesting to observe how they fare in the next 10 years therefore, especially with the high level of competition from Goal Corp. and Nitori Co.

IKEA is committed to meet environmental issues.

Another big obstacle is inside in nature. The dog owner and founder Ingvar Kamprad instilled a lot of the values that is currently being pursued today. Most of the top brass are committed to his philosophies. While using passage of time however, the culture of IKEA which includes shipped such great success will lower. Within the next 10 years, it is important that whoever is traveling the business works in line with its core prices, as the brand is one of its discriminating strengths. This brand was built on the back of the main values and business idea. Any threat to that may suggest a risk to the entire business as a whole.

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