Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Cbt Psychology Essay

Ciarrochi et al Cognitive behavioural remedy is a psychotherapeutic methodology that addresses dysfunctional feelings, maladaptive behaviours and cognitive functions and articles through lots of goal-oriented, explicit organized steps. The name refers to behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based after a combination of basic behavioural and cognitive concepts and research.

Rachman (1997)CBT was primarily developed through an integration of behavior therapy (the term "behaviour adjustment" appears to have been first used by Edward Thorndike) with cognitive psychology research, first by Donald Meichenbaum and many other creators with the label of cognitive-behaviour modification in the overdue 1970s. This traditions thereafter merged with previous work of a few clinicians, called Cognitive Therapy (CT), produced by Aaron Beck, and Rational Emotive Remedy (RET) developed by Albert Ellis. While rooted in rather different theories, these two traditions have been characterised by the constant reference to experimental research to test hypotheses, both at clinical and basic level. Common top features of CBT procedures are the give attention to the "here and today", a directive or advice role of therapist, a structuring of the psychotherapy classes and avenue, and on alleviating both symptoms and patients' vulnerability.

Hassett, and Gevirtz (May 2009) "The premise of mainstream cognitive behavioural therapy is that changing maladaptive thinking leads to change in affect and in behaviour. " but recent variants focus on changes in one's relationship to maladaptive thinking alternatively than changes in pondering itself. Hayes et al (2011) Therapists or computer-based programs use CBT ways to help individuals task their habits and beliefs and replace "problems in pondering such as overgeneralizing, magnifying negatives, lessening positives and catastrophizing" with "more realistic and effective thoughts, thus decreasing emotional distress and self-defeating behavior" Hassett, and Gevirtz (May 2009) to take a more open, conscious, and aware posture toward them so as to diminish their impact. Hayes et al (2011) Mainstream CBT helps individuals replace "maladaptive. . . coping skills, cognitions, thoughts and behaviours with more adaptive ones", by challenging an individual's thought process and just how that he/she reacts to certain patterns or behaviours, Kozier (2008) there continues to be controversy about the amount to which these traditional cognitive elements take into account the consequences seen with CBT over and above the earlier behavioural elements such as publicity and skills training. Longmore and Worrell (2007) Modern forms of CBT include a quantity of diverse but related techniques such as vulnerability therapy, stress inoculation training, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive remedy, rest training, dialectical behaviour therapy, and popularity and commitment remedy.

According to Turk and Flor (2008), CBT has six phases: 1. Assessment, 2. Reconceptualization, 3. Skills acquisition, 4. Skills consolidation and application training, 5. Generalization and maintenance, 6. Post-treatment assessment follow-up

Strengths of CBT

Scott (2009) Cognitive behaviour remedy (CBT) is a powerful treatment for common mental health disorders of slight to moderate intensity. Simply Effective Cognitive Behaviour Remedy leads the therapist in treating clients effectively in a simple, set up, time-limited way, as well as indicating where additional treatment or recommendation is necessary, thus widening usage of CBT. Effective CBT is illustrated throughout with transcripts of classes which provide as models for putting theory into practice. It offers the therapist with sufficient understanding of the cognitive theory of a problem, enabling them to tailor the protocols provided to the needs of the individual.

Lambert et al (2004)CBT is thought to be effective for the treatment of a number of conditions, including feelings, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, tic, and psychotic disorders. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for effectiveness; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are suggested, has favoured CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments.

Limitations of CBT

Case conceptualisation

A Case conceptualisation (or circumstance formulation) is a theoretically-based explanation or conceptualisation of the information extracted from a clinical examination. It provides a hypothesis about the cause and dynamics of the presenting problems and is known as an alternative approach to a lot more categorical approach of psychiatric examination. Connection et al (1998). In medical practice, Circumstance conceptualisation is used to communicate a hypothesis and provide framework to developing the most suitable treatment approach. It really is most commonly used by clinical psychologists and psychiatrists and is regarded as to be a core element of these occupations. Mace et al (2005).

Perry (1987) Different mental schools or models utilize scientific formulations, including cognitive behavioural remedy (CBT) and its related therapies, systematic, psychodynamic and applied behaviour research. Cipani, and Golden (2007) The framework and content of an clinical formulation depends upon the psychological model, Most systems of formulation support the following broad categories of information: symptoms and problems; precipitating stressors or situations; predisposing life happenings or stressors; and an explanatory mechanism that web links the preceding categories together and will be offering a description of the precipitants and retaining influences of the individuals problems.

(Mcleod, 2009, P. 153) whatever format is utilized to structure a case conceptualisation it need to cover accounts of both current problem and the personality predispositions or vulnerability that has created the conditions for the problem to emerge. Additionally it is valuable to utilize the situation conceptualisation to focus on the factors that may hinder the improvement. The construction of a case conceptualisation and discussion with your client represents the application of CBT pondering to the specific conditions of the client's own life, the case conceptualisation opens up a space within therapy where in fact the client can get started to find out about CBT concepts. This is a significant aspect of cognitive behavioural work; the aim is for the client to become his / her own therapist, and become able to deal with future occurrences of problems by initiating CBT strategies on their own.

Vicious cycle

(Kinsella et al 2008) A vicious circuit is used to help make sense of overpowering problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. These smaller parts are:

A Situation - a problem, or something that happens that you see difficult or distressing

The situation makes you have:

Thoughts - what you think about the situation. Could it be overwhelmingly difficult or can you package with it?

Emotions - how you feel about the situation. Does it cause you to feel good or can it make you feel bad?

Physical thoughts - sometimes a hard situation or psychological turmoil can cause physical feelings like dizziness, nausea, pain, shortness of breathing, sweating, palpitations and so forth. Does this situation make you have feelings such as this?

Actions - what you do in response to the situation. Do you do something positive about it or do you just dismiss it?

Each part make a difference others. How you see a problem make a difference how you feel physically and emotionally and what you do about it. Changing a number of of the parts can also change the others. So, if you change how you think about a situation, or what you do about any of it, this can change your mental and response as well.


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