Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay

While the number of people who smoke and are speedily increasing lately, the number of sufferers with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is also steadily increasing. It truly is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases and is considered to be one of the five leading diseases following heart problems, pneumonia, HIV and HELPS worldwide (GOLD, 2004). Smoking is the main reason for COPD. Nevertheless , long term experience of chemical smoke and pollution could also cause COPD. This essay is all about how COPD affects specific, family and culture as a whole around their life expectancy. Also, that discusses the role of a nurse in caring people with COPD.

Chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic breathing difficulties are the main three circumstances that make up COPD. Emphysema causes the alveoli and airways to lose its elasticity making it difficult to fill and flatten while inhaling. It also damages the air barda de golf walls consequently it provides less area to soak up oxygen when you breathe. Whereas in persistent bronchitis, destruction in the air passage causes it to get bigger, thicken and produce excessive mucus. COPD affects the lungs and airways. That worsens the ability to breathe. It is a heterogeneous disease and therefore in addition, it affects heart, kidney and muscles including the lungs. The signs and symptoms of COPD contains breathlessness, tiredness, persistent cough, sputum creation, weight loss and bluish presence due to deficiency of oxygen in your body.

There are 900, 000 those who are diagnosed with COPD (NICE, 2004). Among them 238 patients will be admitted to the hospital and 55 deaths. It costs GP consultant 44000 each year. More than twenty eight, 000 fatalities were reported in 2006 (NICE, 2011). This shows that COPD has caused a direct effect on the economic system of UK. It costs NHS 500milli...

... risk to the individual and acts as evidence of the care presented. An accurate and clear data of the analysis, treatment and services supplied must be made (NMC, 2008). While documenting a doctor must be aware in the confidentiality issues of the affected person. All the information regarding the patient's treatment are very sensitive and should not really be distributed to the other without the patient's consent (NMC, 2008).

In addition , while providing care towards the COPD individuals; a doctor should be aware of the ethical issues as they are responsible to provide proper care to the contemporary society. According to the Foreign Council of Nurses Code (ICN 2000) the responsibility of any nurse is to promote and restore health of a customer by stopping and treating any kinds of battling irrespective of how old they are, colour, racial, culture, male or female, disability, politics, nationality and social status.

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