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Child Support through the Zoom lens of Issue Theory

"Issue is a standard discord caused by individuals or categories that differ in attitudes, values, principles or needs. "According to issue theory, disparity is accessible inasmuch as those who control almost all resources in a culture and the ones who do not. Who ever before controls the property and resources will also concentrate wealth to impact economics, multimedia and the legal system to profit them and protect their passions. Conflict theory retains that sociable order is managed by domination and ability, rather than consent and contract. "Child support has turned into a multi-billion dollar industry in this country. The Expresses have major monetary incentives in choices which is the driving a car drive behind the destruction of the American family. Child Support Enforcement actually began more than 100 years ago with legislation known as the Even Desertion and Non-Support Action http://test. washburnlaw. edu/profiles/faculty/activity/_fulltext/elrod-linda-1990-6journalofthemericanacademymatrimoniallawyers103. pdf The system then changed as a federal child support and paternity legislation was enacted in January 1975" http://adrr. com/legislation1/csp11. htm. Among other things, child support enforcement services were necessary for families receiving assistance under AFDC, FC, and Medicaid programs. Prior to the enactment of the federalized plans for child support enforcement, the US experienced the hisghest conformity of child support in the entire world. At stake are extensive questions regarding the policies and steps executed to justify the methods to an end. Unfortunately what is thought to be done in the "best interest of the kid" could be further from the reality. The legal explanation for "in the best interest of the child" is financial support.

" Under former subsection (4) of the section, parental earning capacity is a factor to be looked at with the best interests of a child in determining the quantity of child support. A willpower of the best interests of a kid or children carries a judicial decision predicated on evidence, not specifically over a parental stipulation for disposition of a question regarding the parties' child or children. Schulze v. Schulze, 238 Neb. 81, 469 N. W. 2d 139 (1991). " http://nebraskalegislature. gov/regulations/statutes. php?statute=42-364

If not the kids then, who benefits the most from the move in government plan as it pertained to child support enfoecement and choices?

"The existing US form of child support enforcement was derived out of Soviet Family Law (n/k/a Russian Family Rules), Article 81. It had been implemented in 1976 in the USA under what's known as the "Wisconsin Child Support Enforcement Model" or "Wisconsin Model" and was advertised in the United States by Irwin Garfinkel" http://adrr. com/laws1/csp11. htm. It involves the income stocks approach--how much each father or mother makes determines how much child support is paid; as opposed to the true cost of raising children. As the Communist Manifesto says: "Each relating to capacity; each regarding to his needs". Our child support system was conceived and applied as part of the former Communist way of doing things. . From then on, the corporate administration set up an enormous, taxpayer funded industry that has been an abject failure. Other than terrorizing people, destroying family members, and harming children, the kid support enforcement industry is nothing more than a business collection agencies firm with KGB vitality.

"Robert Williams' engagement in child support issues coincides with the forming of his company, Plan Studies Inc. in 1984. We find no record of his involvement in family questions, no record of academic success in the field or even facts that he's trained to deal with complicated insurance policy / design issues. He came from nowhere in the middle-1980s as any office of Child Support Enforcement's choice to provide technical assistance to the state governments in expanding child support suggestions and was able to provide nothing at all except extreme plan views. With no any legal authority, or a rational or scientific basis for his recommendations, he must an extremely great magnitude dictated child support policy in all claims ever since. Most disturbing of all is the fact that his business procedures add a collection company that takes a percentage of the amount of child support paid. Mr. Williams therefore has a primary financial fascination with increasing award amounts. By enough time the Child Support Enforcement Amendments were suggested in 1984, which commenced a dramatic enlargement in the office's size, budget, and power, most politicians were chatting as if "deadbeat fathers" were the country's most serious problem" http://adrr. com/legislations1/csp11. htm.

Marx looked at the ruling category attempt at defining what constituted a family as a way of managing the masses. The perfect type by definition was really only accessible by their expectations which the people looked for to emulate. The pacification of the working school has been acheieved via "emotionally billed issues". These issues are perpetuated with a mass media promotions created to aid in the execution of insurance policies which cause the public to do something against their own do it yourself interest. So long as "class consciousness" is not came to the realization, explotation of the family with current child support enforcement polices will continue steadily to aileinate the working poor family structure.

Marxist theory contends that for continued success of capitalism that occurs, there should be a large band of underpaid, uninsured, uneducated individuals. Capitalism has always relied on free, or nearly free, labor, and it cannot continue without it. Alienation from the procedure of parenting occurs as fathers are marginalized. Before the Soviet form of child Support, parents could negotiate their alimony and support obligations through agreement or court. However admittedly during this time period men experienced more electric power and women where viewed as caretakers which left them susceptible to the fathers. It is important to notice however that the support system was geared mainly towards middle class and upper course young families. Family is no more autonomous but is currently an thing of exploitation as a car to produce more earnings for the state. The more money a state collects on child support a lot more matching us dollars they obtain from the feds. It's important to understand the " financial incentive" of the says. It is in the best interest of the states to have a judicicial system that packages the initial obligations of support ( arrears ) so high there is absolutely no method for a the low class or the indegent to pay. From the beginning of the procedure the NCP has accumulated thousands of dollars of debt with no legal representation or rebuttal of the exorbanat amout. Capitalism buys labor only, and it rewards labor with only money. For Marx, this is a form of prostitution. A earn win for the system because now they have a assured pool of laboureres happy to sell the thing they may have, labor. Their state then provides the labor to that your laborer looses through sanctions and wage garnishments before he / she even views a dime with their pay.

Karl Marx saw contemporary society as fragmented into teams that contend for interpersonal and financial resources. ""Marx retained society is in circumstances of continuous turmoil due to competition for limited resources". Marx viewed contemporary society as stratified which comprise 3 clasess. . The bourgeoisie own the settings of production and their income is derived from earnings. They produce nothing but it is this course where over 90 percent of the riches of a population ids concentrated. The landowners derive their income from rent. The proletariat own their labor and sell their labor to the highest bidder. The characteristics of capitalism ensures the last group will become consumers of the very goods they produce as individuals. The products and services the staff spend their money on are came back as income to the burgoise or wealthy. Wealth is ownership of property, not position or income. It really is this vibrant groups and people enhance their own pursuits and conflict ensues over control of the socio-economic resources. Friendly order is looked after by almost all who control the majority of the social, political and economic resources. Those with little to no investment or impact are essentially coerced to "complement to go along" or face the wrath of those who control the wealth and resources. This is not a symbiotic romance of shared prices or beleifs between classes but one of vitality and domination. The political and economic will of the wealthy upper class influences all areas of that society's composition. You can find more deference to school, race, and gender in this view for as much because they are seen as the grounds of the very most relevant and prolonged characteristics of issue in social framework. What's strikingly similar with the problem of child support enforcement is that it is coercive mother nature has been legitimaze for legal reasons that says may profit from it. Marx theorized how "ailienation of employees" is a by product of capitalism:

"In what, then, comprises the alienation of labor? First, in the fact that labor is external to the staff member, i. e. , that it does not belong to his nature, that therefore he does not realize himself in his work, that he denies himself in it, that he will not feel at ease in it, but instead unhappy, that he does not develop any free physical or mental energy, but instead mortifies his flesh and ruins his heart. The employee, therefore, is only himself when he can not work, and in his work he seems outside himself. He feels at home when he is not working, and when he is working he will not feel at home. His labor, therefore, is not voluntary, but forced--forced labor. It is not the gratification of the need, but only a means to gratify needs outside itself. Its alien character shows itself evidently by the actual fact that work is shunned like the plague when no physical or other kind of coercion exists. " http://faculty. frostburg. edu/phil/forum/Marx. htm

Child support enforcement procedures also have ailienated parents from other children. The way the Child support system has evolved naturally produces turmoil of all get-togethers envolved. Parents are placed in advasarial functions by their state and children are items used to justify a way to an end. What is disguised as a moral imperative is nothing more than greed which has ushered in another form of indentured servitude. Many parents who do not have custody with their children are bought by the legal system to pay by any means necessary or, face revocation of these civil liberties, including jail. That which was once considered a civil family matter has now been criminalized by national and state government. . "The alienation of the worker from his product does not only imply that his labor becomes an thing, an exterior entity, but also that it prevails outside him, independently, as something alien, that it turns into a power on its own confronting him, that the life span which he has given to his product stands against him as something odd and hostile. " Now the worker is not only ailienated from his labor but, from the kid as well. The entire active is fueld by conflict as the workers' paycheck and his/her children end up being the resource objects where policies are legislated to coerce repayment to reimburse the state of hawaii for resources paid to AFDC, TANF recipients.

In summary, Marxist Discord Theory keeps that the essential financial inequities between your owners of creation and the staff ends up with two different value systems existing in the same population. Because of disparities in the compensation structure, working class people in a natural way (and most righteously) will believe that the world has used them up. Religious beliefs, family values, the task ethic are devices utilized by the ruling category to blind working people to the reality with their situation. Employees become alienated from the other person and their families. Until they realize, as an organization, the truth and rise, class counciousnees will not occur.

Conflict in a system is intensified in 3 ways. First, when there may be intensification of deprivation, or the understanding of deprivation, between subsystems (i. e. , "His is bigger than mine!", "You can't trim funding in my district!", and so on) relations between system products (people) are strained. Second, when legitimacy of existing distribution of vitality and riches is withdrawn or changed, just as a divorce, remarriage, a fresh governmental supervision, system units tend to grab as much of the available wealth as possible. The third way is a mediator--increased conflict is dependent on the degree of emotional involvement of the machine units. If emotional involvement is low, discord won't escalate.

Functionalists are critical of the conflict theory. Functionalists posit that it is not always about money and folks aren't always behaving out of their own home interest for monetary gain. Functionalist believe in the legitamcy of institutions because they serve an important function to world. They believe you really can succeed with the existing institutionalized system by just working hard to acheive monetary success In people.

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