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Changing Nutritional Requirements for Children

HEALTH PROMOTION AND DEVELOPMENT UNIT

Ubah A adan

1. The meals for babies in the United Kingdom is normally set on particular rules, which must be adopted for the babies to develop in a normal and healthy way.

The First six months. Infant normally prey on breast dairy or infant formula. For the first six months breasts milk is most nutritious and strongly suggested. It contains a distinctive mix of essential fatty acids, vitamins, nutrients, lactose, amino acid, enzymes and others.

Important factors that combine they make perfect food for infants, its nourishing and possible for digestion. They have almost everything baby needs, Brain development, healthy expansion and protection from diseases.

If the mother selects not breastfeed the infant, best option available is infant method.

Introducing solid food to the infant should only start after six months. It's recommended by doctors as well as the government policy in the UK, if the baby feels eager frequently weaning can begin before half a year but only with foods recommended by an infant nutritionist.

There are foods which must be prevented at all cost for example:

  • shellfish
  • eggs
  • fish
  • liver
  • nuts
  • wheat and gluten
  • seeds
  • unpasteurised and smooth cheese
  • salt
  • sugar
  • honey and entire nuts

6 to 9 months

When the weaning is started a baby's diet will include the next types of foods:

  • milk and dairy
  • fruit and vegetables
  • meat and fish
  • egg and beans
  • pasta and rice
  • starchy foods

There are various kinds of ready baby foods and cereals which may have been specially made for babies, but these foods may also be easily prepared and pureed aware of the use of any food blender, iced individually into glaciers cube trays and used as needed.

9 a few months +

The recommended rules for portions of sturdy food portions at this age are:

  • 2 servings per day of meats, fish, eggs or pulses
  • 3-4 servings each day of fruits and vegetables
  • 3-4 servings per day of potatoes, bread and rice

Formula or breasts milk can still be given along with healthy super fruit and cereal treats.

VITAMINS

The Office of Health advises that although children should get the mandatory amount of vitamins off their food, they may be lacking in vitamin supplements A, C and D which is often supplemented by means of vitamin supplements drops.

Vitamin A: helps children to see in dim light, supports and strengthens the immune system, and ensures healthy skin is taken care of.

Vitamin C: helps with the absorption of iron, and facilitates the disease fighting capability.

Vitamin D: really helps to bolster bones, and assists with the absorption of calcium mineral.

2. TYPES OF FOOD THAT SHUOLD BE AVOIDED BY YOUNG CHILDREN

There are extensive different food types which are considered to be unsuitable for babies and young children. Parents and childcare providers must be careful the meals that is cooked properly for the kids, and the once that is ready made.

SALT

Babies don't need sodium. Their kidneys are too immature to handle any added sodium; even the small amount of salt may damage their kidneys. Therefore sodium shouldn't be put into any food that is grilled for child.

The suggestions provided by the meals standards Firm for salt consumption for children are:

Age

Guideline salt intake (g/d)

0-6 months

Less than 1

7-12 months

1

1-3 years

2

4-6 years

3

7-10 years

5

11 years+

6

HONEY

Honey contains bacteria which can produce toxin in a baby's intestine leading to infant botulism which is a very serious illness. It's best never to give infants honey until they over 1 year old. Honey is a sugar so avoiding it will help to prevent teeth decay.

SUGAR

Baby doesn't need sugar by avoiding it you will prevent teeth delay and unneeded weight gain. Sweets causes teeth decay in young children and can be easily averted. By avoiding sugary drinks and snakes you will help to prevent teeth decay. Children should be prompted to drink milk and drinking water.

NUTS

Whole nuts including peanuts shouldn't be given to the kids under the age of five, as they can choke about them. So long as there is absolutely no background of food allergies or other allergies in the baby's family they can consume peanuts after they are six months old so long as they are smashed or grounded.

LOW Excess fat FOODS

Fat can be an important way to obtain calories plus some vitamins for newborns and small children. It's better for newborns and small children under 2 to obtain full fat milk, yogurts and cheeses. After the time of two; amount of fats in diet can be little by little decreased.

EGGS

Eggs can get to children older than 6 months, yolks and whites should be well grilled to reduce the chance of salmonella illness.

RAW SHELLFISH

Raw shellfish can raise the risk of food poisoning and are considered to be probably allergenic foods it also harbours salmonella bacterias. So it's best to avoid it.

SWORDFISH, SHARK AND MARLIN

It is best to avoid these foods as the amount of mercury in these fish make a difference a baby's growing stressed system.

3. SPECIAL Diet REQUIREMEN AND CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS

When children get together at food or snack time everyone should be eating the same foods. However, there are a few circumstances in which some children cannot eat the same foods. For example of some special eating needs including:

  • Sugar in every forms may be limited for a diabetic child.
  • Fats and cholesterol may be limited for over weight children.
  • Specific foods or additive may cause allergic reactions in a few children.
  • Cultural or spiritual preference may limit specific foods.

Any dietary needs should be recognized and documented and it's important that staffs are trained in the importance of sticking to these needs or restrictions. Some food allergies can be life intimidating all staff should know the precise food or ingredient limitations, possible consequences and symptoms of food reactions and recommended first aid.

Any diet requirements should be gained from parents and registered and any food allergy symptoms records should be require from the child's doctor.

Some children in child care and attention have ethnical and religious food preferences the child care company and the parents need to work together in order to ensure that children with especial dietary needs receive appreciate foods.

Examples of some ethnical and religion practice:

RELIGOINS

REQUIREMENTS

Jainism

Vegetarian.

Seventh day Adventist

No pork or seafood eaten.

Rastafarianism

Mainly vegetarian.

Buddhism

Vegetarian but some Buddhists won't eat garlic clove or onions.

Islam

Only Halal food.

Hinduism

Vegetarian or vegan

Judaism

Only Kosher food

When saving special nutritional requirements, there are various kinds of information that should be noted for example:

  • child's name
  • parents name and address
  • emergency contact
  • emergency instructions should ingestion of any hypersensitive food occur
  • necessary medication
  • doctor or health professionals name address, phone number
  • parental and childcare company signature

In the situation of crisis medication being required the childcare provider should have these details documented on a separate medical form and keep the medication in a locked box.

A Child record form for a fresh child getting started with a home at child care setting up with specific dietary need may look as used:

Childs name

Address

Anna Ahmed

12 long Henry row

Sheffield s2 99

South Yorkshire

Parents name

address

Lisa Ahmed mother

Same address as above

Gender

Male/female

Female

Telephone amount and

Emergency contact number

46218362

emergency contact 078482868

Is the kid have any food allergies or medical conditions

No food allergy symptoms.

Medical condition DIABETES

Emergency

Instructions should ingestion of hypersensitive food occur

 

Necessary medications

 

Doctor or Health professionals

Name

Address

Telephone number

Dr peter surgery 123 Sheffield

Road

Telephone 2222222

Description of especial need

Diet requirements

No sweet food or drinks

Halal diet

No pork or pork product

Meat must be halal

Food that including animal fats are not eaten

Parents personal/ child treatment providers signature

LISA

Care provider

4. CHILDHOOD CHRONIC DISEASES

There are many health problems during newborn and youth, but mostly they are mild and they do not interfere with their daily life and development. For a few children however long-term health conditions have an effect on everyday activities throughout their youth, Including asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis and cerebral palsy.

1. ASTHMA

Asthma is a long-term condition that can cause a cough, wheezing and breathlessness. The severe nature of the symptoms differs from individual to individual. Around 1 in 10 children being influenced asthma in the united kingdom.

The reason behind asthma is not fully understood, however lead to may bring symptoms of asthma, and anything that irritates the airways brings on symptoms of asthma. These are different from person to person and folks with asthma may have several sets off.

Triggers include house dust particles, animal fur, pollen, tobacco smoke cigars while others.

Asthma is triggered by swelling of the airways these are the small tubes called bronchi which carry air in and out of the lungs.

If you have asthma the bronchi will be flamed and will be more sensitive than normal.

Asthma could also affect children emotionally as the attacks may be frightening them.

2. DIABETES

Diabetes is prolonged conditions that cause individuals blood sugar level to become too high. In the united kingdom roughly 2. 8million people are influenced by diabetes. You will find two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2.

*Type1 is usually diagnosed in adolescence which is controlled insulin injections.

* Type 2 is usually diagnosed in adulthood which is controlled by diet and tablets.

Symptoms common to both types of diabetes are weight reduction, feeling very exhausted and being very thirsty and urinating consistency.

3. CYSTIC FIBROSIS

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary condition where lungs and digestive system become clogged with the dense sticky mucus.

Symptoms begin in early childhood you need to include cough, chest infections and poor weight. There is no treatment for cystic fibrosis therefore the aim of the procedure is to ease the symptoms and make the condition easier to live with.

Treatments include treatments, diet, medication, exercise and physiotherapy to eliminate mucus from the lungs.

4. CEREBRAL PALSY

Cerebral palsy is an over-all term covering lots of neurological conditions that benefit a child's actions and coordination.

Neurological conditions impact the mind and stressed system. Cerebral palsy is triggered by damage to the mind which normally occurs before, during or immediately after birth.

It is predicted that 1 in every 400 children in UK is effected by Cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy can put significant amounts of strain on the body which can cause problems in later life. There is absolutely no stop cerebral palsy but the many of treatment can help alleviate symptoms and increase child's unbiased and self-esteem.

These include physiotherapy, occupational therapy and medications.

GUIDED ACTIVITY

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