Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation Article


A desapasionado arteriovenous incoherence (AVM) is an unusual connection of arteries and veins in the brain which has no definite cause; a large number of do not encounter symptoms (Mayo Clinic Personnel, 2011). However , some individuals experience headaches and seizures (Starke ainsi que al., 2009). The main risk of an AVM is hemorrhage, and people with AVMs will always have some risk of hemorrhage (Ogilvy ain al., 2001); According to Ogilvy et al (2001), more than 50 percent of AVMs lead to desapasionado hemorrhage. The severity from the AVM is going to determine if the condition needs to be treated and how it should be cured. Although treatment of AVMs inside the brain endeavors to maximize standard of living as well as remove cerebral hemorrhage risk, pre-treatment consideration of advantages and dangers is essential.

The 4 major remedies of AVMs in the head include resection, endovascular embolization, stereotactic radiosurgery, and multimodality (Ogilvy et al., 2001). Resection from the AVM is just surgical removal of the lesion with the goal of total obliteration. Endovascular embolization utilizes a catheter to inject a glue-like substance to block the AVM (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011). In accordance to Ogilvy et approach. (2001), stereotactic radiosurgery is a type of targeted radiation that destroys the AVM. Multi-modal treatment is known as a combination of several treatments, and the most common type of multi-treatment is usually embolization paired with either resection or radiosurgery (Ogilvy et al., 2001). Endovascular embolization can be used to decrease the size of the AVM and so make possibly resection or perhaps radiosurgery far better in minimizing hemorrhage risk (Mayo Medical center Staff, 2011). The Spetzler-Martin scale can often be used to identify relative risk an...

...., Stieg, G. E., Awad, I., Brown, R. G., Kondziolka, G., Rosenwasser, Ur., Hademenos, G. (2001). Recommendations for the Management of Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations. American Stroke Relationship, 32, 1458-1471. doi: 10. 1161/01. STR. 32. 6. 1458

Shuttleworth, Martyn. (2009). Meta-Analysis. Retrieved simply by http://explorable.com/meta-analysis

Starke, R. M., Komotar, Ur. J., Hwang, B. Y., Fischer, D. E., Garret, M. C., Otten, M. L., Connolly, At the. S. (2009). Treatment Recommendations for Desapasionado Arteriovenous Malformation Microsurgery. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 23(4), 376-386. doi: 10. 1080/02688690902977662

Yen, C., Sheehan, L. P., Schwyzer, L., Schlesinger, D. (2011). Hemorrhage Risk of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations Ahead of and During the Latency Period After Gamma Knife Radiosurgery. American Heart stroke Association, 42, 1691-1696. doi: 10. 1161/STROKEAHA. 110. 602706

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