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Causes And Effects Of Deforestation Sociology Essay

Laurance (1999) stated that "Tropical forests do far more than sustain biodiversity; these are homes to indigenous peoples, pharmacopeias of natural basic products, and provide essential ecosystem services, such as flood amelioration and dirt conservation" (p. 109). This demonstrates forest is vital to us but deforestation is leading to all the forest to be cleared. What is deforestation? Deforestation is the take action of reducing all the trees in a particular area. Deforestation is completed for a few reasons. These reasons could be grouped into legal deforestation and unlawful deforestation. Tropical forest takes up about six percent of the planet earth and a lot of problems could arise when all the trees and shrubs are cut down. Even today, people remain debating on whether deforestation is suitable or not. What are the causes and ramifications of deforestation?

What is happening to the tropical rainforest now? We have always read news about Indonesia and the incident of forest getting rid of almost every yr. Why are they carrying it out? It turned out reported that they burn the forests so that they will have a much better land to plant palm oil. It works as a fertilizer to the land because their crops died and changed into fertilizer. Even thought they did it to fertilize the land but it helped bring harm to the folks who live around the country. Air pollution often happens in Malaysia because hazes are created scheduled to forest using in Indonesia. Haze can be an atmospheric phenomenon that causes air around it to be misty and blurry. It brings harm to the individuals who inhale it. Therefore, the speed of people acquiring treatment for illnesses triggered by inhalation of haze raises every year.

This implies that deforestation is causing a whole lot of results on mankind which is often shown on advert and newspapers; however, it appears that people remain unaware of the consequences of deforestation. This research paper is discusses about the complexities and effects of deforestation surrounding the world. Many people are more aware of the consequences than the causes of deforestation. This research paper is going to talk about the causes and ramifications of deforestation. Besides discussing the complexities and ramifications of deforestation, this newspaper also argues about what can be carried out to save the forest too.

Causes of deforestation

One of the most common causes of deforestation is clearing out the forest to repay the foreign personal debt of that particular country (Culas, 2006). Some country has a huge sum of foreign debt and they don't the capability to clear their debt; thus they drive out the forests so the land they acquire later could be utilized for crop creation. By planting vegetation that might be exported to another country, they could earn a whole lot and pay back back their debts. That is why most countries choose to clear forests and concentrate on agricultural purposes. Countries that not owe other countries any debts are less inclined to take up deforestation or will have a lesser rate of deforestation. Therefore, countries that are in much debt should look for substitute ways that could gain them a better income instead of unscrambling the forests. As I have mentioned earlier, exotic forests only takes up about 6 percent of the whole globe. If these countries continue to get rid of the forests without thinking about the consequences, the quantity of forests kept on the surface of the earth would critically decline.

Another cause of deforestation is the increasing demand of land. Due to the increase of population, certain countries are also experiencing a rise in the demand for homes. This contributes to creators seeking more land to make homes on. Hence, creators clear up forests after forests so that the land they acquire could be used to build residences. Throughout the development of houses on forest land, they can sustain the population in that country. We need not take a look at other country. We simply need to look into our own country, Malaysia. Forests in Setapak area were cleared up to build condominiums. Malaysia gets the society of over thousands and the demand for residences is very high. They choose to get rid of the forests so that there would be more land to develop apartments, real estate, terrace properties and other housing structures. This shows that deforestation is the first option when it comes to rewarding the demand for land. Besides rewarding the demand of houses, the demand of essential oil has also leads to deforestation. Olive oil is widely used everywhere in the world now. Once the demand for engine oil increases, lands are also necessary for engine oil plantation. The absence of land made engine oil plantation a difficult job; hence, deforestation becomes the choice again to gain lands. Trees were cut down and the land is then used to flower oil palm so the demand for hand oil could be met.

Besides get together the demand of land, the weakness shown in the government's insurance policies is also one of the causes for deforestation (Laurance, 1999). Since we were kids, we were always taught that we now have rules as it pertains to reducing trees. Even though, many people continue to violate the guidelines and continue to do illegitimate logging. Exactly why is it that folks constantly neglect the boundaries set up by the government and commit against the law loggings? This is as a result of government's weak guidelines. Rules and limitations were arranged by the government but there have been no enforcement. Legislations enforcers are not strict and often neglect their responsibility as it pertains to punishing individuals for violating the guidelines. For example, regulations enforcers just releases those who have violated the regulations despite getting them and witnessing them doing against the law logging. This does not help reduce deforestation but instead makes the matter worse. People will feel that it is okay to do illegitimate logging since the regulation enforcers, such as police officers, do not arrest those who violated the guidelines in spite of their criminal offenses. Such works by those who be employed by the government will only promote further deforestation rather than preventing them. Soon, the trees in the united states will gradually disappear.

The effects of deforestation

What will be the ramifications of deforestation? One of the ramifications of deforestation includes impacting on the habitat of the indigenous people. When deforestation happens, it gravely influences the indigenous people because deforestation plays a part in death, disease, poorness, and culturl shock (Mitten, 1997). The indigenous people who stay in forests seek their food from the forests and deforestation terminates their only means to acquire food. Furthermore, logging activities have become an easy way to make money. Therefore, all the companies build their factory near the waterways. The waste products that were made while producing forest products would be dumped in to the river; thus, polluting it. Indigenous people drink normal water from the river. Because of this, they'll get sick due to dirty water caused by the factories. It can even cause deaths if it gets too serious. Besides that, the culture of the indigenous people that has been passed on from decades to decades will soon vanish when the indigenous people slowly decreases scheduled to death. Cultural great shock will take place and the annals of the indigenous people will soon be forgotten.

Besides harming the indigenous people, deforestation harms the wildlife too (Bonaudo, Pendu, Faure, & Quanz, 2005). This is because around 80 to 90 percent of pet species are in the tropical rainforest. Imagine if all the trees and shrubs were decrease, what will eventually the animal? It really is without a doubt that the pets will lose their natural habitat and they will become extinct. Pets or animals, such as pandas, refuse to breed when they are not in their own natural habitat. Therefore, the populace if panda keeps decreasing as time goes on because their natural habitat has been destroyed credited to deforestation. When deforestation happens, the animals lose their natural habitats and also their defensive shield. This causes the family pets to have some difficulty adapting to their new environment and as a result, the animals would won't breed. The extinction of these animals is assured if they won't breed because of the destruction of these natural habitat. Our future technology will have to take a look at pictures or visit the museums in order to the animal rather than just looking at the family pets in real life. Deforestation will soon cause the near future generation to lose touch with the animals that exist now and they will only know them through knowledge passed down by their parents or by visiting a museum.

Another aftereffect of deforestation is climate change. Bala, Caldeira, Wickett, Phillips, Lobell, Delire, & Mirin, (2006) mentioned that "deforestation impacts the global local climate by liberating the carbon stored in the living plant life and soils as well as by modifying the physical properties of the planetary surface" (p. 6550). Trees and shrubs take in carbon dioxide that is released by real human through respiration. Trees stored skin tightening and to produce their own food through photosynthesis process. When the trees are cut down, there will never be any more trees and shrubs to absorb the carbon dioxide that is released by humans. Carbon dioxide will then be captured at the atmosphere and temperatures will increase. As the skin tightening and in the air improves severely, so does the temperature. This can ends up with the phenomena known as global warming. When global warming happens, glaciers in the North Pole and South Pole will melt. This can result in an increase of sea level. The increase in the ocean level will flood countries that are geographically situated in a lesser sea level and these countries will go away from the surface of the earth. Soon, all the land will be flooded and the countries will go away one by one.

What can be done?

Deforestation has triggered a great deal of injury to the mankind. There are a number of actions that could be taken to reduce deforestation. For example, instead of cutting down trees to obtain new land, we is capable of doing land reclamation. Land reclamation involves the creation of new lands from oceans or riverbeds. Besides that, federal government should enforce the guidelines instead of managing the things leniently. Individuals who violate the guidelines should be fined or prosecuted. This functions as a warning to others so that they will stop their against the law logging which could help save and preserves the trees and shrubs all around us. Every country should protect their forests and herb more trees so that the biodiversity could be preserved.


All in all, deforestation has brought on a great deal of devastating results not and then folks but also the pets. Before understanding the consequences, we need to find the origins of why deforestation happens first. As I've stated earlier, the sources of deforestation are the large total of foreign credit debt, the increasing demand for land, and the weakness in the government's plans. Deforestation is really because the trees and shrubs were decrease for crop development. With the development, they could repay back the debt. Besides that, the demand for land slowly but surely increases as time goes by. It is because the increase in popularity has increased the demand of land to create houses. Moreover, the weaknesses in the guidelines promote deforestation instead of curbing them. This occurs because the federal government didn't enforce the guidelines that were arranged and they didn't take illegal deforestation critically.

Deforestation did a lot of injury to the people and also to the wildlife. The most common effect is causing harm to indigenous people. Indigenous people are in forests and everything they actually inside the forest is part of these culture. Deforestation causes the indigenous people will eventually lose their home as well as their source for food. Deforestation will cause their culture to extinct sooner or later. The most treasured aspect in a country is its original culture. If the indigenous people are extinct, there will be forget about culture for that particular country. Besides harming the indigenous people, deforestation harms wildlife too. Most of the animal species live in the tropical forest. Not merely does it become a natural habitat for the pets, forests also act as a defensive shield for the pets or animals. When deforestation occurs, they lose their natural habitat and protective shield. Soon, they'll be on the edge of extinction. When this happen, it will cause a loss in biodiversity and our future era will have to know the pets through pictures. Another effect of deforestation is climate change. Trees become storages for carbon dioxide that are released by humans through respiration. Trees and shrubs absorb carbon dioxide for their photosynthesis process. In the event the trees were cut down, all the skin tightening and will be released to the atmosphere and this will cause the temp to increase. An increase in the heat will lead to global warming and global warming; in turn, melts the ice in the North and South Pole. This results in an increase of sea level. Therefore, lands that sit in a lower sea level will soon be flooded and disappear from the top of earth.

After understanding the complexities and effects, what you can do to suppress deforestation? Every administration should find another choice way to improve their overall economy and repay back the foreign arrears. Instead of cutting down the trees for crop development, they can try maximizing the overall economy through the tourism section. This way, they can save the forest and gain earnings at a similar thing. Besides reducing trees for much more land, land reclamation can be studied to acquire more land. These procedures have the ability to fulfill the requirements for land as well as preserve the forest at the same time. Governments should also enforce the rules that were placed for logging activities. People who violate the rules by undertaking the against the law logging function musr be fined or prosecuted. This functions as a warning to others so that they do not dare to repeat. Besides that, administration could come out with different ways of punishing the individuals who violates the rules. As an overall, they must enforce the laws and regulations on environmental issues.


I chose to do this research on deforestation because I have read a great deal of news how deforestation do us harm and yet nobody did anything to stop it. I am hoping that this research paper may help visitors to do understand more on the causes and ramifications of deforestation. Besides that, I also trust this research will help suppress deforestation and save the trees and shrubs from being logged. In so doing, the biodiversity of the earth could be managed and no injury would befall on humans. If deforestation remains to happen, there will be no more trees in the future. This will lead to higher temperature, loss of biodiversity and more. Therefore I am hoping everybody will do his / her part in conserving and guarding the forest so that there is a better future for our next technology.

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