Posted at 11.28.2018
Caryl Churchill has a reputation for producing work that examined modern-day issues, often in challenging and confrontational ways and Top girls is not any exception. It can be seen in the light of your feminist play due to the reoccurring question that comes up while reading the play of what it means to be always a successful female. Throughout this essay, I will show what's wrong with being a `top femaleґ.
At the start of the play you are launched to the main character, Marlene, who is a top gal. A top gal being: a woman who is successful in her job. Through the play you become aware that Marlene reaches the optimum of her career and has come a long way from working class to almost higher middle class but that she's made some sacrifices on the way to attain her position. First, she gave her child to her sister, Joyce (p. 80). Next to that, it appears that she has also sacrificed her personal life. She seems to have no real friends to invite to the dinner party and therefor invites historical women. Marlene also has difficulties to find a man that encourage her as the successful female that she actually is and that will not make an effort to change her into a `little womanґ (p. 83).
Although Marlene built herself up in her job and is an educated female, in another perspective, she is not a top girl. She was not able to control everything she possessed and succeed while dealing with everything; hence giving her child to her sister. Regarding to Marlene she were required to select from her profession and being a mother (p. 80). However, Marlene's sister Joyce has sacrificed her personal life and goals to improve her sister's child. Giving us to question, what good could it be being truly a top girl if it's at the trouble of other women?
According to a feminist view of equality, drive, ambition and ability, Marlene must have been able to juggle her career and her motherhood. She must have not concerned about missing out on opportunities. You are able to conclude by the end of the play that Marlene is not really a feminist by any means but that she actually is very much an individualist: `I have confidence in the specificґ (p. 84). She concerns about herself and her own needs rather than rising to her own personal responsibilities. She feels that everyone creates their own good luck because, as she instructs her sister Joyce, `Anyone can do anything if theyґve acquired what it calls forґ (p. 86).
Marlene is a supervisor at a high girl company which is holding interviews for individuals to work at the company. Through the interviews you notice how ruthless and frosty (p. 46) Marlene is with regards to the working world and also to who's or is not licensed enough to get the positioning. The thing is that her take the role of an extremely business-like male attitude (p. 31). She interrupts the interviewee during their meeting and is also very direct in informing them whether they have potential to become listed on the business or not (p. 30).
Moreover, Marlene is very alert to her potential and is convinced that men and female must have the same protection under the law/opportunities. She makes this clear when she talks about with Howard's partner, the person who lost the management position to her, about how precisely the position was presented with to the most deserving person (p. p 58-59). Howards wife picks up on her behalf male attitude and accuses Marlene of being masculine and unnatural (p. 59).
Her co-workers hold the same view as Marlene's, in relation to rejecting the original female dreams of starting a family group, and they would prefer to concentrate on their opportunities like Marlene does (p. 58). One co-worker, Nell, will not need to get committed (p. 48) and the other, Be successful, is having an affair with a wedded man (p. 45).
In Act 2, arena 3 you listen to Marlene's co-workers talking about their weekend. Get shows that Nell could easily get married and continue working. Nell's response is an extremely unnatural one; `or I possibly could go on working rather than marry himґ (p. 48). She is happy to use men for her own pleasure however, not to commit to any. Once the play was written, in 1982, this response could have been seen more as a male response when compared to a female because of the fact that this was a lot more a male attitude to have when compared to a woman.
All women in this company hold a very professional tone to themselves nonetheless they also all take up quite definitely a male role in relation to their occupations and taking care of business (p. 46). Generally women want to stay and start a family group, but because they are such business-like women they don't start to see the need of this and discover themselves already satisfied with their high position, successful careers.
Additionally none of them of the co-workers, like Marlene, are true top girls. They have followed male behavior rather than producing their own woman inspired role models. They may have not excelled in anything besides their job.
What is also fallacious about these `top femalesґ is the fact that they don't see men as equals whatsoever and at times discuss their male clients with the word `quiteґ (p. 50). This reveals us with their very degrading view of how they see men in the business environment; nonetheless it also demonstrates they have sufficient confidence to handle men in these conditions.
One of the goals of the Woman's Liberation movement in the 1970s was to improve the terminology used to address women such as, baby, sweetie, girl, bird. . . Oddly enough enough these `top girlsґ, in the play, use the same terminology to call one another (p. 48, 64). It seems that to them it is fine to call each other these terms but not to possess men call them that; which defeats the purpose of female equality and gives a sense of feminine superiority. You might say these top young girls do not consider themselves as women but see themselves as successful `peopleґ so they don't land in the group of women fighting for/helping that issue.
Although all woman in the play, following the first take action, that are considered as `top young girlsґ are woman who have excelled in their job you could argue that Joyce, Marlene's sister, is slightly a top woman herself. Even though of not having a successful profession she is the sole identity in the play that will try to control her responsibilities. She has several different careers, is boosting her sister's child but still holds the duty of checking on her mother, like she informs Marlene `somebody has toґ (p. 79).
The first arena in the play shows what true top females were before the feminist activity. It reveals the hurdles that they had to beat and the flexibility that female nowadays have and neglect. The ladies in the first field are women who have suffered for some reason and have succeeded in being great with no need of exceeding other women to make it happen. They been successful in the dominate-male world they lived in. This is actually the contrary of how Marlene has been successful. Marlene been successful at the expense of other girl.
In Act 1 Marlene boosts a toast 'To our courage and just how we changed our lives and our incredible successesґ (p. 13). The use of `weґ and `ourґ are very significant; it demonstrates Marlene considers herself as a woman who has battled for her success but that has finally gained personal fulfillment. On the contrary, the other women have been through a lot more than Marlene ever did. These past woman are the true top women who have been through everything in order for the next decades of girl to be free and indie.
It is striking that the only top female that was obedient to men, Griselda, is the only person who is happy and satisfied in her life. You may say that Griselda demonstrates virtue is its own praise. Marlene never waited for things and made things happen herself; which causes an intriguing contrast between these character types. Griselda obeyed and waited and in the end is content and happy, while Marlene created her own success but forgotten other important things in her life to make it happen and is currently unsatisfied. The truth is Marlene's dissatisfaction throughout the complete play, with her drinking, having abortions, not finding the right man and hoping to make amends with her sister.
In summary, the title is named `Top womenґ with an `Sґ. The play explores the several variants of `top young girlsґ in different eras. These distinctive versions of `top girlsґ shows the diversity of womankind. The play shows that women do not have only 1 quality or a very important factor that characterizes them like: profession women, wives, moms, daughters or sisters; they are really sophisticated individuals like any human being and also have to juggle priorities and responsibilities to accomplish what they consider to fulfill themselves. These varieties of qualities that women have and that can juggle with in life are what should make sure they are a genuine top gal.