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Cambodia And Local climate Change Environmental Sciences Essay

Our global environment has irregularly changed from calendar year to year. There are plenty of scientific evidences showing that climate change is triggered by two factors including natural causes and human activities mainly impacting to the global atmosphere because of the emission of greenhouse gases, such as Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (NO2), and other industrial gases. The change of climate by human activities has caused negative effects including global warming, sea level rise, increased natural disaster (cyclone, overflow, and drought) and has impacted economic development. Obviously, Weather change is real and going on in Cambodia that it cannot avoid. Cambodia is considered to suffer from much due to its high degrees of poverty and poor infrastructure to handle natural disasters and other longer-term ramifications of climate change. Hench, Cambodia is likely vulnerable to Weather Change and Global Warming and in the mean time all of those other world is regarding that it comes to be discussed and question.

The term climate change is often associated with the term global warming. Climate change can be explained as the significant changes in the climate of the planet earth, such as precipitation, temperatures or wind, which is maintained for long time frame, for decades or much longer. Global warming can occur from a number of triggers, both man-made and obviously developing. Global warming is also commonly associated with the warming that occurs as a result of increased emissions of greenhouse gases from individual activities. (What's Climate Change and the Difference between Local climate Change and Global Warming) Global warming and weather change can impact agriculture and food production about the world credited to: the consequences of increased CO2 in the atmosphere, higher temps, improved precipitation and transpiration regimes, increased frequency of extreme happenings, and customized weed, pest, and pathogen pressure.

Cambodia is one of the growing countries which tends to give less effects of weather change than in wealthy industrialized countries. Anyways, Cambodia will probably have problems with the effects of weather change and global warming that it need to adjust to those changes, especially in terms of droughts, floods, dirt erosion and the loss of biodiversity. Therefore will have an impact on land productivity and people will become poorer. In the mean time, Cambodia is an agricultural country that lots of hectares of land are growing grain. After grain, we keep carefully the land idle, which means we don't grow year-round. As a matter of known fact, rice development can contribute to local climate change, through flooded domains and the utilization of chemical pesticides and nitrogenous fertilizers. Agricultural can also probably help mitigate weather change through garden soil carbon sequestration by exercising sustainable agriculture routines. (Workshop, May 27-28, 2010)

More importantly, man-made have impacted most on environment change and global warming. Inhabitants growth has disturbed the balance between our ecosystems on our planet as the atmosphere and seas air pollution, damage of the rain forests, fire burning up uncontrollable, alteration of hypersensitive ecosystems, and damage of the ozone level. These activities have created an unprecedented Environment Change and Global Warming. Clearly, in Cambodia there is certainly a major space between your rich and the poor as poverty remain the top problem that lots of poor people are in the disorder condition. Usually people who live next to the river, lakes or sea, typically drinking water quality is bad since drinking water is polluted by wastes, rubbishes, poisonous chemical substances from pesticides of farmers and professional wastes or damages that lead to the endanger of men and women health. In addition to Cambodia's disorder infrastructure which pollutes the clean air because of the smoke of those machines as well as many old vehicles continued to be in the locations produce too much harm on environment. Additionally, Cambodia had encountered many wars that left many explosives on many hectares of land which isn't only the greatest danger of humanity, but could also have a long-term cumulative influence on the earth local climate.

Developing countries like Cambodia have been significantly affected by weather change and shortage the source to tackle alone, Hun Sen said at the beginning ceremony Monday at the country's first Country wide Forum on Environment Change. Despite the fact that there is a strict environmental regulations followed by developed and developing countries, in somehow the guideline of rules and financial development continues to be weak and Cambodia in some way was affected. For example, there are studies that a great deal of toxic waste is transferred in Cambodia by other nations. In November 1998, a big quantity of mercury-laden misuse from Taiwan was dumped in Sihanouk Ville, a famous tourist and port area in Cambodia. Because of health concerns, thousands of residents fled from the region, leading to several accidents along a bumpy, slim highway with at least four deceased and 13 wounded. Surprisingly, per month later another circumstance was found affecting more than 650 tons of film scraps from Taiwan again. Furthermore, almost a year prior to the, the Sihanouk Ville law enforcement found waste materials including x-rays, used cassette and videotapes from South Korea. (NY Times). Cambodia is a "sufferer" of local climate change, and developed countries should shoulder more responsibility in reversing the effects of global warming, said Primary Minister Hun Sen (National Discussion board on Climate Change). Because of this the rich was blamed to become more responsible that they have more resources to stay this matter and huge countries shouldn't blame less-developed countries.

Climate Change and Global Warming give immediate and indirect impact on the united states, community and specific level. On the country level, Cambodia which mainly depends on agriculture is susceptible to agricultural inactivity and losses scheduled to natural disasters. So that it will experience slow-moving economic growth due to the global recession and economic problems which lead to poor and underdeveloped health infrastructure that aggravate health issues and additional burden the government. Many livelihoods will be affected by natural disasters. Not only homes and properties, agricultural produce and health, but even community all together that cause facing the monetary downturn, hence it will lead to more communal crime. For example, by the end of the century, higher sea levels in the Mekong Delta, where practically half of Vietnam's rice is grown up, may inundate about 50 % (~1. 4 million ha) of the delta's agricultural lands.

Compared to developed and other producing states, Least Developed Countries and Small Island Growing Claims have released relatively small amounts of fossil fuels and thus contribute little injury to climate change and global warming. Yet they seem to be to be experienced the most. Developing countries in Asia like Cambodia has the least capacity to adapt to Local climate Change and Global warming and it is therefore looking for whatever external support in order to cope with these issues. Low adaptive capacity has made Cambodia being among the most susceptible region despite it is relatively low experienced Climate threat. However, still the areas with high adaptive are vulnerable due to their high population densities and closed location to Environment hazard of sea level rise and floods namely Jakarta and Thailand (John E. Newby/WWF Cannon, October 2009). It's been known for quite a while minimal Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing Areas (SIDS) is the most vulnerable to the consequences of environment change anticipated to changing weather patterns, specifically severe floods and droughts that lead to huge poverty, appetite and disease. The rising sea level, and also other climatic changes, threatens the survival of many SIDS. Around 860 million people in LDCs and SIDS will be adversely afflicted by environment change, many of them becoming environmental refugees. (Hamilton, 2005).

Many SIDS count using one or few economical activities, especially travel and leisure or fisheries, both of which are highly inspired scheduled to natural disasters. Weather change is expected to impact aquatic ecosystems, and adjust the distribution and production of seafood. Fish migration routes, spawning and feeding grounds, and angling seasons are all more likely to change, and the impacts on fishing neighborhoods are uncertain. Increasing seas, more serious storms, and saltwater intrusion in the deltas will harm the region's aquaculture industry, which is dependant on species with limited saline tolerance, such as catfish in the Mekong Delta. Cambodia and Vietnam are among the most prone on recent environment change influences on fishery in 130 countries that is heavy dependence on fisheries, high exposure to climate risks, and limited coping capacity (Mirza, 2003).

Apart from that Asian is the tourist destinations for travellers, including wildlife areas and parks may be disrupted with less travel and leisure due to Climate Change looked after has significantly impacted on agriculture and decreasing in the supply of water and land moisture during the dry out season, which put the stress on the available of normal water products and increasing the necessity for irrigation. Rice growing areas can also be affected which gives a bad effect on agricultural trade, economical development and the development (McLeman, 2005). For example, farmers who straight be based upon agriculture are susceptible to extreme occasions which can kill their entire crop anticipated to floods or droughts that take place unpredictably or at the wrong time of the cropping circuit (Warner et al. 2009).

The participations from other NGOs and INGOs are really necessary to be able to handle Local climate Change and Global Warming. For example, UNDP's weather change work in Cambodia focuses on strengthening the capacity of government to respond to climate change, creating opportunities for knowledge posting and building partnerships, as well as promoting research into the impacts of weather change on the country's economic and individuals development. For the fulfillment on Climate Change in Cambodia, UNDP has supported the Ministry of Environment to create various technical studies since 1999 with money from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The work of UNDP hasn't only helped the country fulfill its commitments under the UN Framework Convention on Local climate Change (UNFCCC), but to improve government's capacity to respond to climate change, mainly through the Cambodia Environment Change Office (UNDP release ).

Climate Change and Global Warming is the hot issue that it's not concern in your community Cambodia itself but as the world issue; therefore it have to be included from everyone and other companies. As a poor country like Cambodia we are in need of some account in respond to Weather Change and Global Warming for we can not cope with such issues alone. According to the task by the Cambodia Weather Change Alliance, Cambodia is backed its capacity to develop and conditioning preparedness for environment change risk; for occasion, to communities that are susceptible to climate change and other natural dangers. To perform this job, CCCA grants or loans will be implemented that will require the support from the federal government and civil culture, as well as with technical support by exterior development companions.

More than 80 % of Cambodians count on agriculture for their livelihoods, but global warming is likely to affect rainfall habits, possibly causing crop failures and food shortages. Moreover, the impact of environment change will be an unprecedented and increasing global menace alive, livelihoods and life-supporting systems. Actually, Cambodia's contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is low which rated amount 109 by the globe Resources Institute, with emissions of only 0. 29 a great deal of carbon dioxide per brain of population each year. Nonetheless, Cambodia is suffered from the effects of global warming anticipated to unnecessary emissions in other areas of the world. Like other countries in Southeast Asia, Cambodia is likely to experience higher and even more intense rainfall. The effects are likely to include more serious water scarcity and much more frequent floods, leading to crop failures and food shortages. A exceptional lack of biodiversity will cause a decline in ecosystem services. Coastal communities and eco-systems will tend to be affected by goes up in sea levels as well. Hench, higher heat and humidity will create conditions for increased incidence of malaria and dengue fever. In respond the Cambodia Environment Change Alliance (CCCA) was declared at the forum by the European union and UNDP and formally launched in February 2010. Despite Cambodia may very well be hardest struck by local climate change, Cambodia was decided on to be always a pilot country that was funded in the form of pooled and non-targeted resources based on contractual agreements between each donor and UNDP by development associates (UNDP/Arantxa).

In respect to the environmental protection, includes ecological management and lasting use of natural resources in replies to Climate Change and Global Warming, both international level and national one are collectively trying to handle it. In this particular nature, Cambodia has been spending so much time to fulfill its obligation as it completely supports the efforts to address weather change predicated on the key key points of the US Framework of Convention on Weather Change, which require specific needs and special circumstances of developing country celebrations, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the undesireable effects of environment change. Therefore, Cambodia have acceded the Kyoto Standard protocol on 04 Jul, 2002 (UNDP, 2004). Furthermore Cambodia has completed National Version Program of Action to Climate Change (NAPA) in late 2006 to handle the immediate and immediate needs of the country adapt to climate change (Trisurat, 2009). Besides national concern, there's also concern form international actors and outsider expresses upon this problem. In this respect, UNFCCC has generated the High-level Advisory Group on Weather Change Financing, chaired by Norway's Prime Minister Stoltenberg. Furthermore, the US has pledged US$5 million to catalyze work to mitigate emissions of African american Carbon, and other countries - Norway, Canada, Sweden, Denmark and Finland - have became a member of in this effort and may also pledge contributions (Otero, 2010).

According to the concern from some head of claims has risen that answers to the issues of local climate change should be strengthened and coordinate within an integrate manner within the construction of lasting development (8th Asia-Europe Summit Brussels, 2010). At first Cambodia cannot fulfill National Adaptation Program of Action to Weather to Environment Change (NAPA) only until in overdue 2006 that it succeed in the fulfillment to address the immediate and immediate needs of the country adapt to climate change. It is clear that least developed countries like Cambodia and others are the most vulnerable to the effects of local climate change because of the limited adaptive climate change capacities.

It is clear that weather related change and complex man-mad disaster are increasing consistency and severely in a single nation make a difference to various part of the world. Their impact on the environment and on local climate cannot be overlook. Therefore, wide commitments to handle climate change should be decided at a regional level to ensure that the activities of one country do not adversely influence or undermine the initiatives of their neighbors. Although results of environmental and natural depletion may not be noticeable now, it'll be a heavy burden for Cambodia's next decades, who will have a problem in ecological system. It illustrates that Cambodia is facing the risk of unsustainable development because of its next technology. Immediate action is required to tackle hence the federal government and all other stakeholders must produce strong policies and fast action to combat local climate change.

In short, Climate change is directly linked to individual activities not only in rich industrialized countries people and their livelihoods but also other less expanding countries. In particular Local climate Change will impact the social and economical in small islands, and also influencing key areas such as tourism and agriculture, and resulting in risky infrastructure scheduled to Environment variability, including extreme situations such as storms, floods and sustained droughts. Therefore the negative effects of weather change could create a new band of refugees, who may migrate into new settlements to seek new living. Indeed, LDCs and SIDS have neither the financial resources nor the specialized capacities to meet their version needs anticipated to climate change and global warming. Consequently, the international community needs to provide stronger financial and tech support team to the LDCs and SIDS through the special cash under international frameworks.

. In respond special work needs to be done. Obviously, Cambodia will probably experience the influences of local climate change and therefore must anticipate to adjust to the changes on the surroundings, especially in conditions of droughts, floods, garden soil erosion and the loss of biodiversity. Consequently, they will need to look at sustainable routines on agriculture by lowering the vulnerability of garden soil based agricultural development systems through the management of garden soil fertility, management of the circuit of earth more proficiently in grasslands and cropping systems. (Cannon, Oct, 2009). Moreover, there should be the participating of NGO network users and the federal government to be able to increase their understanding on the issue and what everyone can do is to save normal water, against pollution, forest coverage, wildlife or family pets and environmental reservation, recycle, reuse the energy recreation that is a part of lifestyle. Therefore, in react to address Local climate Change, we should upgraded energy efficiency and better use of substitute and green energy. We must encourage investment in clean development mechanisms and therefore, "green" economy must be considered at the very top goal of the development plan. Hence, all countries need to consider placing their own Green House Gaze in the limited goal and promote lasting management of natural resources. Moreover, the region's government authorities and people need to identify ways to sustainably develop their economies, alleviate poverty, and preserve the region's remarkable species and ecosystems. The spot should improve environmental management capacity and far better conservation in order to adapt to and decrease the unavoidable climate change effects (Cannon, Oct, 2009).

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