PLAGIARISM FREE WRITING SERVICE
We accept
MONEY BACK GUARANTEE
100%
QUALITY

Birth And Eleven Calendar months Children And TEENAGERS Essay

The control that people have over their body is quite amazing, and yet most people take it completely for awarded. Watch a baby battling to pass a rattle in one hand to some other and you will soon observe how skilled you have grown to be. Physical development like many other regions of development is a trip, but interestingly it is a relatively fast one, and by age 5 years most children have a good degree of control over their bodies. Physical development appears principally at the skills that children acquire, but it is important to understand that there surely is a web link here to expansion and maturation. For instance, young babies can suck their toes, but this becomes difficult as your body's proportions change. Just as some physical development cannot take place until some maturation techniques have occurred. Physical development builds children's self-confidence when children can do things for themselves, they will gain in self-assurance, plus they can do things how so when they want. It allows children to express themselves, physical activities are one in which babies and small children can go to town. Babies may signal with their biceps and triceps if they wish to be shown. Physical development is also linked to cognitive development, in children's early stages, a significant amount of learning is sensible and requires physical actions, early physical activities also help to develop the mind. To get control over their actions, children need to understand different kinds of movement and

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 2

Skills. These types of movements are fine engine skills and gross motor unit skills. Fine electric motor skills cover small actions that are usually made using the hand, fine manipulative skills are movements that require the fingertips and thumbs to handle co-ordinated small tasks, fine electric motor skills are movements that require the wrists and hands.

According to Arnold Gessel an American paediatrician the central stressed system underpinned development with activation not necessarily having a significant role. He recommended that they are 3principles of physical development

1. Development employs a series, as children develop and develop a collection emerges and certain things need to be set up before others can follow.

2. Development begins at the top at the head and moves downwards, newborns gain control of their head and the surface of the spine before other area of the body. This is a survival device which allows the baby to feed.

3. development starts with motor moves which are uncontrolled which then become enhanced and precise, they have uncontrolled arm and knee actions but most control is quickly gained, by six months most babies can take an offered toy relatively easily.

The first year of life is amazing in conditions of physical development, newborns begin with a variety of reflexes, the reflexes are actions that happen without the infant considering them, these are swallowing and sucking reflex -these ensure the newborns can feed and swallow dairy. Rooting reflex -the baby will move its head to choose a nipple or teat if its cheek or mouth area is touched, this helps the baby to find milk. Grasp reflex- infants will automatically put their hands round an thing that has handled the palm with their side. Startle reflex - when infants hear an abrupt sound or visit a sudden bright light, they will react by moving their arms outwards and clenching their fist. Walking and ranking reflex- when newborns are

Michelle howorth

NC36694

Assignment 1

Page 3

Held upright with their feet on a company surface they often make stepping activities. Slipping reflex- this is known as the Moro reflex - newborns will stretch out their arms all of the sudden and then clasp them inwards in virtually any situations where they feel they are simply over falling. In the first few months some of these reflexes commence to go away and instead babies learn to control their motions, muscle firmness also raises and your body grows stronger. By the time babies are one month old they have evolved already, they look less curled up plus more relaxed. Newborns at a month old have usually began to negotiate into a style, they sleep a great deal of the time but will slowly but surely try to spend longer time awake. They cry to converse their needs and parents are beginning to understand different kind of cry's, they commence to learn more about their parents : they could stop crying when they hear their voice ; they also try hard to concentrate on the face of who's having them (they can concentrate at a distance of 20-25cms ). If they get to 3 months they have become high and weight, they have become out of all their early clothes and also have changed in lots of ways, Some newborns have learned the difference between day and night and are able to sleep through the night. They will probably cry less & most parents are receiving better at knowing what their cry means, also, they are starting to rest a little less and are more alert. They may smile quite often and show that they know the audio of the parents voices and actions. Babies physiques are also expanding, they could lift their brain up and appearance about when placed on their tummies. As a kid reaches 6-8 calendar months they have learnt many skills, they are extremely alert and move their check out see what's happening, they enjoy playing and show it by squalling in pleasure. They can now reach out and pick up a toy and move it in one hand to another, they are able to concentrate on an thing and explore it if it appears interesting. In addition they commence to show that they understand a small amount of what is being said to them and they try to talk. They usually enjoy their food and are starting to give food to themselves by getting a spoon. Also, they are getting more robust they can stay up with support in a highchair and are able to roll

Michelle howorth

NC36694

Assignment1

Page 4

over of their backs to their fronts, they can motivate themselves up on their hands if indeed they lie on their fronts and hold this position for a while. As they reach 9 month Baby's physical development is now very visible, many babies will be crawling or finding different ways of being mobile, they could sit up without the support; these new motions mean newborns can explore more. Children at this age spend a lot of time sitting and playing, when they are mobile they can move quite fast. Aswell as large objects infants are also picking right up objects managing them and becoming more skilled at touching things. Items still get popped in to the mouth.

1. 2. Summarise the intellectual development of a child aged eight to twenty weeks.

At this get older your child's attention course is beginning to lengthen, he's starting to develop memory space through repeated activity; coming in contact with objects made of different textures and materials to see what they feel like provide him to explore various ways of using his hands. He explores and experiments by touching different chemicals and textures such as different textiles like velvet and noticed which provide smooth and hard textures. Baby's commence to state there first words such as mamma and dada that are proof his cognitive development and the start of a fantastic new level where communication produces into verbal words. As this time he might have the ability to say a few words such as mamma and dada or simple words that they recognise from parents communication with them but children are quite different, some pick up language fast while others don't, some children don't discuss until later to their development. By 20 calendar months they can understand simple requests like "pass your bottle". His expanding language may be restricted to one word at the same time and he hasn't quite established adding 2 words jointly and he may just point at things when he wants them and his vocabulary may vary between 50-100 words.

Language development and memory space are closely linked and storage are closely associated he'll soon begin to understand that language can help him on earth around him, by communicating he will learn to learn a few concepts, like tidying up after playing, this can help him look after his property.

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 5

There are different theories of how he gets to these stages ideas that look at the way children think and find out are extremely important as they can be put on so many situations in everyday life. This does mean that when Learning other aspects of child development, such as vocabulary behaviour management, or hostility you will see that the same terms and theories keep reappearing. Currently learning ideas can be grouped into 3 rings The behaviourist procedure shows that learning is influenced by rewards, punishments and environmental factors. The term "conditioning "is often utilized by behaviourists, it means that you figure out how to act in a certain way because past experiences have taught anyone to do or not to take action. B. F Skinner is accepted as being a key body in producing the behaviourist way by learning theory. Skinner suggested that most humans learn through discovering the surroundings and then drawing conclusions predicated on the consequences of their behavior. Jean Piaget was a zoologist who became interested in children's cognitive development as a result of focusing on intelligence testing. He pointed out that children consistently offered similar "wrong "answers for some questions and started out to consider why this is. Piaget used his own children to make specific observations and slowly but surely developed a theory that has been very important. His theory of learning may also be known as constructive procedure because he recommended that children designed or built up their thoughts corresponding to their encounters of the world around them. He noticed that learning was an on-going process with children having to change (hence piagets term adaption). For example a kid aged 15 month will come to believe that milk is dished up in blue beakers, because their connection with having milk is linked with it being dished up in a blue beaker. If one day they receive drink in the blue beaker instead of milk they'll reconsider the idea and thus come to the final outcome that dairy and other beverages come in blue beakers. Piaget used specific vocabulary to spell it out the procedure of children learning in this manner. Assimilation- the kid constructs a theory. (Schema). Equilibrium - the child's

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 6

Experiences seem to fit the schema (everything amounts). Disequilibrium - An event occurs that casts doubts on the effectiveness of the schema. (Things don't accumulate anymore). Accommodation - the child changes the original schema to match the new piece of experience or information; he grouped child development into 4 broad stages Sensori-motor, pre-operational, concrete functional, formal operational. Although Piagets work is well known there are 2 other approaches which are in a few ways very much like Piagets, Vygotsky Jerome bruners work was influenced by Piaget but particular by Vygotskys work. Bruners is not a stage theory so but he suggests that children steadily acquire cognitive skills and he identifies these as settings of thinking. Enactive-0-1 years, iconic 1-7 years, symbolic 7+ years. Bruner presumed that cognitive development can be speeded up if activated, he also thought that adults acquired an essential role in growing children's cognitive skills by working alongside them and requesting questions aiding children to vocalise their thoughts.

1. 3 Summarise the language and communication development of a kid aged 16-26 weeks.

Much of 18 months old toddler's speech is jargon is unrecognisable but with emotional content. A child at 18 months should be able to use 5-20 words almost all of which will be nouns. For example mamma, dada bathtub, and nana. As of this years when he learns a fresh word he will repeat it again and again. 20-25 percent of 18 month olds vocabulary should be intelligible to outsiders; they can be learning every thing has a name. A baby's vocabulary includes things such as titles of food, pets, family, clothing and toys and games. 18 months may be able to point at areas of the body when a parent names it. A child's vocabulary explodes between the 18-24 month markings, maybe 2/3 of what he says is intelligible and his vocabulary may contain 150-300 words. He can name lots of things in his environment like, chair, bottle, and cup

Michelle howorth

NC36694

Assignment 1

Page 7

He should be able to form small phrases like "want cup "he will have the ability to understand what "my and mine". There are quite a few theories as to make clear how children Learn terms. Theories of terminology development get into 1 of 2 camps; empiricist and nativist. Empiricist believes vocabulary is a discovered behavior. Nativists on the other hand believe we are blessed with some innate terminology ability. Empirical analysts concentrate on learning theories to understand how children acquire language skills while nativists look for natural components accountable for the universe guidelines underlying every one of the language spoken by people. Lev vygotsky a Russian mindset researcher who commenced producing his empirical theories of cognitive development after the Russian revolution in the early 20th century. Children learn by dealing with puzzles with the help of other people such as parents or siblings. Terms develops a tool for assisting them solve problems better. They learn the skill by doing or modelling dialect behaviours they hear being used around them. in his theory, words development is closely tied to interpersonal behaviour adding him in the empiricist camp. B. F Skinner, an American psychologist most widely known for his work in behaviourism, proposed behaviourism as the basis for terminology development in a reserve released in 1957. The central behaviourism is learning through encouragement. the reinforcement takes different varieties, for example if the father or mother says to the kid " is it possible to say mummy? " and the kid responds appropriately the parent provides positive reinforcement. If the child uses dialect to make needs such as requesting a cookie and the demand is awarded, the child gets positive reinforcement for using vocabulary. This approach places skinner in the empiricist camp of terms development. According to empiricist Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist known for studying how knowledge evolves in children and men and women through the first one half of the 20th century, language

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 8

Development is connected to a child's cognitive development. As the kid moves through the various phases of cognitive development. For instance, through the pre-operational stage children can understanding the lifetime of things even when cannot see those things, likewise they can use language to think about those non- present things. Naom Chomsky, an American linguist and cognitive scientist feels children are delivered with innate knowledge of the rules regulating dialect. This makes him a nativist, his research during the later 20th century also suggest that the guidelines are universal among the list of known human dialects. For example Japanese and English appear completely different, but both languages include verbs and in both languages verbs take an object. The difference is where in fact the subject of the verb is placed in the sentence. Corresponding to Chomsky the reason why the children learn dialect so quickly is basically because they know the rules. Jerome Bruner, a nativist and American cognitive psychologist assumed language development comes much easier to most children due to a blend of innate biological "endowments" and sociable encouragement. Bruners research on the subject started out in the 1960s. Bruners notes that even children who cannot distinguish between their thoughts and things attempt to use language suggesting they are blessed with an inclination towards communication. The role of encouragement is to provide necessary support as the kid produces linguistically.

1. 4 summarise the mental development of a kid aged between 30 and 50 a few months.

A child's psychological development is hard to keep an eye on because self-concept, gender personal information and social position are growing as well. The

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 9

Way they react is usually a clear signal of what they are coping with with an emotional level. As of this years lessons are being learnt which will form a child's personality, the child's personality as influences on mental development. Children who are definitely more adaptable will progress faster than children who are much less adaptable, things such as get together new people and being in new environment will be more daunting to them. During this years children's emotional needs are shown through their behaviour, understanding their needs and interacting with them as necessary can help the child's mental health as the child progresses. Also during this time every experience the child encounters helps to develop the child's self-concept, hanging out with parents and other children will give the child a sense of who he is by emotional interactions and will commence to develop his self-reliance. Parents are the best role models the assistance the child develop his sense of gender personality, because of this of the kid studying the father or mother, mental characteristics of the mother or father become a part of the child's gender identification. Frustrations and tantrums in a kid this age are very apparent; tantrums occur for no visible reason but tend to be due to insecurities and not being able to get what they want. By three years old this behavior will have calmed down and he'll be beginning to develop passions in thoughts towards other folks and is beginning to feel a lot more secure in his environment, he will keep his frustrations in order, by the time he gets to 4 he'll have developed an absolute personality and loves to explore everything new, he has pleasure for journeys and can show sympathy and concern towards other children his behavior might commence to become erratic, for example he will like things and hate things in the area of a few minutes, he will exaggerate things and become extremely bossy and may begin to begin telling lies. Theorist erik erikkson suggested that "emotional development contains 8 problems and that each crisis contains a particular window in a child's individual development for example the crisis because of this specific age regarding to Erickson is initiative versus guilt relating to errikkson a child should create a sense of purpose by being in a position to do things by himself, such as dressing himself, if a kid is not allowed to get this done the child may become fearful to try new things and develop a fear of disapproval.

1. 5 Summarise the interpersonal development of a child aged between 40 and 60 weeks.

At this time a child interacts with other children quickly but only usually in a tiny group or with familiar men and women. they are starting to make massive leaps in socialisation which helps them develop much more friends. they don't need all the attention from men and women because they recognize that attention is there when needed. They will show friendship tastes but mainly predicated on play interests. Children will also now be aware of their own interpersonal backgrounds and strive to be accepted for who they are. They understand the difference in culture and gender and enjoy acquiring buddies and love being in the company of others. there confidence is building and they begin to comprehend the concept of writing and taking converts and also begin to understand the difference between right and wrong. Lev vygotsky suggested that children flourish through interactions with the encompassing culture is theory is known as "the cultural perspective " in this theory it declares that cognitive development of children is increased when they work in their area of proximal development (zpd). Children need help off adults to aid them as they learn new what to reach (zpd). Matching to vygotskys theory children can do more with the help and assistance of an adult than they can do themselves. In conclusion vygotskys theory of cognitive development claims that interactions with other people are essential for maximum cognitive development that occurs.

1. 6 Analyse treasure baskets and discuss importance of child development.

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 12

Treasure baskets an idea originally created by Elinor Goldschmeid. A treasure basket is a shallow sturdy basket containing an array of everyday items, none which are plastic. Most of the things are in each day use by people and are made of natural materials. That in the basket vary in weight, size and structure, colour, taste temperatures and audio and all the items are chosen to energize one or more of 5 senses. Children explore the treasure container using their senses to discover what an subject is, what it is like and perhaps what it does when shaken or manipulated. Children learn by exploration and experience a treasure basket brings many items within reach a child may well not experienced the chance to handle. A child can feel items with their hands, feet, hands and mouth, insurance agencies this opportunity a child discovers weight, surface and size. Does it have a smell? Is it possible to flavour it? Wave it can it make a noises? Drop it and what goes on? Can I said inside another object? Can I become a member of 2 items jointly? What happens when I bang one item against the other? Elinor Goldschmeid put in time observing children and their parents she looked at how children gain understanding of the world around them and how parents often give children objects to explore. For instance, if when out, a kid or baby gets upset, we often provide them with something to try out get back is at hand a makes a noises or can be fiddled with, such as a bunch of tips. When we are busy in your kitchen a child resting on the floor will most likely grab the spoon we've fell or the pots and pans in the cupboard. These observations led Elinor goldschmeid to the introduction of the treasure container as a way of assisting children to learn, explore

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 13

And have fun. Treasure container ideas were formerly designed for infants who were seated however, not yet on the road. The basket is a good exploratory resource for newborns and children who aren't yet separately mobile "babies given safe, Revitalizing and supportive opportunities use their senses to find out about objects they encounter. In doing so they will enter into an environment of discovery puzzlement, public come across and communication. As newborns suck, understanding, touch and feel things they rehearse behaviours which foster their earliest learning "(Goldschmeid E 1989). The reason they don't really use plastic material in the treasure baskets is that many objects manufactured from clear plastic are similar in lots of ways, they are generally all smooth, haven't any smell no taste. In our manufactured world parents and babies use plastic objects every day and a kid gains experience of these things through handling containers, cups, playthings and rattles. By supplying a whole range of objects that are not plastic we boost the opportunities for a child to explore and learn. The items within the baskets fall fewer than six headings.

Natural things e. g. pumice natural stone, a lemon and a natural loofah

Natural materials e. g. little basket, wooden nail brush and a color brush.

Wooden objects e. g. curtain jewelry, clothes pegs and egg cups

Metal things e. g. spoons, couple of keys, and couple of bells.

Leather, silicone, textiles e. g. leather tote, bath tub plug and chain, ribbon and lace.

Paper/cardboard greaseproof newspaper, boxes, pipes.

More objects that can be devote the basket are items that rattle, things that fit inside each other, such as bins and pegs or graded calculating spoons,

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 14

building and demolition articles which fit alongside one another and disassemble, such a wooden blocks, zipped leather tote, a pack with a lid, also stuff to follow such as real wood eggs, balls and tubes that roll. Whenever choosing a treasure container there are plenty of points to consider, such as the safeness of the container, you need to be sure that you select a basket which is strong and durable, without jagged sides and the objects should be washable, disposable and replaceable. For instance pieces of fabric. Each thing should be clean and safe, always check the container regularly and become watchful of decorated and varnished items, check they may be non-toxic in case any questions do not include them. you may also need to maximise play opportunities you will need to shoot for a variety of textures, weight and color and also be skeptical of including "soft toys" as their information and interest value can be limited. Also would have to be considered is where to place the basket with regards to the child. For example would the kid find it simpler to reach in front or at the side? The child must be viewed how he interacts with the container. Do you need to offer more items for him to explore. How can you make it more interesting? Is there an object the kid doesn't like? Children all develop at different rates in regards to to exploration be familiar with the stage the kid is at. Treasure container ideas can be modified for children who aren't seated. Items can be put in a "be effective package "or a "little room "or suspended from a play health club. The tiny room is an idea developed by Lilli Neilson for children with sensory issues. You may make a little room from a cardboard field, place the pack down on its area with the child lied just inside the starting, line the sides with textured materials and suspend objects from the roof so that they suspend down within the child's reach.

1. 7 Explain what is meant by holistic development

Michelle howorth

NC39964

Assignment 1

Page 15

Holistic development is when every area of development e. g cultural, mental, physical and intellectual and communication development, are a whole to build up the child's overall development. Holistic development considers the child as a whole person that is why it is important when you observe a child's development which means you can watch it as a whole so you can easily see what progress has been made (or not being made). Among this is to observe a child playing hopscotch as this uses all areas of development merged jointly. Children must be able to understand to use their change and must manage their feelings if indeed they do not gain. This is personal, sociable and emotional development. The child must also have the ability to understand what is happening and understand the rules of the overall game and also rely, this is cognitive development. The kid must be able to throw a natural stone, have strength in their lower limbs to support their weight and also have the ability to balance and have sufficient coordination, this is physical development and lastly the child needs to have the ability to say numbers aloud, arrange turns and be able to chat whilst looking forward to their move, this is communication and dialect development. If a kid lacks in one of these areas of development he may battle to play hopscotch, so watching the child as a whole can help practitioners or parents give the child support in the areas he lacks potential.

More than 7 000 students trust us to do their work
90% of customers place more than 5 orders with us
Special price $5 /page
PLACE AN ORDER
Check the price
for your assignment
FREE