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Bill of Volume in Civil Engineering


As stated in the task brief, the objective of this task is to understand and disseminate the knowledge, techniques and skills of way of measuring into genuine practice and expose the students with the creation of Expenses of Quantity referring to the measurement work done within tender paperwork requirements. Predicated on CESMM, measurements can be classified as coordination and planning of quantities and also to list the facts of the work to ensure it is running with a regular, systematic and new development techniques were explained well. Monthly bill of Volumes is prepared by Quantity Surveyor predicated on way of measuring from the development drawings / building strategies. This report has been used in the building of buildings which includes been detailed in the framework of the number of each category of work performed. For an example, building works, mechanised, electric powered works, civil, structural works and infrastructure works. The service provider will listed or estimate all the works associated in completing the buildings during pre-construction stage. The civil works measurement referred to a document called 'Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement '(CESMM).

Before this document is produced, the party who accountable for the working dimension refers to the method adopted in the United Kingdom named 'CESMM 2nd Release or 3rd Release'. You can find almost all of the benchmark method used in building works, they use their own measurement system. This contributes to inconsistencies in the measurement procedure. As a result, contractors are having difficulty to appreciate the tender.

Work on the real measurement must look at the complexity of the task undertaken. Work dimension for any item of work is also strongly associated with the activities and building methodology.


Discuss the importance of Civil Anatomist Standard Method of Measurement (CESMM) in the civil anatomist works / projects taking-off.

Civil Anatomist Standard Approach to Measurement (CESMM) is to be found in conjunction with the Conditions of Deal for Civil Anatomist Works. CESMM does not package with the prep of Expenses of Volume for mechanical & electrical engineering work, building work or work which is hardly ever experienced in civil engineering contracts. If any such work to be included in the deal, such work shall be measured relative to their individual Standard Method of Measurement and shall be explained in the Preambles to the Expenses of Volume.

CESMM provides a standard format, either in the form of items components and exactly how they must be measured. A multi-level classification launched in CESMM or space for a information of the task that may be developed.

In the other hand, CESMM is to understand the purpose of utilizing a standardised method of measurement. CESMM measurement method using the concept of method-related charges to present the price tag on construction at the site in more clear, such as covering the price tag on site preparation and building machinery operating costs, and work force. The importance of CESMM are have the ability to prepare charge items and re-measure completed work relating in civil engineering works. Be aware of the structure and program of Method Related Charges, unique to CESMM and the benefits due to this facility. Take note and appreciate the relationship of the Method of Dimension and the Conditions of Deal in the civil anatomist works.


  1. Identify and discuss the contents of the tender document to be prepared for the tendering stage.
  1. The tendering stage is the procedure of selecting and appointing the builder for the main construction agreement. The contents of the tender document to be prepared for the tendering stage are:
  2. Letter of Invitation to tender- The bidder produce a formal notice to the tenderer, mentioned the tender final night out and time.
  3. Introduction-The tenderer invites bidder to send a detailed proposal on the provision of equipment/system/software/services/works are complete in the Tender Document.
  4. Conditions of deal - A written agreement is intended to bind the service provider appointed by the workplace based on the regulations and conditions imposed and arranged.
  5. Contract Drawings - technical / detailed engineering drawings for measurement / charging by Volume Surveyor / technicians - made by architect / technicians.
  6. Specification / Preambles - A short explanation of the materials and craftsmanship, the standard or quality of craftsmanship. It must present the architect and engineer's requirements.
  7. Bill of Amounts - Made by the number Surveyor/stint on how big is the construction sketching plan / building. This file has complete all the amounts for each category of work found in the structure of buildings. For instance, building works, mechanical, electrical, civil, structural works, infrastructure works and other companies would cost / budget all work related to the completion of pre-construction building.
  1. Investigate the Tenderer Financial standing - Look back to the audited makes up about past 3 years whether they have stable financial backdrop. Get confidential report from firm's lender.
  1. Instructions to Bidder -
  • Purpose of Instructions.
  • Tender Acknowledgement.
  • Tender Document
  • Preparation of Proposals.
  • Submission of Proposals - (technical & unpriced commercial proposals, listed commercial proposals, softcopy format)
  • Acceptance of Bidder's Proposal.
  • Validity of Bidder's Proposals.
  • Queries
  • Confidentially of Tender Document.
  • Audit of Bidder's Facilities.
  • . Pre-award Conferences.
  • Bidder Questionnaires Forms.
  • Suspension and cancellation
  • Award of Agreement.
  1. Proposal Submission Suggestions.
  1. Scope of Works, Techie Specs & Requirements.
  1. Bill of Volume (BQ) and Price Schedules.
  1. Bidder's Compliances to Tenderer General's Conditions and terms.
  1. Tender Acknowledgement Form.
  1. One of the material in the tender report is conditions of deal. What are the available conditions of contract, which are commonly used in the construction project?
  1. Contract Arrangement.
  2. Letter of Popularity.
  3. Tender and Appendix to Sensitive (as submitted by the Contractor in the Sensitive)
  4. Particular Conditions of Agreement, Conditions Part 11(Part of Tender File)
  5. General Conditions of Agreement, Conditions Part 1(Example, as printed by DM)
  6. Specifications(elements of Tender Documents)
  7. Drawings.
  8. Priced Invoice of Quantities.
  1. What will be the functions of the conditions of agreement?

The functions of Deal Conditions is to set out the principal legal relationship between your get-togethers to a construction project, deciding the allocation of risk and therefore, price. Conditions of contract must be read in conjunction with specification documents, drawings bills of quantities, activity schedules and special conditions. Standard form deals often include suites of contracts with 'again to rear' subcontracts, advisor appointments and collateral warranties.

The formal conditions of deal in a tendering process is:

  1. Certification of free competition - For the intended purpose of restricting competition to the purchase price in the tender shall not be studied in discussion discretion.
  2. Restriction of promotion action - Tenderers are not authorised to say in their promotion they have been asked to tender, are tendering or have tendered.
  3. Validity amount of sensitive - The sensitive shall specifically express an interval of validity of 4 weeks from the final date for the receipt of tenders, or such other period as may be provided for in the Special Conditions of Tender.
  4. Period for tender planning - The closing date for distribution of tenders is stated in the cover letter. Extensions of this period, requested on paper, will only be considered by the Organization if functional requirements so permit, if, in the case of competitive tendering, fair competition is not in so doing impaired. Requests for extensions received significantly less than two weeks before the closing night out will, not be looked at.
  5. Right to audit - During its validity period, to ask the tenderer to provide proof any component of his quotation and could call for additional precise information regardless of the type of price proposed. The Firm reserves the to audit the quoted prices.
  6. Negotiation prior to contract award - The Agency reserves the right to negotiate with a number of tenderers before taking a decision on the inserting of a deal. The offer shall remain valid until changes are decided in writing. The original offer, as modified shall constitute a binding revised offer.


Civil Anatomist is a broad field including many engineering sub-fields, such as vehicles engineering, environmental executive, geotechnical engineering and construction executive. I understand the knowledge, techniques and skills of measurement with the development of Charges of Quantity referring to the measurement work in line with the requirements of Sensitive Documents. In addition, I have to also thanked to my group people and also my lecturer, Mr. Kumarason, as they helped me a whole lot in the way of measuring part in Process 2. It can help to set-up clear open channels of measurements and the methods in tendering documents, better my output in measurements skills and help keep morale high. In a nutshell, this projects helps me to accept the thought of employed in a development site in future, following a rules and obtaining correct Tendering Record. Therefore, this assignments helped me share ideas which finally lead me to innovation and better opportunity in my future undertakings.


  1. Traditional Contract tender. info. [online] Available at : http://www. designingbuildings. co. uk/wiki/Traditional_contract:_tender [Seen on 8th July 2014]
  2. Construction Deal Conditions. info. [online] Offered by : http://www. designingbuildings. co. uk/wiki/Construction_contract_conditions [Seen on 8th July 2014]
  3. Bill of Number. info. [online] Offered by: http://www. designingbuildings. co. uk/wiki/Bill_of_quantities [Accessed on 9th July 2014]
  4. Seeley I. H. , Winfield R. - Building Quantities Explained, Fifth Release, Macmillan (1999)
  5. Willis A. J. , Willis C. J. - Components of Quantity Surveying, 7th Edition, Granada (1978)
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