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Benefits of changing to the GST system

What is GST?

GST (Goods and Services Tax) is intake tax that recharged the buyers to cover a wide range of domestic and international products as well as goods and services. Additionally it is called Value Added Taxes (VAT) in a few countries. GST is a multi-stage duty on domestic intake levied on taxable materials of goods and services. GST is enforced on every level of something from raw materials completely to done goods. However, consumers still need to pay tax as GST and tax is very different. It is a consumption taxes costed on imports items and also value added to goods and services provided with a business to the end user. Goods And Services Tax will be borne by the end-user or consumer which is not intended to add burden to businesses. GST is actually a tax to replace our existing sales tax and service tax in Malaysia. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT has proposed a short GST rate of 4% which is among the lowest rates on the planet. Some basic needs such as essential food will be zero-rated (0%) which means that the certain items are exempted from GST.

(b)

What will be the benefits from changing to the GST system?

Revenue Source

GST system is a comprehensive and effective way for the government to improve more income. The Governments have been embracing GST as a way to broaden the tax platform and increase income especially when they may be facing chronic budget deficits or growing expenditures. Thus, GST is a far more stable move of revenue for the Government compared to income tax since it allows a comparatively much larger coverage and it can increase its value addition in any way periods in the production-distribution chain.

In addition, GST can be a good way to obtain revenue since it is income stretchy and not sensitive to changes in prices of particular goods. Hence, many countries including Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia have implemented GST as a part of their fiscal strategy in order to successfully enhance their funding position. Furthermore, GST may be used to act as an instrument to manage the economy. For example, Britain reduced its Value Added Tax (VAT) standard rate from 17. 5% to 15% in December 2008 to boost the consumer demand through the financial crisis.

Besides that, GST can be used to diversify the foundation of income for the federal government to fund their expenditure. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT has a small revenue base which happens to be 40% will depend on the contribution from petroleum sector. That is a dangerous situation for the Government because the contribution from petroleum sector is not really a reliable way to obtain revenue. The price of petroleum is volatile and the commodities are depleting natural resources. Thus, the weaknesses in the Federals budget can be solved through the implementation of GST. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT can also reduce the dependency on income tax revenue. Thus, it'll assist the federal government to improve the revenue mix and much more tax income can be utilized for financing development or communal projects.

Introduction of GST will also give the Government a fantastic possibility to lower personal and corporate and business income tax rates. It has happened in our neighbor countries such as Singapore. Less corporate and specific taxes rates can encourage more international direct investment which can generate a stable and predictable taxes income in both good and weakened financial environment. Thus, a steady revenue platform can be retained which ultimately causes overall economic progress.

Imparts Transparency

One of the positive aspects of the GST system is its straightforwardness and transparency. It offers an integral control mechanism to track down defaulters. This will minimize the duty evasion by merchants since the concealed sectors and industries are encouraged to maintain the GST system.

Moreover, businesses which may have registered for GST are just required to submit simplified taxation statements based on approved forms. Hence, GST is likely to increase tax compliance and is simpler to administer in view of its self-policing method. The implementation of GST will increase the maintenance of proper accounts and financial data. Therefore, this can lead to enlargement in the capability, success and transparency of duty administration and management.

GST is generally collected predicated on value added at each stage of supply chain, with the tax burden in the end borne by the end consumer. This taxes will be suitable whenever value is put into goods or something. Therefore, both producers and individuals are fully alert to the tax responsibility. There's a difference with the existing sales taxes and service duty where fees are embedded in the price of goods and services. The consumers may well not realize that they may be actually bearing the fees. Furthermore, consumers can get to see a drop in the costs of certain goods and services. It is because some essential goods will be zero-rated while certain items will be exempted from GST. This will likely also enable the federal government to subsidize essential handled items for the needy and so improve the health care of the taxpayers.

Eliminates cascading effects

GST is preferable because it permits the minimization of distortions. The easy excises or the turnover taxes results the unintended effect of taxing an outcome as well as its type content more often than once. Furthermore, it is also applying a taxes on the sooner paid input taxes resulting in cascading. It triggers producers to move their capital or resources away from the production of 1 output to another one which does not suffer from cascading. GST provides credit for suggestions tax early paid, steer clear of the distortion as represented by misallocation or redirection of resources in one economic activity to some other.

In addition, GST is really the only duty that offers positive alternatives to the negative impact of indirect taxation. It really is an accepted undeniable fact that commodity taxes create severe cascading result as the fees levied at preceding stages of production and circulation get taxed over and over at subsequent details. Consequently, rather than paying fees on the value addition by way of a maker, wholesaler or merchant, tax is paid with an inflated value, which include fees already paid at early periods. Such anomalies escalate prices and encourage vertical integration, where the manufacturer himself will try to general and retail the goods. Vertical integration has been in charge of recession and unemployment specifically in developing countries. GST comes with an inbuilt device for reducing the cascading impact by restricting the levy to real value addition. It motivates expansion by confining taxes burden to the web economical contribution of the taxpayer. Furthermore, since the Capital Investment also gets taxes relief, GST can speed up economic progress by pushing modernization and replacement. Therefore, it does not alter providers decisions to produce particular commodities which, in general, should mirror the requirements from consumers. However, for this benefit that occurs, the GST must give credit for recycleables and capital goods.

Enable Improvement in International competitiveness

Furthermore, since GST has the potential for getting rid of cascading, you'll be able to design the GST in a fashion that will ensure that exports are free from any taxes burden (zero-rating). Because of this the competitiveness of exports in international market segments is enhanced. Despite the fact that exports are usually exempt from sales taxes and the responsibility of input duty inlayed in the exports is looked for to be removed through the duty drawback system, nevertheless, the process is cumbersome and the result is not totally understood. As export competitiveness can be adversely influenced by then duty factor, the capacity to zero rates easily and effectively is an essential requirement of the GST.

Eases administration

Although there are possible options limiting the impact of cascading, the energy of multipoint GST runs much beyond that. Arresting cascading could be considered important to a plan of GST. Nevertheless, the institution of GST in truth should be conceived also as an instrument of tax administration, an supervision that investigations evasion by using a self-monitoring feature, and an account established audit system that is undoubtedly superior to the system of physical verification. The latter already having fallen into disrepute for creating distress to duty filer needs to be eventually abandoned as its positive impact on revenue produce remains doubtful. An account-based audit should not only tighten up the tax net but increase revenues by way of a wider acceptability of an tax administration in the general public eye. A lot more administrative and documents requirements come up from the release of GST. Compliance costs are destined to increase. Often, adverse situations happen when documents is inadequate.

(1190 words)

Question 1 (c)

How will GST affect the business enterprise environment?

A business with annual sales amounting to RM500, 000 must register to ask for GST. An enterprise with sales amounting to less than RM500, 000 may volunteer to join up to demand GST and lay claim input tax credit. Businesses must understand their duties under the GST routine and consider how these guidelines would apply to their own business operations, as failures to take action may result in the increased loss of credit for input taxes suffered and fines for non-compliance with regulations.

There are pros and cons of the new GST system. Fortunately that GST must have a positive effect on a business which makes taxable supplies. The expense of conducting business will decrease in the long run, because the business enterprise can use suggestions duty to offset output tax or they could choose to spread the additional costs to its consumer under the GST duty regime. Therefore business should seek to be always a taxable with either zero-rated or standard-rated outcome as this will create less charges for them.

The GST however requires good and proper record-keeping by businesses that require to be signed up. For instances, businesses need to keep tax invoices from suppliers to allow them to claim for input tax credit on acquisitions.

As there is requirement for additional work to take into account the tax, monitoring of input duty paid and output tax, undertaking reconciliations and filings of GST comes back, the businesses may need to incur additional conformity costs. Even though some Malaysian companies are already paying sales tax or service taxes, there was no input duty to be watched and accounted for to offset against output tax.

In addition, business might need to employ new personnel to ensure it is compliant and conversant with the GST need. Hence, special training must be conducted as most staff has not been subjected to GST. The business would also require an appropriate accounting system to keep track of the GST quantities. Most of the systems will need to be improved, and personalized to the account of the business enterprise and the Malaysian GST legislations. Businesses that do not have internal expertise should consider engaging exterior advisors.

Another concern is the fact that businesses will experience a cash flow impact. The businesses need to impose GST on sales, so if the clients are later part of the in paying credited to credit terms, the businesses must pay the taxes first. Besides that, when a business pays off cash or has brief credit cycles from its suppliers, this might result in the business needing extra funds to purchase resources when GST is first introduced.

Meanwhile, businesses must be aware that payables on which input taxes has been said but remains unpaid after half a year have to be accounted as end result tax and should be reclaimed as source taxes only after payment is made. Exported-oriented manufacturers will be especially vulnerable when there is no well-timed refund of input taxes credits. Therefore, the business enterprise will need to restructure their cash flow so as to prevent having cash flow problems after the government starts off to apply GST.

GST impacts all functional regions of business and for that reason, businesses also needs to re-assess their entire business procedures, including their source chains, to be able to optimize input duty recoveries. The sales team has to revise prices exclusive of GST. The procurement office must plan their buys because currently many goods, specifically capital goods provide an embedded sales tax in them which is not deductible or creditable. Besides that, business should also remember that freebies provided during promotion may not be eligible for an input tax claim.

On the other palm, buying the same goods by the business enterprise after GST would allow the business to lay claim a credit for the GST. This is an advantage for the business and the effective cost of the products would then be lower.

As family members consumers are more likely to shop before GST is unveiled, it could be necessary for the businesses to do some stock planning to cater for a pre-GST rush. However, the firms have to understand that when GST is created, that stock at hand might not entitle to any input taxes credit.

(695 words)

Question 1 (d)

How will GST affect you, the buyer?

The Government has proposed a short GST rate of 4%. Since the current sales and service taxes are at rates exceeding the GST proposed rate of 4%, so there will never be any significant rise on the increase of prices. For goods with less sales and service tax, consumers have to pay just a little more with the GST at 4%. Not all goods and services will be priced to tax. They'll be grouped into three main categories, specifically taxable, zero-rated and exempt.

GSTs execution into goods and services is from the purchase of recycleables or start-up goods completely to end-user or consumer products available for purchase. GST billed to every level is offered from the 1st transaction to the next person and in the long run, the consumer. One example is, some individuals will feel that when the maker provides goods to the agent, he or she compensates 4% GST, then agent sells these to wholesaler, another 4% tax is imposed. When the products are sold to the dealer, another 4% is added. In the end, when customers buy goods, another 4% is levied again. However the GST system can not work that way, there is no two times taxation will be priced to consumers.

To ease the burden of low-income group, the Government will not enforced GST on certain basic food and properties include rice, sugar, vegetables, eggs, meats, poultry, domestic transportation, domestic property, private health, education and Administration services. However the consumers have to pay it if they buy food or services that fall under GST group. The final consumers will pay the tax after purchasing the taxable goods and services. Purchases from supermarkets and hypermarkets may also be put through GST. Petrol stations, toll gates, car parking lots, will ask for GST and the ultimate consumer is the main one who absorbs everything. However, you will see a number of outlets that will not fee GST. For instance, anyone who purchases a burger from a burger stall will not have to pay GST as these outlets will most likely have a sales turnover which is below the recommended threshold. Likewise, patients seeking treatment in treatment centers and hospitals will not be charged GST. Hence, consumer should understand GST properly.

(396 words)

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