Posted at 12.01.2018
All Children are individual, having different interests and learning in different ways. As practitioners, we must recognise this and modify so that children become happy and confident individuals who are prepared to learn.
Just as we all have our very own unique fingerprint; we also have our own unique personality and needs. The 'Development Issues in the first Years Foundation Level Document' shows that although there is an expected development range, because all children are unique, expected development age groups often overlap. The collection of development implies that children will establish skills in a particular order - learns to walk before they can bounce, but because the rate of development differs in every child, some children will learn skills sooner than others. It's impossible to say that by a certain years all children will meet certain criteria. We have to examine and understand each individual child.
Factors impacting on development can include:-
The 'Phillipines Multigrade Instructors Handbook' on the Unicef. org website defines the necessity of children
'Children are unique - no two will be the same. They need to be grasped by their parents and educators in their uniqueness and their personality must be well known. ' From the planning we do, each child will profit in their own way from these activities.
Planning an activity where all children must take part at the same level is only going to deter children from learning - it could be too problematic for some or too possible for others and neither child will enjoy taking part. A three time old who doesn't take a seat still will not learn if the game or activity is too long and they're expected to sit and listen closely for extended periods of time. Instead, by getting to know the kids and planning activities which are relevant, it will keep them involved and help them to attain their next steps.
As well as planning activities, we have to think about how we connect and guide them through the experience. By requesting questions dependent after their learning needs, the outcome is they have got all participated in the overall game and made steps towards their learning journey.
e. g a number activity - recognising and naming quantity 1-5
Some children can name some numbers. Others may be able to match lots. Children in the same group who already have this knowledge could be asked "can you find the number 1 more than/less than?"
The results is all of them are taking part and have a sense of accomplishment, but at their own level. Activities become significant to each young one and in turn they become successful and inclined learners.
Within Early on Years, children learn through play. A number of activities must be on offer. Some children are incredibly confident possessing a pencil and attracting detailed pictures. Others may attract a picture resembling a scribble in a little tray of fine sand using their finger but will be able to tell you what it is. Both activities are essential to that particular child. These children have had their needs fulfilled by being able to scribe their creativeness in various ways and can have a feeling of achievement so they can move onto the next stage.
Although practitioners can plan almost all of the activities within the surroundings, it's important to hear the children. What are they interested in? Can this be another subject for the Nursery or something to make that day? Whichever it is, by listening to their interests they will feel valued and will study from both your conversation and by other children becoming involved the play.
Treating children as unique individuals and building up positive, caring associations not only helps them to become willing learners, but also comfortable people throughout their lives. They'll feel that they are being paid attention to and you will be willing to have a go at jobs that are primarily challenging. They will become sociable and have positive relationships with the peers.
Describe How the Concepts of Anti-Discriminatory Practice can be Applied in Practice
Before we can practice an anti-discriminatory environment, we must understand what 'discrimination' means.
The Oxford Dictionary states:-
Discrimination - make or see a differentiation as a basis for unfair treatment.
Whatever our personal tips of view are, we should ensure they are not employed within the Nursery environment and we work towards all children sensing safe and sound.
Article 31 of the 'United Nations Convention on the Privileges of the Child' says
All children have the right to relax, play and to join in a wide range of activities
We must give all children the chance to be contained in all activities whatever their race, religion, potential and gender. They have to receive the support had a need to reach their full potential, whether this is providing special equipment or getting support to work at the activity target.
In practice making all children feel pleasant and valued can be carried out in several ways:-
By carrying out all these techniques, children and family members from all strolls of life will feel welcome, valued and reputed, both inside the Nursery and within the institution community. Children will build positive interactions. It will help to stamp out discrimination as children will figure out how to value and understand one another.
Describe Why It Is Important to Plan Activities that meet the Specific Needs of Children
As all children are unique, we must support each child to attain their learning goal. To do this we need to follow the 'Observation, Planning, Analysis' pattern.
The very first thing to do is plan activities to help us to examine the children. Having a general theme within the environment, with plenty of activities for this theme helps us to comprehend where each young one is currently, in different areas of development.
Eg. The theme is 'Humpty Dumpty'. The activities and their evaluation results might include:-
As well as having a well planned theme to examine key areas, tons of play areas must be on offer eg. Water, sand, report and tinker table
This helps us to observe the kids in 'free play. ' Which area do they spend a lot of time in? Do they maneuver around Nursery individually or stay static in one area? Do they play on their own or initiate play with others? How do they play with the playthings? Because children are observed during free play, they don't know the examination is taking place and do not worry about the results.
By making observations in various ways we can evaluate their current knowledge, talents and how they play. We can understand their stage of development in different 'Early Years areas. '
Their 'individual next steps' may then be produced to help them develop new skills and achievements.
As the pattern starts off again, so does the look. Activities can be designed, which is often adapted so these are relevant to each individual. Planning also ensures the right equipment is available so that the children can take part. By using or leading an activity, we are helping the child to learn and meet their next level of development. Continual observations and assessments are made, ensuring they develop their learning and skills.
Explain how the Specialist can Promote Children's Physical and Psychological Wellbeing within the Early Years Setting
Within the first years establishing, children need to feel safe and secure. For some, they may never have been away from Mum or Daddy before and the original experience can be traumatic. Parents also have to know that their child's physical and psychological wellbeing is key to the experts.
A amount of strategies should be put set up:-
If we can take these things up to speed, each young one will develop to feel safe and happy.
'Supporting Every Child' section of the 'Every Child Matters' Document areas:-
All children possess the right to:-
By treating each young one as a person, they not only become successful learners who want to work hard and achieve, nonetheless they may also be confident in their interactions, with individuals and their own peers. Whatever role they take, they'll feel valued and their full probable will have been reached.