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Beliefs of Calvin and Augustine

The Traditional Calvinist view to the doctrine of "Perseverance of the saints" confirms its origin in the school of thought of the sixteenth-century Swiss Reformer John Calvin (1509-1564). He composed and posted the first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion. This is actually the most about writing on systematic theology which the world had ever before known in those days. To this current his idea have pervade disperse through the Protestant world. Because God is sovereign over-all His creation, Calvin argued, He must be the sole professional in the salvation of His real human creatures. He thought that any response, prior to regeneration, from a depraved individual would make God significantly less than sovereign in human redemption.

John Calvin drifted from his Roman Catholic beliefs while learning the vast writings of Augustine, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Hippo (354-430). He constantly praised Augustine's work with frequent prices and sources from his writings. Many dominant Calvinists recognize that Calvin's important beliefs were through the writings of Augustine and were already made while he was still a faithful Roman Catholic. He systemized Augustine's doctrines, which were developed, for the most part, the Five Items of Calvinism presented today. Augustine's effect continued to be with him throughout his life.

The beliefs of Calvin and Augustine embody the Five Tips of Calvinism provided today. In the same way the Synod of Dort, (the synod which first formally presented these details as the Five Factors of Calvinism-TULIP), [1] was a Calvinistic Synod, so John Calvin was an Augustinian. These Augustinian teachings that he offered in his Institutes of the Christian Religious beliefs included the sovereignty of God, which made Him the cause of everything, including sin, election, and the predestination of the elect to salvation and of the non-elect to damnation.

Professor Herman Hanko, co-authored one of the catalogs called TheFivePointsofCalvinism, written to explain and protect Calvinism, says that:

Boettner agrees. He says:

Calvinist theologian R. Laird Harris state governments that:

We see that John Calvin needed what Augustine wrote and refined it. Many of our doctrines that we understand and discover today are suffering from from earlier stages of belief. This is the circumstance with the doctrines of Augustine. An example of this is the doctrine of Eternal Security. He did not show this, but he was an essential figure in building the main source that is the basis where this doctrine could develop in to how we understand it today. With just a little research, one can understand how his affect on theology as a whole will go without question. The foundational values, biases, and doctrines that lots of believers have today, Protestants and Catholics, should be found out in the beliefs of Augustine. While most Calvinist and Catholic theologians agree with Augustine, some Protestants do not. However, almost all of them, if not absolutely all, will acknowledge his huge effect on Christian beliefs and doctrines.

Augustine was created November 13, 354 in Tagaste Numidia. He was brought up in a divided home:

Augustine's father had not been a Religious and directed his son towards secular knowledge that could bring him an income. When he became an adult, Augustine shifted to Carthage and he took an interest in debating.

Around the year 375, Augustine became a Manichaean Gnostic. Augustine was a Manichaean for nine years and was greatly influenced by them, whose doctrines were heretical. The Gnostics believed in two gods, one evil and one good. Some Gnostic groups renounced relationship and procreation. Many assumed that the dualism of flesh and spirit-the flesh being evil and the nature being good. Many historians have known that Augustine has taken this Manichaean influences into the Church. The Manichaean teachings are thought to have inspired Augustine's doctrine of the "total depravity" of mankind, the "elect" and "predestination. " They are the foundations and essential elements of the doctrine of Eternal Security that was to follow after Calvin received a hold of them.

Because of Augustine's sinful lifestyle, he cannot move forward in the Manichaean religion. He previously a trustworthiness of being a fornicator and a "womanizer. " Historian Wayne O'Donnell, is a University or college Professor at Georgetown School. He says:

Later Augustine became a skeptic and considered the beliefs of Neo-Platonism (a form of thought rooted in the idea of Plato). He commenced to merger these beliefs with his Gnostic and Religious beliefs. Augustine's writings were highly influenced by his studies in Neo-Platonism, Gnosticism, and the Religious Scriptures. Much like Calvinists today, he used Scripture out of context to complement his theology.

In 384, Augustine went to Milan as a incredulous teacher of rhetoric. Before he left Milan in 388, he had been baptized by Ambrose and was indebted to Ambrose's Catholic Neo-Platonism, which provided a philosophical foundation that eventually altered Christian theology. [2]

Augustine was not only influenced by the Manichaean Gnostics, but he was also being inspired by his coach Ambrose. Ambrose had absorbed the most up-to-date Greek learning, Christian and pagan alike-notably the works of Philo, Origen, and Basil of Caesarea and of the pagan Neo-Platonist Plotinus. [3] Along with his "philosopher" ideas blending Scriptures with Platonism using its elements of mysticism and some Judaic and Greco-Roman reading, he influenced Augustine in his theology. Maybe this is excatly why, that no one that has ever before lived has affected Christian theology as Augustine has. He is responsible for a lot of what we should consider to be "Catholic" doctrine today. And in addition, he's also acknowledged with being a major participant in Protestant beliefs as well.

The historian Jaroslav Pelikan remarked:

Commenting on Augustine's booklet entitled, THE TOWN of God, the historian Edward Gibbon composed:

[1] A hundred years following the Reformation a effect from this extreme Genevan Calvinism developed around Amsterdam pastor and theologian, Jacob Arminius. After his untimely fatality in 1609, some of his followers, the Remonstrants, pressed his denial of Calvinism in five tips. With the Synod of Dort (1618-19) these were banished from holland Reformed churches by the Calvinists, who set out their doctrine in five opposing details, the famous acronym, TULIP.

[2] Encyclopdia Britannica, Inc. , Saint Ambrose, (Previous accessed 7/31/15): http://www. britannica. com/EBchecked/topic/19014/Saint-Ambrose

[3] Encyclopdia Britannica, Inc. , Saint Ambrose, (Last accessed 7/31/15): http://www. britannica. com/EBchecked/topic/19014/Saint-Ambrose

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