The influences of Bandura's Friendly Learning Theory have played out a major contribution in the educational fields, increasing the recognition as well as the importance of appropriate role modelling in the process of child development. In this essay, the Bandura's Community Learning Theory will be explored and referred to as the baseline theory in talking about learning in the framework of classroom with relevant instances in mention of his theory.
Bandura & Walters' (1963) argues that:
"Indeed, most preceding applications of learning theory to issues regarding prosocial and deviant behavior have suffered with the fact that they have relied closely on a limited range of concepts established based on, and mainly recognized by, studies of pet animal learning or people learning in one-person situations. "
Unlike theorists who based mostly their learning ideas through experimenting on pets or animals, Bandura suggested his concept of learning through observation of human being models, nurturing the awareness of the importance of appropriateness of modelling that will impact in children's development to which till today his theory continues to be influencing dynamic effects into the education field and child development perspectives.
As noted in this article citing Bandura (1962), Schunk (1992) highlighted the actual fact that Bandura proposed his theory that of "in interpersonal situations, people often learn much more rapidly simply by observing the behaviour of others. "
In Bandura's Friendly learning theory, Bandura (1992) comment that the learning functions through observation from models' activities; and by observing their models, learners thereon find the skills, knowledge, behaviour and values provided that are relevant in terms of the reciprocal connections: the observer, the surrounding environment and their behaviours.
Further on, Bandura launched the word "No-trial learning". This learning is merely received through observation of how the observer performed the actions. Exemplory case of this learning in terms of classroom context could be the learning of how to underline. Learners observe educator places their ruler under the designated content material and underline with the writing materials, as the process is manageable, the learner may find the skill immediately without complications.
In brief summary, the four process of observational learning determine the significant incident of learning. First of all, the observers determine their models and identify the activities performed with knowing of events occurred; secondly observers take action cognitively as they are along the way of transforming the actions witnessed into either visible or verbal form to their own reasoning and understanding in order to remember their observations; finally the motor duplication of actions detected whether if indeed they find the requirements of performing the observed actions; and lastly, the vicarious reinforcement towards their performed actions.
Serving as a main driving push of drive, the encouragement received from the encompassing environment following the first use of detected actions will determine if it's suitable for the future utilization of the detected actions. In another words, if the user performed the noticed actions and received reviews that are positive, he or she are thereon prompted to do it again the activities in future again and be prepared to experience more positive remarks as they find the experience pleasant like the previous experience.
These situations of reinforcement are furthered by Bandura basing particular reinforcement concepts on Skinner's theory. Linking to Skinners' reinforcement concept, the opportunity of learners is available performing observed activities only if the learner received "positive reinforcements" and "no-consequence" reinforcement. It is evident that learners replicate the activities if positive reinforcements are received, but also, in conditions of the "no-consequence" encouragement, predicated on the goal to" uncover what will happen" if they perform this action, learners will have no hesitation into seeking for the solution and expecting that the same consequence of positive reinforcement might occur.
When the learner watch off their model, Bandura furthered the theory by recommending that the learners' mind-set performs a role identifying the success of imitating and willingness to execute the behaviour/actions learned from the model in the future.
The mind-set, to which Bandura proposed, refers to the internal mental state of the learners, in conditions of the learners' thoughts, views and opinion; it is the same to the understanding of internal term "Projection", to which the learner "believes" if she or he can flourish in achieving the actions. In this process, the learners' interest, the consequence of performing the activities and notion are linked, in theory, if the learner haven't any confidence in executing the action are yet pressured to put into practice, but because the learner didn't achieve their required end result, as a finish result, the learner loses interest in doing the actions again in future.
Schunk (1992) noted in this article that whenever learners are designed with the own behaviour, and with experimenting new behaviour which they observed, they'll develop to a level of self-reflection where they will conclude their strengths and weakness as a whole. This plays a part in the mind-set, the inner mental expresses of the learners, somewhat to perform their skills which they are assured than to embarrass themselves by employing skills that they are not at advantage.
Other than the idea of observant learning, Bandura leaded the idea into a deeper perspective and created his view of the reasons of learning, in conditions of the concept "Socialization Studies". Socialization studies are likely involved in revealing the cultural reason of learning, which draws the impact of the culture of the city towards the training point of view. Peer pressure and the culture of the city shape the principles and beliefs in the context of its surrounding. For instance, in institution life today, most probably every learner is technological move forward, therefore to be able to maintain in the same cultural class, students observe their peers and imitate the recognized actions, purchased the same ownership that peers owned or operated to become 'technological up-to-date".
Other than the reason why of socialization behaviour, there may be another reason of observant learning. When students see, they observe from the style of the actions are appropriate because of their use, especially with considerations of the love-making roles concept, where the students notice and perform appropriate behaviour and/or actions from the same gender.
Bandura's theory is available relevant in education fields today, due to the fact it increases the awareness of appropriate role modelling in children development. It is the responsibility of the teachers into leading by example in all respects of appropriate and simply actions like the use of words, contributing in shaping the learners' moral and ethical values, and being the effect in building the building blocks of characteristics of the learners.
Educators provide as the emotional and action guardian in the school room framework, as they monitor the shaping of the characteristics of the learner, pay back and punish learners' actions consequently, promoting and shaping preferred and right behavior, ensuring that negative traits and methods are quit.
Other than the shaping of personal characteristics, the educators are the skill provider in which learners watch skills as the educator perform the academic skills (Mathematics, Arts and other subject matter), making certain the skills are well detected and received by the learners.
Therefore, to be able to guarantee the healthy expansion of the children, it is the responsibility of the role models (educators and parents) to lead as a proper example, and decrease the availability of immoral influence that make a difference the child's expansion.
In this article, the concept of Bandura's Social Learning theory are highlighted and explored in extensive with links to the classroom context covering the various aspects of the process of observant learning as well as the several reasoning. NONETHELESS IT is clear for the readers to comprehend in concern of Bandura's theory which have made great impact in our education fields today in relevance of the value of appropriate modelling and its own impact of shaping behaviour of the kid development.